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06-29-2010, 12:13 PM
India Thought Leaders: Ownership Feeling Among Tejas Users Has Increased, Says ADA Chief

Tejas, India’s light combat aircraft (LCA), is finally giving goose bumps to thousands of engineers, designers, scientists and technocrats. The limited series production (LSP) platforms are hitting the sky like nobody’s business. There’s excitement in the air. There’s hope. And there’s a goal that’s just within their reach. Amidst all the news of the initial operational clearance (IOC) within sight and the near-services version configuration (LSP-4) flying recently, one man is calm and composed, for he knows the end of one journey is just the beginning of another.
In a one-on-one with Aviation Week’s Senior Aerospace and Defense Correspondent (India) Anantha Krishnan M., as part of the interview series India Thought Leaders (ITL), Program Director (Combat Aircraft) and Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA) Director P.S. Subramanyam (known among close peers as P.S.), says the technological knowledge gained through the Tejas program is sure to make India a force to be reckoned with in all future military plane-making missions.
A.W.: What will be the power plant for Tejas Mark-II? Is it GE-414 or EJ-200?
P.S.: You are in an aggressive mode with the first question itself! OK, we are working toward having the Tejas Mk-II rollout by September 2013 and the Indian Air Force (IAF) would probably want to form five squadrons and the program will then go on to 8-10 years. Apart from structural and certain electronics equipment upgradation, the main change will be the power plant. Both engines (GE-414 and EJ-200) qualify our requirements and now there’s a process to be followed. [The] technical evaluation committee has seen it. One engine will be chosen. Both engines have 10%-20% faster acceleration than the current power plant (GE -404). It is not about the Mach number in operations that matter, but how fast you reach the target. By December 2014 Tejas Mk-II with the new engine will fly.
A.W.: What are the value additions on offer for the Indian Air Force (IAF) when Tejas Mark-II comes out?
P.S.: We are adopting a very holistic approach. Minor alterations are required on the platform due to the new engine and we hope to strike a balance. While the new platforms (Mk-I) will be integrated as per the series production plans, parallel work on the manufacturing of ground support equipment would begin. We shall maintain the IAF standards of ground support (go-no-go). We will evolve entire ground support tools, training facilities, publications for Mk-I by the end of this year. To start with, we will have the IAF and HAL (Hindustan Aeronautics Limited) technicians trained in Bangalore. By 2012, when the first squadron shifts to Sulur, IAF technicians will be ready to tackle things. I have been to Sulur and have given some suggestions for runway extension.
A.W.: What are the numbers we are looking at?
P.S.: Once we choose the new engine and after it gets certified by the agencies, we would initially want eight engines for IAF and the Navy. A total of 100 engines is what is currently envisaged.
A.W.: No other program has received so much media bashing in addition to genuine concerns from your users. What was the motivational thread you adopted during these difficult times?
P.S.: I don’t want to comment on the media, though at times we did think of putting [in] a firefighting plan to counter one-sided remarks in the press. Later, we decided against it, knowing that it would divert our focus from the main goal. Yes, we had difficulties as we were attempting to do something that has never been done in this country. Yes, we slipped because we had to face many challenges from different quarters while mastering technologies. But don’t forget the fact that my team took the blow but finally delivered. Now, to the users. We understand their concerns and even they, too, are aware of our constraints. The project has definitely received a huge push after a project management team from IAF started functioning from ADA. They are the pacemakers for the program now and involved in every bit. This has also increased the ownership feeling among the users.
A.W.: So far LSP-4 has flown and what is the road ahead?
P.S.: The next one in line is LSP-5 and it will fly in the first week of August this year with slight modifications to the cockpit. We are confident of flying LSP-7 in September 2010 and the final LSP-8 in December 2010, paving way for the initial operational clearance (IOC). We are making LSP-6 a complete experimental platform. LSP-7 and LSP-8 will be flown by user pilots for user evaluation and feedback. HAL will begin the series production by the first quarter of 2011.
A.W.: Can you elaborate on the cockpit modification?
P.S.: It will be [a] rearranged and modified cockpit to increase the comfort levels of the pilot. The layout changes will make the glass cockpit more pilot-friendly and even enhance its night-flying capabilities. The pilots are happy as they are also doubling up as designers. Our efforts are to bring down the workload of pilots during the mission. All the 12 pilots who were part of the Tejas program from the beginning have contributed their bit to the cockpit modifications. Several design elements you see today are based on the ideas given by the pilots. The pilot is the man in action and our role is to ensure that we give him everything he needs while flying. The new cockpit will be a pilot’s delight.
A.W.: Finally, how is the relationship with your principle partner HAL?
P.S.: All is well. I don’t know anything more or less than what you know or don’t.
(This interview primarily focused on Tejas Mk-1 and Mk-11 versions and other developmental issues related to the program only. Aviation Week at a later stage will provide more extensive reports on Tejas technologies, composites, weapons and the Tejas Navy version.

06-29-2010, 12:13 PM
India Puts Coastal Security On High Alert

India’s coastal security apparatus has once again been put on high alert.
This follows a high-level meeting last week chaired by Indian Defense Minister A.K. Antony, who stressed the need for increased vigilance to counter any threats from the sea.
Coastal surveillance measures have come under scrutiny following the terrorist attack in Mumbai on Nov. 26, 2008.
Antony wants all decisions and approvals for coastal security, including procurement, to be made quickly. And he is in favor of the formation of maritime boards by coastal states for coordinating security. ”Issues like port security, including minor ports, coastal security schemes, dedicated marine police, progress in registering fishing vessels, provision of ID cards for fishermen and licensing of fishing vessels came up in the meeting,” sources say.
The Indian navy and coast guard gave detailed presentations during the meeting, which was attended by the cabinet secretary; chief of naval staff; secretaries of defense, shipping, border management and fisheries; and director general of the coast guard.
Indian navy spokesperson Cmdr. P.V.S. Satish tells AVIATION WEEK that these reviews take place periodically. ”[After the] Mumbai attacks, coastal security management has definitely undergone major changes, and lots of measures are in place to monitor the Indian coasts,” he notes. Naval sources also say that two more fast-track craft will be commissioned as part of the augmented naval security measures.
Bengaluru-based Bharat Electronics Ltd. (BEL) is already installing a home-grown surveillance platform to help guard India’s coasts. Nearly 46 locations have been identified to receive the “eye-on-the-sea” systems, built around a radar platform. The decision to opt for the advanced platforms was made after determining that foolproof maritime security is essential for protecting the nation. A series of trials for these systems, which can scan up to 20 km. (12 mi.), concluded in May.
Meanwhile, a detained ship bound for Karachi is currently being scanned by combined teams of Indian navy and customs personnel. The ship’s cargo containers are being opened and inspected at the Kolkata port after large quantities of weapons were found.


06-29-2010, 12:15 PM
First Tejas Squadron To Be Based In Sulur

The Indian Air Force (IAF) will form the first squadron of the light combat aircraft (LCA) Tejas in Bangalore next year before it is moved to Sulur, IAF Vice Chief Air Marshal P.K. Barbora tells AVIATION WEEK.
Sulur is located near Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu.
The initial formation of the LCA squadron in Bangalore is primarily due to IAF’s proximity to the aircraft’s designer, the Aeronautical Development Agency; its manufacturer, Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd. (HAL); and IAF’s test pilots’ unit, the Aircraft System Testing Establishment. In addition, the National Flight Test Center (NFTC), which is monitoring all LCA-related flying activities, is also within HAL’s military airport.
“Training becomes easier in Bangalore for the IAF pilots on the new platform. In addition, any teething problems that the pilots might face while getting accustomed to Tejas can be sorted out before they move to Sulur,” an NFTC source says.
Barbora says, “The LCA Mk-II will have a new engine and we are hopeful that the product will be superior. Support is the key and we are hopeful that the Defense Research Development Organization and HAL will ensure that.”
IAF is willing to support indigenous programs as long as the products arrive on time, Barbora says. “We are not asking for the Moon. We are willing to wait, but give us what has been promised as per the deadline. We understand it’s not easy to make an aircraft.”
The IAF is currently in a transition phase, with new weapon systems and flying platforms set to be incorporated.
“In the next 10 years, IAF will change. Rapid technological changes pose a huge challenge, and even we need to change. There are no shortcuts in technology and we need to do things [the] right way,” Barbora says.
Meanwhile, Tejas crossed a significant hurdle when two LCAs successfully performed in hot-weather trials (HWTs) at Nagpur last week. Sources told AVIATION WEEK that the week-long HWTs were part of Tejas’ phase II schedule. The first phase was completed in 2008.
“All new systems onboard and avionics were tested with temperatures varying from 40 to 45 degrees Celsius (104 to 114 deg. F.). We had absolutely no issues with these flights, and both platforms rose to the occasion and performed as expected. We had close to 10 flights as part of the trials,” a source says.
The 11th test vehicle in the Tejas flight line is expected to fly soon as the program heads toward initial operational clearance in December. Weapons trials also are on the horizon.
“All the software will have to go into the final configuration of Tejas along with the flight control system and sensors. LSP-5 will be next. From LSP-3 flight, the multi-mode radar is onboard and this is clearly an indication as to our rapid progress in the program,” the source says. “We will be testing beyond-visual range missiles first and at a later stage the air-to-ground missiles which will take Tejas closer to the final operational clearance.”
Confirming the successful HWTs, P.S. Subramanyam, program director for combat aircraft and director of the Aeronautics Development Agency, says that one limited series production-3 aircraft and another prototype vehicle-3 from the Tejas fleet were part of the HWTs at Nagpur.
“Both aircraft are back in Bangalore and we are happy with what we have achieved. We are analyzing the data and will now move toward our next mission,” Subramanyam says.

06-29-2010, 12:20 PM
the thing that is amazing in India is that even the induction of grenades is an event given that the miserable state infantry are..
The thing that saddens me most is that megalomaniac bit** has money to build statues of herself and more disgusting provide a security force of 1500 men to protect them but we do not have "money" to give the jawans a decent BP jacket,Helmet and NVG.
Very true mate. Quoted for truth. It is sad though. Have you heard the news Maoists killed 15 CRPF personnel in Chhattisgarh today.

Kunal Biswas
06-29-2010, 02:19 PM
Very true mate. Quoted for truth. It is sad though. Have you heard the news Maoists killed 15 CRPF personnel in Chhattisgarh today.
For more than 72 hours a CRPF unit is practicing on our firing range, they are continually practicing includeing day & night shootings, They should!!

06-30-2010, 01:02 AM
Indian army showcases latest technological innovations in Delhi expo

The two-day exposition-***-seminar was inaugurated by Army Chief General V.K. Singh.

In his keynote address, he spoke on 'innovation-marking a difference to the potential of Indian Army' and the importance of scientific achievements.

During the expo, Lieutenant General A.K.S Chandele, Director General of Corps of Electronics and Mechanical Engineers, announced that India had developed the best Anti-Improvised Explosive Devices (IED) to fight terrorism.

"Our innovators have world class technology. We have been able to develop Anti-IED (Improvised Explosive Devices) devices, which are better than any imported devices, and now we can effectively use them," Lieutenant General Chandele said.

He also spoke about the special suits being designed for the soldiers operating in extreme climatic conditions.

"One technology is to keep the soldiers comfortable in extreme hot climate and extreme cold climate. You know we operate in temperatures ranging from minus 30 to 50 degree centigrade," Lieutenant General Chandele said.The clothing that a soldier wears should not become so heavy that he cannot move comfortably and cannot use his weapons effectively. So, we are looking at innovations in this field," he added.

Radars, automatic guns, grenades, bulletproof jackets, missiles and tanks were among the equipment displayed at the exposition. (ANI)http://news.oneindia.in/2010/06/29/indianarmy-showcases-latest-technological-innovations-ind.html

06-30-2010, 05:53 AM
Alenia Estimates Indian Airlift Needs

India will need more than 50 medium-sized transport planes in the medium-term, given its diverse border, homeland security and humanitarian needs, Alenia Aeronautica estimates.
“India has a lot of hot borders,” says Paolo Girasole, head of Alenia parent company Finmeccanica in India, referring to airlifters required in the remote areas of eastern India occupied by local insurgents, the Naxals.
The company has responded to a request for proposals for two medium transport planes, for which it has offered its C-27J Spartan for the Border Security Force. Trials were held last July in Leh and Bengaluru.
A request for information is out from the Indian air force for 16 medium airlifters, Roberto Leva, director of Alenia Aeronautica in India, tells Aviation Week.
The Philippines and Malaysia also have shown and interest in procuring the aircraft.
The C-27J is an advanced derivative of Alenia’s G-222 (C-27A Spartan in U.S. service), with the engines and systems of Lockheed Martin’s C-130J. “It has the same engine and avionics,” Leva adds. “That would mean a lot of savings by way of operational costs, maintenance, test and ground support equipment and training.”
India’s air force has shown concern at the mixed models the force has, expressing a need for commonality to bring in economies of scale. The C-27J has the same floor strength as the C-130J, making it easy to transfer standard-sized 463-L pallets from one aircraft to another.
Leva is unconcerned about any clearances required for India by the U.S. government. He points out that no country they have supplied the C-27J to has been refused. “We can do any software modification. Our system is open,” he adds.
Alenia has involved Indian companies in the design and engineering of the new production line for manuals and tooling.
In 2007, the C-27J Spartan won a bid for the Joint Cargo Aircraft for the U.S. armed forces. Under the contract, 78 C-27J Spartans are to be delivered to the U.S. Army and Air Force by 2013. Five have been delivered so far.

06-30-2010, 05:53 AM
Mahindra To Invest $54M In Aerospace

Mahindra and Mahindra of Mumbai will invest Rs 250 crore ($54 million) into its aerospace activities to roll out aircraft and components.
Vice Chairman Anand Mahindra said the plans will move forward once it acquires adequate land in Bangalore for these facilities. Mahindra sees huge potential in the aerospace sector and hopes to leverage the offsets in aerospace.
“We will invest Rs 100 crore in manufacturing aircraft, and the remaining Rs 150 crore to make components. The first set of components will start coming out in the next one year. The special economic zone (SEZ) in Karantaka is yet to take off. We are in a hurry and have asked the government for help,” Mahindra Systech President Hemant Luthra said. The company already has five acres of land in Malur in Karnataka.
Mahindra had acquired Australian company Gippsland Aeronautics in 2009 — the makers of GA8-TC Airvan, which was in Bangalore as part of its historic circumnavigation to mark the centenary of Australian aviation. “It is a matter of pride for us that Mahindra is keenly evaluating the Karnataka for their proposed aerospace venture. I am sure with the new facility coming up in Bangalore, we will be able to offer to the world the Indian version of Embraer,” Chief Secretary of Karnataka Government S. V. Rangnath, said.
The company also is in a joint venture with Bangalore-based National Aerospace Laboratories (NAL) to make the 5-seater NM5-100. “The program is on track and hopefully by the middle of next year we will have our first flight. Mass production will be done by Mahindra along with its certification outside India, while NAL will do the certification in India,” NAL Director Dr A.R. Upadhya told AviationWeek.
www.aviationweek.com (http://www.aviationweek.com)

06-30-2010, 05:55 AM
The Indian Defence Ministry (http://www.blogger.com/mod.nic.in/)in its paper called 'Technology Perspective and Capability Road Map for 2010' (http://www.blogger.com/mod.nic.in/dpm/TPCR-2010.doc) details how nanotechnology and other advanced technologies can be used by its Army for the future defense of India.

The applications for its Army in the fields of nanotechnology are as follows:

Counter Terrorism Tasks. Possible applications are unobtrusive micro audio bugs and video recording devices with high capacity data storage that could be planted at likely meeting places of terrorists, over ground agents and sympathizers. The unattended micro ground or air sensors can be placed in advance and remotely activated on required basis and micro sized energy devices can power the unattended sensors / audio / video devices and a host of other applications in remote areas or places which require extremely light weight power sources like light weight man portable radars, missiles, UAVs and other systems.

Dynamic Camouflage. Fabric of uniform would act as a screen for displaying terrain specific picture. Fabric would also have switch able surfaces (E.g. cotton and polyester) for comfort and bio – chemical gas detectors for chemical agent warning.

Other nano applications could include extremely rugged and safe arming and triggering mechanism for appropriate weapon systems, solid lubricants for weapon systems at high altitude areas.

The Road Map also details how biotechnology might be used. Some of the biotechnology applications for the Indian Army are as follows:

The bio-technological R&D could be extended to bio friendly / green developments i.e. the development of biodegradable ammunition which causes minimum damage to the environment.

Lighter food and fuel for carriage by individual combatants.

Bio production mechanisms to enable soldiers to generate food, fuel and materials from raw materials in the field, allowing for extended operation in remote areas.

Non-lethal weapons
The report also contemplates non-lethal weapons. Sub-lethal or disabling military technology is particularly suitable in an urban or complex environment. Some of the important areas of research in this field having applications for the Army are:

Stun Grenades. Low impact grenades which can stun or immobilize adversaries.

Optical Weapons. Optical munitions to cripple sensors and dazzle, if not blind, soldiers.

Acoustic Weapons. Weapons that emit sonic frequencies to cause such sensations as disorientation, debilitating dizziness and motion sickness or nausea, also generate vibrations of body organs resulting in extreme pain or seizures.

Robotic applications
According to the Road Map robots can be used to assist troops in combat for tasks such as surveillance, reconnaissance, anti mine and anti IED role, urban area combat, casualty extraction etc.

Robotic equipment can be used to provide precision targeting support, carriage of ammunition and accuracy. Camera equipped and shock-resistant platforms to fire the guns remotely are possible applications.

Robotic vehicles equipped with cameras and weapons can be used to perform tasks such as limited / spot surveillance and reconnaissance etc.

Robotic Military Vehicles: These vehicles are required for a variety of high risk jobs such as mine / IED clearance, obstacle breaching and route opening. Man portable, light weight robotic systems would be required for reconnaissance, surveillance and target acquisition missions for sub-terrain/ urban operations. Robotic vehicles are also needed for mine detection/clearing, obstacles breaching, clearing wire obstacles, placing explosives, tactical deception, direct fire and communication relay.


06-30-2010, 05:57 AM
Tussle over Assam Rifles

The home ministry wants the Assam Rifles, the country’s oldest paramilitary force that guards the Myanmar border, to be deployed for counter-insurgency operations in central India.
Ministry sources said a note was being prepared to be sent to the cabinet committee on security to push the proposal amid mounting CRPF casualties at the hands of Maoists.

“Why can’t we use the Assam Rifles? They are a paramilitary force so they can be used anywhere, not just the north-eastern region,” said a ministry source.

The call to re-deploy the force — described as “friends of the hill people” by an anthropologist — has coincided with a BSF projection of adding 40 more battalions to its existing 159 to replace the Assam Rifles at India’s eastern-most border.

“We are ready, that is all I can say,” said a BSF source, adding that the force would discuss the issue at its ongoing quarterly meeting.

Behind the call to re-deploy the Assam Rifles is the tussle between the home ministry and the defence ministry over who would control the force, which is headed by army officers and has 46 battalions under two divisions. Another 20-odd battalions are to be raised.

The re-deployment idea was floated after the home ministry proposed that 20 Assam Rifles battalions should guard the borders but under its control.

Defence minister A.K. Antony has apparently rejected Chidambaram’s proposal.

But Chidambaram is said to be determined to change the Assam Rifles charter of duty that has remained limited to the north-eastern region for more than a century now.

The defence ministry, however, is not ready to give up operational control over the force. “This duality has been a problem for years now and has to be sorted out,” said a senior home ministry official.

Although the force was brought under the administrative control of the home ministry after 1965, it remains under the operational command of the army.

So both ministries have to agree for any change of responsibilities for the force that can trace its lineage to a paramilitary police force formed under the British in 1835.

06-30-2010, 06:00 AM
US unveils new space policy with special thrust on India

WASHINGTON (PTI): US President Barack Obama has unveiled a new national space policy, which is designed to strengthen its leadership in space while intensifying collaboration with countries like India, which White House officials said has a space friendly programme.

“This policy is about the boundless possibilities of the future,” Obama said in a statement as the White House unveiled the basic contours of America's New Space Policy.

“That is why we seek to spur a burgeoning commercial space industry, to rapidly increase our capabilities in space while bolstering America’s competitive edge in the global economy.”

He said the administration is proposing improved observation of the earth, to gain new insights into the environment and the planet.

Shortly thereafter in a conference call with reporters, White House officials said the US emphasises a lot on its co-operation with India, which has a “very space friendly” programme.

Noting that the US will engage in expanded international cooperation in space activities, a fact-sheet issued by the White House said: “The United States will pursue cooperative activities to the greatest extent practicable in areas including space science and exploration, earth observations, climate change research, and the sharing of environmental data; disaster mitigation and relief; and space surveillance for debris monitoring and awareness.”

A White House official said the US greatly values India's emergence as a global player in space and research and aims to deepen its cooperation with India in the field of space.

"We set ambitious goals for NASA: ramping up robotic and human space exploration, with our sights set on Mars and beyond, to improve the capacity of human beings to learn and work safely beyond the Earth for extended periods of time.

"And this policy recognises the importance of inspiring a new generation of young people to pursue careers in science and engineering. For, ultimately, our leadership as a nation - in this or any endeavour - will depend on them," Obama said.

The new policy says that all nations have the right to explore and use space for peaceful purposes, and for the benefit of all humanity, in accordance with international law.

Consistent with this principle, “peaceful purposes” allows for space to be used for national and homeland security activities, the new policy said.

As established in international law, there shall be no national claims of sovereignty over outer space or any celestial bodies, it said.

“The United States considers the space systems of all nations to have the rights of passage through, and conduct of operations in, space without interference.

“Purposeful interference with space systems, including supporting infrastructure, will be considered an infringement of a nation's rights,” it said.

“The US will employ a variety of measures to help assure the use of space for all responsible parties, and, consistent with the inherent right of self-defense, deter others from interference and attack, defend its space systems and contribute to the defense of allied space systems, and, if deterrence fails, defeat efforts to attack them,” the new policy says.

Besides expanded international cooperation, one of the important goals of the new policy is to strengthen stability in space through domestic and international measures to promote safe and responsible operations in space, improved information collection and sharing for space object collision avoidance, protection of critical space systems and supporting infrastructures, with special attention to the critical interdependence of space and information systems, and strengthening measures to mitigate orbital debris.http://www.brahmand.com/news/US-unveils-new-space-policy-with-special-thrust-on-India/4294/1/11.html

07-01-2010, 02:25 AM
Indo-Pak War-1965: IAF supports Indian Army better than PAF (http://www.indiandefencereview.com/2010/07/indo-pak-war-1965-iaf-supports-indian-army-better-than-paf.html)

Air support to surface forces, both in offence and defence is one of the most important tasks of any air force. Post 1962 debacle, the Government got down to building up the Army and the Air Force to the required size and structure. Both, the Army and the Air Force got seriously involved in their expansion plan. Their pre-commission training periods were reduced in duration and cadet strength was increased manifold. As the war clouds gathered in 1965, it was a fact that joint training and joint thinking between the army and the air force had suffered due to extreme pre-occupation with expansion. In such an environment the procedures and organisation for air support of the army also suffered. Elaborating on the subject, Air Chief Marshal PC Lal stated, “An Advance HQ was established alongside Army’s Western Command; but further extension of this into the Corps and down to level of Brigades, where Forward Air Controllers operated was not established. Those tentacles did not operate. The result was that the Army’s demands from the forward area came directly into the Advance HQ. There the messages piled up in baskets without the Army or the Air Force officers being able to sort out the important from the unimportant ones or assign priorities for different demands… No specific earmarking of squadrons or units for support of a particular area or corps was done…It took the Army a whole day or two days to get the demand through from forward area to the Air Force”. General Harbakhsh in his book “War Despatches” stated, “… professionally below standard army officers manned ground liaison offices type B and C. Also gross-shortage – out of an authorised total of 43 officers, the Army had only 12.” Ground liaison officers from the army coordinate air support at various levels, namely at Headquarter Air Command, at airbases and in each brigade. Even the official history states, “Indian troops lacked an efficient communication system. Wireless sets were inadequate and they often failed to work. Also due to the vibrations of cross country movement, the preset frequency on the radio set got disturbed”.

In addition to this neglect of jointness we also saw the result of obsessive security by the Army Chief. The Army Chief had contingency plans to expand the conflict across the International Border – should the situation in J&K demand relieving pressure there. But his keenness to ‘Secrecy’ compelled him not to share this plan and its likely timings with the IAF and the IN – with attendant adverse fall out. 2 Therefore, it would be naive to expect wonders as far as air support of surface forces was concerned in the 1965 war. Yet an examination of air support reveals that IAF provided far better air support to IA when compared with PAF support to Pak Army. But while PAF boasted – IAF kept a low profile. Let us therefore examine the statistics. IAF flew a total of 3937 sorties. Of these about 1400 sorties were towards support of the ground forces. IAF claimed following:

IAF Claims in CSFO- 1965 War





Rail Wagons

Rail Engines

There seems little evidence of advanced and thorough joint planning in respect of our planned offensives in Lahore and Sialkot sector. Once these attacks were launched, there were demands to support these attacks, but more in the nature of ad hoc search and strike missions in deeper areas. The name “search and strike” itself suggests that such missions cannot produce better results compared to the missions planned in advance. 482 sorties were planned at JAAOC level that is Joint Operation Centre at Command level. Normally this planning should be at Headquarter Corps level. As a result of this, often the supporting Tactical Air Centre with the Corps Headquarters did not know about own air support sorties in time. Though No 11 Corps launched three major attacks and faced one major attack, at Lahore, Burki and Kasur respectively, its demand for immediate air support was only 99. Rather less.3 This too corroborates with evidence that the pilots of the IAF were often waiting for demands from the Army.4 Some examples, gleaned after careful research are listed below to illustrate the above point. CSFO By No 3 Squadron5
• 9 Sep 65. Four Mystere strike mission spot tanks but cannot discern whether these are Pakistani tanks or ours. Hence, they abandon the attack. Obviously it implies they do not have real time R/T contact with Aircraft Control Team.
• 10 Sep. Sixteen strike sorties are aborted either because target is not found or due to close fighting making it difficult to distinguish own troops from enemy’s.
• 13 Sep. Strikes are again abortive.
• 15 Sep. One more mission abortive for similar reason.
• 16 Sep. Two strikes are executed, but these do not seem effective.
CSFO By No 1 Squadron6
• 12 Sept. Strike sorties launched against a reported bridge on Ichogil Canal Head works, but no bridge found, hence returned with armament unexpanded.
• 16 Sept. Sixteen strike sorties launched on Lahore GT road in ‘search and strike mode’. The Mission hardly came across any worthwhile targets.
• 20-22 Sept. Eight sorties flown but without finding enemy targets. All returned without firing weapons.
• No 1 Squadron had sorties available for close support and were wondering why demands were not forthcoming. Whereas actually the army was demanding sorties. The problem was traced to the Ground Liaison Officer having forgotten about the misplaced cipher codes and so was unable to decipher the demands. Air Marshal Vinod Patney, a Junior Flight Commander in No 8 Squadron then recalled “…there was little intelligence available with the GLOs on ground targets. So the army formations asked us to search and strike any target in the rear. The air support demands were lesser than the available air effort. In fact No 8 Squadron was relocated to Gorakhpur around 16 Sept for `Rest and Recuperation’!

PAF flew far lesser number of close air support sorties than the IAF. (1400 Vs 481).7 Yet many authors credit the PAF with better effectiveness in this department. One reason for this was that most of the PAF close air support sorties were pre-planned. Pre-planned missions are always more effective than immediate ones.8 However, what has been overlooked by most commentators is that the PAF’s coordination with the Pak army was not so good as has been projected. Even though they flew about one third the number of sorties compared to the IAF, they had three times the losses due to fratricide. On 4 Sept Pak army troops shot down their pilot Flt Lt Amanullah Khan in Jaurian sector. On 8 Sept Pak Army shot down another Sabre and on 11 Sept they shot down their own Canberra.9 IAF too lost one pilot due to fratricide. He was Fg Offr Ram Chandani. On 21st night, Pognai – West of Ichogil Canal was taken over by our troops. However, this information was not available at Ambala on 22nd morning, when Mysteres were tasked to attack Pognai. In the process our troops shot down this Mystere. Ram Chandani ejected but later died in the hospital.10
Our own air support on 1st Sept to halt the Pak armour thrust at Akhnoor was highly effective. The 28 sorties in the dying hours of daylight halted the Pak advance in its tracks. IAF destroyed 10 Tanks, 2 Air Defence Guns and about 30-40 vehicles. But at a heavy price. We lost 4 Vampires and three pilots. Brigadier Gulzar Ahmed of Pak army commented that Pakistan, having launched attack on 1st Sept expected reaction from the IAF. Therefore, it had its airborne fighters available. IAF should have sent its air defence escorts with Vampires and also mounted similar CAP for its 6th Sept attack against Lahore. In the Battle of Asal Uttar the valiant performance of 4 Div and 2 Indep Armoured Brigade was equally well backed by the air support. No 1 Squadron flying Mysteres gave close air support on 8th Sept at Asal Uttar; Mysteres of No 31 Squadron interdicted the supply line shooting up trains bringing reinforcements; Hunters of 7, 20 and 27 Squadron interdicted Raiwind railway station and the sector of Kasur, Khem Karan. Canberras bombed enemy positions on 15th Sept.
Thus, our organisational problems were mostly a result of sudden expansion of Army and Air Force post 1962 war. But when the war was forced upon us by Pakistan we flew nearly three times the sorties flown by PAF for direct support of our Army. Pakistan had planned this war. Therefore, they should have performed better while supporting Pakistan Army. But the fact that their fratricide was three times more than IAF’s, while the air effort was only one third, shows clearly the poor Pak Army – AF coordination. And the fact that Pak Army’s offensive was foiled both at Khem Kharan and Chhamb shows the lack of effectiveness of their air support. PAF’s limited success in blunting 15 Div attack towards Lahore was more due to our “Secrecy Syndrome” not permitting joint Army, Air Force operation rather than any significant achievement by PAF.

07-01-2010, 08:54 AM
Race for `mother of all deals' for 126 fighters gets hotter

NEW DELHI: The race for the "mother of all defence deals", the $10.4 billion project to acquire 126 medium multi-role combat aircraft (MMRCA) for IAF, is getting hotter.

Defence ministry sources said the technical evaluation report of the gruelling field trials, during which the six foreign fighters in contention were tested by IAF pilots both in India and abroad under different weather conditions, was "virtually ready" now.

"IAF is likely to submit the exhaustive report by next week. Subsequently, a shortlist of the fighters which have done well in the field evaluation test and the staff evaluation will be made," said a source.

The commercial bids submitted by the six aviation majors -- American F/A-18 `Super Hornet' (Boeing) and F-16 `Falcon' (Lockheed Martin), Swedish Gripen (Saab), French Rafale (Dassault), Russian MiG-35 (United Aircraft Corporation) and Eurofighter Typhoon (consortium of British, German, Spanish and Italian companies) -- will be opened, examined and compared only after that.

This will be the first time that "life-cycle costs" will be taken into account rather than just pitching for the lowest bidder. The "direct acquisition cost", the cost of operating the fighters over a 40-year period, with 6,000 hours of flying, and the cost of the ToT will all be taken into account to arrive at a "verifiable cost model" for the commercial evaluation.

Complex negotiations on the 50% offsets specified in the contract, under which the selected foreign vendor will be required to plough half of the contract forex value back into India, will also have to be conducted.

IAF is keeping its fingers crossed that the actual contract, under which 18 jets will be bought off-the-shelf and the rest will be manufactured in India under transfer of technology to Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd, is inked within a year.

IAF obviously wants to get the fighters as soon as possible, grappling as it is with a sharp fall in the number of its fighter squadrons (each has 12 to 18 jets), which is down to just 32 from even the "sanctioned" strength of 39.5.


07-01-2010, 08:55 AM
Panel to discuss bullet-proof bunkers on borders

New Delhi: The standing committee on defence in parliament will discuss a proposal on Thursday to provide bullet-proof bunkers to jawans posted on the Indo-Pak border.
The committee members, who travelled in border areas recently, are convinced that without a large number of bullet-proof bunkers, better equipment and infrastructure, future battles will be difficult to fight and win.
Over a dozen members of the committee visited border areas in Jammu and Kashmir in the middle of June. They travelled along the borders in Leh and Uri and also visited Pangong on the Sino-Indian border.
A source told DNA, “Being at a lower height and without cover, Indian troops seem to be vulnerable. Plus, there are gaping holes on the vast Indo-Pak border which need to be plugged. Therefore, not just more bunkers but bullet-proof bunkers are required. Infrastructure is also lacking and the border road organisation needs to become active.”
The 30-member all-party committee is headed by Satpal Maharaj of Congress. After the Lok Sabha election, small groups of committee members were formed and sent to borders and defence bases to get a feel of the conditions there.
The first group was hosted by the Srinagar-based 15 Corps. More visits are being planned to north Sikkim along the Sino-Indian border, the North East and Indian Air Force and naval bases.
Jammu and Kashmir Police had recently identified around 25 infiltration routes — 21 along the line of control (LoC) and four along the international border.
Infiltration attempts went up from 342 in 2008 to 485 in 2009. The 700-km LoC has a three-tier fencing put up in 2004, but the border is still porous.


07-01-2010, 08:56 AM
HAL confronts Snecma in light helicopter project

The Light Utility Helicopter (LuH), which Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd (HAL) is designing for the Indian military, has encountered turbulence even before leaving the drawing board. French engine-maker Turbomeca, whose vaunted Shakti engine was to power the LuH, is demanding what Ministry of Defence (MoD) sources term “extortionist prices” for integrating the Shakti with the LuH. HAL had paid Turbomeca to develop the Shakti engine for the Dhruv Advanced Light Helicopter (ALH); and the Shakti also powers the Light Combat Helicopter (LCH) that HAL is developing. Because the Shakti is custom-designed for the high altitudes — between 15,000 and 20,000 feet — that characterise much of India’s border, and because HAL and Turbomeca will jointly manufacture the engine in India, the Shakti was selected to also power the LuH.
But the Dhruv and the LCH are twin-engine helicopters, while the lighter LuH will fly with a single Shakti engine. That requires Turbomeca to design a new transmission for the LuH. Additionally, the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) will have to certify the Shakti for single-engine operation. To HAL’s dismay, Turbomeca has demanded Rs 190 crore for these jobs, more than half the LuH’s entire budget of Rs 376 crore.
In formulating the LuH development budget, HAL had assumed that Turbomeca would design the new transmission system cheaply, to benefit from additional orders of hundreds of Shakti engines over the service life of the LuH.
An outraged HAL board, having decided against paying so much to Turbomeca, has approached other engine-makers — including General Electric, Honeywell, Rolls-Royce, and Pratt & Whitney — for an engine for the LuH.
Reliable MoD sources tell Business Standard that Turbomeca is now negotiating with HAL to compromise on a price for the Shakti. The French company has offered to reduce the cost by Rs 90 crore, provided that the amount is adjusted against its offset liability. But HAL rejected that offer last week, telling Turbomeca that even Rs 100 crore is too high a price. Turbomeca is now preparing a fresh proposal.
Senior HAL sources complain that Turbomeca is taking advantage of the rigid timelines that the defence ministry has imposed on HAL in the LuH project. The MoD has split its order for 384 LuHs between a global tender for 197 ready-built LuHs; and an order for HAL to develop and build 187 LuHs by 2017. The MoD has specified a target date for each of the LuH’s development milestones: building of a mock-up; the design freeze; the first flight; Initial Operational Clearance, and so on. Each time HAL misses a milestone, its order reduces from 187.
Turbomeca apparently believes that these time obligations reduce HAL’s bargaining leverage. HAL, however, has decided early not to put all its eggs in the Turbomeca basket.
HAL Chairman Ashok Nayak — responding to a question from Business Standard whether a new engine for the LuH made sense when the Shakti would allow the standardisation of a common engine across many more helicopters — replied, “We are using the Shakti engine for the Dhruv and for the LCH. It is not necessary to also use it on the LuH. How many helicopter manufacturers use a common engine on three entirely different helicopters? One should not overdo the standardisation aspect”.
So far, HAL is comfortably beating the MoD clock and plans to beat the 2017 deadline by a full two years. It has built a mock-up within the timeline; plans to freeze the LuH design by the end of this year; fly the LuH for the first time by 2012; certify it by 2014, and begin delivery by 2015.

07-01-2010, 08:57 AM
Bharat Dynamics to establish two missile complexes

Hyderabad: Public-sector defence production unit Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL) will set up two complexes for manufacturing missile systems in Andhra Pradesh at a cost of Rs 1,400 crore.

The proposed facilities are likely to come up at Ibrahimpatnam (500 acres) on the outskirts of Hyderabad and at the Lepakshi Knowledge Hub (600 acres) in Anantapur district, BDL Chairman and Managing Director Ravi Khetarpal said.
BDL CMD and Director (Technical) S N Mantha met Chief Minister K Rosaiah to brief him about their expansion plans and request the state government to allocate land for the proposed units.

"We are happy to note that BDL has decided to set up two new missile manufacturing facilities in Andhra Pradesh. The required land will be made available to them," the Chief Minister announced while releasing the new Industrial Investment Promotion Policy here Thursday.

The two new units are expected provide about 3,500 jobs directly and another 3,000 jobs indirectly, the BDL officials told the Chief Minister.

http://www.zeenews.com/image/spacerdotgif The proposed facility in Anantapur district will also have an integrated township for the employees. BDL currently has two modern manufacturing complexes spread over 1300 acres at Kanchanbagh in Hyderabad and Bhanur in Medak district of AP.

It aims to achieve a sales turnover of Rs 1,500 crore in the 2010-11 financial year.

07-01-2010, 09:01 AM
Boost to India's air power


07-02-2010, 02:04 AM
New division of Army on India-China border

New Delhi: The Indian Army has activated a new division to counter possible Chinese offensive on the Sino-Indian border.
The 71 mountain division in Assam will be under the command of the Tezpur-based 4 Corps.
Earlier, the government had approved two divisions in the north-east for conventional operations to bolster preparedness against China.
The army is working towards raising troops for these but, as of now, there will be internal movement from within the army to start the 71 division, army sources said. Nine new battalions are needed under the new division.
The divisions will mostly have infantry elements, but some armoured assets will also form a part of them at a later stage.
While the 71 division is still organising its infrastructure and cadres, the 56 division with two brigades is in the process of setting up its Orbat (order of battle). Orbat is the command structure, strength, and disposition of personnel, equipment, and units of an armed force during field operations.
A source said: “Re-Orbatting will take place depending on the roles of the brigade.”

07-02-2010, 02:06 AM
NEW DELHI: After receiving orders for 124 more Arjun main battle tanks, the DRDO has decided to supply an advanced version of the weapon system to meet the requirements of the Army.

"We will have the modifications (on Arjuns) that the Army is looking for," Defence Research and Development Organisation chief V K Saraswat said here on Thursday.

He was asked if the DRDO had any plans of delivering a more advanced version of Arjun to the Army as part of the next order. The DRDO chief was talking to reporters on the sidelines of a function to mark the golden jubilee of the Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Allied Sciences (INMAS).

Saraswat said that the DRDO had already started working on the mark II version of the tank, which will incorporate a number of modifications that have been sought by the Army.

"We have to make certain modifications in the tank, which we call the Arjun mark II version. Development process on mark II is already in progress and our scientists and the Army are working together," Saraswat said.

The DRDO chief said the decision by the Army to place orders for 124 more Arjuns will ensure that the assembly line of the tanks is "engaged".

Army has till date placed orders for 248 Arjun tanks of which 124 have already been delivered to it. The orders for additional 124 tanks was placed after the comparative trials in March and April this year.

The comparative trials between the Arjun and the Russian T-90 were carried out to decided the future of the tank in the Army, during which the indigenous tanks reportedly performed satisfactorily.

The DRDO wants the Army to place orders for at least 500 Arjuns to recover its investments before staring work on the futuristic main battle tank for the service.

Commenting on the role of INMAS during the recent Mayapuri radiation leak case here, Saraswat said, "INMAS also has the expertise of detecting nuclear radiation and we provided the fastest response to the casualties there. We were able to send our teams within four hours and we also found out the level of radiation."

07-02-2010, 10:50 AM
US offers top of the shelf weapon systems to India

WASHINGTON: The US on Friday offered India top of the shelf and top of the line defence weapon systems and said three agreements were being negotiated which would allow the country to share key American technologies.

"Pentagon is working with India to put three foundational agreements in place with New Delhi that would allow American frontline technologies to be shared with the country," a top Pentagon official Michele Flournoy said.

"The cooperation with India is most developed in the maritime domain. But we are interested in talking about other areas as well. When you look at space, India has a lot to bring to the table, in terms of its own space technology and industry," she said.

Flournoy said the US is committed to providing India with top of the shelf or top of the line technology.

The Pentagon official said Defence Secretary Robert Gates had made export control reforms a key priority. "We see streamlining and modernising of export control system as a national security priority and one that directly affects our ability to build and sustain these key partnerships".

Flournoy, under secretary of defence for policy said US would continue to work with India on countering the spread of WMD, maritime cooperation and identifying new technologies to combat the threat.

She strongly made a pitch that India should opt for American fighter jets as it would pave the way for "more effective protection of mutual security interest in the future".

Advocating "US solutions for India's defence needs", the top Pentagon official said an overwhelming majority of arms licenses requested last year had been approved.

She said, India should opt for American fighter jets as it would pave the way for "more effective protection of mutual security interest in the future".

The American pitch for India opting for US system comes as New Delhi is in final stages of deciding on the mega $10 billion deal to purchase 126 fighter aircrafts.

American aviation majors Boeing with its F-18 super hornet and Lockheed Martin with its F-16 fighting Falcons are among the major bidders. http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/articleshow/6119798.cms


07-02-2010, 10:51 AM
Helicopter-mounted radar to tackle Naxal IEDs

India is deploying cutting-edge technology to defeat a simple insurgent weapon that J&K militants and Naxals are using to lethal effect: the Improvised Explosive Device, or IED. Swedish company Saab has offered to partner India’s Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) in fitting Saab’s CARABAS radar on India’s Dhruv Advanced Light Helicopter (ALH), which would allow the scanning of wide swathes of territory to detect IEDs well before they can be exploded.
Naxal IEDs — explosives that are detonated with a timer, or with signals from a mobile phone, to blow up jawans or vehicles — are blamed for over 60 per cent of all casualties caused by the group. In only the most recent example, on May 17, a Naxal IED, buried inside a metalled road, blew up a civilian bus in the Dantewada district of Chhattisgarh, killing 36 people, including 12 Special Police Officers. Any movement of security forces in Naxal areas must be preceded by a painstaking manual search for IEDs. Many casualties have been caused during these search operations.In the new system being evaluated, a Saab CARABAS radar, fitted in a Dhruv helicopter, does an aerial scan of the area in which security forces will be operating. The CARABAS radar is specially designed to detect metallic components of an IED, even when it is buried 5-6 metres below the ground. A computer quickly compares the image of each flight with the images of the previous flight over that area; any new metallic objects are highlighted, and their exact location mapped. Armed with that information, a bomb disposal team is sent to defuse the IED harmlessly.
Best of all, the exceptionally low frequency waves from the CARABAS radar ignore vegetation, reflecting only off man-made objects. This is especially useful in jungle terrain, where the dense foliage provides both visual and electro-magnetic cover. Naxal IED tactics involve burying IEDs several feet deep, sometimes under tarmac roads; such a system would detect even the deep-buried IEDs, which conventional, hand-held scanners, and even sniffer dogs, often cannot pick up.
“We have provided a radar at the request of the DRDO,” says Inderjit Sial, the India head of Saab International India AB. “The DRDO will integrate it on the Dhruv ALH and then evaluation trials will be conducted. There is also a lighter version of the radar which can be flown on a UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle).”
The helicopter-mounted CARABAS radar weighs about 150 kg. The smaller version of the radar, which has been developed for UAVs, weighs just 50 kg.
Saab believes this surveillance platform has a very high potential in India. The company has indicated that, if India chooses to deploy the CARABAS/Dhruv platform, Saab would set up its global manufacturing hub for the radar in India.
The DRDO is carefully evaluating Saab’s offer. Confirming to Business Standard that it is evaluating a foreign foliage penetration radar, the spokesperson stated, “We are seeking foreign collaboration in this field. Talks are actively on… but we have not yet made a final decision.”
A key challenge the DRDO faces in integrating the CARABAS low-frequency radar on a UAV, or on the Dhruv helicopter, is the unusual shape and large size of the radar antennae, which look like two long poles. A place on the flying platform will have to be found for these antennae.

07-02-2010, 12:31 PM
INDIA to test missile defence in August

NEW DELHI: It's a no-brainer that with two long, unresolved borders with nuclear-armed China and Pakistan, India needs to develop an effective missile defence shield as soon as possible. The good news is that India is planning another test of its fledgling ballistic missile defence (BMD) system next month.

BMD systems, however, are incredibly complex. They have to detect, classify, track and then hit a fast-incoming hostile missile with interceptors or anti-missile missiles with virtual pinpoint accuracy, all within a matter of minutes. No one, after all, wants nukes to leak through the so-called shield. And if there are multiple enemy missiles, it becomes all the more formidable.

Even the BMD systems of US, Russia and Israel are yet to be proven in actual conflict. The US, of course, has spent billions of dollars on its missile defence systems like Patriot Advanced Capability-3, Aegis BMD-3 and THAAD (terminal high-altitude area defence) system, the last of which was tested as recently as Tuesday.

But DRDO remains upbeat about its seemingly unrealistic claim that Phase-I of its two-tier BMD system, designed to track and destroy hostile missiles both inside (endo) and outside (exo) the earth's atmosphere, will be "ready for deployment'' as early as 2012.

Phase-I is designed to intercept enemy missiles with a 2,000-km range, while Phase-II is meant to tackle 5,000-km range missiles, as reported by TOI earlier. While Phase-I interceptors fly at 4.5 Mach high-supersonic speeds, Phase-II ones will have hypersonic speeds of 6-7 Mach.

"The next test is going to be conducted in August during which we will try to intercept a missile at an altitude of 15-20 km,'' DRDO chief V K Saraswat told reporters here on Thursday.

This will be the fifth test of the Phase-I BMD system. The first three tests, in November 2006, December 2007 and March 2009, when the enemy missiles were `killed' at altitudes of 48-km, 15-km and 80-km respectively, were successful. But the fourth, on March 15 this year, had flopped.

"The anti-missile system is a two-tiered one, where you first launch the target (enemy) missile and then you launch the hit missile. Since the target was not launched as planned (on March 15), the anti-missile system did not trigger,'' explained Saraswat.

This may well be true but DRDO has a long way to go before it can boast of successfully deploying an effective missile shield, with overlapping networks of advanced early-warning and tracking radars, fail-safe command and control posts, and robust land and sea-based interceptor missile batteries.

DRDO is yet to test Phase-I in an integrated mode, with both the two-stage exo and single-stage endo interceptors together, to first engage outside the atmosphere and then intercept the `leakers' inside to ensure the required near 100% kill probability.

Capable of handling multiple targets, the BMD system will have to be repeatedly tested for a variety of flight envelopes before it go in for production and subsequent deployment.

07-02-2010, 12:32 PM
US backs Indian effort to train Afghan forces

The US has said it is 'very supportive' of the Indian effort to train Afghan security forces, amid reports that President Hamid Karzai has agreed to send a group of military officers to Pakistan for training. "We are very supportive of the Afghan army and police taking advantage of international offers to provide professional military education and training to their security forces. Obviously it is an Afghan decision, in terms of which are those opportunities Kabul wants to take advantage of," US Under Secretary of Defence for Policy, Michele Flournoy, said.
There already are a number of Afghans training in India and benefiting greatly given the professionalism of the Indian military and what they can provide, she said.
"So, we are very supportive of that effort," Flournoy said yesterday in response to a question after her address on 'Investing in the Future of US-India Defence Relations' before the Washington Chapter of the Asia Society.
Flournoy's remarks came a day after 'The Washington Post' reported that Karzai had agreed to send a group of Afghan military officers to Pakistan for training.
"The move is a victory for Pakistan, which seeks a major role in Afghanistan as officials in both countries become increasingly convinced that the US war effort there is faltering," the daily said.
In her speech, Flournoy said India was playing a critical and positive role in Afghanistan's economic and social development, and that help will continue.
"We highly value India's role and, frankly, the sacrifices that India has made in support of this mission, in building economic and social opportunities in Afghanistan. We see India's continued involvement in Afghanistan's development as a key part of that country's future success," she said.
The Pentagon official, a key confidante of US President Barack Obama, acknowledged of rivalry and distrust between India and Pakistan on the issue of Afghanistan.
"Certainly, given the historic tensions between India and Pakistan, both countries tend to view Afghanistan through that prism," she said in response to a question.
The US is very supportive of any steps that the Indians and Pakistani government choose to take to deal with the issues directly between them and to reduce tensions and build confidence, Flournoy said.
"But in Afghanistan, I would sort of separate the two countries. India has played a very important role in economic and social development in Afghanistan in multiple sectors and we would like to see them continue to play that role," she said.
"I think, with regard to India and Pakistan, there is an inherited distrust between the two countries and we are very supportive of whatever steps they take in being transparent with one another and take some confidence-building measures," Flournoy said. "Because the truth is that they all have a stake in the stability of the region."
She said the US has strategic partnerships with all three countries -- India, Pakistan and Afghanistan -- and one of the things it continues to try to press is its belief that common stake in regional security can actually bring them to a place of cooperation that they have not experienced before, but it is not going to be easy to get there.
Flournoy said the US has no plan to abandon Afghanistan after July 2011, when the drawdown of its troops would begin.
She said the US has enduring commitment to the region.
"We have learned our lessons from history. We have no plans to depart the region and to abandon Afghanistan anytime soon," she said.
"Everything has to be seen in the context of a long- term commitment to both the security and development of Afghanistan. That said, he (Obama) also identified July 2011, as an inflection point in our strategy, when the surge of forces would end, and a process of transition would begin, based on the conditions on the ground," Flournoy said.

07-02-2010, 12:37 PM
Battle of Eastern Ladakh (http://www.indiandefencereview.com/2010/07/battle-of-eastern-ladakh.html)


ndo-China War of 1962 in Eastern Ladakh was fought in the area between Karakoram Pass in the North to Demchok in the South East. The area under territorial dispute at that time was only the Aksai Chin Plateau in the North East Corner of Ladakh through which the Chinese had constructed Western Highway linking Sinkiang Province to Lhasa. The Chinese aim of initially claiming territory right upto the line – DBO – Track Junction and thereafter capturing it in Oct 62 war was to provide depth to the Western Highway. 2. In Galwan – Chang Chenmo Sector, the Chinese claim line was cleverly drawn to include passes and crest line so that they have complete observation and domination of our defences and at the same time denying the same to us. In Chushul Sector also, the Chinese aim remained the same. In Demchok Sector the aim was to deny Demchok funnel to India so as to preclude any Indian offensive towards Tashigong and thereby severe the Western Highway.

Military Geography of Eastern Ladakh
3. The geography divides the Ladakh front into various sectors. The Northern most part is Daulat Beg Oldi (DBO), a very small out post on the traditional Silk route that eventually crossed over the Karakoram Pass into the Chinese province of Sinkiang. To the South of DBO is the Chang Chenmo – Galwan Valley Sector. Phobrang was the support base for this Sector. Next came Chushul Sector that extended from Sirijap Complex North of Pangong Tso lake upto Rezang La, South of the lake. The Southern most sector in Ladakh was the Indus Valley Sector that extended from Dungti to Demchok.
4. Except for Chushul and Indus Valley Sector on the Indian side, there was no lateral communication available. The fighting therefore was perforce isolated and unconnected with other sectors. The events of 1962 can thus be conveniently dealt with by sectors.
Buildup and Dispositions
5. The Indian forces build up can be divided into three distinct phases that is, upto March 1960, then up to Oct 1962, just before the first Chinese offensive, and lastly for the Battle of Chushul on 18/19 Nov 1962.
(a) Period up to Mar 1960. Till, the end of Mar 1960, the operational responsibility for defensive operations in Ladakh was that of 121 Infantry Brigade and this region was considered as an extension of Kargil Sector.
(b) Period Apr 1960 to Oct 1962. 114 Infantry Brigade was inducted in Mar – Apr with a compliment of two J&K Militia Battalions, one regular Infantry Battalion, a field company and detachments of services units. Over the period of time, more troops were brought in and by 22 Oct 1962, the Orbat of the Brigade contained two Militia and two regular Infantry Battalions with the Brigade Headquarters (HQ) at Leh. The units were deployed in platoons and companies in the following general areas:-

(i) 14 J&K Militia (DBO Sector). DBO, Margo, Sultan Chusku and Saser Brangsa.
(ii) 5 JAT (Galwan-Chang Chenmo Sector). Galwan, Hot Spring, Kongma area with one coy South of DBO. The Bn HQ was at Leh.
(iii) 1/8 Gorkha Rifles (GR) (Chushul Sector). Area Sirijap, Yula, Spanggur Gap and around Chushul.
(iv) J&K Militia. Area Dumchele and Demchok.
(v) 38 Field Battery ex 13 Field Regiment and 114 Light Battery. Flown into Chushul on 21-23 Oct.
(c) Period 01 Nov – 20 Nov 1962. During and after the initial phase of Chinese operations in DBO, Galwan, Hot Spring, Sirijap, Yula and Demchok areas which came to a close by the end of Oct, the following additional troops were inducted :-
(i) HQ 3 Himalayan Division was raised in Leh on 26 Oct 1962.
(ii) HQ 70 Infantry Brigade. This Brigade with two battalions, 9 DOGRA and 3/4 GR was in position in area Dungti by 01 Nov 1962.
(iii) 114 Infantry Brigade. Troops of 20 LANCERS (AMX) and two new units i.e 1 J&K Militia and 13 KUMAON were inducted.
(iv) 163 Infantry Brigade. Leh.
6. Dispositions of 114 Infantry Brigade for the Battle of Chushul:-
(a) Brigade HQ with two troops of 20 LANCERS and 38 Field Battery in Chushul.
(b) 5 JAT. General area Lukung and Phobrang with troops of heavy mortars, one company in area Tsaka La.
(c) 1 J&K Militia. Deployed in general area Thakung covering the approach to Chushul from the North.
(d) 1/8 GR. General area Spanggur Gap, Gurung Hill and Chushul.
(e) 13 KUMAON. General area on features, South of the Spanggur Gap i.e. Maggar Hill and Rezangla.

Chinese Forces
7. By the end of 1959, the Chinese had spread to the West and South of the Aksai Chin road and established new posts disregarding Indian protests. Later they also constructed a road from Lanak La to Kongka La. In the North, they had built another road, West of the Aksai Chin Highway, from the Northern border to Qizil Jilga, Sumdo, Samzungling and Kongka La. Another road connected Shamul Lungpo with this road from the North. That established the Chinese North-South line of control from Qara Tagh, Shamul Lungpo and Lanak La.
8. In 1960, it was estimated there was only one Chinese regiment, equivalent of a Brigade in Ladakh with its HQ at Rudok. The estimated deployment of the Chinese regiment with four battalions was as follows :-
(a) Regimental HQ and one battalion based at Rudok with responsibility up to Tashigong (Indus Valley Sector).
(b) A battalion at Shingzang with companies at Spanggur, Khurnak Fort and Dambuguru (Chushul Sector).
(c) A battalion based in Lanak La with a company at Kongka La and Hot Spring (Chang Chenmo – Galwan Sector).
(d) A battalion based at Qizil Jilga with companies at Samzungling and Dhera La (DBO Sector).
9. In the period between 1960 and Oct 1962, as tension increased on the border, the Chinese inducted fresh troops in occupied Ladakh. Unconfirmed reports also spoke of the presence of some tanks in general agea of Rudok. The Chinese during this period also improved their road communication further and even the posts opposite DBO were connected by road. The Chinese also had ample Animal Transport based on local Yaks and mules for maintenance. Their division had full complement of artillery. Presence of up to a battalion of horsed cavalry was also reported. The horses were primarily for recce parties. At the time of conflict in Oct 1962, the Chinese enjoyed a 3:1 superiority in infantry, and also advantage in artillery. The road communication network on their side gave them a further advantage, as they could deploy their troops and specially artillery, opposite Indian posts at will. By July 1962, the Chinese had inducted a complete division in Ladakh. The division was deployed as follows :-
(a) Qizil Jilga to Dambuguru – Regiment.
(b) Rudok – Regiment minus.
(c) Area Noh, Tashigong and Gartok – Regiment.
Note : Leaving aside one regiment plus for the ground holding role, the Chinese had a total of two regiments less one battalion for the offensive.
10. Employment of Chinese Forces in Ladakh Sector.
(a) Period from 19 Oct to 27 Oct 1962.
(i) One infantry battalion in Northern Sector against DBO and its subsidiary posts.
(ii) One Infantry Regiment in Central Sector against Galwan post, Kongma, Sirijap and Yula.
(iii) One Infantry Battalion in Southern Sector against Dumchele and Demchok.
(iv) Remainder force was kept as reserve as addition to holding role opposite Chushul and Southern Sectors.
(b) Period from 15 Nov to 19 Nov 1962. On seeing that the Indian Army was fast reinforcing the Chushul Sector, one Infantry Regiment was earmarked for the capture of Maggar Hill, Rezangla and Gurung Hill.
Chushul Sector
Military Geography and General Dispositions
11. South of Chang Chenmo valley running North West to South East is the continuation of Karakoram Range, with heights over 6000 meters. The mountains end on the shores of Pangong Tso lake. This is a long lake with crystal clear but undrinkable brackish water. The lake is over 1 km wide and very deep. It freezes in winter and even vehicular move over the frozen ice is possible. In the afternoon strong winds give rise to high waves, making it difficult to cross. On the southern bank of the lake, again there are high broken mountains that slope south to Spanggur lake. West of this lake there exists a clear gap between the mountains, the Spanggur Gap. It is nearly 2 kms wide and joins the Chushul plateau with the main Tibetan plateau lying to East. To the West of Spanggur Gap lies the village of Chushul. Between Chushul village and Spanggur was located the Chushul airfield. By Oct 1962, through efforts of army engineers, this was capable of taking AN-12 and Packet aircrafts.
12. Just before the conflict, the garrison at Chushul was also connected with Leh by a road that passed over Tsaka La, a high pass, before reaching Dungti that lies due South of Chushul. From this point onwards the road traveled North West along the bank of Indus River to Leh. The shorter Northern route to Chushul was via Chang La near Karu. This road came via Darbuk, Tangtse and Tartar camp along the Southern bank of Pangong Tso lake. This was an old caravan route and was fit for mules and yaks.
13. West and North West of Chushul was the high Ladakh Range rising to over 6000 meters (20,000 ft). This range continues due South East.
14. In the early phases of fighting in Ladakh, Chushul defence were held by two companies of 1/8 GR. After being relieved by 5 JAT in second week of Oct 1962, a company less platoon strength was deployed in Sirijap complex North of Pangong Tso Lake. This post was supplied by boats across the lake and had no land link with the battalion. South of Pangong Tso Lake was the Yula complex consisting of three posts manned by another company of 1/8 GR. Nearly two companies defended the Spanggur Gap. Both the Northern shoulder named Gurung Hill and to the south named Maggar Hill, were held. In addition there was a post in the gap itself.
15. Since early September the Chinese had surrounded the Sirijap post. They had also constructed a road joining their posts with their HQ at Khurnak Fort. The total Chinese strength opposite Chushul Sector was estimated to be a regiment.
Chinese Attack – Stage – 1 : Oct 1962
16. The Chinese attack on Sirijap complex consisting of three posts, Sirijap, Sirijap 1 and 2, commenced at around 0600 hrs on 21 Oct 1962. The Chinese carried out heavy shelling of Sirijap – 1 for nearly 2 ½ hrs. They then attacked this post with light tanks, against which the post had no weapons. The ferry point near Thakung had a small Indian post and it was possible to observe the battle from there. Soon after the shelling started the posts at Sirijap went out of communication. A patrol under a JCO, Rabilal Thapa reached as close as 1000 yards from Sirijap-1 in a boat. After observation of the post the JCO came back and reported that the entire post including the Company Commander Major Dhan Singh Thapa had died in the attack. After capturing Sirijap-1, the Chinese turned their attention to Sirijap-2 and captured it after fierce resistance. Very few escaped from this battle. The returning soldiers also narrated that after collecting the wounded the Chinese lined them up and shot them dead. Yula complex of posts had begun the process of consolidating all the persons at Yula 2 and 3 by evening of 21 Oct. By 22 Oct the Chinese were in complete control of the Northern bank of Pangong Tso lake and maintaining Yula posts by boats became difficult as Chinese were firing with MMGs on boats. Decision was taken on 22 Oct to withdraw troops from Yula complex to a high ground North of Gurung Hill.
17. On 21 Oct, Indian transport aircraft flying in the area reported seeing a two miles long column of Chinese vehicles proceeding towards Spanggur Gap. The troops deployed in area also confirmed move of vehicles that alarmed the Brigade HQ, who thought that threat to Chushul was imminent. The entire front of nearly 60 Km from Chang Chenmo to Dungti had only one weak battalion. 13 KUMAON located in Leh was ordered to move to Chushul on 21 Oct. XV Corps took energetic action and airlifted one battery (8 guns) of 25 pounder guns to Chushul. The Chushul defences were now strengthened and the airlift of stores and ammunition continued. The Chinese did not launch an immediate attack and the lull period set in after 22 Oct in Chushul Sector. The quick build up served the purpose of averting an immediate danger. The Chinese were to attack the area later.
18. In Demchok Sector, Chinese secured the Demchok funnel and all passes on the Kailash Range, thereby precluding any Indian offensive towards Rudok and Tashingong.
The Lull.
19. It would be interesting to note that prior to attacking Chushul defences in Stage-II of their general offensive both in Eastern and Western Sectors, Chinese had captured all Indian posts on the North bank of Pangong Tso lake and secured all passes on Kailash Range and the Demchok funnel in Eastern Ladakh Sector, East and South East of Chushul.
Sequence of Events – Chushul Sector (22 Oct – 18 Nov 62).
20. On the 20 Oct 1962, once the Chinese launched their well coordinated attack in Ladakh and NEFA, the basic assumption underlying the ‘Forward Policy’ ceased to exist. The Western Command, which all the while had been pleading for deployment based on ‘military logic’, now put into action its own plan for defence of Ladakh. The earlier operational instruction about not withdrawing resources and troops facing Pak was revoked, and between 20 Oct and 30 Oct, nearly a division worth of troops were inducted in Ladakh.
21. It was a feat achieved in the face of heavy odds. To augment the meagre transport resources, even the first line transport from units and formations was withdrawn to form adhoc motor companies to facilitate induction. Divisions facing Pak were milked for battalions. The Air Force transport fleet also rose to the occasion and flew much beyond its normal capability.
22. Basically the induction was for defence of Leh. The strength in the forward most posts was increased only marginally. Most deployment was in the rear areas well away from the immediate Chinese attack.
23. Major General Budh Singh, MC raised the 3 Himalayan Division on 26 Oct 1962 at Leh. The 114 Infantry Brigade HQ was moved to Chushul and was responsible for chushul and Phobrang Sectors. Brigadier RS Grewal, MC arrived in Leh with 70 Infantry Brigade HQ on 25 Oct and took over responsibility of the Indus Valley Sector. By 03 Nov, it was established at Dungti and later at Asale in the rear. On 24 Oct, Delta Sector was raised out of existing troops to look after the Northern Sector with its HQ at Thoise. 163 Infantry Brigade arrived in Leh to look after the close defence of Leh proper. The Western Command had been pleading for the induction of a division since 1961, and the troops did materialize in the midst of the conflict. The new formation did not have any immediate operational problems, as 114 Infantry Brigade was being commanded directly by XV Corps. Aware of the need to maintain continuity, the 3 Division left the existing structures intact and interfered very little in the fighting, brunt of which was being borne by 114 Infantry Brigade commanded by Brigadier Tippy Raina who later rose to become the Army Chief. Significant addition to the fire power of troops in Ladakh was the induction of 13 Field Regiment equipped with 25 pounder field guns. One battery was already in Chushul. By 03 Nov another battery reached Dungti. The third battery was located in Leh along with the regiment HQ. 114 Heavy Mortar Battery equipped with 4.2 inch mortars was inducted in Chushul between 26 Oct – 31 Oct. One troop was sent to Lukung to support 5 JAT and the rest of the battery was sent to Dungti. The IAF achieved a major feat when the AN-12 air lifted a troop of AMX-13 tanks to Chushul on 25 Oct. The troop belonged to 20 LANCERS.
24. In the meanwhile new Infantry Battalions were also being inducted. These included 9 DOGRA, 3/4 GR, 3 SIKH LI, and 1 JAT. The troops were being airlifted in small groups and were being deployed post haste to plug the various gaps in the defence. Visualizing the likelihood of the road to Chushul garrison being cut off, the army engineers were ordered to construct an alternate route via Karu, Chang La, Tansgte and Tartar Camp to Chushul.
25. The GOC XV Corps informed the Army Commander on 30 Oct 1962 that he was not asking 3 Division to make any plan for withdrawal from Chushul. He felt this would have only an adverse effect on the morale of the troops defending Chushul and Dungti. Both these positions were to be defended to the last man. He also urged him that provision of close air support would be of immense help in the defensive battle. This was turned down.
26. All the possible routes to Leh were now held in strength. In the North, D Sector with a strength of nearly 2 battalions held the Saser La, Sultan Chushku, Shyok, Galwan – Shyok River junction. The route passing over Chang La was defended at the pass itself, as well as at Darbuk. Giving depth to the Chang La defence were the troops deployed at Phobrang and Chushul with some artillery support. In the Indus Valley Sector, a whole brigade blocked the axis at Dungti, Chumathang and areas further back. In Leh proper there was nearly a battalion worth of troops to defend the surrounding hills. The newly inducted troops were thus placed in a reasonable position to defend Leh. Only one battalion, 1 JAT, was deployed in Chushul area. On 27 Oct itself, request for further troops for defence of Chushul, made by 114 Infantry Brigade Commander, was turned down by the Corps Commander, his mind being made up that Leh must remain secure at all costs.
Battle of Chushul
Deployment of 114 Infantry Brigade
27. Commander 114 Infantry Brigade planned to hold defence of Chushul as follows:-
(a) 1 JAT.
(i) Company less a platoon with section – Area Jetty.
(ii) Two Companies plus platoon and section – Thakung Heights.
(iii) Remainder – Gompa Hill.
(b) 5 JAT (less one company at Morgo)
(i) Company less platoon, section MMG and Two 57 mm RCL Guns – Tsaka La.
(ii) Remainder – Lukung.
(c) 13 KUMAON
(i) Company plus section 3 inch mortars – Rezang La
(ii) Two companies less platoon with section 3 inch mortars and section MMG – Maggar Hill
(iii) Remainder battalion with 4 RCL Guns. – Track Junction (Kumaon Memorial)
(d) 1/8 GR
(i) Two companies less a platoon, section MMGs and section 3 inch mortars – Gurung Hill
(ii) One company, platoon MMG and 6 RCL guns. – Spanggur Gap
(iii) One company – Pt 5167
(iv) Battalion HQ and adhoc company – Air field.
(e) Arty – Troop each to Grurung and Maggar Hill.
28. Armour. Two troops of AMX-13 light tanks were air lifted by AN-12 aircraft to Chushul by 26 Oct 1962. The half squadron was commanded by Capt AK Dewan, VrC. The tasks of armour were as follows:-
(a) To deny Spanggur gap approach to the enemy, particularly to any enemy armour which may try to venture out towards Chushul.
(b) To act as a mobile reserve with a company ex 13 KUMAON located in area Track Junction with a view to safe guarding the flanks and any sizeable en inflit which may take place during the battle particularly along road Tsaka La – Chushul.
(c) Armour was located at the base of Gurung Hill.
Battle of Chushul
29. After the Chinese attack, between 20 and 27 Oct 1962, there followed a period of lull, which was utilized by the Chinese to consolidate and build up. The second phase of Chinese offensive began on 18 Nov 1962. The Chinese attack was preceded by intense artillery and mortar fire on our posts at Rezang La, Maggar Hill, Gurung Hill and Spanggur gap at about 0615h. The Chinese infantry meanwhile was closing in for an assault on Rezang La and Gurung Hill. As they neared the object, their guns and mortars lifted their fire and brought a hail of shells on the airfield, tanks, gun positions and road Chushul – Tsaka La. The Chinese gun fire, however, proved mostly ineffective. By about 0900h both Rezang La and portion of Gurung Hill had fallen in the face of overwhelming Chinese superiority. Shelling of the airfield area, and road Chushul – Tsaka La continued.
30. The Chinese had in fact become so bold as to move their artillery and mortars well forward of their Spanggur post towards the Spanggur gap. This placed them under the direct observation of our artillery operations at Maggar Hill. They were soon to pay for this since own guns engaged them so effectively that they were forced to withdraw after a direct hit on one of their mortars blew it to bits. This saw the end of their shelling of the airfield area.
31. When Rezang La fell it was felt that the Chinese might establish a road block on road Chushul – Tsaka La thus blocking the only exit route of our vehicles and battle casualty to Leh. There existed in those days no road across Chang La to Chushul via Tangtse and all move to Chushul from Leh was via Tsaka La. It was also appreciated that the enemy would require four to five hours to establish the road block after the fall of Rezang La. The main hindrance to this move, however, was the constant shelling of road Chushul – Tsaka La. With effective neutralization of Chinese guns and mortars, a calculated rist was taken and approx 100 vehicles comprising second line and a portion of first line transport alongwith all the available casualty were rushed to Dungti. This timely action saved valuable lives and transport.
32. With a portion of Gurung Hill and the whole of Rezang La with the Chinese on the one hand, and the neutralization of their guns and mortars on the other, there followed a comparative lull throughout the afternoon and the remaining hours of 18 Nov 1962 except for sporadic shelling of the airfield area during night 18/19 Nov 1962.

33. At 1030h on 19 Nov, the Chinese infantry was reported to be moving for an attack on the remaining defences on Gurung Hill. Own artillery and tanks immediately engaged the enemy. Eventually, it was at 1400h that under cover of heavy snowfall and mist, the Chinese launched their attack. The attack was in such overwhelming strength that Gurung Hill finally fell at 1530h. Furthermore Chinese move towards the forward slopes of Gurung Hill was observed. Small infiltrating parties were also seen moving down from Mukhpari towards the airfield. The Chinese pattern of attack was becoming clearer. They were obviously aiming at rolling down in strength from Gurung Hill and Mukhpari on ni 19/20 Nov with a view to, cutting off the rear of our troops in Spanggur Gap and at Maggar Hill. It has been earlier appreciated that in such a contingency it would be futile to hold on to Spanggur gap and Maggar Hill. Accordingly orders were given to own troops at these posts to commence thinning out at last light. Similar orders were also issued to troops holding the line between Thakung and Gurung Hill. All withdrawing troops were to fall back on our second line of defence in areas already earmarked. This move was successfully carried out, and the whole Brigade with practically its entire equipment and stores, was redeployed on its new defence by first light on 20 Nov 1962. It may be mentioned here that on the fall of Gurung Hill, the Chinese advance towards the airfield from Gurung Hill and Mukhpari was prevented entirely by the effectiveness of own tanks and artillery fire.
34. The Brigade reorganized its defences by first light 20 Nov with a battalion each on Gompa Hill, ITBP Hill and Hill astride Tsaka La. With the Brigade HQ on Pankha Ridge. On 21 Nov the Chinese declared cease fire.

07-02-2010, 12:38 PM
Analysis of War in Eastern Ladakh
35. DBO Sub Sector. This is the most sensitive and vulnerable of all Sub Sectors in Eastern Ladakh. Its biggest draw back is that it is completely air maintained with no land linkage. This infirmity continues till date. On one hand any future Chinese offensive here can be progressed through Saser La to Sasoma thereby cutting off Northern and Central Glaciers. If further progressed to Partapur, complete Glacier, Sub Sector West and Sub Sector Hanif in Turtuk will be cut off. On the other hand if Chinese decide to progress their operations along Shyok to Chang La Pass, they can roll down to Leh without encountering a single Indian trench and in the process get behind 114 Infantry Brigade without firing a shot. It is therefore vital that a land linkage is established to DBO Sub Sector along the Shyok river so that this Sector can be quickly reinforced. Chinese Study Group has made precisely the same recommendation. In fact the author, while in command of 3 Infantry Division had brought the vulnerability of DBO Sector or (Sub Sector North as it is called now) to the notice of his superiors in a discussion, only to be told by Lt Gen Nanavatty, the then Army Commander that if we construct the road to DBO along Shyok river, it will be used by the Chinese in a future conflict. The author will leave it to the readers to judge the wisdom of such a view point.
36. Galwan and Chang Chenmo Sub Sector. Any deployment will serve no purpose since it cannot be maintained. Deployment should have been on the high ground dominating Ane La and Kongkala Passes. This infirmity still persists.
37. Chushul Sub Sector. Deployment on the North Bank of Pangong Tso lake was unsustainable and therefore doomed to destruction. It was nothing but forward policy posture where we thought that by planking sections and platoons on indefensible features, we will scare away the Chinese. Sirijap 1 and 2 has neither tactical significance nor defensibility. Our defences need to be on high ground to the West within easy turn round distance and therefore maintainability from our administrative base at Fobrang.
38. Unfortunately, deployment was at its most faulty at Chushul. Instead of holding the ridge line East of Chushul which was not held by Chinese at that time, we decided to hold the low ground of Maggar Hill, Gurung Hill and Rezang La. Two most important features which should have been held are Black Top and Mukhpari. By not holding these features we not only denied ourselves observation of Chinese buildup opposite Chushul but also allowed Chinese to roll down on our defences on the low ground. Troops at Gurung Hill, Magar Hill and Razang La were therefore foredoomed and their valour predecided. Both Black Top and Mukhpari are right on the so called LAC and their occupation by either India or China is as acceptable as we have done in Sikkim and elsewhere. The author had recommended this to his superiors only to be castigated by them and may well have cost him his career. HQ 114 Infantry Brigade, on Pankha Ridge was over ten kilometers in depth and how an MVC was awarded to the Brigade commander is anybody’s guess.
39. It would also be prudent to mention here that 114 Infantry Brigade had sufficient troops for the defence of Chushul. Faulty deployment only enabled the Chinese to overrun our defences piecemeal.
40. There was no logic in deploying a battalion (5 JAT) spread out between Tskala in the South and Lukung in the North, a total distance of nearly 30 Kms. To compound the folly, one company of this battalion was in DBO Sector. Also apart from protective elements, deployment of a battalion in Area Jetty and Thakung made no tactical sense. The Chinese could not have mounted a brigade attack across Pangong Tso.
41. Even 13 KUMAON had only two companies deployed on the ridge line ie, Magar Hill and Razangla. Balance of the Battalion was deployed
In a low ground nearly four Kms in depth at Track Junction where a memorial of the valiant troops stands today.
42. South Eastern Sector. In this Sector, 70 Infantry Brigade was deployed in depth on the features of Ladakh Range. There was no attempt to move forward and occupy dominating features on Kailash Range and thereby observe Chinese buildup and deny him the passes through which his offensive forces moved forward. Even today the Chinese are in occupation of dominating features on the Kailash Range and they hold all the passes thereby precluding any thoughts of an offensive by us.
43. Air Power. Another blunder was not using the air power to destroy enemy build up and concentrations in Ladakh. The overwhelming advantage here is that our aircraft take off from plains with full load and can operate in the Tibetan plateau where there is excellent visibility and no camouflage. Chinese Air Force on the contrary suffers from the disadvantage of having to take off from high altitude air fields in Tibet consequently reducing the useful load significantly. Also at that time, the Chinese were far from deploying strategic missiles in Tibet.
44. Failure of Political Leadership and Military Higher Command. Across the board, the biggest failure in 1962 war was the inability of our political leadership to visualize Chinese aims in both Eastern and Western Sectors. Military hierarchy by their inept performance only made it worse. It was a classic case of blind leading the blind. Both the Government and military hierarchy thought that the Chinese hordes will come down and cross Brahmaputra in the East and capture Leh in the Western Sector giving little thought to where the Chinese claimlines were. In the event the Chinese did not cross their claim line both in the East as well as in the West and withdrew unilaterally in the East thereby adding insult to injury. In the Western Sector since the Chinese aim was to capture territory upto their claim line to provide depth to Western Highway and preclude any Indian offensive across the Demchok funnel, no withdrawal by the Chinese took place except from features Maggar Hill, Gurung Hill and Rezang La.
45. 1962 War appears to have traumatized us so far as the Chinese are concerned. Even today when the Chinese brazenly keep changing the Line of Actual Control, commanders on the ground are told not to take any preventive action as it may annoy the Chinese. Media is kept away from events in Eastern Ladakh. George Fernandes went to Siachen every three months but not once did he visit Chushul. Taking cue from him, not many if any of our Service Chiefs have visited Eastern Ladakh. What signals are we therefore sending to the Chinese is anybody’s guess.http://www.indiandefencereview.com/

07-03-2010, 03:23 AM
Indian Navy, Army For Brigade-Strength Expeditionary Capability

http://img257.imageshack.us/img257/9979/articleibgdotjpg (http://img257.imageshack.us/img257/9979/articleibgdotjpg)

Direct Link (http://img257.imageshack.us/img257/9979/articleibgdotjpg)

07-04-2010, 02:51 AM
Sounding rocket developed at VITU

Students of the VIT University, Vellore, have developed Rohini-200 (RH200), a sounding rocket, in collaboration with the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).
The sounding rocket — an instrument-carrying rocket designed to take measurements and perform experiments during its sub-orbital flight — will be launched from the Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station (TERLS), Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC), Thiruvananthapuram, on July 7.
“This will be the first sounding rocket in India that carries a payload developed solely by students,” states a VIT release.
Ramakrishnan, former Director (Projects), VSSC mooted this idea, and a team headed by mechanical engineering students Dev Sharma and Sunayan Kumar, and comprising Manish Kumar Narnoli and Gautam Alok (Mechanical Engineering), Himanshu Misra (Electrical and Electronics Engineering), Chandresh Mittal (EEE), Ankit Sharma (Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering), and Nitesh Kumar (Electronics and Communication Engineering) and their mentor Geetha Manivasagam, Professor of Mechanical Engineering developed the rocket.
VIT University has fully funded the project and also plans for the second phase, which will include fabrication of the entire rocket with advanced payloads.
The team fabricated the payload and other components for the sounding rocket, which were continuously reviewed by B.V.A. Rao, Advisor to the Chancellor of VIT University, T. Rao, Director, Academic Research, VIT, Rashmi Ranjan Das of VIT, Panciker, Scientist, VSSC and Ratnakar Rao, Project Director (Sounding Rocket, VSSC). The launch of the sounding rocket developed by VIT students would be the 52nd launch of a sounding rocket from TERLS, the release said.

07-04-2010, 02:52 AM
DRDO develops UAV 'Netra' to aid in anti-terrorist operations

PUNE: India's defence research agency DRDO has developed an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) specifically for anti-terrorist and counter insurgency operations, which will be inducted into the armed forces by the year-end.

The 1.5 kg UAV, called 'Netra', is a collaborative development project between ideaForge, a company formed by a group of Indian Institute of Technology, Powai, alumni and one of Defence Research and Development Organisation's Pune-based labs, Research and Development Establishment (Engineers) (R&DE) Pune.

DRDO scientist Dr Alok Mukherjee, who demonstrated the UAV, here yesterday said Netra would be ready for induction into the services within the next six months after it is subjected to some more trial tests.

"The UAV is capable of operating in all the conflict theatres, including urban quarters, in a situation similar to that of the 26/11 terror attacks.", he told reporters here yesterday.

Mukerjee said the estimated cost of Netra is Rs 20 lakhs, but the price could vary if additional components like thermal camera are added as per the requirements of the security agencies concerned and their use.

IdeaForge, vice-president (Marketing and Operations Unmanned Systems) Amardeep Singh said the UAV has been designed to carry out surveillance in an area of 1.5 KM Line of Sight (LOS) and has an endurance capacity of 30 minutes of battery charge.

Apart from that, Netra is equipped with a resolution CCD camera with a pan/tilt and zoom to facilitate wider surveillance. It can also be fitted with thermal cameras to carry out night operations.

Singh said the operational altitude of the UAV is 200 meters maximum, having a vertical take-off and landing capacity (VTOL) and is equipped with a wireless transmitter. In addition to that, the in-built fail-safe features allows Netra to return to base on loss of communication or low battery.

Asked if the UAV could function in all-weather condition, Singh said the machine cannot be operated in rainy conditions but research is being carried out to make Netra function even during monsoon. http://www.bharat-rakshak.com/NEWS/newsrf.php?newsid=13116

07-04-2010, 02:59 AM
Navy submarines involved in minor collision

Two Indian Navy submarines were involved in a minor collision at Mumbai naval docks last week, causing minor damage to one vessel's rudder, defence officials said on Saturday.
A defence official in Mumbai said details of the incident are still being collected and denied that either of the two submarines had sustained any major damage.
According to sources, the two submarines - Sindhuratna and Sindhukesari of the diesel-electric Sindhughosh class - grazed against each other.
In Delhi, Navy spokesman Commander PVS Satish said that the incident took place a week ago when one of the submarines in the Mumbai dockyard brushed past the other berthed vessel while berthing.
"One suffered a damage to its rudder, which is handleable locally," he said, adding a committee had been set up to ascertain the damage.

as if this was needed already facing submarine crunch

07-04-2010, 07:25 AM
Navy submarines involved in minor collision

as if this was needed already facing submarine crunch

They say its minor damage...hope it will be repaired soon.

07-04-2010, 11:48 AM
They say its minor damage...hope it will be repaired soon.

repaired soon remember its INDIA soon is easily wait forever

07-04-2010, 01:44 PM
Navy to buy submarine mine laying equipment

NEW DELHI: The Navy is planning to buy Submarine Mine Laying Equipment (SMILE) to augment existing capabilities of its conventional fleet.

It has issued a Request for Information (RFI) to vendors and manufacturers seeking details in this regard, a Navy officer said here today.

The Navy at present has a fleet of 16 conventional submarines, but is in the process of adding a few more when the Scorpene submarines currently being built by Mazgaon Docks are ready for induction and a follow-on project of the type is ordered.

The SMILE, according to the RFI, should be capable of laying 24 ground mines and withstand maximum underwater speeds of the submarine.

The basic design of the SMILE should comprise components and sub-systems such as two independent magazines capable of housing at least 12 mines each.

Each magazine should have a glass reinforced plastic hull and needed to be attached to the submarine. Its design should suit the contours of the submarine for a snug fit.

The magazines should have its independent hydraulic station for engaging and disengaging the SMILE with the submarine and also for loading, unloading and launching of mines with ports and mechanisms for the same.

It should have adequate ballasting and de-ballasting arrangements to embark and disembark the magazines on the submarine in an afloat condition.

The mine magazines should have suitable hoisting and lifting mechanisms to handle the SMILE while embarking, disembarking and transporting the magazines at the submarine berth.

Each mine trunk should have suitable mechanisms for arming the mines prior to their deployment.

Laying of ground mines is controlled from the submarine through cable connections from the mine laying control unit inside the vessel.

Each mine is separately laid in armed and unarmed mode, through an arming device unit. In case of an emergency, the complete mine saddle can be released.

The SMILEs would have an in-service life of 15 years. Once the vendors submit their information, the Navy will call them for presentations on their product. http://www.bharat-rakshak.com/NEWS/newsrf.php?newsid=13117

07-04-2010, 01:45 PM
BDR trying to encroach on Indian land: BSF

SHILLONG: Bangladesh Rifles has been making attempts to encroach on Indian territory and obstructing Indian farmers from cultivating their land, the BSF said today.

"There have been numerous occasions during the last six months when BDR fired at Indian nationals to prevent them from cultivating their land. BDR has been trying to encroach on Indian territory following such firing," a BSF statement said here.

Claiming that Indian villagers have been cultivating their land well inside Indian territory since decades, the BSF said the Bangladesh border guards have been resorting to unprovoked firing to terrorise the border populace.

Accusing the BDR of providing Bangladesh media "concocted information" to malign the image of the BSF, it said the border guards of the neighbouring country were trying to sensationalise the issue of adverse possession of land. http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/politics/nation/BDR-trying-to-encroach-on-Indian-land-BSF/articleshow/6127446.cms

07-04-2010, 01:46 PM
Towards a new Indian approach in Afghanistan news

India's foreign policy towards Afghanistan urgently requires attention. Over the course of the past year, India's fortunes in Afghanistan have suffered a reversal. In the context of the London conference where India's concerns in Afghanistan were relegated to lower priority by the governments shaping the agenda, India needs to depart from a reactive and passive approach and make a sustained commitment of resources towards proactive initiatives in Afghanistan. Afghanistan is vital to India's interests and India should have an independent, long-term policy towards the country and its demographics.http://www.domain-b.com/defence/general/20100615_afghanistan.html

07-05-2010, 10:45 AM
Indian Navy's first indigenous Light Combat Aircraft to roll out tomorrow

New Delhi: India is all set to roll out its indigenous naval Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) at the Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) facility in Bangalore on Tuesday, which will be witnessed by Defence Minister A K Antony.

"The first indigenous naval Light Combat Aircraft , the LCA (Navy) NP1, is scheduled to roll out from HAL Aircraft Research and Design Centre (ARDC) hanger on July 6," a Defence Minister official said on Monday.

An important milestone for the naval programme of Bangalore-based Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA), the aircraft would be brought out of the hanger where it was assembled part-by-part during the roll-out.

Navy Chief Admiral Nirmal Verma will be the chief guest at the event. The aircraft is being readied for induction into the Navy and for deployment on board the Indigenous Aircraft Carrier (IAC), currently under construction at the Cochin Shipyard, by 2015.

Read more at: http://www.ndtv.com/article/india/indian-navy-s-first-indigenous-light-combat-aircraft-to-roll-out-tomorrow-35678?cp

Following the roll-out, the Naval LCA, with state-of-the-art technologies and punch, will be ready for the phase of systems integration tests leading to ground runs, taxi trials and flight trials.
Once the ground based tests are completed , the 'NP1' is expected to fly by the end of this year and the NP2 is likely to fly by the end of 2011.

The government had sanctioned the LCA (Navy) programme in 2003 and the first stage of development included design and fabrication of a trainer and a fighter, NP1 and NP2 respectively, along with a Shore Based Test Facility (SBTF) at Goa naval air base, which has already come up.

The SBTF is being used to simulate carrier take off and arrested landing and as a training facility for future pilots of the naval LCA. It is also being used for training on the newly acquired MiG-29K fighter jets, bought from Russia to be operated on the Admiral Gorshkov aircraft carrier, which is under a repair and refit programme in a Russian shipyard.

Read more at: http://www.ndtv.com/article/india/indian-navy-s-first-indigenous-light-combat-aircraft-to-roll-out-tomorrow-35678?cp


Read more at: http://www.ndtv.com/article/india/indian-navy-s-first-indigenous-light-combat-aircraft-to-roll-out-tomorrow-35678?cp

07-05-2010, 10:47 AM
Air force’s SU – 30 MKIs to be upgraded

The Indian Airforce has decided to upgrade its SU- 30 MKI, in collaboration with Russian firm, The SU – 30 MKIs were first introduced in the 90s. The SU- 30s were introduced in four phases. The ones that are to be upgraded now are from the first phase.
The SU – 30 MKIs are variants of the Sukhoi SU – 30 that was jointly manufactured by Russia’s Suhkoi corporation and India’s Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) for the Airforce. The MKI's airframe evolved from that of the Sukhoi SU – 27 while most of the avionics were developed by India
Of the 50 aircrafts are in line to be upgraded, only five will be sent to Russia. The rest will be refitted in India itself. This revamping is a part of the modernization program. The aircraft will be upgraded to the latest standards and equipped with modern avionics and various other capabilities. Sources from the defense ministry have said,” "As part of IAF's modernisation programme, we are going to upgrade 50 Sukhoi-30 MKI aircraft with help of original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) from Russia,"
Sources say that the airframes of these aircrafts will be strengthened to handle the 290 km range of a BrahMos supersonic cruise missile. The Airforce is already upgrading its two main fighter aircraft fleet of 60 MiG 29s and is all set to sign a deal for around USD two billion deal with France to upgrade its 50 Mirage aircraft.
The Jaguar, MiG-27 and MiG-21 fleets have already been upgraded by the air force.
The Defense Ministry intends to upgrade its machines and will complete the program in the next three to four years.

07-05-2010, 10:47 AM
It's lift off for Indian A&D

Britain is well placed to capitalise on an Indian aerospace and defence industry which is “growing at unprecedented rate and emerging as a global heavyweight”, according to a report by Deloitte and the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII).
India’s defence procurement budget is expected to hit US$42bn by 2015 and the country is predicted to spend around US$80bn over the next five years on capital expenditure.
Deloitte says there are strong existing relationships between UK and Indian firms which means we are well placed to capitalise on this spend. India has set a 26 per cent limit on direct foreign investment which means partnerships with Indian companies are vital.
“India’s domestic defence sector is likely to require specialist input into both platform and systems development. This demand can be met by foreign firms, including those from the UK given our aerospace heritage and market leading R&D programmes and innovation,” says Pauline Biddle, UK head of aerospace and defence at Deloitte.
“There are many opportunities for foreign companies to partner with the Indian defence industry, some which could be facilitated by the ‘Buy and Make’ Indian opportunity. UK companies, including BAE and Rolls & Royce have already started their expansion into the Indian aerospace and defence market. Similarly, other UK companies in the automotive sector who have been in India for a long time have good prospects to tie up with Indian majors in the sector. I predict that we will see a dramatic rise in the number of Indian joint ventures with foreign firms over the next five to ten years.”
Nidhi Goyal, director in Deloitte’s Indian aerospace and defence team, says: “India is recognised as the next international manufacturing destination given its competitive strengths including wider supplier base, comparative low cost of labour, persistent focus on infrastructure development and huge pool of skilled workforce.”
On India’s target for 70% of new acquisitions in the future to be sourced from domestic production, he adds:
“In order to meet the target 70% indigenisation, local industry should achieve an average growth rate of 30% per year over the course of the next five years. At present the current offset contracts are still not sufficient for Indian industry growth and hopefully the target for offset contracts at US$10bn by 2011 will give the necessary boost that is required by the industry.”

07-06-2010, 12:28 AM
1962 war hero Hercules to make a comeback

Almost 50 years after an earlier version of the military transport aircraft provided a crucial air bridge to transport troops and equipment to the Chinese frontier during the Sino-Indian war, the hardy ‘Hercules’ is making a comeback to India. The Indian Air Force (IAF) is set to get the first of its six C 130 J Super Hercules on order from the US in February 2011, in time for the Aero India air show and two months ahead of the scheduled delivery. While the new ‘Special Operations’ Hercules that the IAF is getting is several generations ahead of its illustrious predecessor that airlifted several thousand troops that were desperately needed along the entire Chinese border from Ladakh down to the North-East, the stubby-nosed aircraft holds a special place in the military history of the nation.
The year was 1962 and the Chinese invasion was on in full swing when the government realised that it was woefully short of transport aircraft that could carry troops and military equipment to difficult air*****s along the Chinese border. The ties with the US were on a historic high and a request for help by PM Jawaharlal Nehru to President John Kennedy yielded a 12 aircraft detachment of the Hercules for operations in Ladakh and the North-East.

The mainstay of the IAF transport fleet was the Russian AN 12 four-engined aircraft, a sturdier, faster aircraft than the Hercules. But the IAF was finding it difficult to transport heavy loads and personnel to the short Leh airfield located at an altitude of 10,500 feet. The unpressurised AN 12 was also unsuitable to fly in troops to the high- altitude airbase.
Over a nine-month period, the 12 aircraft Hercules detachment brought in thousands of troops to the Chinese frontier, flying regular missions to Ladakh as well as air*****s in the North-East on the Arunachal Pradesh border. In one mission, an aircraft flew out 104 Tibetan orphans whose parents had been killed during the border clash from Leh to South India.
While the lessons learnt during the war helped India in planning out its aircraft acquisition over the next few years, the Hercules never returned as ties with the US steadily deteriorated and India became dependant on Russian imports. Things changed after the new-found bonhomie between the nations that paved the way for a $ 1 billion contract that was inked in 2008 for six ‘special operations’ version of the new C 130 J ‘Super Hercules’.
The new aircraft is very different from its predecessor. It is equipped with a Forward Looking Infra Red, Heads Up Display and navigational aids, that enables operations in low visibility conditions, through fog, clouds and dust storms. The aircraft on order are also designed to land and take off from an air***** in pitch dark without using external lights.
The initial order is for six aircraft but Lockheed Martin, the manufacturer, is in talks with the IAF for six more. “We have been in discussion (with the government) and hope to see a follow on order for another six aircraft,” said Orville Prins, Senior Vice President, Business Development, India for Lockheed Martin Aeronautics.

07-06-2010, 12:29 AM
US, Russia vie to sell choppers to IAF

Another “fight” is set to begin in the Indian defence sector in the next couple of weeks. On one side is India’s long standing defence partner Russia and on the other is its new-found strategic friend the USA, which is vying to further chip away at the largely Russian hold over the sector.Within next three weeks, the Indian Air Force will commence field trials to select a heavy lift helicopter for its operations. The trials will be conducted in hot conditions of deserts and on Himalayan heights. US company Boeing with its “Chinook”, which operates for NATO forces in Afghanistan, will compete with Russian Mi-26 for the deal.
The IAF is looking to replace the ageing lot of the previous generation Mi-26 inducted in the mid 1980’s. Russia’s Rosoboronexport, the makers of the chopper, have offered the latest version.

A heavy lift chopper is of immense strategic value as it can lift up to 70 armed troops and even lift artillery guns like the ultra light howitzers which the Indian Army is buying for deployment in mountainous areas bordering China and Pakistan. Among its several other usages is the rapid deployment of missile launchers for Agni or Prithvi from one place to other.


07-06-2010, 12:32 AM
Testing times ahead for HAL

The Russian designers stared transfixed at the monitor as the model of India’s Sitara Intermediate Jet Trainer (IJT) went into a spin, rotating like a fan uncontrollably. Despite every attempt to straighten it out with the aircraft controls, the Sitara kept spinning. If this had been a real flight, rather than just a “spin tunnel” test in Russia, both pilots in the Sitara would have died as the uncontrollable trainer smashed into the ground.
Instead, Indian designers at the Aircraft R&D Centre (ARDC) in Bangalore — which is designing and testing the Sitara — have tweaked the Sitara’s aerodynamics until it has passed the “spin tunnel” test.But now, Chief Test Pilot Baldev Singh has to actually test-fly the Sitara, deliberately throwing the trainer into a hair-raising spin and then coaxing it into level flight again.
Only after that can the Indian Air Force use the Sitara to teach rookie pilots the vital skills needed to recover an aircraft from a spin. During training, IAF instructors will put the IJT into a spin and then hand over controls to the trainee, allowing him or her to stabilise the aircraft.
These are literally testing times at the ARDC, a unit of Hindustan Aeronautics Limited, which is preparing for several risky test flights that will determine the success or failure of its key projects.
Although the Sitara has cleared the “spin tunnel” test in Russia, that is no guarantee that the Sitara will recover from its first real life spin. Therefore, to minimise the risk to the test pilot, a special parachute is being fitted on the aircraft’s tail, which the pilot opens if he is unable to recover from a spin. Acting as an aerodynamic drag, the parachute retards the spin, allowing the pilot to recover control.
“There are always uncertainties in testing something for the first time”, explains HRS Prasad, the general manager of ARDC. “So we make doubly sure there is a system that will enable (the pilot) to recover from a potentially disastrous situation. But we are confident of demonstrating that the Sitara can recover from a spin… that is a basic requirement for a trainer.”
Even more dangerous are the flight tests ahead for the Tejas Light Combat Aircraft (LCA), to demonstrate its ability to handle higher angles of attack, or Alpha, as the designers call it. Simply put, a flying aircraft’s angle of attack is the angle it makes, nose to tail, with the horizontal. A high Alpha provides several benefits to a fighter, especially letting it fly slower to land on shorter runways.
The Tejas has currently tested an Alpha of just 22-24 degrees, and will go up gradually to 28 degrees. But flying a higher Alpha risks stalling the fighter; its engine could go off (or flame out, as pilots call it) leaving the Tejas, without propulsion power, or electrical and hydraulic power for its fly-by-wire controls, to fall out of the sky like a stone.
To guard against that, the ARDC is fitting a test Tejas with a fast-response power pack that US company, Honeywell, manufactures for such flight-testing. Within milliseconds of the Tejas main engine going off, the hydrogen-operated power pack starts up, providing power to the fighter’s hydraulic and electrical systems, and re-lighting the main engine.
“In flying a single-engine aircraft, there is no bigger emergency than a flame-out”, says a former Tejas test pilot. “But no fighter engine should flame out at just 28 degrees Alpha. However, the Tejas air intakes have not been well designed and, as the Alpha increases, the intakes constrict the airflow, and the engine dies for want of air.”
In contrast to the Tejas’ maximum Alpha of 28 degrees, India’s Sukhoi-30MKI can comfortably handle an Alpha of over 50 degrees. The US Navy F/A-18 Super Hornet can manage an Alpha of 58 degrees.
The Tejas flight test programme, India’s first such testing process, has been controversial, with critics charging that the slow speed of testing has delayed the Tejas’ induction into service. On the positive side, the Tejas testing has given birth to the National Flight Test Centre (NFTC), a test facility that is of global standard. The Aeronautics Development Agency (ADA), which oversees the Tejas’ development, has now engaged European aerospace giant, EADS, to advise on how to speed up testing.
“We have to proceed cautiously”, the Tejas programme director, PS Subramaniam told Business Standard, while witnessing a test last year. “We have managed to come so far without a single mishap. An accident would seriously damage the credibility of the Tejas programme.”

07-06-2010, 12:51 AM
India Readies for China Fight (http://the-diplomat.com/2010/07/06/india-readies-for-china-fight/)

Last May, just days before India’s general election results were announced, the country’s highest policy making body for security matters was convened by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. Its mandate: Find ways of enabling India’s military to take on an increasingly powerful (and belligerent) China.
At the end of a marathon meeting, the Cabinet Committee on Security initiated a comprehensive, well-funded plan to bolster India’s land, air and naval forces to counter China’s rising military prowess. The plan is historic, coming after years of dithering by an Indian establishment seemingly paralysed by memories of the country’s humiliating defeat at the hands of the Chinese in a brief but brutal war in 1962.
Since the CCS plan was launched, there have been significant and wide-ranging signs that Indian policymakers are finally willing to realistically assess possible military responses to China’s rise. One clear example is a new division of troops aimed exclusively at the border region of the two great powers. India is now mid-way through raising two mountain divisions for the north-eastern border area with China, with the two divisions pencilled in to be ready for deployment by the middle of next year.
The goal is to plug existing gaps in India’s preparedness along the Arunachal Pradesh-China frontier, and the two divisions, consisting of about 20,000 well-armed troops, will include a squadron of India’s armoured spearhead—Soviet-built T-90 tanks and a regiment of artillery. They will be backed by enhanced command, control, communications and intelligence (C4I) capabilities aimed at covering the Tibet region.
But that’s certainly not all.
The Indian Air Force has over the past year deployed 36 Su-30MKI, its most advanced multi-role fighter aircraft, to Tezpur in the country’s north-east in response to the People’s Liberation Army Air Force’s seven airbases in Tibet and southern China.
Meanwhile, the Indian Navy is working to counter the growing clout of the PLA Navy. The current thinking at Indian naval headquarters is that China will move to aggressively increase its presence in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR) to secure its extended energy supply lines (despite its name, military planners in Beijing don’t feel India has ownership of this expanse of water).
As a consequence, the Indian Navy’s plans are based on the premise that it needs to be a fully-networked and flexible force capable of meeting any ‘out of area’ contingency. Successive Indian naval chiefs since 2004 have spoken about the need for the Navy to have ‘longer sea legs’ by 2020 and to be capable of influencing the outcome of land battles. The importance of the Navy’s role was underscored during the 1999 Kargil skirmish between India and Pakistan, when the Indian Navy played a crucial but silent role in blockading Pakistan’s sea lanes, putting Islamabad under significant pressure to end the conflict quickly.
Since then, India’s naval leadership has been working to break free of its traditional ‘continental construct’ mindset and start looking at the bigger picture, taking into account the full gamut of geo-strategic and geo-political realities. After all, 90 percent of India’s trade by volume and 77 percent by value transits through the IOR.
But trade considerations aside, countering China remains the country’s biggest (but officially largely unstated) objective, a fact Beijing no doubt saw as underscored when India held a joint exercise in the area with the US, Australian and Singaporean navies in 2007.
These joint exercises apart, the Indian Navy is working to build and acquire new, varied and potent platforms including an aircraft carrier, nuclear submarines, stealth frigates and long-range maritime reconnaissance planes. By 2014, it hopes to have 160 ships in its fleet, up from its current strength of 136.
But the most surprising revelation to many analysts was India’s public admission that it was inducting a Russian Akula-class Type 971 nuclear submarine into its forces, in addition to an indigenously designed and built submarine, earlier called the advanced technology vessel but now officially named the INS Arihant (The Destroyer).
‘Together, the two vessels would constitute the third leg of India’s sea-based strategic deterrence,’ Adm Sureesh Mehta, former chief of the Indian navy, announced at the time—the first time a high-ranking Indian military official had gone on record about the country’s plans to have a three-****ged nuclear deterrence.
The induction of the nuclear submarine has brought India closer to securing its nuclear deterrence based on a second, retaliatory strike option that is built on a triad of strategic weapons (the other two options—delivery by an aircraft and mobile, land-based launchers—were already available).
In addition, in recent months, India has also successfully test fired its long range Agni-III strategic missile, capable of hitting targets deep inside China, while the head of India’s missile building programme, VK Saraswat, announced in May that India will go one step further by testing the 5,000-kilometre range, nuclear-capable Agni IV missile in 2011.
But there’s more to an effective defence force than an offensive capability for a country the size of India. Communication and transport lines are essential, especially in far-flung regions, so 72 tactically important roads are also being built in the tough, mountainous terrain along the China border in the Eastern and the Western sectors. The roads are being built by the quasi-military Border Roads Organisation to enhance connectivity, and come on top of the reopening of three major air*****s in Ladakh (Nyoma, Fukche and Daulat Beg Oldie).
The air*****s are being upgraded to allow medium and heavy-lift transport aircraft such as the Russian-built AN-32 aircraft and soon to be inducted US-made C-130J Hercules transport planes to land. The hope behind these developments is that once the facilities are fully functional (expected to be by the end of next year), these assets will offer India the ability to insert a large number of troops in forward areas at short notice, a capacity that Indian policymakers hope will right the current poor connectivity in the forward areas along the Line of Actual Control.
Indeed, it’s this boundary that is the biggest irritant in Sino-India relations, as neither country agrees with the other’s perception about where exactly the line should be drawn. India believes that for all China’s professed desire to find a peaceful and mutually acceptable solution to the festering boundary issue, the country has not budged from its more than three-decades position, and they note that despite frequent meetings of special representatives of both the countries over the past half decade on the issue, the deadlock has yet to be broken.
Suspicion of China runs deep among Indian analysts. ‘China’s demonstrated policies of strategic encirclement of India and its use of India’s other arch-enemy Pakistan as a proxy for her designs…is proof enough that you can never trust Beijing’s intentions,’ says former Maj. Gen. Sheru Thapliyal, who commanded a frontline division responsible for handling China. ‘Until a visible change is demonstrated by China, there’s no excuse for any Indian Government to ignore or soft-pedal the imperatives of strong defensive preparations along the India-Tibet Border’.
But such preparations haven’t gone unnoticed by China. When news of last May’s plans went public, China reacted strongly, with the semi-official Global Times editorializing: ‘India’s current course can only lead to a rivalry between the two countries. India needs to consider whether or not it can afford the consequences of a potential confrontation with China…Any aggressive moves will certainly not aid the development of good relations with China. India should examine its attitude and preconceptions; it will need to adjust if it hopes to cooperate with China and achieve a mutually beneficial outcome.’
This year’s annual report by the Indian Defence Ministry stated: ‘India remains conscious and alert about the implications of China’s military modernisation. Rapid infrastructure development in the Tibet Autonomous Region and Xinjiang Province has considerably upgraded China’s military force projection capability and strategic operational flexibility…Necessary steps have been initiated for the upgrading of our infrastructure and force structuring along the northern borders.’
This kind of urgency, lacking for far too long in New Delhi, is a refreshing indication that Indian policymakers are taking the need to prepare for potential conflict with China seriously. China cannot—and should never be—taken lightly. And India should always be mindful of the fact that military preparedness and trying to improve diplomatic relations are not necessarily mutually exclusive.

INDIA'S weaknesses IMO:
1-weak leadership
2-no concise objective
3-entangled in too many internal unrest
4-low defence budget with a unique bureaucracy :)

07-06-2010, 07:43 AM
Not ready for women officers yet: Army

New Delhi: The Army is saying no to women. CNN-IBN learns the Army will file a petition before the Supreme Court saying a High Court order to grant permanent commission to women is simply "not implementable".
The Army will file a special leave petition comes after the Delhi High Court on Monday issued a contempt notice to Army Chief General V K Singh for not complying with its March 12 order to grant permanent commissions to women officers who had approached the court complaining of gender bias in the armed forces
Officials told CNN-IBN the petition's is likely to say that the Army is not ready to grant permanent commission to women officers. The Army says it lacks infrastructure to integrate women in such a role or even in supporting arms like the service corps and Signals
The Army believes that granting permanent commission would open the floodgates as retired women officers would want to be taken back.
The Delhi High Court has also issued notices to Defence Secretary Pradeep Kumar and the adjutant general at Army Headquarters, Lt Gen Mukesh Sabharwal, on a contempt petition filed by women short service commission officers alleging that the Army is still to grant them permanent commissions and other monetary benefits ordered by the court.
Acting on a petition filed in 2007 by 60 women short service commission officers, the court had asked the Indian Army and the Indian Air Force (IAF) to grant them permanent commissions.
Women are now eligible for permanent commission only in the education, legal, medical, nursing and dental services of the armed forces. They get to serve for a shorter duration in non-combat or support arms of the armed forces.

07-07-2010, 02:53 AM
First eliminations in MMRCA expected this month (http://www.8ak.in/8ak_india_defence_news/2010/07/first-eliminations-in-mmrca-expected-this-month.html)

While it’s too soon to predict a likely winner for India’s huge competition for 126 Medium Multi-Role Combat Aircraft (MMRCA), the first indicators should be out as early as the next week when the technical evaluation committee’s report comes out.Reports state that this deal for 126 fighters will cost $10 billion, but there exist huge price variances between the offered fighters of varying capability. And this figure is a lifecycle cost – not an acquisition cost — so it is not clear if the number of fighters is fixed or whether the budget figure is. Half the fighters would not qualify even before going in to trials depending on the answer.
This is the first indication of the general confusion in the competition. The second is why a single engine aircraft with a 1970’s airframe is in the same competition as the most modern and expensive twin engine heavy hitter. The Indian Ministry of Defense has drafted the tender so broadly that most fighters would qualify. But this lackadaisical attitude will cost competitors hundreds of millions of dollars when they compete but fail. One competitor told 8ak that the competition could cost each bidder an average of $180 million given costs such as each bomb drop in live weapons’ trials could cost up to US$1 million. In addition, most companies would have spent many hundreds of millions more to adapt their offering for the competition, for example developing the AESA radars.
Already there are reports that some competitors have failed to meet requirements in the early stages of the competition. On Mar 26, Shiv Aroor reported that four contenders failed their high altitude tests in Leh. This has not been since confirmed. Certainly, no contender has given signs of withdrawing from the competition.
For all its drawbacks, the competition is transparent. If any vendor is kicked out, India will have to give explicit reasons for which part of the tests it failed. So even if the IAF did not want a particular aircraft, if all the tick boxes were checked, no company can be eliminated at this stage even if they have no chance of eventually winning.
The threat driving the competition is a two-front war with Pakistan and China. With both states having nuclear weapons a deep-penetration strike is virtually ruled-out as per Brig Kanwal of CLAWS (Centre for Land Warfare Studies) since it would risk over-flying an enemy’s secret nuclear installations. He further says that there is an 80 percent to 90 percent probability that the next war will break out in the mountains and at least a 60 percent probability that the next war will remain limited to the mountains. In this scenario, the requirement of extended range is minimal.
With advances in technology, the fighter itself is losing importance and fast becoming a carrier for equipment such as AESA radars, sophisticated missiles and electronic warfare equipment. With miniaturization similar capabilities can be built in to smaller, lighter planes.
At the top-end, India has already made a choice, the Sukhois for which no tender is required. With delays in the indigenous Light Combat Aircraft Tejas project, buying another top-end fighter would mean that the IAF would be too top-heavy. Facing the prospect of a two-front war, large coverage area and the dwindling fleet (32 squadrons of 12 to 18 fighters versus a minimum of 39.5 sanctioned by the government) it is clear that the IAF needs a high number of planes to cover more areas and to deliver more sorties.
Given the above it looks as if a cheaper fighter will best suit India’s limited budget. This bends the odds in favor of single-engine competitors or the Russians, who are expected to offer the MiG-35 at a cheap price.
Things to note. This is the first IAF tender where life cycle costs will be considered, but MoD officials complain that this may not be possible for some of the players whose aircraft have very short service histories. With limited skills to evaluate such technically complex calculations, MoD may put a higher weight back to the initial price though this may just be a negotiating tactic.
It is common in Indian procurement programs for the services role to be limited to conducting tests. For the most part, the Ministry of Defense makes the decision. The bigger the deal, the more likely it is that Parliament and the government will weigh in. One source told 8ak that it would be best for the IAF to tell MoD which fighters they do not want and then let the government make a political decision.
Nobody can read the mind of the Indian government when it comes to politics. But here is our analysis.
The continuing strength of the Russian-India relationship has repeatedly surprised everyone. In a pure political face-off it is unlikely that any country would be able to outmaneuver Russia. If the past is Russian and the future (limited joint-development of Fifth Generation Fighter Aircraft) is Russian, then from a training, spares, infrastructure and familiarity perspective it makes sense to stay with the Russians.
The U.S. often has the best technologies but arms export restrictions can counterbalance the technology advantages. In a war with either Pakistan or China India cannot risk a situation where the U.S. might withhold support of spares or otherwise try to influence India’s behavior. However, the lure of U.S. backing India for a UN Security Council seat is quite lucrative and in a July 2010 report by senior Pentagon official Michele Flournoy made it clear that the U.S. is putting a lot of strategic value on the fighter aircraft deal and has made it clear that they would like to see a U.S. choice. This was backed by an earlier US Navy statement putting its support behind the Super Hornet for India.
France has recently, virtually given up on sales to Pakistan and thereby made a strong commitment to India that will not go unnoticed. While they are a more reliable defense partner than the US, they are ****e to mind-numbing price increases as witnessed in the Scorpene, Mirage upgrade and more recent Turbomeca/HAL deals. EADS has pointed out that it is actually supported by a consortium of four countries plus France but Indian analysts believe that India would have little influence over a consortium and hence their political value is diminished.
The key drawback with the Gripen is that Sweden is seen as the least politically influential country. But there is a catch! What is and should be most important to India, possibly even more than international politics is to build indigenous capabilities. Saab’s Asia Pacific head Jan Widerstrom has pointed out that for a large US military supplier $10 billion spread out over decades is not a very big contract. But for Saab, with Euro 3 billion in annual sales, this would shift the company’s interests to India. This is supported by Par Rohmann, the head of the technology transfer programs, who says Saab would co-develop critical technologies with India. But the Gripen uses a U.S. engine and many other components, which could allow the U.S. to play spoilsport.
Corruption continues to be a huge problem in military deals here. Despite both Defense Minister A.K. Antony and the Prime Minister having squeaky clean images, but corruption in India (http://www.8ak.in/8ak_india_defence_news/2010/06/europeans-blame-manmohan-for-overseeing-wide-scale-corruption.html) has reached very serious levels.
It is 8ak’s expectation that the final selection will be purely politics and will not be based on cost. Russia may have been eased out with the Sukhoi deal and US is in danger that its restrictive policies may become unpalatable in India (transport planes restrictions are different from fighters). Eurofighter and Rafale are great platforms and if cost was not an issue, then these would win. But budget and numbers are an issue so, if Saab pushes hard enough, you never know. And that is the current prediction 'you never know...'

07-07-2010, 03:58 AM
First eliminations in MMRCA expected this month (http://www.8ak.in/8ak_india_defence_news/2010/07/first-eliminations-in-mmrca-expected-this-month.html)


If they select american planes iam going to ask my tax money back....

07-07-2010, 04:03 AM
If they select american planes iam going to ask my tax money back....

You may as well ask for it now......

07-07-2010, 09:00 AM
If they select american planes iam going to ask my tax money back....
It will be a political decision in the end and the contract would be split among two bidders. One of the beneficiaries would be an American company I suppose.

07-07-2010, 10:34 AM
INDIA plans exercises

NEW DELHI: The 1.13-million strong Indian Army is gearing up for joint combat exercises with the American and Russian armies, among others, in quick succession to further enhance "interoperability" withthem from August to October.

That's not all. India is also going to hold a military exercise with another big power, China, in the coming months. New Delhi and Beijing are now drawing up schedule for the third edition of their "hand-in-hand" (HiH) exercise, sources say.

Interestingly, the focus of all the three exercises will revolve more around counter-terrorism rather than conventional warfare, underlining the threat irregular warfare has assumed for the world at large.

The Indo-US combat exercise `Vajra Prahar' between the special forces of the two countries will be held at the Belgaum commando school in Karnataka between August and September, while the one with Russia called `Indra' is slated for Chaubatia near Ranikhet, Uttarakhand, from September to October.

While, India has had a long-standing defence relationship with Russia, notching up as it has military imports worth almost $40 billion from Moscow since the 1960s, joint combat exercises between the two have been few and far between.

Conversely, the most visible symbol of the now expansive Indo-US military ties has been the flurry of joint combat exercises -- over 50 in the last seven years -- between the two nations. Incidentally, India had hosted the largest-ever ground combat exercise with US, called `Yudh Abhyas', at Babina in October.

The US, of course, is now also aggressively cornering a major chunk of the lucrative Indian defence market. The largest-ever Indo-US defence deal -- the procurement of 10 C-17 Globemaster-III giant strategic airlift aircraft for IAF for around $3 billion -- is now on the verge of finalisation, as reported by TOI earlier. This deal will overtake the $2.1 billion contract for eight Boeing P-8I long-range maritime reconnaissance aircraft inked last year.

In sharp contrast to US and Russia, India's HiH exercises with China have so far been largely symbolic in nature, with just over 100 soldiers participating from each side. But they are seen to be an important CBM between the two countries which fought a bloody war in 1962.

While the first HiH was conducted at Kunming in China in December 2007, the second one was conducted at Belgaum in December 2008. The third HiH edition will be held in China.

07-07-2010, 10:35 AM
Air-to-air missile Astra successfully test-fired

Chandipur, Orissa: For the first time, India on Tuesday conducted the night trial of its indigenously developed beyond visual range (BVR) air-to-air missile 'Astra' in inclement weather.

Defence sources said the sophisticated missile was test-fired from a launcher in launch pad number two of the Integrated Test Range complex at Chandipur, about 15km from Balasore, Orissa, at about 8.15 pm.

The single stage, solid fuelled 'Astra' missile is more advanced in its category than the contemporary BVR missiles and is capable of engaging and destroying highly maneuverable supersonic aerial targets, Defence Research Development Organisation (DRDO) sources said.

The 3.8 metre long missile, which has a diametre of 178 mm, can carry a warhead containing explosives weighing 15 kg and can be fitted to any fighter aircraf.
It is intended to be eventually integrated with IAF's Sukhoi-30 MKI, MiG-29, Mirage-2000, Jaguar and the Tejas Light Combat Aircraft, the sources said.

Describing 'Astra' as a futuristic missile, DRDO scientists said the weapon could intercept the target at
supersonic speed (mach 1.2 to 1.4).

"Before being made fully operational, the complex missile system will undergo some more trials, though tests of its navigation, control, air frame, propulsion and other sub-system have been validated," the sources said.

Though the exact range of today's trial has not been disclosed, DRDO scientists are working to ensure that 'Astra' performs effectively at different altitudes - one cruising at an altitude of 15km with 90 to 110km range, another at an altitude up to 30,000 ft, having a range of 44km and the third at sea level with a range of 25km, the sources said.

The last two trials of Astra, conducted on January 11 from the same base, were successful.

Read more at: http://www.ndtv.com/article/india/air-to-air-missile-astra-successfully-test-fired-35977?cp


Read more at: http://www.ndtv.com/article/india/air-to-air-missile-astra-successfully-test-fired-35977?cp


07-07-2010, 10:36 AM
Light Combat Aircraft for Navy to fly this year

Navy's first Light Combat Aircraft — the first step towards fulfilling the Indian Navy's ambition of having an indigenously built modern air power on its ships — was unveiled here on Tuesday.
The first prototype, a trainer called NP1, will fly in October followed by the fighter version, NP2, the Defence Minister, Mr A.K. Antony, announced as the fully assembled aircraft was rolled out of the hangar.
The naval aircraft will be part of the fleet that will go on the indigenous aircraft-carrying ship, codenamed IAC-1, that is being built in Kochi.
The LCA Navy and the aircraft-carrier are expected to be ready by 2014, Mr Antony said. Two more prototypes were sanctioned in December 2009.
The LCA Navy is a vastly modified version of the indigenous LCA, the Tejas. It was sanctioned in 2003. The LCA Navy is meant to replace the aged BAE-built Sea Harriers.
Tejas platform
The medium naval aircraft, the MiG-29K, was inducted recently.
Powered by a GE-F-404-IN20 engine, the LCA Navy is described as “the first indigenous effort to build a complete air element” for the Navy.
The Chief of the Naval Staff, Admiral Nirmal Verma, said ship-borne air fleet is a very important military component of the future.
A Ship-based Testing Facility (SBTF) — a simulation of an aircraft carrier — is being built in Goa to test and train the naval aviation component. This and the IAC-1 would give the Indian Navy a quantum jump and help it become a “reckonable blue-water multi-dimensional force,” he said.
The SBTF and the naval prototypes are estimated to cost Rs 1,700 crore.
This is the 50th year of the induction of a naval air squadron on INS Vikrant, which has been decommissioned, and the INS Viraat.
The IAC-1 and the aircraft carrier INS Vikramaditya (Admiral Gorshkov), which are being acquired from Russia, are meant to complement this power.
Mr Antony said these ships should be in possession by 2011. A pan-India network of radars, including 46 along the coast, would ensure security when in place.
Admiral Verma said at a news conference that a satellite for the Navy was being developed by the ISRO. It is expected to be ready next year. Commodore C. D. Balaji, Project Director for NP-1, said the LCA Navy was the world's only carrier-based light fighter aircraft. NP-1 is a vastly modified piece of the LCA. It has been customised by LCA's designer, the Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA), and built by Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd in six months.
The ADA Director, Dr P.S. Subrahmanyam, said the re-jig for the Navy was challenging. The aircraft still needs to shed 400 kg and the landing gear has to be perfected.
The ship-borne aircraft has to take off within 200 metres against Air Force version's 800 metres; and land within 90 metres, a tenth of land-based landing length.
The high strength steel had to be sourced specially from Midhani (Defence PSU Mishra Dhatu Nigam).

07-07-2010, 03:22 PM
The MMRCA will not be selected on Politics alone. Which, is not to say that Politics doesn't have a part.

Funny, on how some don't want to see any American Type win the MMRCA. So, now the likely "Winner" will be selected on the basis of "Politics". Which, hardly holds water...........

Plus, I have way to much respect for the Indian Air Force to believe in such propaganda.

07-07-2010, 04:14 PM
The MMRCA will not be selected on Politics alone. Which, is not to say that Politics doesn't have a part.

Funny, on how some don't want to see any American Type win the MMRCA. So, now the likely "Winner" will be selected on the basis of "Politics". Which, hardly holds water...........

Plus, I have way to much respect for the Indian Air Force to believe in such propaganda.

apart from you actually no one wants US hardware to win

07-07-2010, 04:19 PM
Blacklist four foreign defence firms: CBI

The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) has recommended blacklisting two Indian and four foreign defence firms for their alleged involvement in a multi-crore rupee Ordnance Factory Board corruption scam that surfaced last year.
In its letter to the defence ministry, the CBI has named six firms that allegedly conspired with then chairman of the Ordnance Factory Board Sudipta Ghosh to receive favours in orders given to private companies, a source said.

The firms named are: Singapore Technologies Kinetics, Israel Military Industries Ltd, Switzerland-based Rheinmetall Air Defence and a company identified by the source as Russia's Cooperation Defence.

The source said the two Indian firms are T.S. Kisan and Co. New Delhi and R.K. Machines Tools Ltd. of Ludhiana.

The letter sent last week is advisory and it is up to the ministry to take action on it.

On June 30, the CBI filed a chargesheet in a Kolkata court naming two Indian firms and 12 people, including Gosh, for the alleged criminal conspiracy and corruption.

Ghosh was arrested last year for demanding and obtaining huge illegal gratification.

A special CBI judge has sent a letter rogatory to Singapore for investigating the matter.

The agency had was registered a case in the matter May 17, 2009 under the Prevention of the Corruption Act against Ghosh and others.

It was alleged that Ghosh had also demanded bribes to transfer and post some ordnance factories officers.

07-07-2010, 04:20 PM
We are entering into a security partnership with India: German envoy

New Delhi, July 7 (ANI): European Aeronautic Defence and Space (EADS) of Germany initiated a deal with Indian Air Force (IAF) for providing 126 Multi Role Combat Aircraft (MRCA) worth over 10 billion dollars.
Briefing media persons here on Tuesday, German Ambassador to India Thomas Matussek said this deal not only heralds Germany entering into a security partnership with India on commercial note, but was also significant from a joint security exercise point of view.

"We have decided that we wanted to enter into a real security partnership with India. It's not a by-a-client relationship but security partners with four native countries with the cutting edge technology for the next 20-30 years to come. So, it goes way beyond a commercial relationship," he added.

Bernhard Gerwert, CEO of European Aeronautic Defence and Space Company, said they had a successful meeting with the IAF and he is hopeful of encouraging response from the Indian Ministry of Defence within a few weeks.

"We have official request from the Indian Air Force, from the Indian MoD (Ministry of Defence), in particular, for the so-called multi-role capabilities.

So, on the one side, to have the air to air to capabilities and on the other side, to have the air to ground capabilities and that is what the Euro fighter is fulfilling. First topic is that India is asking as well for technology transfer and I believe that they are interested as well in the new technology in the fighter business," Gerwert added.

If the IAF approves and the Defence Ministry decides to buy this highly modern and futuristic aircraft, then it would be the fifth production base for the Euro fighter along with Germany, Spain, Italy and Britain.http://news.oneindia.in/2010/07/07/weare-entering-into-a-security-partnership-with-indiagerm.html

Kunal Biswas
07-07-2010, 06:07 PM
he firms named are: Singapore Technologies Kinetics, Israel Military Industries Ltd, Switzerland-based Rheinmetall Air Defence and a company identified by the source as Russia's Cooperation Defence.

These are all major companies responsible for major hardware s projected for the Army/navy/Air-force..
If they got banned than we have to wait also start from beginning..

07-07-2010, 09:26 PM
apart from you actually no one wants US hardware to win

Not the people in the know............You may have Majority Armchair Generals in such forums as this. Yet, they respectfully don't make the "Big Decisions".

07-08-2010, 02:56 AM
Not the people in the know............You may have Majority Armchair Generals in such forums as this. Yet, they respectfully don't make the "Big Decisions".

what then buy the F-18 more or less similar to the Su-30mki mission profile?
Or buy the F-16 which is in use across the border.........

07-08-2010, 02:57 AM
Europeans launches a broadside against US in "mother of all deals"

NEW DELHI: The Europeans have launched a fresh counter-offensive to ensure the perceived US influence does not skew the hotly-contested battle to grab the "mother of all defence deals", the lucrative $10.4 billion project to acquire 126 fighters for IAF.

The defence ministry does proclaim the selection process in the medium multi-role combat aircraft (MMRCA) project, which has now entered a decisive phase with IAF finalising its technical evaluation report after gruelling field trials of the six foreign fighters in contention, will be "competitive, fair and transparent".

But it's also a fact that India is sure to factor in its geo-political considerations while finally choosing the MMRCA winner, with Prime Minister Manmohan Singh himself in the past holding that large defence deals should be leveraged to serve the country's larger political and diplomatic ends.

With the Americans increasingly cornering a major chunk of the lucrative Indian defence market, the Europeans are obviously apprehensive. Some of them even see the "American hand" behind the last-minute scrapping of virtually-finalised deals like the $1.5 billion one for six Airbus A-330 MRTT mid-air refuellers with European aerospace major EADS.

They do not want the story to be repeated with the MMRCA project, in which Eurofighter Typhoon is pitted against the American F/A-18 `Super Hornet' (Boeing) and F-16 `Falcon' (Lockheed Martin), apart from Swedish Gripen (Saab), French Rafale (Dassault) and Russian MiG-35 (United Aircraft Corporation).

"Through Eurofighter, four nations (UK, Germany, Spain and Italy) have come together to enter into a real security and cutting-edge technology partnership with India for the next 20 to 30 years," said German ambassador Thomas Matussek.

Holding that the "unhappiness" over the cancelled deals had been conveyed to the Indian government, Matussek wondered whether India would like to acquire a fighter which was flying across the border as well, in a clear reference to the US supplying F-16s to Pakistan despite Indian objections.

Added the CEO of EADS military air systems, Bernhard Gerwert, "Our price is the best value for money. Our bid has the full support of the four nations. So, we are not afraid of competition."

The strong European pitch comes soon after the American undersecretary of defence for policy, Michele Flournoy, strongly advocated "US solutions for India's defence needs" to further cement the expansive Indo-US strategic partnership.

The inking of the MMRCA project, of course, will still take well over a year. The defence ministry will open the commercial bids only after a shortlist of the fighters is drawn up keeping in mind the field evaluation test and the staff evaluation.

Complex issues like "life-cycle costs" and 50% offsets, among other things, will have to negotiated before the actual contract is signed. So, the race is still very much open.

07-08-2010, 03:01 AM
Indian Air Force 2020 (http://www.indiandefencereview.com/2010/07/indian-air-force-2020.html)

Festivity during the 73rd anniversary of the Indian Air Force in October 2005 was overshadowed by the concern over its depleting combat power. Obsolescence appears to be overtaking the IAF as several components of its combat and supporting assets are reaching the end of technical or calendar life and need replacement very soon. The Government appeared to be seized of the problem as a few days later at a Combined Commanders` Conference held in South Block, came the assurance from the highest level that modernisation of the armed forces was a matter of high priority and that the required resources would be made available.
Modernisation of the IAF involves acquisition of expensive capital equipment that has a life span of three to four decades. Acquisition of equipment for the IAF in the past has generally been characterised by slow decision making and complex procurement procedures leading to delays in the operational integration of the equipment with the organisation. The procurement process is long drawn and in the best case may take seven to ten years to fructify. As such, plans drawn up today must remain valid in the decade of the twenties by which time changes in the operating environment could well render decisions of today irrelevant. Modernisation plans must therefore take in to account the challenges of the evolving scenario in the geo-political, geo-strategic, technological and operational environment in the region and the world as these would impact on the role and responsibility of the IAF as also its shape and size. It is therefore necessary to reflect on the historical perspective of regional equations and visualise the scenario that is likely to prevail in the twenties before undertaking plans for modernisation of the IAF. Conflict and the Developing World
In the first half of the 20th century the world went through the convulsions of two major wars that apart from wreaking widespread death and destruction, divided the world in to two distinct camps hostile to each other and ushered in an era of cold war and global peace, essentially on account of a balance of power arising out of superpower rivalry. While the two superpowers maintained a balance of terror, conventional proxy wars continued to rage and were confined largely to the developing world. These wars served the political and economic interests of the superpowers as they helped perpetuate strategic relationships and turn the wheels of the military industrial complex of the developed world.
Sino Indian Relations
Emerging as a dismembered but independent nation in the middle of the 20th century, India inherited several thousand kilometres of land borders that had a potential for conflict whose origins lay in the flawed policies of the British Government. The border between India and Tibet had been defined unilaterally by the British Government during their reign in India without any formal agreement with China who constantly maintained that in the first place, there was no need for a redefinition of borders as the traditional boundaries were well known and that there was no need to indulge in the exercise at all. At no stage did the Chinese endorse or accept the British action with regard to the delineation of the border with Tibet. The alignment of the traditional boundaries perceived by China were also not universally known except perhaps to the Chinese themselves.

The unresolved legacy inherited from the past left an unwary nation traumatised in 1962. More than four decades later, efforts are now on to resolve the fundamental dispute and notwithstanding the inspiring rhetoric emanating from the political establishment of both India and China and the somewhat regimented bonhomie at the military outpost at Nathu La beamed on the visual media occasionally, the ground situation has not changed in favour of India. In fact, in some ways it has indeed worsened as in the intervening years, the Chinese have only consolidated their gains of 1962 in Ladakh and are continuing to develop regions bordering Arunachal on a scale that cannot be justified for economic reasons alone. It would be imprudent to believe that it is possible only through dialogue to alter the age old position held by China regarding the alignment of international borders between India and Tibet. But in the absence of any other option, the dialogue must continue. We ought not to ignore the fact that it is more important for us to come to an amicable settlement of the border dispute than it is for China. As per a renowned Chinese leader, it may be desirable to shelve the problem for now and leave it to the future generations who may be wiser to find a solution. A politically weak position combined with a visibly weak military posture on our part therefore could seriously undermine the process of the ongoing dialogue as also impinge on the fragile relationship that we believe to have succeeded in building in the recent past.
Apart from the ongoing border dispute, the economic rivalry that is building up slowly but surely between the two of the fastest growing economies in the region, has the potential for conflict arising out of clash of vital interests. While India aspires to emerge as a regional power, China is emerging as a global economic power house and her sights are set on superpower status. China would not have failed to notice the shift in India`s foreign policy aimed at strengthening the strategic relationship between the two largest democracies in the world. China acquired nuclear power status several years ahead of India to achieve a credible deterrent against a perceived threat from a superpower. China has also successfully completed her second space mission and in the next decade and a half, is planning to despatch a manned mission to moon as also build a space station. Clearly, China is ahead in the race with India. Then there is the long standing relationship with Pakistan wherein apart from supply of conventional military equipment, China has played a key role in transforming Pakistan in to a nuclear weapon state, a step that has only accentuated the tension and served to complicate the security equations in the sub-continent. Indo-Pak Confrontation
On the western front, the status of Jammu and Kashmir, truly the only cause of conflict, is a legacy of the colonial past. In the wake of super-power rivalry, Britain was replaced in the region by the USA, and while Pakistan was drawn quite readily in to the American camp, India adopted a philosophy of non alignment opting for a diverse inventory of military equipment i.e. British and French. However for strategic, economic and political reasons India had to subsequently lean heavily on the Soviet Union for military hardware to meet with the demands of national security. Even though formally not allied with the USSR, India was seen by the USA as being squarely in the Soviet camp and was treated with extreme suspicion and unconcealed disdain. Nearly six decades and four major conflicts later, there appears to have been some qualitative change in the equation between India and Pakistan. People to people contact, exchange programmes in a variety of fields, restoration of rail and road transport, liberalisation of visa regimes, trade both official and unofficial and cooperation in the wake of the disastrous earthquake in the recent past have rekindled hopes for peace between the two adversaries. The media has also by and large played a very constructive role in exposing the reality of India to the several brainwashed and misled generations of Pakistanis. All these developments have served to weaken the anti-each-other platforms that the political establishment on both sides have so far thrived upon.
However, there are other factors and deep seated ant-India sentiments that militate against normalisation of relations. In the Pakistani mindset, India is a hegemonic power that poses a constant and potent threat to her very survival. The corporate aim of the Pakistani establishment has been to exploit the vulnerabilities of India, weaken her from the inside and `to bleed her with a thousand cuts`. The situation with regard to the status of Kashmir has not changed, and like a persistent virus, resurfaces with irritating regularity, seemingly frustrating efforts at forward movement. In spite of all noble intentions, it appears difficult if not impossible for the Pakistani establishment to retreat from or significantly alter their long held position vis-à-vis Kashmir as it would amount to political suicide for the leadership whether military or civilian. As for the Indian view, it is only for Pakistan to demonstrate flexibility which the leadership is not prepared to do. And then there is the unfinished business of POK. Also, as it appears, the maximum that India can concede on Kashmir is less than what would be acceptable to Pakistan. In view of the inflexible position on both sides, Kashmir will continue to be a major impediment in any effort at securing the western borders from the possibility of conflict. Nothing short of reversing the process of partition leading to the reunification of India and Pakistan can help resolve the dispute over Kashmir. Solution to the Kashmir problem will therefore remain as much in the realm of fantasy in the foreseeable future as the suggestion to reunite the two nations.
Apart from the Kashmir issue, there are problems on other fronts as well. The population of Pakistan is growing at roughly 2.6% annually and is not matched by its economic growth. Pakistan will therefore continue to be in a dysfunctional state and would have to depend heavily on foreign assistance for survival. The growing economic disparity between India and Pakistan could aggravate the sense of insecurity that a small nation perceives from a bigger and more prosperous and powerful neighbour with whom there are deep ideological differences and a long history of turbulent relationship. The sense of insecurity may be further aggravated if our western neighbour finds her position vis-à-vis Kashmir weakening. Under such circumstances, for Pakistan, a conflict may appear to be an inevitable and desperate option. Under the shadow of the nuclear threat, in all likelihood, Pakistan may avoid an all out war and prefer to sustain low intensity conflict in the valley and undermine our interests through covert support to insurgency in other parts of the country bordering Nepal and Bangladesh. This certainly would be a more convenient and cost effective option for Pakistan.
Prospects of Peace
It should be clear from the preceding that India cannot rest on its oars and take permanent peace in the subcontinent for granted. Perhaps peace can only be ensured if one is well prepared to meet with any conceivable threat to national security by all the means at its disposal, be it political, economic, diplomatic, or military. Encouraging progress in efforts at settlement of disputes with both China and Pakistan ought not to be assumed as good enough reason for scaling down military capability. Besides, in future conflicts with either or simultaneously with both the neighbours, India needs to be prepared to manage conflicts at the conventional level as also fight and survive in a nuclear environment. In the ultimate analysis, a nation is respected for its strength, political, economic and military.
India as a Regional Power
The closing years of the 20th century witnessed a set of three major events that had a profound effect on the destiny of many nations as also on that of India. The first of these was the collapse of the Soviet Union which seemed to have severed India`s moorings to set it adrift for a while. The second major event was the un-caging of the Indian economy and the process of economic reforms and liberalisation that thrust India on to the global scene. The third and most significant event was the explicit assertion in 1998 of the nuclear status by both India and Pakistan. Thus in the new century, the situation for the nation and her armed forces is qualitatively different in a number of ways. In the emerging scenario and the rapprochement with the USA, India could well be drawn in to a US led security arrangement for a new power balance in the region. The USA regards India as one of the power centres that can exercise a stabilising influence in the region and can be relied upon. High levels of investment notwithstanding, containment of China will remain a major concern for the USA. In her own perspective, on account of India`s energy security needs, so vital for sustained economic growth, India`s zone of interest transcend her geographical boundaries extending from South East Asia to the Central Asian Republics and the Gulf. India conveyed to the world a subtle message by of her swift response to the Tsunami in December 2004. In the evolving geopolitical situation and economic growth sustained at 8%, conditions are favourable for India to assume the role of a regional power in not too distant a future.

ndia would be expected to shoulder higher levels of military responsibility consequent to her evolving regional power status. In addition, the fundamental reasons for conflict with China and Pakistan continue to linger vigorous political and diplomatic efforts notwithstanding. The search for solutions to disputes rooted deep in history, require prolonged and complex negotiations. However to be successful on the political and diplomatic fronts, one needs to negotiate from a position of strength. India is well on the way to becoming an economic power. It is incumbent on the leadership to ensure that there is no dilution of military capability if the equation with our traditionally hostile neighbours is not to be compromised. Rhetoric, assurances and promises must not lull the nation in to complacency and risk a replay of the 1962 debacle.
Security Environment in the Twenties
To summarise, in the geopolitical, geostrategic and security environment that is likely to prevail in the 2020s, the dictates of national security would place the following demands on armed forces of the nation:-
(a) To be prepared for a prolonged and widespread multi front border war with China with only a remote possibility of employment of nuclear weapons.
(b) To be prepared for a short and intense conflict with Pakistan with the real possibility of the first use of nuclear weapons by the adversary.
(c) To be prepared for simultaneous conflict with both the potential adversaries acting in collusion.
(d) To sustain the capability to fight a prolonged low intensity conflict in Kashmir and other sensitive regions of the country in the pursuit of internal security.
(e) To develop and maintain the capability for rapid strategic intervention and power projection in the region extending from the Straits of Malacca to Central Asia and the Gulf to safeguard and promote national interests.
(f) To play a dominant role in the management of disasters and natural calamity in the region of interest.
While considerable progress has been made on the political, economic and diplomatic fronts, the overall security situation continues to remain fraught with uncertainties. India`s growing political and economic stature in the world and commitments of national interests necessitate a move away from the traditional defensive mindset. India must acquire the capability for power projection in the area of interest which will require a qualitative change in the operational philosophy of the armed forces especially of the IAF. Within the broad structural framework that has evolved over the last five decades, there is a need to modify the composition and character of the various constituents of the IAF to provide extended reach and staying power. The focus must shift from the `Tactical` to the `Strategic` as also on `Force Multipliers`. The IAF must also integrate fully with the sister services as also aim to develop interoperability with other friendly powers in the region and the world for furtherance of mutual interests.
The armed forces of India have matured through a number of major conflicts with our neighbours in the last five decades. The IAF in particular has benefited from the lessons learnt in these conflicts and has been quick to absorb the technological advances witnessed elsewhere in the world. Undoubtedly, in the military dimension of national security, the IAF would be called upon to shoulder enhanced levels of responsibility and would have a critical role to play both during peace and war especially in situations demanding swift response. Traditionally considered outside the zone of responsibility, the IAF will be drawn increasingly in to specialised roles related to internal security. The IAF therefore needs to draw up plans to acquire the wherewithal to meet with the challenges of the 2020s. As the pace of change is slow, radical change in the broad structure is neither desirable nor possible in the timeframe under consideration. However, there is imperative need to introduce qualitative change in the capabilities of the IAF driven by the technological revolution in Air Power.
Aerial Reconnaissance
In peacetime, apart from training for war, an important mission of the IAF would be the acquisition of strategic and tactical intelligence through technical means. Strategic reconnaissance by fixed wing aircraft would have to be replaced by space based platforms equipped with a wide variety of powerful sensors. Tactical reconnaissance would be assigned to a family of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) even over long range through the use of high endurance machines controlled remotely from thousands of miles away with the aid of satellite based data links. Employing a variety of photo, infra red and comint sensors, it would be possible to counter the element of surprise by maintaining continuous surveillance to assess intent through changes in enemy orbat and relocation of forces. Surveillance systems will be employed to map and update information on strategic target systems and provide in real time highly accurate data necessary for precision attacks by smart weapons particularly in the opening stages of any conflict. Assurance levels of smart weapons are contingent on the accuracy of target data and hence the critical importance of the capability of intelligence gathering platforms and airborne sensors.
Strategic & Tactical Strike Capability
To develop a credible deterrent as also meet with its commitments of power projection in the region, the IAF would have to have a fleet of potent, long range, nuclear capable, multi role strike aircraft that would have the capability to neutralise any target system in the area of interest. The strike force must have at its disposal a variety of smart weapons with sizeable stand-off range, air launched cruise missiles and versatile electronic warfare suites to defeat known detection devices and fire control systems. The IAF is in the process of inducting 190 (ten squadrons) of the state of the art, 40-ton class SU30 MKI multi role aircraft. With in-flight refuelling, this fleet would have the attributes essential to fulfil the strategic commitments of the nation. With a lifespan of at least 30 years including a mid-life upgrade of avionics, the fleet of SU30 MKI would remain in service though the 2020s. However, the IAF would have to reassess the requirement of the size of the fleet periodically vis-à-vis changing scenario and constantly upgrade its weapon systems for the fleet to retain its front line status.
The IAF would also need a fleet of medium range Multi Role Combat Aircraft (MRCA) in the 20 ton class. Moves are already afoot to acquire 126 (six squadrons) of MRCA for air defence and strike tasks of tactical nature. With in-flight refuelling this fleet could also be used to augment the long range strike force. If the IAF is able to overcome the bureaucratic and procedural impediments and make the fleet operational in the next five years, this fleet too would remain in service well beyond the 2020s. The current fleet of MiG 21, MiG 27, MiG 29, Jaguars and Mirages will largely be obsolete by the 2020s and only a handful of upgraded aircraft may remain to undertake second tier tasks. The effective strength of the IAF is likely to deplete rapidly as we approach the 2020s. The IAF must therefore draw up concrete plans and take urgent steps to ensure that the fixed wing combat element of the IAF is restored to at least 40 squadrons if not more. The LCA is a possible answer but only partly. Also, the uncertainty that has plagued the LCA project over the last two decades does not inspire much confidence. Acquisition of aircraft from foreign sources is a complicated process and cannot be conducted as a fire fighting exercise. Presently there is at least a five year gap in the assessment by the IAF and the Indian Aerospace Industry of the timeframe in which to expect the LCA to be available. In any case, the rate of production may not be adequate to close the gap of 24 squadrons in a respectable timeframe leaving the IAF with no option but to search for solutions elsewhere. Given the size of the deficit, the investment would involve an outflow of resources to the tune of billions of dollars if aircraft are to be acquired from foreign sources. The IAF may run in to affordability barriers and may be compelled to stretch the ageing fleets through expensive upgrades and suffer erosion of capability. The IAF must find answers to this challenge in the context of the security concerns and the emerging regional power status of the nation.
Air Defence
Apart from the combat fleet, the IAF would need to put in place a gap free and responsive automated air defence surveillance system comprising an overlapping integrated network of low, medium and high level radar coverage. In a nuclear environment, an air defence system must be totally impregnable as even a single aircraft or missile armed with a nuclear weapon could be catastrophic. Besides, own nuclear second strike capability must be protected against an attack by the enemy. Efforts to acquire AWACS and Aerostats even though in small numbers, are steps in the right direction but more needs to be done. Our scientific establishments need to move ahead quickly in their ambitious project to develop a space based reconnaissance and surveillance system to cover the airspace over the entire country. The existing ground based surveillance assets are woefully inadequate for even the current level of responsibility and need total revamp. Given the extent of our frontiers, infrastructure for total coverage solely through ground based surveillance systems would be prohibitively expensive and possibly unaffordable. The AWACS aircraft would be a more cost effective option as it would also provide low level cover deep inside enemy territory not only to direct own forces but also to track hostile aircraft departing for missions from their bases thus facilitating positive identification and increasing substantially the reaction time available to the air defence system.
While there is no debate over the necessity of AWACS aircraft, the question is that of numbers. In the event of imminent or outbreak of hostilities, AWACS aircraft would have to be `on station` round the clock in adequate numbers to cover the entire length of hostile borders. Given the limitations of endurance of the aircraft and the crew, serviceability considerations of an infinitely complex machine and the volume of the airspace to be scanned, the IAF would have to reassess the size of the fleet required to be procured. The fleet of Phalcon equipped IL 76 aircraft being acquired in the next two to three years, will only provide a learning experience. To meet with needs of the 2020s, the size of the AWACS fleet would have to be significantly larger and hopefully augmented by the DRDO developed Embraer based system. Integrating the AWACS in to the Air Defence System, developing the technical skills to maintain and operate the platform and finding the resources to procure these machines in the requisite numbers would be some of the major challenges for the IAF and the nation. To exploit the advantage of extended low level cover provided by the AWACS, air defence aircraft must be armed with Beyond Visual Range missiles with range long enough to intercept hostile targets well before they are in a position to pose any threat. A network of long and short range surface to air missile systems with high kill probabilities would be required to provide the necessary defence in depth.
Strategic & Tactical Airlift Capability
The emerging regional power status requires the nation to have the capability to intervene in the region to preserve peace and stability. Action of this nature was witnessed in the late eighties on a small scale in Sri Lanka and the Maldives. Operations of this nature may have to be conducted on a larger scale in the future. The existing strategic airlift capability structured around the IL 76 fleet acquired in the mid eighties is grossly inadequate for the perceived strategic role for reasons such as fleet size, poor state of serviceability and low residual calendar life of the fleet. The IAF must have strategic airlift capability to deploy at least a Brigade Group along with their combat equipment in a single wave over extended range to cover the area of interest without the need for intermediate refuelling stopover. The IAF needs to reassess the shape and size of strategic airlift fleet and plan the induction of the replacement aircraft within ten years from now. Updated versions of the American C-17 and the C 130 or the European A400 could be some of the possible options. Contingency plans must include employment of the huge civil air fleet as well. In view of their larger reaction time however, the civil air fleet will be useful not for initial response but for induction of larger formations and for supporting operations that follow.

07-08-2010, 03:02 AM
In addition to the strategic airlift capability, the nation will also need a sizeable tactical airlift capability which must combine medium tactical transport aircraft and heavy lift helicopters. Plans by HAL to develop a medium tactical transport aircraft in collaboration with renowned international partners, is yet in a nascent stage and need to be pursued with singular focus as the AN 32 fleet will have to be phased out in a decade or so. Tactical airlift capability will be required for inserting a battalion group directly into battle in airborne assault operations or for air mobility of ground forces for inter-theatre operational redeployment in response to rapid changes in the situation, for a variety of internal security tasks as nearly 30 % of the districts in this country are naxalite infested in addition to insurgency in J & K and the north eastern regions and the management of disaster. The IAF needs to build up heliborne forces trained for operating both by day and night obtaining real time intelligence information from UAVs for vertical envelopment in counter insurgency operations in all types of terrain. Action is in hand to acquire 80 helicopters of the MI 17 class which will meet with current requirements. For the 2020s, a fresh assessment would be necessary. Battlefield Strike
The constantly rising and prohibitive cost of fixed wing combat aircraft presently to the tune of Rs 200 crore or more apiece and the increasing lethality of the battlefield, it is becoming more and more difficult to employ fixed wing combat aircraft against low value targets in the battlefield. The responsibility to engage targets in the battlefield could shift to Battlefield Support Missiles which for enhanced accuracy, will be programmed with target information obtained in real time from UAV operating over or in the vicinity of the battle area. Low value targets could be engaged more effectively, efficiently and economically by Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicles (UCAV). Helicopters too may be employed for battlefield support in conjunction with real time intelligence information from UAVs. But in the battlefield of the future, helicopters would be highly vulnerable.
In-flight Refuelling
A force multiplier acquired in the recent past is the fleet of six IL 78 In-flight Refuelling Aircraft. Its rapid integration in to the IAF has been a remarkable feat by any standard. In-flight refuelling capability helps enhance the radius of action of combat aircraft and given the size of the combat fleet and the intensity of operations, the fleet of force multipliers acquired recently, is clearly inadequate. In-flight refuelling can also enhance the range and radius of action of medium tactical transport aircraft as well and help augment airlift capability. Thus apart from providing support to combat elements, this capability will have a crucial role in the security of the EEZ and the island territories as also in the discharge of responsibilities related to regional power status.
Exploitation of Space
One dimension that the IAF would need to exploit is that of space. The intent to do so is evident in its ****ouncement to create an IAF Aerospace Command. While the concept of using space based lethal weapon systems may yet lie in the realms of imagination, considerable progress has been made in the regime of communication and surveillance by space based platforms using optical and IR sensors or radar. The scientific establishments in India have made impressive strides in the field of space technology. It would be the responsibility of these organisations to provide the IAF with new capabilities in its drive to be an Aerospace Power.

Perhaps the weakest area that afflicts the IAF today is the inadequacy of training infrastructure especially for the non-officer cadres. A fighting force equipped with the most sophisticated aircraft, smart weapon systems, complex sensors, space based surveillance & reconnaissance systems, a network centric environment needs to be supported by an equally advanced and sophisticated training environment with computer based training systems, elaborate simulation devices for all disciplines, automated distance learning and evaluation systems, all designed to train for the next war and not the last one. In this respect, the IAF is at the bottom of the hill. Human resources must be trained well enough to be able to meet with the challenges of new technology and concepts. Not only the training systems and methodology need to be upgraded, the entry thresholds and service conditionsfor all cadres also need to be redefined and upgraded significantly to meet with the qualitative requirements of human resources of the future.
Technological Revolution
The closing years of the last century witnessed rapid changes in technology which will have a profound impact on the methodology of air warfare in the future. Emergence of digital and nano-technology will revolutionise military equipment by way of miniaturisation and automation. Many of the tasks now performed by humans will shift to machines rendering it possible to reduce manpower in a technology intensive force such as the IAF. Also the pace of change in technology is increasing rapidly. The type of technological development that took ten years earlier may take perhaps two years in the future. This also means quicker obsolescence. Advances in technology will also enhance the accuracy and lethality of weapon systems that could translate in to the overall reduction in the size of the force for the same level of commitment. Advances in Information Technology will transform the battlefield of the future in to a Network Centric Environment wherein information from a variety of ground based, airborne or space based sensors would be collected, processed and disseminated to end users in real time and easily comprehensible formats. Network Centric Environment will facilitate speedy decision making at command & control centres, quicker response by forces and better accuracy in weapon delivery. It will be a major challenge for the IAF to remain abreast of technology and reorient doctrine, strategy and tactics to operate in and exploit fully the new environment.
The evolving geo-political and go-strategic situation combined with rapid economic growth has placed India on track to emerging as a regional power with consequent enhanced level of responsibility. There is however no perceptible change in the overall security situation in the subcontinent. Internal security also continues to remain a major challenge for governance. Meanwhile, on account of obsolescence which is inevitable in a rapidly changing technological environment, it is necessary for the IAF take stock and adopt appropriate measures to ensure that the IAF remains fully prepared to undertake a new range of tasks in its expanded envelope of responsibilities. The IAF needs to redefine priorities and restructure itself to upgrade to the strategic level. As technology will be the force that will drive change in the future, the IAF cannot afford to lag behind. But most important of all, change of mindsets would be a prerequisite for any modernisation plan to be meaningful. This perhaps would be the greatest challenge for the leadership.
Air Marshal BK Pandey is former AOC-in-C Training Command, IAF.

07-08-2010, 10:46 AM
India's Tata Group in JV with Lockheed - report

July 8 (*******) - The defence and aerospace arm of Indian conglomerate Tata Group has forged a joint venture with Lockheed Martin Corp (LMT.N (http://www.*******.com/finance/stocks/overview?symbol=LMT.N)) to make defence equipment and aircraft parts, the Economic Times reported on Thursday.
Unlisted Tata Advanced Systems has sought the Indian government's approval for the venture in which Lockheed will have a 26 percent stake, while the remaining will be held by the Indian partner, the newspaper said.
Citing the proposal submitted by Tata to the government, it said Lockheed would invest 428 million rupees ($9 million) and Tata would put in 1.22 billion rupees.

07-08-2010, 10:49 AM
Rear admiral death


CBI advice to ban 6 leading defence firms

07-08-2010, 10:51 AM
R&D in Defence has to be nurtured & exploited in private and public domains: Shri MM Pallam Raju India has emerged as an attractive and favoured destination to forge alliances for cost effective production of defence equipment for foreign firms

07-09-2010, 04:58 AM
Indian Navy Formally Floats AUV Requirement, Wants A Fully Indian Machine (http://livefist.blogspot.com/2010/07/indian-navy-formally-floats-auv.html)

In a long and commendable tradition of supporting indigenous design and development, the Indian Navy has invited interest from Indian industry -- both state owned and private -- to meet a requirement for at least 10 autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs) that can be developed and begin production within four years of award of contract. In a refreshing break, the Navy has chosen to exercise the "Make" procedure of India's Defence Procurement Procedure 2008 ( DPP-2008 (http://mod.nic.in/dpm/DPP-2008/DPP2008-AMENDMENT.pdf)), a special category that can be invoked by the armed forces for "high technology complex systems designed, developed and produced indigenously".

The Navy wants AUVs that can carry "variable payloads like high definition sonars and underwater cameras for surveillance reconnaissance activities of the sea bed (such as MCM operations, Oceanographic survey and specialised mapping etc)." The Navy also stipulates, in a broad list of requirements, that contending AUV concepts should involve platforms with (a) data recording facilities for subsequent analysis, (b) be capable of providing realistic target training for sonar operators, (c) be capable of being launched from small vessels with a maximum weight of 1.5 tons and (d) be able to operate at depth upto 500 mtrs for a duration of 7-8 hours.

The Navy has asked for an initial expression of interest by July 15, though this date is most likely to be extended. Several IIT incubation projects, which displayed amateur AUVs at the recent DefExpo are likely to show interest, or at least look toward technical tie-ups with larger firms. In early 2008, the DRDO -- currently developing an AUV at its Naval Science & Tech Laboratory in Visakhapatnam -- inaugurated an AUV Centre in the city. The indigenous programme is headed by a naval officer, Commodore N Banerjee.http://livefist.blogspot.com/

07-09-2010, 04:59 AM
Aeronautical Development Agency to bring in advisor for Tejas Mark-2

Bangalore: After the rollout of the prototype of the light combat aircraft (LCA) Navy - NP1 early this week, Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA) is now looking at finalising an aerospace partner for the development of its advanced prototype — Tejas Mark-2.

The LCA Tejas is being developed in two variants for the Indian Air Force and Navy by the Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL), ADA and Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).
Commodore C D Balaji, director-LCA Navy-ADA, told DNA Money the state-run defence aerospace firm would be appointing a consultant for the Tejas Mark-2 in the next couple of months.
Since ADA’s negotiation with US-based Lockheed Martin, which had qualified for the consultancy of the LCA Tejas, has failed, it would be European Aeronautic Defence and Space Company (EADS) that would be brought in to advise it on the programme.
Balaji said ADA would get in an aerospace expert to resolve issues on weight of the aircraft, location of the arrester and other such technical issues in the Tejas Mark-2 programme.
“We have been conservative in our design and development of the LCA NP1 and NP2 (Air Force version), but would like to optimise them in the future prototypes (Tejas Mark1 and Mark2). We will need experienced firms for this,” said Balaji.
He said ADA was taking “baby steps” in LCA project and was apprehensive about it. “It (LCA Navy) is weaker than the required in some areas,” said the ADA’s director.
Simultaneously, ADA is also in the process of the selecting engines for the LCA Tejas for which it had sent out request for proposal (RFP) to General Electric (GE) for its F-414 and Eurojet for its EJ200.
Balaji said both the engines are technically compliant and their financial bid was under evaluation. He said after the down selection of the engines, the design and aero-structure of the LCA could be required to be modified.
Defence aerospace experts believe ADA would need help of a global aerospace partner to accelerate the pace of the programme and quickly resolve complicated technical issues.
“Once they (ADA) move to developing the new variants (for the LCA),they will need help in areas such as determining the location and attachment of the arrester hook system on aircraft, ways to test the arrester hook system, aerodynamic fixes to improvetakeoff and landing performance on the carrier, optimising the landing gear design to handle larger operating weight,recommend alternative engine with higher thrust to enhance thrust-to-weight ratio and making associated changes in the aircraft’s structural configuration forreduction of weightby 500 kg and integration of operational payload on the aircraft,” said an expert.
The Indian Navy requires over 50 aircraft and has ordered for six till now.
should have been earlier see Embraer got support and guidance from french technicians Dassault

07-09-2010, 05:00 AM
Astra faces glitch after meeting ‘basic objective'

HYDERABAD: For the second consecutive day, air-to-air missile, Astra launched from the Integrated Test Range, Chandipur, Orissa, encountered a glitch after meeting the “basic objective” of the mission.
The test of the Beyond Visual Range missile was carried out on Wednesday at 2.05 p.m. as part of the developmental trials. The objective of the mission was to prove high manoeuvrability and lateral acceleration at a speed of around 2.4 Mach. The missile was also test-fired on Tuesday night.Astra is envisaged to engage and destroy fast moving aerial targets at supersonic speeds (1.2. to 1.4 Mach).
S.K. Chaudhuri, Chairman of Astra's Flight Readiness Review Committee and Associate Director, Research Centre Imarat (RCI), one of the premier laboratories of DRDO told The Hindu that the missile's manoeuvrability went off as expected as it reached an electronically- simulated target in 15 seconds at an altitude of 12 km. “It didn't function as per our expectation after that,” he added. He said the launch happened smoothly up to the target interception stage. The scientists wanted to give one more command to the missile after it intercepted the target. However, one channel didn't function. Similar problem occurred during the night trial on Tuesday following a smooth launch. The missile's new on-board computer, navigation system and other data links performed well.
The single stage, solid propelled missile is the smallest developed by DRDO. It can be launched at three different altitudes to cover ranges from 21 to 110 km. After some tests, it would be integrated with Sukhoi-30 initially and subsequently with MIG-29 and Light Combat Aircraft.

07-09-2010, 05:03 AM
State, Strategy, Power & Policy: analysing China and India (http://www.indiandefencereview.com/2010/07/state-strategy-power-policy-analysing-china-and-india.html)

The grand strategy of a state may be described as a long–term plan to accomplish its domestic and external objectives. Policies flowing from the grand strategy must aim to promote the vital interests of the nation while preventing other nations from interfering with such interests. The power that a state wields and its foreign policy orientation are important in this regard. James Rosenau, in an article in the Free Press published 1971, describes foreign policy strategy as “any pre-designed set of moves, or a series of decisions, in a competitive situation where the outcome is not governed purely by chance.” In international politics, over 100 nation-states, each pursues interests that conflict with that of other states, in a game where rules are largely unwritten and informal, evolving mainly through the wishes of the stronger players. In a broad sense, a foreign policy strategy is a plan for advancing ones own national interests (as one defines these interests) while preventing other players from impinging on them.
To analyse the dynamics of contemporary international politics, it would be necessary to understand the essentials of a ‘state’, the culture of ‘strategy’, the ingredients of ‘power’ and the orientation of ‘foregn policy’. The context of this analysis would be the current status of China and India and the requirements for India to address the negative asymmetry that has developed between the two nations.
Both China and India are very old civilisations. Both have a long history replete with successes, surrenders and subjugations. Both have witnessed victories and defeats, unifications and break-ups, and slavery and freedom. There are many differences also between the two countries and among these, perhaps the fundamental difference has been the understanding and realisation of being a ‘state’.
The consciousness of being a ‘state’ has existed in China and the Chinese for many centuries. And they believe in the centrality of the Chinese state. Despite the fluctuations of history this belief has survived. India’s first Prime Minister, Jawahar Lal Nehru, during a speech in the Lok Sabha on November 25, 1959, put it thus, “from fairly early in history, they have had a sensation of greatness. They call themselves the ‘Middle Kingdom’, and it seemed natural to them that other countries should pay tribute to them. Their thinking was that the rest of the world occupied a lower grade. That has made it difficult for us to understand the working of their mind, and what is more to the point, for them to understand the working of our mind.”
A similar consciousness of being a ‘state’ has not existed in India or Indians.Here, a clear distinction must be drawn between India the civilisation and India the state. India has the essentials of a ‘state’, it has a defined territory, it has a population, a government and it has sovereignty. But India does not display the attribute of toughness where its vital interests are concerned. After the Kandahar hijack episode, India was termed variously as a ‘soft’, ‘disjointed’ and ‘directionless’ state.
China’s cohesiveness as regards language, ethnicity and culture(900 million Chinese belong to the Han grouping and speak Mandarin) is compared with India’s multi-cultural, multi-ethnic, multi-linguistic and multi-religious status and offered as the reason for this widely differing perceptions of being a state, between the two countries. This is only partially true. Like India, China too has undergone many internal convulsions leading to break-ups. But after each such event a strong leader emerged who was able to rally the others around, by force or persuasion, and the process of coalescence started all over again. Thus, the centripetal forces prevailed on most occasions. In India it was the opposite. On the occasions that unity was achieved, centrifugal forces came into play and the process of disintegration began. Foreign forces took advantage of the situation, played one against the other and achieved their objective of domination. Distrust became endemic, severely hampering unity or the consciousness of being a state. It is only now, in modern India, that the younger generation, unencumbered by the baggage of the past, is developing a consciousness of pan-Indian unity. Perhaps cricket, connectivity and the media are hastening the process. Technology is transcending borders and it is China that is now feeling the pressure of centrifugal forces.

Strategy has been defined as a plan designed to achieve a particular long term aim. It is also the art of planning and directing military activity in a war or battle. Sun Tzu, of China, authored the Art of War, sometime between the 8th and 5th Century BC, three or four centuries earlier than our own Kautilya, who wrote the Arthshastra during 4th-3rd Century BC. Both wrote broadly about strategy. They discussed statecraft, diplomacy, relationship with other nations and a host of other topics in their respective books. The prevalence of ‘strategic culture’ in the two countries can be gleaned from the fact that Sun Tzu’s strategic principles were continuously updated by subsequent Chinese strategists over the centuries to keep them relevant to the changing technologies and environment. Kautilya’s Arthshastra has become the object of historical studies and no serious attempts were made, either by the military analysts or other strategists to evaluate its practical applicability and pertinence to developmental changes in India. The near absence of a strategic culture in India is further driven home if one scrolls down the Wikipedia listing of military strategists /writers over time. While Chinese names like Jiao Yu, Shen Kuo, Sun Bin, Sun Tzu, Wu Qi, Liu Ji, Wang Xiangsui, Zhuge Liang and Mao Zedong leap out at you, the only Indian in the list is Kautilya. China’s push to become a global power is based on a modern interpretation of Sun Tzu’s classic and Chinese scholars rely on historical strategic lessons and Art of War to develop strategies of the Chinese State and its leaders. In contrast, the strategic lessons India has learnt from its previous wars or international engagements lie locked in ‘Top Secret’ cupboards and Indian strategists and military analysts are denied opportunities to study the past and bring out lessons for the future.
The contrasting strategic cultures of China and India have strongly influenced bilateral relations in the past. The relations between the two countries will always have elements of competition and contest. Many international relations analysts maintain that given their geographical proximity and sheer sizes, China and India are natural rivals. Nancy Jetley, in her analysis of Sino-Indian relations, in an article written in 1992 stated that, “It needs to be clearly recognised that China’s claims to vast tracts of Indian land are related in the main to ideological intent. The Chinese strategy, as it unfolded after 1959 was designed not so much to gain possession of a few sq thousand miles of mountainous territory–not all of which was strategically vital to China–as to eliminate India as a power of consequence from the Asian scene. China’s policy in South Asia–imposing deep national humiliation on India by exposing its strategic shortcomings in 1962, tarnishing its image as a great Asian country, systematically eroding its special ties with its Himalayan neighbours, exploiting sub-continental dissensions by embarking on a deliberate policy of collusion with Pakistan and above all weakening the political stability of India through its clandestine support to Mizo and Naga insurgents–has been essentially an exercise in isolating India and eroding its influence in the region.” India regained some of its lost stature displaying superior military strategy in 1971.
The relations between the two countries have improved over the years but land issues are yet to be resolved. China is a patient country with a long memory and Deng Xiao Ping with the usual Chinese farsightedness stated in 1986 that it would perhaps be better if the Sino-Indian border problem is left to be solved by future generations. Much can be read into this statement. Later, in early 1990s, Deng expounded his ‘24-Character Strategy’:
“observe calmly; secure our position; cope with affairs calmly; hide our capabilities and bide our time; be good at maintaining a low profile; and never claim leadership.”
Later the phrase, ‘make some contribution’, was added.
The strategy suggests both a short-term desire to downplay China’s ambitions and a long-term strategy to build up China’s power to maximise options in the future. There is an ominous ring to this 24-character strategy and India would do well to take heed, even though China may have articulated the strategy with the superior power of USA in its sights.
India’s strategy of ‘non-alignment’ collapsed along with the Soviet Union and the country floundered about without policy moorings for a period. In the recent past measures like the economic liberlisation, declaring itself a nuclear-weapon state and the ongoing strategic nuclear deal have given India a semblance of strategic focus.
Power has been described as the ability to exercise influence over others within the international system.This influence can be coercive, attractive, co-operative or competitive. Thomas Hobbes interprets power as the present means to obtain some future good. US diplomat Charles W Freeman has defined power as “the capacity to direct the decisions and actions of others. Power derives from strength and will. Strength comes from the transformation of resources into capabilities. Will infuses objectives with resolve. Strategy marshals capabilities and brings them to bear with precision. Statecraft seeks through strategy to magnify the mass, relevance, impact and irresistibility of power. It guides the way the state deploys and applies its power abroad. These ways embrace the arts of war, espionage….”
The term power is highly elastic and flexible but its importance and centrality in the relations between nations cannot be ignored. Here ‘soft power’ (as opposed to hard power whose constituents are mainly military muscle and economic clout) is not being discussed. ‘Soft power’ is a term coined by Professor Joseph Nye of Harvard to describe how a country can influence others through its culture, values and media. Ray Cline in his work ‘Power Strategy and Security’ has tried to quantify the power of a state mathematically through an equation:

Pp= (C+E+M) x (S+W)
where Pp is ‘perceived power’ of a state,
C = critical mass which includes population and territory,
E = economic capability,
M= military capability,
S = strategic purpose,
and W = will to pusue national strategy.
If nations are evaluated by applying this equation it would reveal, roughly, the perceived power of that country. Nations, however, are complex entities and when a generalised model like this is applied to them, some amount of descriptive narration would have to be included. Even then the outcome, will at best, be a comparitive order of perceived power of the countries analysed.
Before applying the equation to China and India, it would be interesting to evaluate USA, the only superpower today and Russia, the successor state to an erstwhile superpower.
If the model is applied to USA,the dominant power in the world today, it would score very high in ‘critical mass’. It has a vast area of 9.8 million sq km and an optimum population of 304 million. The quality of the manpower, with a median age of 36.7, is very good with 99 per cent literacy and high skill levels in science, technology and R&D. The US has a GDP of $ 13.84 trillion when calculated against purchase power parity (PPP) or official exchange rate (OER) and a growth rate of 2.2 per cent. It has the most potent military in the world with a budget of $ 700 billion or 4.06 per cent of GDP per year. The strategic purpose of the USA is to maintain well being of all its citizens, sustain the forces of democracy and protect its vital interests wherever they lie on the globe. The US has demonstrated on many occasions that it is willing to use all means to pursue national strategy. USA scores very high on all counts and its perceived power is very high. Despite the recent slowdown of its economy or the loss of credibility due to its messy and unwinnable status in Iraq and Afghanistan, the US is likely to remain the predominant power in the world for the foreseeable future.

Russia, the successor state of an earlier superpower which had challenged USA for global leadership, presents a study in contrast.Despite the disintegration of the Soviet Union, Russia remains the largest country in the world with an area more than 17 million sq km. It has a population of 140 million whose median age is 38.3. It has a major problem with its population shrinking by 0.5 per cent (700,000 this year) annually. Despite a literacy rate of 99.4 per cent, the labour force has begun to reduce and this will impact on all aspects of the Russian state. On the economic front it has managed to pull itself out of an abyss due to it being the prime energy exporter in Europe. Its GDP(PPP) is $ 2.088 trillion and GDP(OER) is $ 1.286 trillion. It has a healthy growth rate of 8.1 per cent but 22 million of its shrinking population is below the poverty line. Russia’s military and military industrial complex had been very negatively affected post the collapse and it is only now that the rebuild process has gathered momentum. Russia spends $50 billion or 3.9 per cent of its GDP(OER) on its military. Russia’s strategic leverage and will to pursue national strategy have been seriously undermined. The creeping NATOisation of its backyard and Russia playing second fiddle to USA are indicative of its diminishing clout in the world. Consequently its perceived power has degraded. If the negative population growth can somehow be stemmed, then the massive energy reserves will enable Russia to regain some of its power status.
China is the most populous country in the world with its population at 1.33 billion whose median age is 33.6. It has the world’s fourth largest territory of 9.59 million sq km. It has a literacy rate of 91 per cent and its population growth rate has been brought under control by a state enforced policy of ‘one family one child’. It has the fastest growing economy in the world with an average growth rate of 9.4 per cent for the past 25 years. China’s economy has increased tenfold since 1978. It has a GDP(PPP) of $ 6.991 trillion and GDP(OER) of $ 3.251 trillion and is second only to the USA in the world. It has a labour force of 803 million which is ageing. The People’s Liberation Army of China is the largest in the world, numbering 2.3 million and includes land, naval, air and strategic forces. In the last decade or so China has modernised its armed forces by acquiring state-of-the-art weaponry from Russia, improving its own military industrial complex and adopting new training and personnel policies. It is the pre-dominant military power in the region with realistic intentions of becoming a superpower. Though China claims to spend only $ 60 billion on its military, most analysts agree that actual expenditure on its military is around 4.3 per cent of its GDP(OER) or $ 140 billion annually. The increasing economic and military clout has further strengthened China’s will to pursue its strategic national interests. It is best demonstrated by the ‘One China’ policy which lays down that Taiwan is a part of China, temporarily estranged. China has made it clear that it will brook no interference in this regard and even the USA walks warily around this issue. China’s perceived power is high and rising rapidly.
China has its share of problems. It is a net importer of foodgrains and energy. It has serious environmental issues and pollution of air and water is rampant along the eastern coast, which is the hub of industrial production and home to a vast majority of labour. The ‘one child’ policy has begun to skew the age profile of the population and the productive labour force. The totalitarian type of governance in China may, in the future, clash with rising affluence of individuals and desire for greater personal liberty. The regionally lopsided development with the interior, home to most of China’s 110 million below poverty line population and largely unaffected by the economic boom will fuel discontent. Repression of Tibetans and denial of human rights to many are festering sores that China will have to confront with soon.
India has an area of 3.28 million sq km, nearly half of which is arable.It has a population of 1.15 billion of which 61 per cent are literate but a huge 25 per cent or 280 million are living below the poverty line. The median age of the population is only 25.1 indicating that a large reservoir of productive work force will be available for many years in the future provided the basic requirements of health and education are met. India’s GDP(PPP) is $ 2.989 trillion and GDP(OER) is $ 1.099 trillion. The real growth rate is a healthy 9.2 per cent. The economy could grow faster but the balancing acts in the country’s fractious democracy have necessitated compromises. India has a sizeable military but the pace of modernisation has been slow. Most of the weapon platforms, some dating back to the Soviet era, need replacements but a torturous decision process keeps injecting delays into acquisition programmes. India military budget is $ 19 billion or slightly less than 2.5 per cent of GDP(OER). An increase to about 3.5 per cent is warranted but difficult to achieve as there are many other competing demands. But not doing so would further widen the military capability gap vis-a-vis China. India has yet to articulate its strategic national interests. Its strategic military victory over Pakistan in 1971, the Maldives operation in 1985 and the decision to go nuclear in 1998 are India’s few strategic high points. The Indian polity has rarely risen above personal or party objectives to achieve a national unity of purpose. The planned Indo-US nuclear deal is mired in controversies arising from rigid ideological positions camouflaged as strategic security concerns.
India’s perceived power, very low for a long time, has improved in the past 15 years. India has to develop the quality of its population while simultaneously modernising its armed forces. There is a wide gap between the perceived power status between China and India and India will have to take tough strategic decisions with maturity and pragmatism to reduce the gap.
Foreign Policy
According to Wikipedia, a country’s foreign policy is a set of goals that seek to outline how that particular country will interact on an official basis with other countries of the world and to a lesser extent, with non-state actors. Besides, an entire range of factors relating to those other nations–including economic, political, social, military, etc.–is evaluated and monitored in attempts to maximise benefits of multilateral international co-operation. Foreign policies are designed to protect a country’s national interests, national security, ideological goals and economic prosperity. This can occur as a result of peaceful co-operation with other nations or through exploitation.
As far as China is concerned, India appears to have accepted their ‘Middle Kingdom’ status and the relations between the two countries, perhaps because of the 1962 humiliation heaped on India, is that of a superior and a supplicant. The relations between the two countries has been examined in great detail in an article carried by the Jan-Mar 2008 issue of this magazine. Some of the concluding sentences of the article by Mr Kanwal Sibal, former Foreign Secretary GOI, merit repetition: “The satisfaction we seem to derive from semantic play by the Chinese on the two issues (India’s permanent membership of the Security Council and the international co-operation in India’s nuclear sector) reflect our mental acceptance of an inferior status vis-a-vis China and our readiness to be patronized by that country. We should not demand equality from China, we should behave as equals. We should protect our interests more forcefully. Our border infrastructure should be developed rapidly. Our strategic programme must be accelerated…..”
India’s policies are reactive. We have not prepared action plans to meet contingencies. Our decision makers are reluctant to consult groups/individuals outside the government to obtain inputs and views that would definitely improve the quality of our actions and responses. All democracies and even the Chinese government obtains inputs from ‘think tanks’, universities and other organisations specialising in international relations. We have the IDSA and the National Security Advisory Board, but both firmly under the governments thumb. The requirement is for independent and unbiased opinion from people/organisations which are completely free from governmental control.
Perhaps we should learn from the Chinese the subtleties of international behaviour partly based on deception. Sun Tzu, in his book Art of War states that “All warfare is based on deception.” Subsequent Chinese strategists have elaborated on this by laying down ‘stratagems for winning’. Stratagem means–to reach a goal unorthodoxically by masquerading the intent and doing the unexpected. A sampling of ‘six winning stratagems’ would be educative.
• ‘Deceive the heavens to cross the ocean’– mask your goals.
• ‘Besiege Wei to rescue Zhao’–when the enemy is too strong to be attacked directly, then attack something he holds dear, knowing that he cannot be superior in all things, there is some weakness that can be attacked.
• ‘kill with a borrowed knife’–attack using the strength of another; trick an ally into attacking or use the enemy’s own strength against him.
• ‘substitute leisure for labour’–choose the time and place for battle. Encourage the enemy to expend his energy in futile quests while you conserve your strength. When he is exhausted and confused you attack with energy and purpose.
• ‘loot a burning house’–when a country is beset by internal conflicts, when corruption and crime are rampant, it will be unable to deal with an outside threat. This is the time to attack.
• ‘make a sound in the east, then strike in the west’– feint.
From the events that are happening in the sub-continent, it can be seen that China, in collusion with Pakistan and Bangladesh and now Nepal, is employing these stratagems as part of its policy toward India, with some help from certain political groupings within the country.
By adopting the right strategies and given its current momentum and trajectory of development, India can become a formidable economic and military power capable of bringing about changes in the environment advantageous to itself. China has always attempted (and often succeeded) in keeping India in an ‘unsettled’ state and unless the power asymmetry is significantly reduced, if not eliminated, that situation will continue to exist. China is a rising power, but a dissatisfied one with a long memory. China’s territorial claims are non-negotiable and at an opportune moment would seek to reclaim what it considers as its own land. If by then India realises her true potential then a fair settlement is likely. But if not, then India will have to pay the price. As the late General Sundarji put it so succintly: “To be weak is not virtuous, to be prepared is not provocative.”

07-09-2010, 05:04 AM
DNA Exclusive : Sukhois Set For Gwalior As IAF Evolves New Tactics (http://chhindits.blogspot.com/2010/07/dna-exclusive-sukhois-set-for-gwalior.html)

As part an upgrade and to evolve new tactics in aerial warfare, Indian Air Force’s (IAF’s) Gwalior-based Tactics and Air Combat Development Establishment (TACDE) will for the first time receive frontline fighters Sukhoi-30MKI by the end of this year

Gwalior is essentially a base for French Mirage-2000 fighters.
TACDE is an aerial warfare training institution which devises combat tactics for its top 1% fighter pilots. The Sukhois will replace MiG-27s, which will go back to their original bases in Kalaikunda, Hashimara and Bagdogra in the east.

A source said the new Sukhois being manufactured by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) will be based in Gwalior. The numbers are not certain as of now, but it could be anything close to a squadron.

An assortment of fighters in the IAF inventory are sent to TACDE to evolve tactical procedures for various aircraft, to implement standard operating procedures and train pilots in operational doctrines.

TACDE was conferred presidential standards in November 2009.

At present, its training inventory includes MiG-21 Bisons and MiG-27s. While the existing Sukhois are being upgraded, the Union cabinet recently cleared an order for 42 more to be manufactured by HAL, raising the IAF Sukhoi strength to more than 250.

07-09-2010, 09:56 AM
Power anomaly hits INSAT-4B

Due to a power supply anomaly in one of its two solar panels, there is a partial non-availability of services on India’s INSAT-4B Communication satellite, an ISRO press release said.
The INSAT-4B carries a total of 24 communication transponders (12 Ku-Band and 12 C-Band) and has been in operation since March 2007.
According to the release, the satellite experienced a power supply glitch which led to switching ‘off’ of 50 per cent of the transponder capacity (6 Ku and 6 C-Band transponders) late on July 7. An expert team is studying the possibilities of partial utilisation of some of the transponders that were switched ‘off’ and restoring the services at the earliest.

07-09-2010, 09:57 AM
51-hour countdown for PSLV-C15 to start tomorrow

The 51-hour countdown for the 17th flight launch of Indian space agency's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle PSLV-C 15 from Sriharikota spaceport is expected to begin on Saturday morning. Preparations were in full swing for the launch of the PSLV-C-15 on July 12. All the parameters for the launch were doing well and the 51-hour countdown was expected to start at 6 am on Saturday, Indian Space Research Organisation (ISR0) officials said. "The rocket will put into orbit five satellites – remote sensing satellite Cartosat-2B from India, Alsat from Algeria, two nano satellites from Canada and Switzerland, and a pico (very small) satellite called Studsat built by seven engineering students in Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka", ISRO spokesmen S Satish told PTI.
The PSLV launch was to take place on May 9 last but was postponed because of a drop in the pressure in the vehicle's second stage.
This would be the first mission by ISRO after the failure of India's ambitious home-made cryogenic engine powered GSLV-D3 in April last.
He said, "In this flight, PSLV will place the 694 kg Cartosat-2B and four auxiliary payloads in a 630 km Polar Sun Synchronous Orbit (SSO)".
The four-stage vehicle had been fully assembled in its launch pad and the mating with Cartosat-2B and other satellites had been completed.
He said the satellite would help in urban planning and infrastructure development such as laying ring-roads and rerouting of highways.
"Cartosat-2B carries a panchromatic camera similar to that of its predecessors - Cartosat-2 and 2A", he said adding it was capable of imaging a swath (geographical ***** of land) of 9.6 km with a resolution of 0.8 metre.

07-09-2010, 09:57 AM
THIRUVANANTHAPURAM: ISRO has successfully launched the RH 200 rocket, which had a part of its payload developed by students from Vellore Institute of Technology University (VITU) in Tamil Nadu.

The RH 200 rocket, a technology demonstrator flight, was launched on July 7 from Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station (TERLS) attached to Vikram Sarabhaio Space Centre, a VSSC release said today.

The payload developed by the VITU students was part of ISRO's initiative of encouraging varsity students as partners in payload development.

The students' payload comprised tri-axial accelerometers, power switching module and safe arm relay unit matching the requirements of RH 200 rocket, the release said.

The tri-axial accelerometer can monitor accelerations in all three directions. The power-switching module is for the power control of the payload.

The faculty and students of VITU had taken keen interest during the development and test activities of these payloads at various work centres, it added.

The students of the Indian Institute of Space Technology (IIST) were also progressing well in their attempt to make the first indigenous "students' rocket" with support of the experts from VSSC.

In its endeavour to handhold the student community, ISRO has included a picosatellite designed by undergraduate students across India, in its forthcoming PSLV-C15 mission.

The decision was taken with the aim to provide hands-on experience in frontier areas of space technology such as design, fabrication and realisation of a space mission at a reduced cost.

After the successful flight of the Advanced Technology Vehicle ATV D01, this was a major step to demonstrate the performance of super capacitors in flight pyro systems activation. The flight successfully tested the super capacitor developed by VSSC.

So far TERLS has recorded 2291 flights of sounding rockets and this is the 395th flight of RH 200 rocket.

07-09-2010, 01:37 PM
RH 200 rocket


from ISRO

Kunal Biswas
07-09-2010, 02:04 PM
gud news!

07-10-2010, 02:57 AM
Remains of Indian soldier killed in 1962 war recovered
The Indian Army has recovered the remains of a soldier who died during the 1962 Indo-China war from Arunchal Pradesh close to the China border, an official said Friday. The soldier belonged to Himachal Pradesh's Kangra district.
'The remains of soldier Karam Chand Katoch of 4 Dogra Regiment, whose name was listed among the soldiers who died during the 1962 war were recovered in Anjaw district July 1,' an army officer posted at the Yol cantonment near Dharamsala told IANS Friday.

He said the soldier was recognised from his dog tag (3950976) that was recovered by the Border Roads Organisation (BRO) during repair of a road close to the China border in Walong area in Arunchal Pradesh.

'One .303 rifle and 47 round of ammunition were also recovered from there,' he said.

Col S.K. Singh, who is posted with the Dogra Regiment at New Jalpaiguri in West Bengal, told IANS over phone: 'The soldier has been recognised from his badge.'

He said the family of the soldier, at his native village Agochar near Andretta in Kangra, has been informed.

'The body would reach his native village July 13 and the cremation would take place with full military honours,' Colonel Singh, who is on way to Himachal along with the soldier's remains, said.

Jaswant Singh, the soldier's nephew who is settled in Agochar, said information regarding recovery of the body was received from the army authorities.

'After the war, my grandfather K.S. Katoch got a message from the army that his 21-year-old son had gone missing. Since his name never figured in the list of prisoners of war, his parents kept waiting and hoping that one day he will come back. Finally, they passed away,' he said, adding that the soldier was a bachelor when he died.

He said K.S. Katoch died in 1985 and his wife Gaytri Devi in 1990.

Jaswant Singh said the army authorities informed him that the body was retrieved from a glacier close to the China border.

07-10-2010, 02:59 AM
Police pursue suicide line in Indian admiral’s death

THIRUVANANTHAPURAM: Contrary to the claims of the Indian Navy that Rear Admiral SS Jamwal died of an ‘accidental’ gunshot police say it was a clear case of suicide.
Top police sources in Kochi, where India’s southern naval command is located, said Jamwal raised the gun to his head and fired, killing himself during a training session for the new recruits in the firing range. The incident was then reported to the Intelligence Bureau in New Delhi.
The top-ranking officer’s funeral was held on Friday in this Kerala port city with full military honors after an autopsy was conducted at the Government Medical College hospital in the nearby Alappuzha district.
An expert in anti-submarine warfare and an important link in India’s defense preparedness on its southern coasts said, Jamwal was a highly reputed officer but he was suspected to be having a troubled family life.
His widow Geetha Jamwal, who was not there at the time of his death, arrived in Kochi Thursday and attended the funeral. Officials said family members agreed to conduct the funeral nearby instead of transporting the body to the officer’s native home in Jammu.
The officer who was at INS Dhronacharya, a training compound in the naval base, to inspect the coastal security training for new cadets, reportedly shot himself by accident while examining weapons. The 51-year-old officer, referred to as Arnold Schwarzenegger by friends for his machismo, first fired with an INSAS rifle and changed over to the pistol.
A navy spokesman who ruled out any foul play and possible suicide, had said Wednesday that Jamwal was killed in an “accident in the small-arms firing range,” adding if he “had to commit suicide, he would not have gone to the firing range” where a lot of officers were present.
The bullet hit the rear admiral from point-blank range and it pierced the head one centimeter above the right ear and exited 3 centimeters above the left ear.
According to officers, there are strict regulations at the firing range and if some thing goes wrong there the weapon would be handed over to specialists. A senior official like Jamwal was not supposed to inspect minor pistol snags.
Forensic experts had on Thursday conducted an autopsy and the navy set up a board of inquiry headed by a commodore but the officials are tight-lipped about the police insistence on the suicide.
The local police have registered a case of “unnatural death’’ and started investigation.
“We have identified some eyewitnesses and we would soon question them,” sources said. The 9mm Beretta pistol that caused Jamwals death is also undergoing a detailed examination by ballistic experts.
The mortal remains of Jamwal were cremated at Palluruthy Corporation Crematorium in Kochi where the attendance was led by Vice Admiral KN Sushil, flag officer commanding in chief of the Southern Naval Command. Officers, sailors and civilians of the Indian Navy Navy turned up in large numbers to pay their final respects.
Earlier, the cortege left the Staff House, the official residence of chief of staff at Katari Bagh Naval Base, after his wife and the admiral’s children bid their final farewell. The personnel of the Indian Navy lined up on either side of the road, and paid their last respects as the cortege passed them.
The religious ceremonies which commenced at the end of military ceremonials concluded with lighting of the funeral pyre. Naval personnel fired in the air as a mark of respect to the departed as his mortal remains were consigned to flames.

07-10-2010, 03:05 AM
I enjoy these threads on india and other countrys

07-11-2010, 04:15 AM
Why is Tajikistan's Ayni Air Base Idle?

Ayni air base in Tajikistan was supposed to become a showpiece for India. In the mid-2000s, India's military began renovating the facility, and New Delhi appeared poised in 2006 to announced that Ayni had become operational. But four years later, the base sits largely dormant - an airfield without any fighter jets.

The reason that Ayni is still idle, many in Dushanbe believe, is Russia: Moscow does not want any other country to have use of the base. "They [Tajik officials] don't know what to do with this airbase. We don't need it for ourselves, but to give it to someone else would create problems with other countries," said Faridoon Khodizoda, a political analyst in Dushanbe.

Information about the base is closely held. The Russian Embassy in Dushanbe did not respond to requests for comment. A spokesman at the Indian Embassy in Dushanbe said he could not comment on Ayni, but referred questions to the Ministry of Defense of Tajikistan. The Ministry of Defense did not respond to requests for comment.

India has renovated runways and hangars at Ayni, but the Indian government has never publicly stated what its longer-term intentions were for the base. Reports in the Indian press suggested that India hoped to base a squadron of MiG-29 fighter jets there, in an effort to bolster its political clout in Central Asia, and to create a counterweight to Pakistani influence in Afghanistan.

Analysts of India's military suggest those expectations may have been too ambitious. When the base renovations started in 2004, India did not have a clear plan as to how it would eventually utilize the facility, said one source close to the Indian armed forces, whose employer does not allow him to speak on the record. "The point, sadly, remains the same: While the Tajik government has kept doors open, at least in a limited sense, the government here [in India] hasn't quite gotten its act together about precisely what or how to leverage the opportunity," he said.

Some analysts said India's foray into base politics was motivated by a desire to play the role of great power. "India is playing a game," said Imran Baig, a Washington-based analyst of South Asian security. "To maintain a base with no aircraft is not expensive at all," he said. "But to deploy a high-tech fighter squadron full time at a remote location far from the country of origin is a very, very costly affair and can only be afforded by superpowers."

Still, India appears to want to keep the question of its presence at Ayni open. India's president, Pratibha Patil, visited Dushanbe last year, an indicator to both Indian and Tajik experts that India was still trying to court Tajikistan.

Indian engineers continue to work on construction projects at the base, including a "hotel," said one worker who spoke to EurasiaNet.org on condition of anonymity. But there were no Indian aircraft there, the worker added.

Meanwhile, in Dushanbe, analysts argue that the Tajik government may have been courting India with the intention of playing New Delhi off of Moscow, possibly hoping to get Moscow to offer more money for an exclusive lease to the base.

Russia's defense minister, Anatoly Serdyukov, said last year that Tajikistan and Russia would jointly use the base, but Tajikistan has never confirmed that. Russia, which already maintains a large military base for its 201st Division at Dushanbe, does not appear interested in actually using Ayni, but merely in keeping other countries from using it, said Zafar Sufiyev, editor in chief of the newspaper Ozodagon.

Meanwhile, Tajik leaders do not appear interested in allowing Russian forces to use the base. Tajikistan's president, Imomali Rahmon, recently suggested that Russia, which currently does not pay rent for the 201st base, should do so in the future. The two sides, however, agreed to put off that decision until 2014. Tajik-Russian relations have been tense of late, mainly because of Moscow's failure to support Dushanbe, either financially or diplomatically, in the construction of the Rogun Dam, which Tajikistan's government sees as vital to its future economic security. [For background see EurasiaNet's archive (http://www.eurasianet.org/departments/insight/articles/eav031610.shtml)].

"Rahmon is not independent enough to say 'no' to Russia, and he's afraid to say 'yes' to anyone else," said Saymuddin Dustov, an analyst in Dushanbe. "So he does nothing."

There has been speculation that the United States., facing continuing uncertainty over the use of the Manas air base in Kyrgyzstan, might be interested in Ayni as a possible replacement. The Tajikistan government would allow US forces to use Ayni at the right price, said Safiyev. "If the government gets more for it than the Americans pay for Manas, they'll be interested," he said. "It's a market."

But Kenneth Gross, the US ambassador to Tajikistan, told EurasiaNet.org there are no discussions between the two countries over the use of Ayni.http://www.bharat-rakshak.com/NEWS/newsrf.php?newsid=13141

07-11-2010, 04:17 AM
India Thought Leaders: LCA (Navy) Will Add Punch To Blue Water Vision, Adm. Nirmal Verma Says

India rolled out the naval version (NP-1) of its Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) on July 6 in Bangalore with Defense Minister A.K. Antony leading the team. With the air force version of LCA (Tejas) now months away from its much-awaited initial operational clearance (IOC), the NP-1 rollout was hailed as a significant new chapter in Indian aviation.
Amidst all the feel-good news stories on NP-1 in India’s media, it was important to check the pulse of the user, who would eventually have the final say on the platform’s worthiness. AVIATION WEEK Senior Aerospace and Defense Correspondent (India) Anantha Krishnan M. caught up with Chief of Naval Staff (CNS) Adm. Nirmal Verma to learn the significance of the NP-1 rollout and the way ahead.
AW: The LCA Navy was rolled out on July 6 after the project got the Cabinet Committee on Security’s nod in April 2003. How significant is this program for the Indian Navy?
CNS: The LCA (Navy) was sanctioned in March ’03 [following] the success of LCA (AF) in January 2001. They were planned as a possible replacement to our aging fleet of Sea Harriers, which have been in service since the ’80s. The vision of the Navy has always been to be an effective force, and hence LCA (Navy) shall play an important role in our future carrier operations doctrine. The LCA (Navy) design specifically caters [to] the first Indigenous Aircraft Carrier (IAC1) scheduled to be delivered by Cochin Shipyard Ltd by 2014. The aircraft is expected to have state-of-art sensors and weapons and would be an integral part of our air arm. LCA (Navy) would add punch to the Navy’s blue water vision.
AW: What role has the Naval Project Team (NPT) based at the Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA) played in speeding up the program?
CNS: The Naval Project Team is part of the LCA (Navy) Program office at ADA and is a composite team of scientists from ADA and field experts from the Navy. This team provides [the] Navy specific requirements during design and development in terms of domain knowledge and expertise. They have been involved in the development of the aircraft since its conceptualization and form an important part of the entire design and development team of ADA. The team is also monitoring the Shore Based Test Facility (SBTF) project coming up at Goa, and is working toward the interface of LCA Navy with our Indigenous Aircraft Carrier.
AW: ADA says that the first flight of NP1 will happen by the end of this year, and NP 2 one year after that. Are you confident that these deadlines will be met?
CNS: Unlike the LCA (AF), the LCA (Navy) experiences additional force during takeoff/landing, and requires increased cockpit vision and low speed maneuverability during carrier operations. These challenges are being addressed by ADA. We look forward to the day when the NP1 and NP2 take to the skies.
AW: A Shore Based Test Facility (SBTF) is coming up at Naval Air Station Hansa, Goa, and is said to be only the third such facility in the world. In addition to LCA, will you use this facility for any other platforms?
CNS: The Shore Based Test Facility at Goa will primarily be used to carry out extensive Carrier Compatibility Tests for present and future versions of LCA (Navy). Since the facility replicates the deck of an aircraft carrier, it is an excellent platform for maintaining currency for the aircrew and [a] training ground of [the] crew for carrier operations. This would reduce the training load on the carrier, thereby increasing her operational availability. The Shore Based Test Facility can be used for training requirements for the carrier borne fighter aircraft in our inventory, viz MIG 29K.

AW: Tejas (IAF) had to go through various difficulties and the project invited a lot of negative publicity from the media and even at times from the user. In your view, what are the key things the Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA) and Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) must do for an early induction into the Navy?
CNS: The design and development of a new state-of-art aircraft is a tedious and time-consuming process. ADA and HAL, having gained certain expertise during the development of the Air Force version of LCA, are better placed to carry out the design changes for the naval version. Putting the LCA (N) into “flight” trials and proving of carrier compatibility of the naval prototypes and meeting the specified naval mission requirements must now be one of the key thrust areas for the naval program.
AW: How important is it for the Indian armed forces to support indigenous programs?
CNS: The importance of self-reliance in well recognized by the armed forces and is being supported wholeheartedly. In order to [have] indigenization and self-reliance in defense production, a number of steps have been taken by the government in [the] recent past. As you are aware, the Kelkar Committee appointed by the government on the subject submitted its recommendation in 2005 for the purpose, and a number of these have been approved for implementation. Measures have also been recommended by the Standing Committee on Defense in its report of April 2009.
Issues and concepts of indigenization, defense industry, R&D, [and] joint ventures, as well as policy frameworks are all interrelated. The Indian Navy has consistently supported all efforts in these linked areas, and this is borne out of the fact that we have made good progress in indigenous warship construction, though some areas related to capacity and timelines need to be addressed. We have also proactively pursued indigenization with respect to the induction of Arihant, as also in key areas of equipment and subsystems for warship and submarine construction. A number of DRDO projects have been proactively supported by us, and we will continue to assist all agencies, public and private, engaged in the process of indigenization. At the same time, we have to plan for alternatives when indigenous programs do not materialize as per projects time frames in order to ensure that requisite capabilities are inducted in time for operational requirements.
AW: Many of our homegrown projects were always delayed. What are the main causes for these delays and what is your mantra to overcome this?
CNS: There are a number of reasons for time and cost overruns in indigenous projects. These include technological and developmental challenges, current limitations of our defence industrial base, nonavailability in time of requisite materials and components, and procedural delays in some cases. Efforts have been made at various levels to address these key areas of concern. The Ramarao Committee recently submitted its recommendations on some of these areas, and the same are under examination by the Ministry of Defense.
In December 2008, the Standing Committee on Defense submitted a report on ‘Indigenization of Defense Production – Public Private Partnership.’ The report highlighted the need for public-private partnership in defense production. Steps have been taken in the recent past to ensure greater participation by public and private industry. We need to enhance the vendor base and infuse competitiveness through private sector participation. Defense production, as a sum total of DPSU and private sector capabilities, would be increasingly relevant as an index of our indigenous efforts. To achieve desired levels of self-reliance, our R&D and industrial responses to the existing and emerging requirements of the services would need to be strengthened. The indigenization process must also ensure that requisite capabilities are inducted in time. The time taken from the “drawing board” to the “delivery” stage should be comparable to global standards, and processes related to specifications, design and production need to be made efficient and result-oriented.


07-11-2010, 04:22 AM
CAE and HAL Simulator Centre Gets DGCA and EASA Certification (http://indiadefenceonline.com/2054/cae-and-hal-simulator-centre-gets-dgca-and-easa-certification/)

The Helicopter Academy to Train by Simulation of Flying (HATSOFF), the joint venture owned equally by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (http://www.hal-india.com/) (HAL) and CAE, announced today that it’s Bell 412 full-mission simulators have been certified to Level D, the highest qualification for flight simulators, by India’s Directorate General Civil Aviation (DGCA) and the European Aviation Safety Agency (http://www.easa.europa.eu/home/index.html) (EASA). “HAL and CAE are very proud of achieving Level D certification, which is the highest performance rating given for flight training equipment, from both the DGCA and EASA,” said Wing Commander (Retired) Chandra Datt Upadhyay, Chief Executive Officer of HATSOFF. “The HATSOFF training centre is the first helicopter training centre in India certified to Level D, and we are excited to begin offering simulation-based training that will prove to be one of the best approaches for improving safety, operational efficiency and mission readiness.”
The CAE-built full-mission helicopter simulator at HATSOFF features CAE’s revolutionary roll-on/roll-off cockpit design, which enables cockpits representing various helicopter types to be used in the simulator. The first training program HATSOFF is offering is for operators of the Bell 412 helicopter. Additional cockpits for the Indian Army/Air Force variant of the HAL-built Dhruv (http://www.hal-india.com/helicopter/products.asp), the civil variant of the Dhruv, and the Eurocopter Dauphin will be added to the HATSOFF training centre over the next year, said the press release of CAE.
The HATSOFF training centre, located near HAL’s headquarters in Bangalore, also features multimedia classrooms, computer-based training, brief/debrief facilities, and a training management information system.
The full-mission simulator features a common motion system, vibration platform, and visual display system, along with the four separate cockpit modules that can be used in the full-mission simulator. When a cockpit is not used in the full-mission simulator, it will be used as a fixed-based flight training device (FTD).

07-11-2010, 04:34 AM
India Tackles $10B Fighter

While it’s too soon to predict a likely winner for India’s huge competition for 126 Medium Multi-Role Combat Aircraft (MMRCA), the first indicators should be out as early as the next week when the technical evaluation committee’s report comes out.
Reports state that this deal for 126 fighters will cost $10 billion, but there exist huge price variances between the offered fighters of varying capability. And this figure is a lifecycle cost – not an acquisition cost — so it is not clear if the number of fighters is fixed or whether the budget figure is. Half the fighters would not qualify even before going in to trials depending on the answer.

This is the first indication of the general confusion in the competition. The second is why a single engine aircraft with a 1970’s airframe is in the same competition as the most modern and expensive twin engine heavy hitter. The Indian Ministry of Defense has drafted the tender so broadly that most fighters would qualify. But this lackadaisical attitude will cost competitors hundreds of millions of dollars when they compete but fail. One competitor told 8ak that the competition could cost each bidder an average of $180 million given costs such as each bomb drop in live weapons’ trials could cost up to US$1 million.
Already there are reports that some competitors have failed to meet requirements in the early stages of the competition. On Mar 26, Shiv Aroor reported that four contenders failed their high altitude tests in Leh. This has not been since confirmed. Certainly, no contender has given signs of withdrawing from the competition.
For all its drawbacks, the competition is transparent. If any vendor is kicked out, India will have to give explicit reasons for which part of the tests it failed. So even if the IAF did not want a particular aircraft, if all the tick boxes were checked, no company can be eliminated at this stage even if they have no chance of eventually winning.
The threat driving the competition is a two-front war with Pakistan and China. With both states having nuclear weapons a deep-penetration strike is virtually ruled-out as per Brig Kanwal of CLAWS (Centre for Land Warfare Studies) since it would risk over-flying an enemy’s secret nuclear installations. He further says that there is an 80 percent to 90 percent probability that the next war will break out in the mountains and at least a 60 percent probability that the next war will remain limited to the mountains. In this scenario, the requirement of extended range is minimal.
With advances in technology, the fighter itself is losing importance and fast becoming a carrier for equipment such as AESA radars, sophisticated missiles and electronic warfare equipment. With miniaturization similar capabilities can be built in to smaller, lighter planes.
At the top-end, India has already made a choice, the Sukhois for which no tender is required. With delays in the indigenous Light Combat Aircraft Tejas project, buying another top-end fighter would mean that the IAF would be too top-heavy. Facing the prospect of a two-front war, large coverage area and the dwindling fleet (32 squadrons of 12 to 18 fighters versus a minimum of 39.5 sanctioned by the government) it is clear that the IAF needs a high number of planes to cover more areas and to deliver more sorties.
Given the above it looks as if a cheaper fighter will best suit India’s limited budget. This bends the odds in favor of single-engine competitors or the Russians, who are expected to offer the MiG-35 at a cheap price.
Things to note. This is the first IAF tender where life cycle costs will be considered, but MoD officials complain that this may not be possible for some of the players whose aircraft have very short service histories. With limited skills to evaluate such technically complex calculations, MoD may put a higher weight back to the initial price though this may just be a negotiating tactic.
It is common in Indian procurement programs for the services role to be limited to conducting tests. For the most part, the Ministry of Defense makes the decision. The bigger the deal, the more likely it is that Parliament and the government will weigh in. One source told 8ak that it would be best for the IAF to tell MoD which fighters they do not want and then let the government make a political decision.
Nobody can read the mind of the Indian government when it comes to politics. But here is our analysis.
The continuing strength of the Russian-India relationship has repeatedly surprised everyone. In a pure political face-off it is unlikely that any country would be able to outmaneuver Russia. If the past is Russian and the future (limited joint-development of Fifth Generation Fighter Aircraft) is Russian, then from a training, spares, infrastructure and familiarity perspective it makes sense to stay with the Russians.
The U.S. often has the best technologies but arms export restrictions can counterbalance the technology advantages. In a war with either Pakistan or China India cannot risk a situation where the U.S. might withhold support of spares or otherwise try to influence India’s behavior. However, the lure of U.S. backing India for a UN Security Council seat is quite lucrative and in a July 2010 report by senior Pentagon official Michele Flournoy made it clear that the U.S. is putting a lot of strategic value on the fighter aircraft deal and has made it clear that they would like to see a U.S. choice. This was backed by the US Navy putting its support behind the Super Hornet for India.
France has recently, virtually given up on sales to Pakistan and thereby made a strong commitment to India that will not go unnoticed. While they are a more reliable defense partner than the US, they are ****e to mind-numbing price increases as witnessed in the Scorpene and more recent Turbomeca/HAL deals. EADS has pointed out that it is actually supported by a consortium of four countries plus France but Indian analysts believe that India would have little influence over a consortium and hence their political value is diminished.
The key drawback with the Gripen is that Sweden is seen as the least politically influential country. But there is a catch! What is and should be most important to India, possibly even more than international politics is to build indigenous capabilities. Saab’s Asia Pacific head Jan Widerstrom has pointed out that for a large US military supplier $10 billion spread out over decades is not a very big contract. But for Saab, with Euro 3 billion in annual sales, this would shift the company’s interests to India. This is supported by Par Rohmann, the head of the technology transfer programs, who says Saab would co-develop critical technologies with India. But the Gripen uses a U.S. engine and many other components, which could allow the U.S. to play spoilsport.
Corruption continues to be a huge problem in military deals here. Despite both Defense Minister A.K. Antony and the Prime Minister having squeaky clean images, corruption in India has reached very serious levels (http://www.8ak.in/8ak_india_defence_news/2010/06/europeans-blame-manmohan-for-overseeing-wide-scale-corruption.html).
It is 8ak’s expectation that the final selection will be purely politics and will not be based on cost. Russia may have been eased out and US is in danger that its restrictive policies may become unpalatable in India. Eurofighter and Rafale are great platforms. If cost was not an issue, then these would win. But cost and numbers are an issue so, if Saab pushes hard enough, you never know. And that is the current prediction. You never know.

Read more: http://www.dodbuzz.com/2010/07/06/india-tackles-10b-fighter/#ixzz0tMC5AT2u


07-12-2010, 12:20 AM
what then buy the F-18 more or less similar to the Su-30mki mission profile?
Or buy the F-16 which is in use across the border.........

The Su-30MKI is mainly designed to operate in the Air Superiority Role. While, the Super Hornet is a Multi-Role Strike Fighter. Clearly, two very different missions........

As for the F-16 while very capable. I doubt India would purchase it on political grounds. (i.e. Pakistan) Nonetheless, the Super Hornet is a better fit for India.

Ought Six
07-12-2010, 01:39 AM
While I hope it never happens, it would be interesting to see the results of an F-16 versus F-18 dogfight.

07-12-2010, 01:46 AM
While I hope it never happens, it would be interesting to see the results of an F-16 versus F-18 dogfight.

A dogfight between the Viper and Super Hornet comes down to the pilot more often than not.......

As for the MMRCA............Which, do you prefer???

07-12-2010, 05:18 AM
India-US begin price negotiations on C-17 airlifter

India and the United States have begun talks here on the price and onboard equipment for the 10 Boeing C- 17 military transport aircraft that the Indian Air Force (IAF) wants.

According to reliable sources quoted by India Strategic defence magazine (www.indiastrategic.in), the validation trials of the aircraft were complete and that one United States Air Force (USAF) C-17 which had come to India in this regard last month had met the IAF specifications. The aircraft was tested in short and high altitude runways.

As India is buying the aircraft from the US government under its Foreign Military Sales (FMS) programme, the US Department of Defense (DOD) and USAF are leading the discussions from the supplier side and the Indian Ministry of Defence and the IAF are negotiating from the buyer side.

DOD has set the maximum price at $5.8 billion for the aircraft and various systems but the actual price would depend upon what equipment and onboard options the IAF finally selects.

The US government will issue a Letter of Acceptance (LOA) after these discussions are finalized, indicating the equipment, services, and lifecycle support and their costs. There would be a 3.8 percent administrative fee that the US government now charges on all FMS deals. (This fee varies periodically between 2.5 to 5 percent).

India Strategic quoted Boeing's Vice President for Global Mobility Systems Tommy Dunehew, who was here recently, as saying that Boeing has offered assured maintenance and supply of spares for the lifetime of the aircraft - say 40 years - and serviceability.

The aircraft is manufactured by Boeing at its Los Angeles facility.

According to an official Boeing statement, the latest large T-tailed C-17 Globemaster-III, which India is seeking, can carry a maximum payload of 74,797 kilograms for 2,400 nautical miles without refueling and 45,495 kilograms for 4,000 nautical miles without refueling.

The aircraft can also be refueled midair to extend its range to carry equipment and humanitarian aid across international distances.

The statement said that the C-17 can operate from "a small, austere airfield in 3,000 feet or less" with full payload. "The C-17 is equipped with an externally blown flap system that allows a steep, low-speed final approach and low-landing speeds for routine short-field landings."

Boeing has delivered 199 C-17s to the USAF. There are 19 C-17 aircraft with other international customers. http://smetimes.tradeindia.com/smetimes/news/indian-economy-news/2010/Jul/12/india-us-begin-price-negotiations-on-c-17-airlifter19206.html

07-12-2010, 08:52 AM
A dogfight between the Viper and Super Hornet comes down to the pilot

And that exactly is the problem! Both US fighters on offer for India does have some advantages over PAFs F16s (especially on the radar side), but no clear advantages, because they all will use the same weapons (AIM9+JHMCS, AIM 120, HARM, PGMs...). In BVR F16IN and F18SH should have an advantage, but in WVR things will turn around very fast, because the F18 is less manouverable and PAFs has decades of experience with the F16, while IAF has to train and build up complete new tactics around both of them first, not to mention that they will need new logistics and maintenance lines. It will take quiet some time till US fighter would be inducted properly into IAF and I don't see much advantages in return!
US fighters (if at all the F18SH), will be a mainly political choice, but the best choice for India are still the European fighters, preferably the Rafale!

07-12-2010, 02:44 PM
And that exactly is the problem! Both US fighters on offer for India does have some advantages over PAFs F16s (especially on the radar side), but no clear advantages, because they all will use the same weapons (AIM9+JHMCS, AIM 120, HARM, PGMs...). In BVR F16IN and F18SH should have an advantage, but in WVR things will turn around very fast, because the F18 is less manouverable and PAFs has decades of experience with the F16, while IAF has to train and build up complete new tactics around both of them first, not to mention that they will need new logistics and maintenance lines. It will take quiet some time till US fighter would be inducted properly into IAF and I don't see much advantages in return!
US fighters (if at all the F18SH), will be a mainly political choice, but the best choice for India are still the European fighters, preferably the Rafale!

US hardware has to many strings attached to completely new aircraft logistics and subsequently chain of problems.The Rafale predecessor the Mirage 2000 has been in use in IAF for last 2 decades and it gave a good account of itself in KARGIL WAR.Investing in Rafale would not require drastic changes in infrastructure hence its a good option but 1 thing its very expensive

07-14-2010, 10:06 AM
India in talks to buy Iron Dome, David's Sling

Defense News" reports that India is in talks to buy Israel's ground-based rocket and missile interceptor systems Iron Dome and David's Sling. David's Sling, designed to intercept medium-range missiles (70-240 kilometers range), is being developed by Rafael Advanced Defense Systems Ltd. (http://www.rafael.co.il/) and Raytheon Company (NYSE: RTN). The system is also n the Ministry of Defense.

07-14-2010, 10:13 AM
Indian Aircraft Carrier construction on schedule: CSL

In the latest report of Cochin Shipyard Limited, it mentions that the prestigious IAC project is proceeding on schedule with the company completing a large portion of hull block fabrication and erection in the building dock during 2009-10. The company is presently constructing 15 commercial ships for various international and domestic owners along with the Indigenous Aircraft Carrier for the Indian Navy.
In Ship repair, over the years CSL has gained experience in undertaking high tech repair jobs on rigs, defence vessels and all types of commercial ships. 50 ships were repaired in the year 2009-10, major works among them being normal refit of INS ‘VIRAAT’, extended short refit of INS ‘TARANGINI”, conversion of Research vessel ‘Sindhu Sankalp’, Medium refit of INS “Nireekshak” and short refit of “INS Jyothi”.

07-14-2010, 10:15 AM
NextGen diesel submarines to be built in Indian shipyard

In what will give a major boost to indigenous shipbuilding efforts, the Defence Ministry has decided to manufacture the Navy’s next generation diesel submarines at an Indian shipyard with the help of a foreign collaborator. The Navy, at present, is finalising a tender document that will be issued to leading submarine manufacturers across the world for help in the design and construction of six submarines at an Indian shipyard. The cost of the acquisition is pegged at Rs 30,000 crore.
The recently acquired Hindustan Shipyard Limited (HSL) in Vizag is at the top of the list of Indian shipyards being considered for the order.
While private players will be roped in a major way to supply parts and components for the submarines, the final assembly is likely to be done at a government owned shipyard. Other shipyards, including the Mumbai-based Mazgaon Docks Limited (MDL), which is booked until 2018 for the Scorpene class of submarines, are not available for the order.

07-14-2010, 10:16 AM
Israel, EU in contention to co-develop radars for Tejas

India is close to finalising a developmental partner for a next generation radar that will be the eyes and ears of the Tejas Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) in the future. With other contenders falling off the race due to different reasons, the race now is between European Consortium EADS and Israeli company Elta that are vying for the initial contract to co-develop 10 prototypes of an Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) radar with India.
While the initial contract is for 10 prototypes, industry estimates put the requirement of the Indian defence forces at close to 600 radars for different types of fighters, making the deal potentially worth over $ 3 billion over the next decade. The tenders for co-development were issued by DRDO’s Electronics and Radar Development Establishment (LRDE) in December last year for the LCA Mk II that has already been approved by the government.

Sources said that LRDE is close to short listing its partner for the project and the competition now is between Elta and EADS, down from the initial bid by five companies that were vying for the potentially large contract. While EADS is showcasing its X band technology, Elta specialises in L band technology and is promoting its new generation X band antenna.
While US companies did not participate in the tender — apparently after they could not gain permission from the government to share the high end technology — Russia’s largest radar company Phazotron and France’s defence giant Thales were dropped due to technical reasons. Italian Selex did not make it to the next round after failing to deposit the earnest money specified in the tender.

The radar will also be considered for the SU 30 MKI upgrade and modernisation projects for front line fighters of the Navy and Air Force.

07-16-2010, 11:30 AM
IAF to sign contract for combat aircraft in 2011

The Indian Air Force (IAF) will sign the contract to buy 126 medium multi-role combat aircraft (MMRCA) in 2011 after the bidding process, the chief of air staff said on Friday. "We will be signing the contract for the combat aircraft within a year.The flight evaluation report on the bidding aircraft will be ready by this month-end," Air Chief Marshal PV Naik told IANS
The IAF will submit the evaluation report to the defence ministry for assessment and clarifications, if any, as per the laid down procedure.
"As per the procedure, the sealed bids will be opened and the aircraft will be short-listed for commercial evaluation," Naik said on the margins of the Defence Avionics Research Establishment (DARE) raising day.
Noting that all the six fighters, which are in race for the prestigious IAF order were very good, Naik said the choice of the aircraft would be decided on technical evaluation.
"Our selection will be based on technical evaluation. We will submit our decision on that basis only," he said.
The six global aerospace majors contending for the estimated $10-billion order are the US-based Lockheed Martin F-16s and Boeing's F/A-18IN Super Hornet, Eurofighter's Typhoon, French Dassault's Rafale, Swiss SAAB's Gripen and Russian MiG-35.
The IAF plans to acquire 18 of the 126 in ready-to-fly condition, with the remaining 118 being manufactured by the Indian defence behemoth Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd (HAL) under technology transfer and licensed production, to replace the force's ageing Russian MiG-21 fleet and enhance its strike capability.
The air force can also exercise the option of buying another 63 fighters subsequently.
As part of the bid, the Indian government has made it mandatory for the winning bidder to outsource 50 per cent of the deal as offset from the domestic aerospace industry.
All the six bidders submitted fresh bids last month after the timeline for the original bids lapsed in April due to procedural delays.
The IAF test pilots completed the field and flight evaluation trials over a five-month period beginning mid-February.
The air force formed two teams of two test pilots each for flight trials in India and in the countries of the respective bidders after the request for proposals was submitted in 2008.

07-16-2010, 11:31 AM
Why India’s smallest satellite is such a big deal

The ground tracking station at the Nitte Meenakshi Institute of Technology (NMIT) in Yelahanka, 20 km from Bangalore, where India’s smallest satellite was incubated over the past two years, is abuzz. It has been two days since Studsat, a ‘pico-satellite’ weighing under 1 kg, developed by students from seven colleges led by NMIT, was successfully launched from Sriharikota on board PSLV-C-15 along with four other satellites, and the amateur tracking and telemetry station is tuned to the satellite’s HAM frequency.
The first ‘beacon’ from the satellite, signalling its health, was received at 11.07 am on July 12, much to the joy of the 35-40 students — a majority of them from NMIT, besides students from MS Ramaiah Institute of Technology, RV College of Engineering and MNS Institute of Technology in Bangalore and three other colleges in Hyderabad — who spearheaded the ambitious project, with guidance and encouragement from the Indian Space Research Organisation.

07-16-2010, 11:32 AM
India Expresses Interest In Fire Scout Sale

India is planning to issue a letter of request to the U.S government for a U.S. foreign military sale (FMS) of Northrop Grumman’s MQ-8B Fire Scout vertical takeoff unmanned aerial system (VTUAS).
The Indian government is expected to send a request via the U.S Embassy for FMS clearance, as “the technology is not for release,” an Indian navy official says. Northrop has made presentations on the system over the past few years to the Indian navy and army.
With homegrown insurgency a big concern in India, interest has emerged for the Airborne Standoff Minefield Detection System (Astamids), which has been demonstrated on Fire Scout.
“The insurgents lay mines to be remotely triggered four inches below the roads in the Eastern states of India,” an army official says. “The algorithms to locate IEDs [improvised explosive devices] through processing Astamids imagery will prove a boon to the paramilitary forces having to cope with this problem.”
The sensor’s primary function is to detect minefields in support of mobile ground forces in day and night conditions. It uses quad-prism aperture-splitting technology with the aid of an integrated illuminator and target laser rangefinder and designator. The 75-lb. electro-optical infrared/multi-spectral imaging payload can detect surface-emplaced and recently buried patterned mines, as well as randomly scattered mines. The payload also can be expanded to detect obstacles, combat vehicles, camouflaged objects and other combat targets.
With the support of the U.S. Navy, Northrop and its industry partners completed a set of Fire Scout flight demonstrations in the United Arab Emirates on July 14. The demonstrations included numerous takeoffs and landings in hot, windy and sandy conditions in temperatures as high as 47 deg. C (117 degrees F). The VTUAS also conducted various test flights at altitudes up to 3,000 meters (9,800 ft.). These demonstration missions included non-line-of-sight operations that showcased Fire Scout’s ability to operate autonomously in remote locations, and its FLIR Systems electro-optical/infrared sensing capabilities used to locate and acquire targets, according to a statement. The flights also demonstrated the vehicle’s real-time imagery-transmission capability.
Based on a Schweizer Aircraft commercial helicopter airframe, the Fire Scout incorporates reliable turbine power (160 million flight hours) using standard NATO heavy fuel.
Meanwhile, the Indian government’s decision to convert its Alouette III light utility helicopters — known in India as the Chetak helicopter — into UAVs is in abeyance for the moment. A year and a half ago, there was a plan for the Chetak to be fitted with the sensor suite of the Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) Heron UAV and an IAI-developed, bolt-on flight control package.
Chetak has been primarily in service with the Indian air force in training, light transport, casualty evacuation, communications and liaison roles.

07-16-2010, 11:35 AM
I really do hope they decide on more than 126 - esp if aspirations are to be considered.

Or say, buy more and split categories (like Mig-35 for interceptors, F-18s for fighter-bomber)

07-17-2010, 04:09 AM
I really do hope they decide on more than 126 - esp if aspirations are to be considered.

Or say, buy more and split categories (like Mig-35 for interceptors, F-18s for fighter-bomber)

Rafale all the way but then by the time they eventually decide these planes would be obsolete...

07-18-2010, 04:33 AM
Interview: NAL's 5,000cr RTA-70 commercial aircraft programme

17 Jul 2010 8ak: With both Boeing and Airbus predicting that India will need around 1,000 commercial jets in the next 2 decades and forecasting a domestic traffic increase of 10% to 12% there is little doubt that there is a decent demand for a regional commercial aircraft. After the unfortunate crash of the 14-seater, Saras plane in March 2009, National Aerospace Laboratory NAL is back with a more ambitious plan to build a larger 70-90 seater aircraft termed RTA-70. In this regard we spoke to QuEST Chairman Aravind Melligeri about the project.
8ak: Please explain the current status of the RTA 70 project

Melligeri: The project is at a very early stage. NAL will build a design bureau and should plan on a quick initial configuration freeze after talking to potential customers. This will help it build a detailed business plan and seek appropriate funds and support from the government, as well as other risk sharing partners. This program is being viewed as a major public-private initiative. The challenge for NAL would be to design a plane from scratch and build it to be globally competitive standards.
8ak: One problem with Saras was the 100% indigenisation objective whereas the world is moving towards a global supply chain. What are their views on working with external partners?
Melligeri: In discussions with NAL they have not given any indication that they would exclude anyone who can help provide the solution within the parameters. They want to ensure that the program is not under any risk that could arise from any embargos as well as that there are no black boxes in terms of transfer of technology.
This public-private initiative will help bring together the best in class of local and global talent for the design, development, manufacturing, serial production and program management of the RTA-70 programme. We from QuEST have offered the key stakeholders that we can support in these initiatives of tapping global resources for the success of the programmes. We have had some preliminary discussion with the RTA-70 program team from NAL in this regard. We are also sensitive to needs and the risk of embargo and will assit in safeguarding against these risks. NAL should not risk being on a learning curve with this programme.

8ak: Is it fair to assume that the plane will not be cost-competitive and hence difficult to force at least the civilian and export markets if not also defence?
Melligeri: On a program like this, the key cost overrun contributors are typically- poor configuration definition, late design modifications, lack of timely decision making, poor or weak programme management, programme delays, all these have a huge impact on cost and its amortization over the life of the programme. These factors can very easily make a programme unviable of excessive investment upfront We have seen even the most seasoned global aerospace majors tripping up on these factors. NAL cannot afford to have delivery timelines stretched and it has to take advantage of India’s lower cost base. Cost of aluminium, composites, actuation/landing gear, engines etc are all pretty standard across the globe. It also needs to calearly understand for what aspects it needs to tap global capabilities because these are not available in India or are not mature enough in India and could place a huge risk on the programme.
Besides the funds, the government has to ensure that there are enough orders from the civilian and military side. While it has control over military purchases, currently there is no import duty or offsets on the purchase of commercial aircraft by Indian air transport operators. The government will have to look at certain policies to make the project viable.
India itself has sufficient demand. Air India has only 2 Bombardier CRJ (Vayudoot) regional jets in the 80 to 100 seater range. The growth in Indian aviation will come from regional airports which do not have the infrastructure to handle larger planes. Take for example the Hubli and Kolhapur air*****s where most of the commercial airliners cannot land their large planes. This will be a major demard driver for this programme..
8ak: What is the opportunity for the private sector?
Melligeri: QuEST has shared with the programme leadership team as well as with NAL that QuEST and its partners can assist in the initial configuration definition phase, design studies, detail design, sub-systems engineering, manufacturing, supply and programme management. Given the 5,000 (US$1.1 billion) crore project cost and a 30 year lifecycle of the aircraft, private sector players will also have opportunities in the maintenance, repairs and operations of the aircraft.
8ak note: Some more details on the challenges facing the program are described as part of a larger report. Centre for Aviation "More turboprops coming to the market... maybe (http://www.centreforaviation.com/news/2010/07/09/more-turboprops-coming-to-the-market---maybe/page1)". Another aviation expert pointed out that NAL is currently seeking the initial 200cr it needs to initiate the first step. He added that the original plans were similar to turboprop from Saab and that it would be better to just indigenise a design from either ATR or Saab to significantly reduce the project risk and time lines. The problem he said and is often echoed in the news is that India always wants to go for the best without even having basics in place. This leads to decades long delays across most programs.

07-18-2010, 04:34 AM
India Readies for China Fight (http://theasiandefence.blogspot.com/2010/07/india-readies-for-china-fight_17.html)

By Nitin Gokhale

Last May, just days before India’s general election results were announced, the country’s highest policy making body for security matters was convened by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. Its mandate: Find ways of enabling India’s military to take on an increasingly powerful (and belligerent) China.

At the end of a marathon meeting, the Cabinet Committee on Security initiated a comprehensive, well-funded plan to bolster India’s land, air and naval forces to counter China’s rising military prowess. The plan is historic, coming after years of dithering by an Indian establishment seemingly paralysed by memories of the country’s humiliating defeat at the hands of the Chinese in a brief but brutal war in 1962.

Since the CCS plan was launched, there have been significant and wide-ranging signs that Indian policymakers are finally willing to realistically assess possible military responses to China’s rise. One clear example is a new division of troops aimed exclusively at the border region of the two great powers. India is now mid-way through raising two mountain divisions for the north-eastern border area with China, with the two divisions pencilled in to be ready for deployment by the middle of next year.

The goal is to plug existing gaps in India’s preparedness along the Arunachal Pradesh-China frontier, and the two divisions, consisting of about 20,000 well-armed troops, will include a squadron of India’s armoured spearhead—Soviet-built T-90 tanks and a regiment of artillery. They will be backed by enhanced command, control, communications and intelligence (C4I) capabilities aimed at covering the Tibet region.

But that’s certainly not all.

The Indian Air Force has over the past year deployed 36 Su-30MKI, its most advanced multi-role fighter aircraft, to Tezpur in the country’s north-east in response to the People’s Liberation Army Air Force’s seven airbases in Tibet and southern China.

Meanwhile, the Indian Navy is working to counter the growing clout of the PLA Navy. The current thinking at Indian naval headquarters is that China will move to aggressively increase its presence in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR) to secure its extended energy supply lines (despite its name, military planners in Beijing don’t feel India has ownership of this expanse of water).

As a consequence, the Indian Navy’s plans are based on the premise that it needs to be a fully-networked and flexible force capable of meeting any ‘out of area’ contingency. Successive Indian naval chiefs since 2004 have spoken about the need for the Navy to have ‘longer sea legs’ by 2020 and to be capable of influencing the outcome of land battles. The importance of the Navy’s role was underscored during the 1999 Kargil skirmish between India and Pakistan, when the Indian Navy played a crucial but silent role in blockading Pakistan’s sea lanes, putting Islamabad under significant pressure to end the conflict quickly.

Since then, India’s naval leadership has been working to break free of its traditional ‘continental construct’ mindset and start looking at the bigger picture, taking into account the full gamut of geo-strategic and geo-political realities. After all, 90 percent of India’s trade by volume and 77 percent by value transits through the IOR.

But trade considerations aside, countering China remains the country’s biggest (but officially largely unstated) objective, a fact Beijing no doubt saw as underscored when India held a joint exercise in the area with the US, Australian and Singaporean navies in 2007.

These joint exercises apart, the Indian Navy is working to build and acquire new, varied and potent platforms including an aircraft carrier, nuclear submarines, stealth frigates and long-range maritime reconnaissance planes. By 2014, it hopes to have 160 ships in its fleet, up from its current strength of 136.

But the most surprising revelation to many analysts was India’s public admission that it was inducting a Russian Akula-class Type 971 nuclear submarine into its forces, in addition to an indigenously designed and built submarine, earlier called the advanced technology vessel but now officially named the INS Arihant (The Destroyer).

‘Together, the two vessels would constitute the third leg of India’s sea-based strategic deterrence,’ Adm Sureesh Mehta, former chief of the Indian navy, announced at the time—the first time a high-ranking Indian military official had gone on record about the country’s plans to have a three-****ged nuclear deterrence.

The induction of the nuclear submarine has brought India closer to securing its nuclear deterrence based on a second, retaliatory strike option that is built on a triad of strategic weapons (the other two options—delivery by an aircraft and mobile, land-based launchers—were already available).

In addition, in recent months, India has also successfully test fired its long range Agni-III strategic missile, capable of hitting targets deep inside China, while the head of India’s missile building programme, VK Saraswat, announced in May that India will go one step further by testing the 5,000-kilometre range, nuclear-capable Agni IV missile in 2011.

But there’s more to an effective defence force than an offensive capability for a country the size of India. Communication and transport lines are essential, especially in far-flung regions, so 72 tactically important roads are also being built in the tough, mountainous terrain along the China border in the Eastern and the Western sectors. The roads are being built by the quasi-military Border Roads Organisation to enhance connectivity, and come on top of the reopening of three major air*****s in Ladakh (Nyoma, Fukche and Daulat Beg Oldie).

The air*****s are being upgraded to allow medium and heavy-lift transport aircraft such as the Russian-built AN-32 aircraft and soon to be inducted US-made C-130J Hercules transport planes to land. The hope behind these developments is that once the facilities are fully functional (expected to be by the end of next year), these assets will offer India the ability to insert a large number of troops in forward areas at short notice, a capacity that Indian policymakers hope will right the current poor connectivity in the forward areas along the Line of Actual Control.

Indeed, it’s this boundary that is the biggest irritant in Sino-India relations, as neither country agrees with the other’s perception about where exactly the line should be drawn. India believes that for all China’s professed desire to find a peaceful and mutually acceptable solution to the festering boundary issue, the country has not budged from its more than three-decades position, and they note that despite frequent meetings of special representatives of both the countries over the past half decade on the issue, the deadlock has yet to be broken.

Suspicion of China runs deep among Indian analysts. ‘China’s demonstrated policies of strategic encirclement of India and its use of India’s other arch-enemy Pakistan as a proxy for her designs…is proof enough that you can never trust Beijing’s intentions,’ says former Maj. Gen. Sheru Thapliyal, who commanded a frontline division responsible for handling China. ‘Until a visible change is demonstrated by China, there’s no excuse for any Indian Government to ignore or soft-pedal the imperatives of strong defensive preparations along the India-Tibet Border’.

But such preparations haven’t gone unnoticed by China. When news of last May’s plans went public, China reacted strongly, with the semi-official Global Times editorializing: ‘India’s current course can only lead to a rivalry between the two countries. India needs to consider whether or not it can afford the consequences of a potential confrontation with China…Any aggressive moves will certainly not aid the development of good relations with China. India should examine its attitude and preconceptions; it will need to adjust if it hopes to cooperate with China and achieve a mutually beneficial outcome.’

This year’s annual report by the Indian Defence Ministry stated: ‘India remains conscious and alert about the implications of China’s military modernisation. Rapid infrastructure development in the Tibet Autonomous Region and Xinjiang Province has considerably upgraded China’s military force projection capability and strategic operational flexibility…Necessary steps have been initiated for the upgrading of our infrastructure and force structuring along the northern borders.’

This kind of urgency, lacking for far too long in New Delhi, is a refreshing indication that Indian policymakers are taking the need to prepare for potential conflict with China seriously. China cannot—and should never be—taken lightly. And India should always be mindful of the fact that military preparedness and trying to improve diplomatic relations are not necessarily mutually exclusive.

07-18-2010, 12:39 PM
Nag's final validation trials completed

Third generation anti-tank Nag missile is expected to be inducted into the Army's arsenal next year with the successful completion of “final validation trials” in the Chanan Air Force ranges in Rajasthan. The hit-to-kill missile proved its capability against both moving and stationary targets with precision. In all, four missiles — two each against a moving target and a derelict Vijayanta tank — were fired to cover varying ranges of 500 metres to 2,600 metres on Wednesday, a senior Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) official told TheHindu from Rajasthan.
The “fire-and-forget” missile was bang on target. Each time, two missiles were fired consecutively within a span of few minutes against a moving and another stationary target. Moving with a speed of 210 metres per second, Nag caused extensive damage to stationary Vijayanta tanks on both the occasions, the official said.
Channel-crossing ability
The “flotation trials” of the Nag Missile Carrier (Namica) were held on Thursday in the Indira Gandhi Canal, Nachna, during which the entire system manoeuvred through the canal and established its “channel-crossing ability.” Namica was produced by Bharat Electronics Ltd., while the reconfigured launcher platform was developed by Larsen & Toubro, Mumbai. Each NAMICA can carry eight missiles in ready-to-fire mode.
Deputy Chief of the Army Staff Lt. Gen. J. P. Singh and Director-General, Mechanised Forces, Lt. Gen. Dalip Bharadwaj witnessed the trials.
The official said the Army was satisfied with the performance of the missile. He expressed confidence that it would be inducted by early next year. It is likely to replace the imported second generation missiles. Bharat Dynamics Ltd has established facilities for producing 100 Nag missiles a year.
Last month, following a request from the Army, Nag, which has a maximum range of four km, destroyed both moving and stationary targets at a short range of 500 metres within a few seconds of its launch.
Equipped with a Imaging Infra-Red seeker — that cannot be jammed — the missile has top-attack capability and carries a highly potent tandem HEAT (High Explosive Anti-Tank) warhead that can defeat modern tanks and armoured vehicles. Another unique feature of the missile is that it has a low smoke propellant that would make it difficult for the adversary to identify the firing place.

07-18-2010, 12:40 PM
Cyber Warfare

NEW DELHI: The Indian Army is fighting attacks in the cyber world with electronic warfare capability of the "highest standard", say officials pointing out that virtual strikes have shot up from hostile quarters in both sophistication and frequency.

"The army is cognisant of the threat to its cyber space from various state and non-state actors. But our network is well secured in compliance with the highest standards of cyber security," a senior official in the military headquarters said on condition of anonymity.

The official said the army has established an "impenetrable and secure wide area network exclusively for its functioning".

Officials in the 1.3 million force privately admit they are facing "next generation threats" and are rather worried over the complex world of cyber warfare amid reports of Chinese and Pakistani spies targeting the Indian military establishment via the internet.

Though attacks from hackers - professional or amateur - can come from anywhere in the world, cyber onslaughts have been more frequent from China and Pakistan, which have reportedly been peeking into India's sensitive business, diplomatic and strategic records.

As per reports from the cyber industry, China and Pakistan hackers steal nearly six million files worldwide every day.

A report in the US-based Defence Systems magazine found that there were 25 million new strains of malware created in 2009. That equals a new strain of malware every 0.79 seconds. The report underlines how the current cyber threat environment is dramatically changing and becoming more challenging as the clock ticks.

Howevever, the Indian army is confident.

Revealing that secret information had been secured with unhackable electronic passwords, the official said various "cryptographic controls" have been incorporated in the wake of a significant number of viruses, worms and other forms of malware.

To address cyber defence, which is also under threat from terrorist outfits that have their own trained recruits, officials said the army frequently upgrades its comprehensive cyber security policy to pro-actively deal with and anticipate these threats.

The force has established the Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT) to respond to attacks targeting the army's critical systems and infrastructure.

Another official said the army has its own cyber audit process conducted by cyber security personnel.

"The audit is conducted in accordance with established security standards such as ISO 27001. Audit of the network is a continuous and active process which helps identification and mitigation of vulnerabilities in a network to counter latest threats as also check the network for cyber security policy compliance," he said.

However, the official admitted there was no room for complacency in times of rapid technological change.

"In the area of cyber space, the battle between hackers and defenders is an ongoing process, influenced by latest technological developments. Due to the dynamic nature of threats, the army is constantly upgrading its network," he said.

Technology alone, however, cannot guarantee "fool-proof security", he said, adding the "Indian Army therefore emphasises on the people and the process to achieve compliance of best practices in this field".

"Regular training programmes are being conducted to enhance user awareness and counter threats like social engineering and phishing," he said.


Kunal Biswas
07-18-2010, 01:09 PM
126 fighter jet deal: Tests over, IAF set to announce winner

NEW DELHI: Even as the Americans, Europeans and Russians jostle to bag the ‘‘ mother of all defence deals’’ , India too is now pressing the throttle to ensure the contract to acquire 126 new fighters under the Rs 42,000-crore medium multi-role combat aircraft (MMRCA) project is inked by mid-2011 . “We will be signing the contract within a year. The flight evaluation report on the bidding aircraft will be ready by this month-end ,” Air Chief Marshal P V Naik said.

The IAF, after all, wants to induct the first lot of these 126 fighters by 2014 to retain its combat edge. It is left with just 32 fighter squadrons (each has 12 to 18 jets) at present , down from the ‘‘ sanctioned’ ’ strength of 39.5 squadrons. This when Pakistan is getting new American F-16 s and Chinese fighters , while China assiduously builds new airbases in Tibet and south China.

‘‘ We are ready with the flight evaluation trials (FET) report of the six foreign fighters in contention. Based on it, we are right now generating the staff evaluation report. Both will be submitted to defence ministry by this monthend ,’’ said IAF chief Air Chief Marshal P V Naik, in an exclusive interview to TOI. The eagerly-awaited reports, which have evaluated the fighters on as many as 643 technical attributes after gruelling field trials, will be followed by evaluation of offset proposals, opening of commercial bids and the final complex negotiations.

The hotly-contested race to bag the lucrative MMRCA project, the largest such programme around the globe, is among F/A-18 ‘Super Hornet’ and F-16 ‘Falcon’ (both US), Gripen (Swedish), Rafale (French), MiG-35 (Russian) and Eurofighter Typhoon jets.

‘‘ We definitely need the MMRCA, LCA (the indigenous Tejas light combat aircraft ) :) and FGFA (the fifth-generation fighter aircraft to be developed with Russia) without any delays to retain our combat edge,’’ said ACM Naik. ‘‘ We also have signed deals for 230 Sukhoi-30 MKI fighters (over 110 have been inducted) with Russia. Another 42 Sukhois will be ordered soon. We want at least 42 fighter squadrons by 2022,’’ he added.

All eyes, of course, are on the MMRCA project. “The trials have been conducted in an exemplary, fair and professional manner. We have to be very transparent because the deal is very large,’’ said the IAF chief. ‘‘The amount of data collated in our voluminous and exhaustive reports is phenomenal. They, in fact, can serve as a template to evaluate aircraft by any country,’’ he added.

As reported earlier, India is also likely to factor in its geostrategic interests while deciding the MMRCA winner, with PM Manmohan Singh himself holding that large defence deals must be leveraged to serve the country’s larger diplomatic ends.

07-19-2010, 09:26 AM
Rafale all the way but then by the time they eventually decide these planes would be obsolete...
Don't forget that EF, Rafale, Gripen and even the F18SH will be improving in future through upgrades too, the only fighters that could be obsolete soon, could be the Mig and the F16. Their designs are simply too old and they both have no orders yet, that would make good upgrades in future needed, so their potential is clearly lower compared to the other contendors.

07-19-2010, 09:39 AM
BAE Systems M777 howitzer sales exceed 1 billion pounds

NEW DELHI: BAE Systems has received an order for 93 additional M777 howitzers, which the Indian Army is considering for its artillery upgrade, taking the order book to 955 systems and its sales for the gun to over 1 billion pounds.

The US is buying 58 guns for the US Army and US Marine Corps while Australia is acquiring 35 through the US Foreign Military Sales (FMS) programme. The order makes Australia the third customer for the M777 system after the US and Canada.

Mike Smith, managing director for BAE Systems' European Weapons business, said: "The purchase of additional howitzers is further endorsement of M777 as the most effective howitzer system of its kind. Its proven combat effectiveness means we expect more orders through 2011 as we continue to promote the system globally."

"The US government is currently discussing the provision of 145 systems to India as well as several other countries. In parallel, BAE Systems is responding to requests for information from a large number of countries wishing to expand their indirect fire capability," he added.

BAE System' facility at Hattiesburg, Mississippi, is responsible for final integration and test of the weapon system. The prime contract management of the M777 programme and manufacture and assembly of the complex titanium structures and associated recoil components are undertaken at Barrow-in-Furness in Britain.

"The M777 continues to provide artillery support to coalition forces in Afghanistan where its performance exceeds expectations," a company statement said.

The gun can fire the "smart" Excalibur round, co-developed by BAE Systems, up to 40 km accurately enough to target a specific room within a building, reducing the chance of innocent casualties and allowing supporting fire to be brought down much closer to friendly troops, the statement said.

"Weighing in at less than 4.2 tonnes, the revolutionary M777 is the world's first artillery weapon to make widespread use of titanium and aluminium alloys, resulting in a howitzer which is half the weight of conventional 155mm systems. This allows it to be deployed by medium-lift helicopter quickly and beyond the reach of roadside bombs to otherwise inaccessible areas, extending its reach over the theatre of operations," the statement said.

BAE Systems is a global defence, security and aerospace company with approximately 107,000 employees worldwide. The company delivers a full range of products and services for air, land and naval forces, as well as advanced electronics, security, information technology solutions and customer support services.

In 2009, BAE Systems reported sales of 22.4 billion pounds ($36.2 billion)http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/news-by-industry/transportation/airlines-/-aviation/BAE-Systems-M777-howitzer-sales-exceed-1-billion-pounds/articleshow/6187570.cms

All of us know Bofors make the best gun some are still in fear of Bofor scandal no wonder no political party even BJP did not went ahead for the acquisition of the gun during its tenure congress will less likely do so "bad memories"..

07-19-2010, 09:41 AM
Indian Navy's P-81 aircraft to be armed with new US radars

Indian Navy's new long range maritime reconnaissance aircraft P-81 will come armed with new generation American AN/APY-10 radars, giving it the capability to provide ultra-high resolutions of targets over seas and land. The new radars made by US defence and aerospace major Raytheon are being installed on the P-81 aircraft, the first of which the Indian Navy will receive by 2012. Raytheon has bagged a contract from Boeing for developing these new long-range, multi-mission radars for the sophisticated P-81 surveillance aircraft, the company has said.
"The maritime and overland surveillance radar, APY-10, will be put on Boeing's P-81 being built for the Indian Navy. This is the first international contract award for Raytheon's programme, extending the company's considerable presence in the international maritime surveillance market," said Tim Carey, vice president of Raytheon's Intelligence Surveillance and Reconnaissance Systems.
India signed a $ 2.1 billion deal with top aircraft manufacturer Boeing for eight P-81 planes in 2009. The first of the aircraft is scheduled to be delivered to India in 2012.
"Our APY-10 radar will provide the Indian Navy with proven, low-risk technology built on generations of successful Raytheon radar systems," Carey, who is here to attend Farnborough International Air Show, one of the largest in the world, told PTI.
"We are committed to providing reliable systems that keep our customer safe and help them achieve mission success," he said.
The APY-10 radar delivers accurate and actionable information in all weather, day and night, for anti-submarine and anti-surface warship operations and for intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance mission support, said Neil K Peterson, Raytheon's director of strategy and business development.
A member of the industry team that Boeing leads for the US navy's P-8A programme, Raytheon is also under contract with Boeing to provide six APY-10 systems and spares for the P-8A, of which the P-81 is a variant. Four of the six radar systems have been delivered and Raytheon remains on or ahead of the production schedule, said Peterson.
"The radar we will be giving to the Indian Navy's planes will have more features than those with the US Navy," he said.
The radars will be able to work at significantly tactical ranges and also detect small targets.
They will be capable of image targeting at very long ranges and also be able to carry out overall land operations including in the coastal regions.
Asked about the value of the radar deal with Boeing, Peterson said, "We can't disclose this as yet. We are working out all the details."

its been sometime since India bought major systems from Russia there's craze for US and Israeli stuff

07-19-2010, 10:05 AM
its been sometime since India bought major systems from Russia there's craze for US and Israeli stuff


On order from Russia at the moment:

1 carrier
1 A50 Phalcon + 2 more are reported now
80 Mi 17
45 Mig 29K/KUB
42 Su 30 MKIs
over 1000 T90 tanks

On the other side, on order from the US at the moment:

8 P8I
6 C130J-30
145 M777


10 C17
15 CH 47/53
22 AH 64

As long as MMRCA don't go to the US, Russia will still remain the main supplier of arms and techs for India (if you take the numbers and not the costs to account), while less, but specialised US arms will be a good addition, or even the better choice than Russian arms in some fields. P8I for example seems to be more capable than what Russia could have offered us and the fact that IN even rejected the upgrade proposal of the IL 38 at first, tells us how pleased they were with Russian techs in this field.

Less dependance on a single source, higher indigenous content and diversification with the latest foreign arms and techs must be the aim of our forces!

07-19-2010, 10:15 AM

On order from Russia at the moment:

1 carrier
1 A50 Phalcon + 2 more are reported now
80 Mi 17
45 Mig 29K/KUB
42 Su 30 MKIs
over 1000 T90 tanks all you mentioned were signed prior 2005 except for the additional 42 Su-30MKi,IL-76 as the platform ..

On the other side, on order from the US at the moment:

8 P8I
6 C130J-30
145 M777


10 C17
15 CH 47/53
22 AH 64 the chopper deal not signed only the AH-64 went trials at jaisalmer the Mi-28 will do that afterwards..the C-17 has pretty good chances.

As long as MMRCA don't go to the US, Russia will still remain the main supplier of arms and techs for India (if you take the numbers and not the costs to account), while less, but specialised US arms will be a good addition, or even the better choice than Russian arms in some fields. P8I for example seems to be more capable than what Russia could have offered us and the fact that IN even rejected the upgrade proposal of the IL 38 at first, tells us how pleased they were with Russian techs in this field.

Less dependance on a single source, higher indigenous content and diversification with the latest foreign arms and techs must be the aim of our forces!
am all for buying arms from US and yes dependence on 1 arm supplier is undesirable as to the selection of P-8I Russia did not have something better and the radar sea-dragon fitted on IL-38 were rejected i agree to that..
So this brings to what i said recent major arms deal are going to USA and ISRAEL

07-19-2010, 10:26 AM
all you mentioned were signed prior 2005 except for the additional 42 Su-30MKi,IL-76 as the platform ...

...am all for buying arms from US and yes dependence on 1 arm supplier is undesirable as to the selection of P-8I Russia did not have something better and the radar sea-dragon fitted on IL-38 were rejected i agree to that..
So this brings to what i said recent major arms deal are going to USA and ISRAEL

Yes and are still on order as I said, but especially the SSN, aircraft carrier, or A50 Phalcon are key procurments for our forces, customised for our needs and that is something the US can never offer us as we see even now with the problems of the CISOMA contracts. FGFA and MRTA are 2 more future procurements with the same strategic aim as those I mentioned before and again the US can't offer us similar deals ( F35 is on offer I know, but not with licence production, ToT, customisation...).
That's why the relations to the US (Israel is different) will improve, but will not be as important as our relations to Russia and besides P8I, I don't see a real strategic deal with the US at the moment, at least till MMRCA will be finalised.

07-20-2010, 01:41 AM
India to provide aircraft, choppers to Seychelles

New Delhi: India and Seychelles today agreed to take forward their cooperation in tackling piracy in the Indian Ocean, with New Delhi assuring a new Dornier patrol aircraft and two Chetak helicopters to the island nation at the earliest.
The agreement was achieved during Indian defence minister AK Antony's two-day visit to Seychelles, a defence ministry press release said here.
On a request from Seychelles, India would also help it in carrying out surveillance operations in its maritime and Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ) and to build capacity of its armed forces.
The arrangement was worked out when Antony met Seychellois president James Alix Michel, vice president Danny Faure, foreign minister Jean Paul Adam and home affairs minister Joel Morgan in the Island nation, the release said.
Antony is in Seychelles leading a high-level delegation that includes defence secretary Pradeep Kumar and Naval Vice Chief Vice Admiral DK Dewan.
During the interaction with Seychellois leadership, Antony said the piracy problem in the Gulf of Aden affected all countries and he also shared the concern of Seychelles on the increasing reach of the sea brigands.
"This is a problem, which calls for cooperation among all countries. The Indian Ocean links us all and is critical for our economic interests. We must cooperate to ensure peace and stability in this region," Antony was quoted as saying.
He also reiterated India's assurance, as conveyed by prime minister Manmohan Singh during Michel's visit to New Delhi earlier this year, for continued cooperation in all fields, particularly in the field of defence and security.
The prime minister had announced a $5 million assistance for defence-related projects for Seychelles then.
The Dornier and the two Chetak helicopters from Hindustan Aeronautics Limited for maritime security would be over and above the prime minister's assurance, the release said.
Although the normal delivery time was 18 months to 24 months, India assured to supply the Dornier in 15 months and the helicopters at the earliest, the release added.
During this period-- from now to delivery of the aircraft-- India would provide one of her in-service Dornier to carry out maritime surveillance.
To a request from Seychelles leadership, Antony said India would help the island nation in surveillance of the EEZ "as frequently as possible" and the Indian Navy would also make additional visits this year for surveillance and hydro-graphic survey around it.
During the visits of the Indian warships, the Seychellois personnel would get the opportunity to go on board for maintenance training, drills and exercises, as a means to build their capacity.

07-20-2010, 01:13 PM
India in talks for buying 57 additional Hawk advanced trainers

Farnborough: India is in the process of finalising with the UK the terms of reference for buying an additional 57 Hawk advanced trainer for the Indian Air Force, minister of state for defence MM Pallamraju said today.
"The government has decided to exercise the option of buying an additional 57 Hawk trainer jets manufactured by the British Aerospace. Details of the contract and the terms of reference of the deal are being negotiated with the UK," Pallamraju, who is leading Indian delegation to the Farnborough Air Show, the biggest in the world, told PTI.
India, which had earlier signed a deal for purchase of the two-seater Hawk trainer planes, has already received 24 of the single-engine aircraft in a fly-away condition. Of the another 42 of the planes, which were to be produced by the Hindustan Aeronautics Limited, six have been supplied to the IAF.
The Hawk, which can also be used as a combat aircraft, provides advance stage three training to IAF pilots. It can fly at a maximum speed of 1.2 times the speed of sound.
The minister, who is on a six-day visit to the UK, refused to give a time-frame for finalising the terms of reference of the multi-billion dollar deal.
The Hawk is used by the Royal Air Force and 900 of them have supplied to 18 countries so far.
Pallamraju, who has been interacting with top armament manufacturers in Farnborough, said he told them that they stand a better chance of bagging orders from India if they agree to make the country self-reliant in weapon systems.
The minister, who arrived in London on Saturday, had met top brass of Russian weapons manufacturers, British Aerospace, EADS, Saab, Lockheed Martin and Raytheon. He has also had a meeting with Prince Andrew, who is Britain's ambassador for industry.

07-21-2010, 01:55 AM
India evaluating Patriot ground-based air defence system

India is evaluating the advanced Patriot ground-based air defence system for its ballistic missile shield and the US has provided "classified" material to it on the weapon unit, which was successfully used during both Desert Storm and Operation Iraqi Freedom, Patriot's manufacturer Raytheon said on Tuesday. "A number of exchanges have taken place between the government of India and the US and information has been given to India at the classified level," Joseph Garret, Vice President of the company's Patriot Programmes told PTI.
Replying to questions, he said tests of the Patriot system, which has been procured by 12 countries, by India's Defence Research and Development Organisation and other agencies had been "highly successful".
On India developing its own missile defence shield, Garret said, "Patriot system gives a major boost to any country's defence capability. India may be developing its own system, but Patriot is a combat-proven weapon system."

07-21-2010, 10:43 AM
Indian Army chief to visit Vietnam

New Delhi, July 21 (IANS) Indian Army Chief Gen. V.K. Singh is visiting Vietnam on a four-day visit next week to 'strengthen' bilateral military ties between the two countries, an army spokesperson said Wednesday. New Delhi, July 21 (IANS) Indian Army Chief Gen. V.K. Singh is visiting Vietnam on a four-day visit next week to 'strengthen' bilateral military ties between the two countries, an army spokesperson said Wednesday.
This will be the first trip to Vietnam by an Indian army chief in the last 15 years.

07-23-2010, 01:51 AM
India's first civil defence studies varsity inaugurated

AHMEDABAD: The third super-speciality university in state after Gujarat National Law University and Gujarat Forensic Sciences University Raksha Shakti University, was inaugurated in Ahmedabad on Thursday. The university has commenced the first batch with a six-month diploma course from academic year 2010-11.

The university was in pipeline for last two years after announcement by Gujarat chief minister Narendra Modi. The varsity, being projected as a launching pad for getting into police forces, armed forces and private security agencies, has taken 160 students in its first batch.

Speaking at the inaugural function, Modi said that the university was part of forward planning towards meeting the need of specialised training. "In the time of ever-growing threat in form of naxalism, terrorism, cyber and new-age crimes and volatile internal security situation, we need to think in terms of future. I am sure that the university will work as a perfect platform for the aspirants for uniformed jobs in years to come," he said in his speech.

University officials stated that the new campus has been finalised near Gandhinagar, where construction work will commence by the year-end. Meghaninagar campus has started with diploma courses and will eventually offer courses in graduation and post-graduation.

The ceremony was attended by a number of IPS officers, government and AMC officials and students of the university and various schools. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/ahmedabad/Indias-first-civil-defence-studies-varsity-inaugurated/articleshow/6202821.cms

07-23-2010, 01:51 AM
Terror groups may try to push India, Pak into war: Mullen

NEW DELHI: The highest ranking officer of the US armed forces, Admiral Michael Mullen, has warned of fresh attempts by terrorist outfits to push India and Pakistan into a military conflict.

Admiral Mullen, who will be discussing counter-terrorism with top Indian military officials during his two-day visit, said the Mumbai attack had showed how a small group of terrorists could have a strategic impact. “One of the things that struck me then and is still a great concern is how 10 terrorists could drive two nuclear-armed nations closer to conflict,” the chairman of the US Joint Chiefs of Staff told reporters on board his plane bound for New Delhi.

Expressing concern about the Lashkar-e-Toiba, he said “I see them starting to emerge as a larger, regional, global threat,” the chairman said. “One of the things I’ve watched in the FATA, in the region between Pakistan and Afghanistan is the merging of these terrorist organisations,” he said.

Earlier, US Special Envoy on Afghanistan and Pakistan Richard Holbrooke, who was also visiting India, had compared the Lashkar-e-Toiba to the Taliban.

Admiral Mullen also said he was in New Delhi a few days after the terror attack in Mumbai in November 2008 and that he was impressed by the Indian restraint during and immediately after the attack.

Admiral Mullen is expected to work on three defence pacts between India and the US ahead of president Barack Obama’s New Delhi trip later this year. These pacts, which have been deadlocked, are the Logistics Support Agreement (LSA), the Communication Interoperability and Security Memorandum Agreement (CISMOA) and the Basic Exchange and Co-operation Agreement for Geospatial Co-operation (BECA).

LSA, if signed, will enable the Indian and American militaries to provide logistics support, refuelling and berthing facilities for each other’s warships and aircraft on barter or an equal-value exchange basis.

In Admiral Mullen’s parleys with defence minister A K Antony, national security adviser Shivshankar Menon and other top Indian military brass, counter-terrorism, military exercises between the two countries and military-to-military co-operation are expected figure.

He said that though maritime exercises predominate, there have been air exercises and last year saw the first US Army unit training with the Army in India. He also said that he will be discussing cyber domain with India – a rising cyber power. http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/politics/nation/Terror-groups-may-try-to-push-India-Pak-into-war-Mullen/articleshow/6203580.cms

07-23-2010, 01:52 AM
India Can Make Major Defence Equipment (http://www.indiandefencereview.com/2010/07/india-can-make-major-defence-equipment.html)

Our top bureaucrats are very good, our defence scientists and technologists are undoubtedly top notch, but there is an all pervasive atmosphere of lack of coordination, close monitoring, and acceptance of delays as routine, because the people who have to use these Systems are not adequately involved in the running of these complicated programmes. The blame game can be summed up as follows – “No General can add on stars by taking the risk of participation in such programmes, so the Service HQs confine their role to submitting of GSQRs of the required Weapon Systems and Platforms and carrying out of trials of the shortlisted samples which are procured after immense delay.

07-23-2010, 01:55 AM
IAF conducting trials for attack helicopters

Trials are underway for an Indian Air Force (IAF) order for 22 attack helicopters with two contenders in the fray - the US' Boeing AH-64D Apache and Russia's Mi-28. According to IAF sources, the trials began in the hot deserts of Jaisalmer in Rajasthan last week and will be followed by similar gruelling tests in the icy Himalayan heights of Ladakh in Jammu and Kashmir. The sources said the competitors will demonstrate high altitude flight capability and maneuverability in Ladakh early next month.
They said the IAF requires a helicopter that is twin-engined with high maneuverability, adequate armour and all-weather and all-terrain capability.
The US and Russian helicopters were left in the fray after two major competitors from Europe - the Eurocopter Tiger and the AgustaWestland A129 Mangusta - pulled out of the contest citing technical reasons.
The IAF urgently needs a new fleet of attack helicopters as its Mi-25s are being phased out.
The $550 million-tender to replace the ageing helicopter fleet was issued last year. The tender had actually been released in early 2008 to six contenders - Sikorsky for the Black Hawk, Boeing for the Apache AH 64D, Bell for the Super Cobra (all three from the US), Eurocopter for the Tiger, Russian Mil for the Mi28 and AugustaWestland for the Mangusta.
Sikorski and Bell did not compete due to what they said were time constraints and procedural bottlenecks within their country.
The Mi-28 is an all-weather day-night two-seater anti-armour attack helicopter. It carries a single gun in an undernose barbette, plus external loads carried on pylons beneath stub wings. It has two heavily armoured cockpits. Its engines are two 2,200 hp Isotov TV-3-117VM (t/n 014) gas turbines.
The Boeing AH-64D Apache is a four-blade, twin-engine attack helicopter with tailwheel-type landing gear and a tandem cockpit for a crew of two. It is adaptable to numerous roles within its context as a close combat attack craft and has a customisable weapons payload.
Boeing has also developed capability in the Apache to control unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). While so far this ability is restricted to control over a single UAV, the company is building systems to allow airborne control over multiple UAVs. But this has not been offered to or requested by the IAF.
The sources said test field trials to select a heavy lift helicopter for the IAF will begin next month and the same US and Russian companies will be in race. Boeing's Chinook, which operates for NATO forces in Afghanistan, will compete with Russian Mi-26 for the deal for 15 heavy-lift choppers.
The IAF is looking to replace the ageing lot of the previous generation Mi-26s inducted in the mid 1980's.
The Chinook, which has contra-rotating twin-rotors to withstand rough weather, is being used extensively in Afghanistan to maintain steady supplies to the troops. It can also carry artillery guns slung under its belly to be dropped off at inaccessible locations. http://www.hindustantimes.com/IAF-conducting-trials-for-attack-helicopters/Article1-576275.aspx

07-23-2010, 02:00 AM
Border roads near indo-china border

The Standing Committee on Defence, of the 15th Lok Sabha, met today to deliberate on the time-lines and quality of the roads and infrastructure projects at the Indo-China border. In its meeting Chaired by the Standing Committee Chairman Satpal Maharaj of the Congress, the Committee members raised queries pertaining to the delays and other challenges in projects of border roads and sought answers to a list of points about the construction of roads in border areas and about obtaining approval for diversion of forest land from the Ministry of Environment and Forests, for the same. Answering queries of MPs (Members of Parliament) at the meet were Director General Border Roads Organisation (BRO), Lt Gen M C Bhadani and other senior officers. The Indian Army had recently sought a feasibility report from certain formations about raising its own special rapid reaction force units, to counter China, in the northeast, in which one of the main points raised was that of poor infrastructure, which could hinder the movement of troops. In the northeast Arunachal Pradesh shares a 1046 kilometer long border with China, while in Jammu and Kashmir, the Indo-China border is 523 kilometer long.
Considering that the BRO has been building roads and other infrastructure for the past 50 years in the border areas for the Indian Army, the Standing Committee today discussed the possibility of good quality roads to be made by BRO at the Indo-China border, which would speed up the movement of troops and also took up the reasons causing the delay in the BRO projects involved in road laying in this terrain.

The all-party MPs who attended the meet stressed on time-lines to be met , release of extra funds for the same and maintenance of quality of roads and other infrastructure. A detailed report of today's meet will be handed over to the Ministry of Defence (MoD), which will later be tabled in Parliament.

Air-lift capability during an emergency for troops to be moved, from one place to another was another focus area of the agenda.

Besides land acquisition, other reasons leading to delays like, General elections and late release of funds were also taken up.

Citing reasons for delay as adverse climatic conditions, hard rocks being encountered during construction, shortage of manpower and inadequate availability of air effort, Defence Minister A K Antony had earlier said in Parliament that out of 61 roads being constructed by BRO, 43 will be completed on schedule by 2012. Another nine will be completed by 2013, and the remaining nine are likely to be completed by 2018.

Manpower shortage is reported to be one of the reasons for delay in construction of border roads. The present strength of BRO is 35,987 against authorized strength of 42,636. However steps have been taken to be meet the shortage by recruiting manpower. To expedite the recruitment process, mobile recruitment teams have been constituted at Rishikesh, Pathankot, Jodhpur and Tezpur besides the GREF Centre, Pune. For Group ‘A’ Civil Engineering Cadre officers, a case was also taken up with UPSC for direct recruitment on interview basis. http://chhindits.blogspot.com/

07-23-2010, 02:01 AM
Terror groups may try to push India, Pak into war: Mullen

I think Mullen is partially right. To use terror again India is Pakistan's old policy, nothing new in it. Terror groups become more active when India and Pakistan sit for talks, and those terror group try to create some mischief so that peace talks would be derailed. Every time this thing happens.

07-24-2010, 04:59 AM
IAF C-17 trials

The Indian Air Force (IAF) began the trials of the C-17 strategic lift aircraft on Monday. According to IAF sources, the trials, which could last up to a week, are scheduled to conclude by Thursday and will include operational demonstrations in high altitude and hot, desert environments.
The aircraft will be required to land in high altitude airfields, switch off and take off again. Load carrying capability, especially at such airfields, is also likely to be tested, either with dummy cargo or simulation of payload by carriage of additional fuel. The expeditionary landing and take off ability of the aircraft on short, unpaved air*****s is also likely to be examined hands-on by IAF pilots. The IAF is considering the purchase of ten C-17s, which would make it the second largest operator of the aircraft.
Recently invited to visit Boeing’s C-17 facility at Long Beach in the US, your correspondent got an opportunity to meet the Boeing pilots who have brought in the aircraft to India for trials, Major Tommy Schueler and Lieutenant Colonel Kelly Latimer, both retired from the United States Air Force (USAF). Both were confident the IAF would find the performance of the aircraft satisfactory.
Schueler and Latimer showed your correspondent around the cockpit of the aircraft. Schueler says one of the things that make the C-17 great for strategic lift and delivery in hostile, disaster-hit or small, basic air*****s is the capability of the aircraft to initiate ‘thrust reversers in flight’ which gives it a ‘rapid descend rate’. He says it acts as a ‘big speed brake’ that helps the aircraft ‘slow down quicker’. Specifically, he says the C-17 cruises at an altitude of 35,000 feet and can descend at a rate of 20,000 feet a minute. A Canadian Defense Forces C-17 recently landed at the most northerly, permanently inhabited location in the world (http://www.airforce.forces.gc.ca/v2/nr-sp/index-eng.asp?id=10443), Canadian Force Station
Major Schueler says the aircraft also carries the TCAS or Traffic Collision Avoidance System as well as a Missile Launch Warning System. He says the C-17 has never had a fatal crash and the few accidents that have taken place have been due to pilot error. The C-17 can take-off from an airfield 7,000 feet long (a little more than two kilometers) with a payload of almost 165,000 pounds (a little more than 73 tons), fly 2,400 nautical miles (almost 4,500 kilometers) and land on an airfield as long as 3,000 feet (less than a kilometer) or less. Conversely, it can carry 100,300 pounds (almost 45 tons) a distance of 4,000 nautical miles (7,400 kilometers). With around 245,000 pounds (109 tons) of fuel, it can fly for around 12 hours.
But while it’s configured for refueling by KC-10s and KC-135s, it is not yet certified for refueling by IL-78 aircraft, the refueller used by the IAF.
Your correspondent also saw loadmasters Bob Tenorio and Tracy Gray in action, demonstrating the load carrying capabilities of the aircraft. Apparently, a single loadmaster on board suffices for the loading and unloading of the aircraft and Gray operated the ramp and the shifting around of the pallets on her own, without any trouble.
She says a fully loaded C-17 can be emptied of its cargo in around 20 minutes. Tenorio says the aircraft would only require an additional loadmaster in emergencies or in an air-drop situation.
The ramp alone, he says, can carry 40,000 pounds (almost 18 tons). The aircraft can carry 102 paratroopers or 188 seated passengers, and also has an aeromedical configuration with nine onboard litters, with 27 additional litters that can be installed when required
Tommy Dunehew, Vice President, Business Development, Global Mobility Systems at Boeing, says that many of the systems and equipment required to maintain and operate the C-17 are common to the Lockheed Martin C-130J, six of which have already been ordered by the IAF, as well as the Boeing Business Jet for VIP transportation, which is already in service in the IAF.
He also informed Indian journalists visiting Long Beach that the IAF has inquired whether the C-17 could come in a double-decker configuration, like the IL-76 aircraft it operates. “They’ve (IAF) asked us if we can give them a double-decker configuration And we’ve come up with a conceptual plan,” he said.

Dunehew likes to relate the story of a fleet of 17 C-17 aircraft that transported a complete US Army brigade with 400 vehicles from Southern Italy to an unproved air***** in Northern Iraq, operating only over five nights, during the beginning of the last campaign in Iraq.

According to Dunehew, it helps that the aircraft can reverse on its own and park itself, and can be loaded and unloaded without the aircraft having to kneel. The aircraft can transport one Chinook or two Apache helicopters at the same time. Dunehew says the aircraft could transport three Advanced Light Helicopters (ALH) of the IAF with folded blades along with 38 personnel.
Another story he tells is how a C-17 transported a Chinook to Afghanistan and then took off to refuel from a tanker hovering above, to bring fuel back for the helicopter, which then began operations. He says the C-17 can offload fuel to support the immediate operations of other aircraft, like the Chinook and the Apache.
If the trials are satisfactory he thinks a Letter of Acceptance could be issued in a month or twohttp://www.stratpost.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/06/C174dotjpg

07-24-2010, 05:00 AM
Army foils terror bid to disrupt Amarnath Yatra

Jammu, Jul 24: A plot by militants to disrupt the ongoing Amarnath Yatra was on Friday, Jul 23 foiled by the Indian Army.Army personnel who were conducting a search operation near the Jammu-Srinagar highway in the Banihal area of Ramban district recovered a large quantity of arms and ammunition.

Giving the details of the operation, defence spokesperson said that the personnel recovered a gunny bag hidden in a hollow of a tree around 07:30 am.

The bag had 34 detonators, 12 anti-personnel mines, nine RC IED boxes, 36 IED circuits, five RPG charges, 36 metres of safety fuse, 15 metres of cordex wire, one UBGL grenade, one hand grenade and 36 pika rounds, the spokesperson added.http://news.oneindia.in/2010/07/24/army-foils-terror-bid-to-disrupt-amarnath-yatra.html

07-24-2010, 05:02 AM
MiG 27 crashes in West Bengal

A MiG 27 fighter aircraft crashed in West Bengal.

Buzz up! (http://in.buzz.yahoo.com/buzz?publisherurn=oneindiain121&guid=http%3A%2F%2Fnews.oneindia.in%2F2010%2F07%2F24%2Fmig-27-crashes-in-west-bengal.html&targetUrl=)
The aircraft was crashed in Moinaguri village in Jalpaiguri district on Saturday, Jul 24. Twenty five villagers, including four children, were injured in the accident.

The pilot had ejected out of the aircraft. But some unofficial report told that the pilot had died in the crash.

The MiG 27 took off from the Hashimara Air Base for a routine sortie and crashed within minutes of take-off.

Further details are awaited. make a fool of us wasnt the "glorious" fleet of the IAF mig-27 checked and upgraded after a similar crash last year.This plane has some serious engine flaws this cannot be changed

07-24-2010, 08:25 AM
As much as I love Russian choppahs, heres to hoping the Apache wins!

07-25-2010, 03:42 AM
India steals limelight at Farnborough air show

FARNBOROUGH: Embarked on a spree of defence and commercial aviation deals, India was clearly in the limelight at the Farnborough International Air Show 2010 and the coming months may see increased efforts by foreign firms to woo the country.

Summing up the air show, Mike Alvis, executive vice president of the American defence technology supplier ITT Defense International said at a press conference: "We're seeing unbelievable demand from India. There's a lot of willingness to spend on defence."

Western firms are seeing India as the biggest spender among emerging economies.

The impression is backed by ongoing deals which were talked about at the air show like the C-17 military transport planes and Dreamline 787 passenger craft from Boeing, the Hawk fighter jets from British defence group BAE Systems and military equipment from ITT Corp.

These firms are also keenly awaiting India's choice of supplier for its Medium Multi-Role Combat Aircraft (MMRCA) deal for the supply of 126 aircraft to augment the Indian Air Force.

Of the six firms short-listed, five are from the US and Europe, the sixth being a Russian firm.

Defence deals are on top of the agenda as British Prime Minister David Cameron visits India next week, more so because of Britain slashing defence spending and looking for increased exports.

British Trade and Industry spokesman Adam Thomas said at the air show: "We see huge opportunities from emerging markets. We have a global market share of close to 20 percent and we have been bringing delegates from as many countries as possible to Farnborough."

Cameron will have in mind the fact that one of the competitors for the MMRCA deal is the Eurotyphoon fighter, manufactured by EADS, a consortium of which BAE is a partner.

But the immediate British deal relates to the Hawk jets. BAE Systems hopes to sign a deal to supply more Hawk trainer jets to India, building on an established partnership with Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd (HAL).

BAE is also interested in selling the Type-26 Frigate.

BAE's group business development director Alan Garwood said his company "is close to sealing" the Hawk deal.

The Americans too seemed enthusiastic about growing defence ties with India at the air show.

An American arms supplier, Vice Admiral Jeffrey Wieringa, who was at the air show, commented on Indo-US ties: "The relationship is at the best and highest level it's been."

Christopher Chadwick, president of Boeing military aircraft - which too has a stake in India's MMRCA deal - said India was interested in buying more than the 10 C-17 planes already planned.

The C-17 Globemaster deal at approximately 3.8 billion pounds is the largest Indo-US deal ever, overtaking the 1.4 billion-pound contract for eight Boeing P-8I long-range maritime reconnaissance aircraft inked last year.
Russia, whose Ilyushin Il-76 transporters the C-17s will eventually replace, sought to downplay the impression that its deals with India were drying up.

At a briefing at the Russian stall, Alexander Mikheiev, deputy director of the Russian agency Rosoboronexport announced details of the deal involving the fifth generation Russian fighter, T-50.

"I can confirm that an addendum to the agreement on developing an engine for fifth generation fighter will be signed before the end of the year," he said.
The Russians indicated the special efforts being taken to retain India's partnership by diversifying to commercial aviation.

Igor Pshenichny, first deputy executive director for marketing and sales at Russian Helicopters -- which is selling four commercial machines to an Indian company -- said: "As to the commercial market for us it's a practically new market."

"We have several commercial helicopter operators there, but it's not a big quantity for such a big and huge economically developing country as India. So we are putting additional emphasis on this market now," he added.

07-25-2010, 03:46 AM
Navy inks Rs 3000-cr AJT deal

With two new aircraft carriers set to be inducted in the next five years and its air fleet in expansion mode, the Indian Navy has signed a Rs 3,042 crore deal to procure advanced trainer aircraft to train its aviators. The deal to procure 17 new Hawk Advanced Jet Trainers (AJTs) was signed on Friday and the aircraft will be delivered starting 2013.
While the Air Force has already inducted advanced trainer aircraft, this is the first time that such high capability trainers are being inducted by the Navy, which is rapidly expanding its aerial capabilities, and has recently inducted its first supersonic fighter — the MiG 29 K that will be operated from the Gorshkov aircraft carrier.
The Navy, which has currently been training its pilots at the Air Force academy, will induct the new trainers from 2013 and will set up a parallel training academy for pilots. The British origin Hawks, which will be manufactured by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL), would be used to train fighter pilots that will fly the MiG 29 K fighters as well as the naval Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) that is still under development.
The deal for additional Hawk trainers had been put on the back burner following issues of pricing but went back on track after manufacturer BAE Systems lowered the offered price for the follow-on order. The IAF is also looking for a follow-on order for 40 Hawks and the deal is is now close to be finalised. The Hawk aircraft had earlier come under the scanner after a spat between BAE and HAL with the latter accusing the British firm of supplying inferior parts and delaying supply of components.

However, with the issue sorted out, the Navy will get its much needed trainer on time. The navy needs to train scores of pilots in a short time period as it gears to induct over 50 aircraft over the next five years. While 16 MiG 29 Ks had been ordered initially, the navy has recently placed an order for an additional 29 fighters with Russia.
It will also be getting eight Boeing P 8I maritime multi-mission aircraft from the US as well as additional helicopters for the Gorshkov aircraft carrier. If the Naval LCA meets its requirements, the Navy will place an order for at least 20 aircraft.

07-26-2010, 02:10 AM
Final round preparation for test-firing of interceptor missile in Orissa

Balasore: Preparation for the test-fire of India's own interceptor missile, likely to be conducted tomorrow at the Integrated Test Range (ITR) off Orissa coast, reached its final stage today.
Range co-ordination work for the proposed trial has been completed and final check-up of the sub-systems are under process, defence sources said.
Scientists of Defence Research Development Organisation (DRDO) are working overtime to see that the proposed trial is successful, they said adding that in March, the tests were put-off twice due to technical problems.
"Aimed at developing a full fledged multi-layer Ballistic Missile Defence (BMD) system, the mock exercise is to be carried out from two different launch sites of the ITR," said a defence scientist.
The whole exercise is just like hitting a bullet with a bullet, he said.
The target, a modified surface-to-surface missile would first be lifted off from a mobile launcher from the launch complex-3 of ITR at Chandipur-on-sea, 15 km from here.
The interceptor, positioned at the Wheeler Island, about 70 km across sea from Chandipur, which gets signals from radars positioned at different points along the Orissa sea coast would track it and then intercept at a definite altitude mid-air.
Yet to get a formal name, this indigenously developed new hypersonic interceptor missile is designed to be engaged
in both endo (within 50 km of earth atmosphere) as well as
exo (beyond 50 km of earth atmosphere) atmospheric condition,
sources said.
The seven-meter long interceptor is a single stage solid rocket propelled guided missile, equipped with an inertial navigation system, a hi-tech computer and an electro-mechanical activator totally under command by the data up-linked from the sophisticated ground based radars to the interceptor.
This would be the fourth time for the DRDO to test its intercepting missile. The three previous tests were conducted on November 27, 2006, December 6, 2007 and March 6, 2009 from the Wheeler Island.
As a safety measure, the Balasore district administration has made arrangements to temporarily shift about 400 civilian families residing within two km radius of the ITR launch pad-3 at Chandipur from where the target missile Prithvi is to be launched.


07-26-2010, 02:11 AM
Women rebuilt Bhuj air***** destroyed in '71 Pak attack

BHUJ: The nightmare of a squadron of Sabre Jets dropping napalm bombs on Bhuj, leaving behind a trail of destruction, is etched forever in the memory of Hiru Bhudia, 60. Bhudia was among 300 women from Madhapar who were entrusted with the task of reconstructing destroyed Indian Air Force air ***** in Bhuj, in what may be termed as India's answer to 'Pearl Harbour'.

"The air ***** in Bhuj was completely devastated by Pakistani bombers that dropped 14 nepalm bombs on the night of December 8, 1971. The air ***** needed to be reconstructed on a war footing, and for which, officials were not in a position to wait for long. They hurriedly took a decision to get the repair work done by locals. They contacted us and we responded to the crisis in an equally quick manner," reminiscence Hiru.

The women, all daily wagers, were summoned from Madhapar village and assigned to rebuild the air ***** in 72 hours. "We were instructed to cover the ***** with cow dung, in order to camouflage it from the enemy's planes. While working, we had to scurry for shelter in bunkers often at the sound of siren. Taking shelter in bunkers during air strikes, we had to survive on Sukhadi' and chilli," said Viru Lachhani, another woman who toiled on the air *****.

Eventually, when the war was over, their work was recognised by the Indira Gandhi government and the women were felicitated at a public function where they were also given a group award of Rs 50,000. However, all the women unanimously agreed to spend the amount for a community hall for Madhapar Navavas Gram Panchayat.

Today, only 50 of these women, all in their 60s, are alive. Though full of national pride, they allege apathetic attitude by the government and the state administration. "Let alone recognition, we are not even remembered on national days of January 26 or August 15. We are not given any concession in the railways or ST bus fares," laments Radha Bhudiya. http://www.bharat-rakshak.com/NEWS/newsrf.php?newsid=13195

07-26-2010, 02:12 AM
Remembering Kargil heroes, 11 years after victory

The nation will on Monday remember its soldiers who were killed in the summer of 1999 while protecting the Kargil heights in Jammu and Kashmir from Pakistani raiders and camouflaged regular troops in an audacious invasion attempt that was met with heroic deeds and a decisive military victory.Defence Minister A.K. Antony and the three service chiefs - Gen V.K. Singh of the army, Admiral Nirmal Verma of the navy and Air Chief Marshal P.V. Naik of the air force - will pay homage to the 'Kargil martyrs' at the Amar Jawan Jyoti on the occasion of Kargil Vijay Diwas, as the day is also remembered.
Officers and soldiers as well as families of many of those killed will place wreaths at the war memorial in the capital. More than 500 Indian soldiers were killed in the Kargil war that lasted two long months.
In the past 11 years, the day has been marked by emotive gathering as parents and siblings of soldiers assemble at various places for functions to pay homage to their loved ones who perished while fighting Pakistani raiders in the high altitude and inhospitable battleground.
As part of its strategy to reach out to defence and paramilitary personnel, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) will mark the day by taking out processions, candle-light vigils and paying tributes to the martyrs.
The war took place on the peaks of Kargil near the Line of Control - the de facto border that divides Kashmir between India and Pakistan. Like in the better known Tiger Hill and Tololing, heavy fighting took place in 1999 for the strategic hills off Drass, the second coldest inhabited place in the world located about 60 km from Kargil town.
The entire region falls in Kargil district, giving the 1999 military showdown the name of "Kargil war".
Pakistan-backed Islamist insurgents as well as regular soldiers sneaked into Jammu and Kashmir and quietly took control of the hills until they were first detected by nomads. Their discovery in Indian territory led to full-fledged fighting between Indian forces and the heavily-armed infiltrators, almost triggering the fourth full-scale India-Pakistan war and leading to an intervention by the US.
The battle for Drass was immortalised by the death of Captain Vikram Batra of 13 Jammu and Kashmir Rifles who helped capture two peaks and then died fighting for the control of Point 4875.
He came under attack while trying to rescue an injured officer. His final words, according to his colleagues, were "Jai Mata Di"!
The intruders, who had come for a long haul, came as close as 300 metres to a key national highway connecting Srinagar with Leh and the border town of Kargil. Drass town suffered heavy damage in the fighting.
The intrusion took place as India was busy celebrating then prime minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee's successful Lahore peacemaking visit.
Kargil gave the country many young and fearless champions. Names like Captain Anuj Nayyar, Captain Vikram Batra and Lieutenant Manoj Pandey became household heroes.
July 26 is annually celebrated as "Kargil Diwas" or Kargil Day.

Mein Teil
07-26-2010, 02:17 AM
[ITT Defense] My former boss. They'll do anything for the right amount of money.

07-26-2010, 02:26 AM
India steals limelight at Farnborough air show

I thought India stole the limelight by getting orders. After reading the article it seems it is the opposite. Wrong heading in my opinion.

07-26-2010, 02:29 AM
I thought India stole the limelight by getting orders. After reading the article it seems it is the opposite. Wrong heading in my opinion.

Customer is king:) India coming with lots of dollars btw besides Dhruv and a delayed LCA what has India to present??

07-26-2010, 09:56 AM
I love the look of the Light Helicopter, its just the landing gear ruins the whole thing XD

India is definitely gearing up I can see.

07-26-2010, 12:43 PM
Indian stall at Farnborough air show



These pics were taken by a Pak friend.

07-27-2010, 06:52 AM
Selling arms to India: between a rock and a hard place

Within the global defence industry, all eyes are now on India, which has been sharply increasing its defence budget as it seeks to modernise its armed forces. This year India’s budget for new armaments was increased by 25.46 per cent from last year’s level of $13bn, and foreign companies are trying to get a piece of it.
To exploit the potential in India’s military market, defence companies such as BAE, Sikorsky, Lockheed Martin and EADS, have set up joint ventures with Indian private sector companies for local armament production.
So far, though, the investments are small, and the ventures are focused mainly on basic equipment, such as bullet proof trucks and aircraft parts, rather than the high-end, cutting edge defence technology India so desperately craves.
In New Delhi, policy-makers are now busily debating whether raising its 26 per cent cap on foreign direct investment in defence could help attract even more capital, and persuade Western defence companies to introduce more cutting edge technology into their local Indian ventures. However, the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry has just weighed in - airing its serious doubts.
Part of the problem is the US still has tough controls on the export of high technology to India - a legacy of the days when India was still considered a nuclear pariah, and subjected to punitive sanctions. Despite all the high blown talk of a US-India strategic partnership, the export controls remain.
“Even if you raise the equity (limit for FDI in defence ventures), that high technology may never be transferred as it may never be allowed,” said Amit Mitra, FICCI’s secretary general.
The other problem comes from within India, where FICCI says there is a deeply engrained bias towards India’s state-owned defence firms. Defence was once a state monopoly, and private sector companies - all new to the business - are struggling to get a look in.
New Delhi had considered awarding 13 top private Indian companies with a special status of “National Defence Jewels” - as a means of putting them on an equal footing with state companies. But the move has been resisted by the powerful labour unions of the state-owned defence companies. Until this is redressed, FICCI says, raising foreign equity caps in defence ventures will have little impact.
Says Mitra, “the empowerment of the private sector, the creation of a level playing field, must be done first”. Caught between the US military establishment, and the Indian labour unions, foreign defence companies better be ready for a long fight.

07-27-2010, 11:05 AM
$ 10 bn combat jet deal eyes strategic 'leverage'

The Indian Air Force is set to acquire 126 medium, multirole combat aircraft (MMRCA) and the current talk in the Vayu Sena Bhavan is to "leverage strategic gains" out of the $ 10-billion deal.
As the compilation of the flight test results nears completion, the process of hard bargaining is set to begin.
A senior air force officer told Mail Today: "We should use the deal to get concessions on enrichment technology, and accessing dual use technologies that we are denied at the moment." However, before negotiations on these aspects are addressed, a few steps need to be taken first.
The first shortlist for the six types of aircraft-MiG-35, Rafale, Gripen, Eurofighter, F-16 and F/A 18 Super Hornet - will be prepared by the air force on the basis of "complying with the operational requirements of the Indian Air Force", an official explained.
As is the norm, senior air force officers have remained mostly tight-lipped about which aircraft have or haven't made the cut in terms of fulfilling the operational requirements, although some information seems to have trickled out regarding the flight tests wherein one or two of these six aircraft failed to develop "enough thrust" in the high altitude tests held at Leh.
After the air force lists the aircraft that have complied with its "technical" requirements, the ministry of defence will judge the "offset compliance" of the selected manufacturers. In simple terms, that would mean how much of the money would be ploughed back into the Indian economy.
The 'offset' requirement for the MMRCA deal is 50 per cent. This means that close to $ 5 billion would have to be reinvested into India by the company winning the bid.
After this, the "commercial bids" of each would be opened by the defence ministry mandarins, who will, for the first time, examine the commercial offers made by the companies more than two years ago.
For the first time, a new system of costfixing has been introduced that not only takes into account the unit prices but also calculates the 'life cycle costs'-which takes into account the cost of maintenance and spares for the period, estimated at 40 years, the aircraft would remain operational.
On the basis of this, the lowest bidder (L1) would be determined by a commercial negotiation committee headed by an additional secretary of the ministry. The committee will also have members of the service headquarters of the army, navy and air force. They would then conduct price negotiations with the L1 bidder to improve upon the initial offer.
Finally, a paper would be prepared for the Cabinet Committee on Security that would have to give its seal of approval and award the contract. It is at this stage, before the contract is awarded, that government-to-government negotiations would be conducted to get the best additional benefits for the country.
The sheer size of the MMRCA deal ensures that India will get a high level of attention from each of country vying for the largest defence contract in recent memory.

07-27-2010, 11:06 AM
India pays dearly for poorly negotiated arms deals (http://www.indiandefencereview.com/2010/07/india-pays-dearly-for-poorly-negotiated-arms-deals.html)

It has recently been reported in the Israeli press that India paid more than double the amount for the purchase of three AWACS aircraft from Israel in March 2004. These aircraft were earlier being sold to China for US $358 million but the deal had to be aborted under US pressure. Subsequently, India agreed to buy them for US $1.1 billion–a whopping US $742 million more than the price agreed to by the Chinese. There are numerous such instances where India has paid exorbitant amounts for the defence equipment contracted. Coffin deal has already attracted considerable attention for the same reason. Inability to negotiate contracts astutely has been the biggest weakness of the entire defence procurement regime.

what to say:(

07-27-2010, 11:09 AM
Boeing delivers F/A-18 combat jet with HAL gun bay door

WASHINGTON: Boeing has delivered to the US Navy the first F/A-18 Super Hornet combat jet featuring a gun bay door manufactured by Bangalore-based Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL).

"The gun bay door contract is the first military contract between Boeing and HAL. It is a direct result of Boeing's industrial participation commitment to India, which includes creating jobs with indigenous companies," a company statement said.

Boeing and HAL are also working together on projects for the P-8I multi-mission maritime aircraft for the Indian Navy and for the commercial Boeing 777 airplane.

The gun bay door covers the F/A-18's six-barrel 20 mm, externally powered M61A2 Gatling gun system that can fire 4,000-6,000 rounds per minute. Made by US military systems giant General Dynamics, the gun, however, carries only about 600 rounds.

The gun can be used in a dogfight if it erupts, although the aircraft is loaded with long-range precision strike weapons and missiles as the emphasis now is on beyond visual range (BVR) engagement.

HAL has already sent five sets of the gun bay doors to Boeing and 13 more are under manufacture as part of an initial contract. HAL is also hoping for a repeat order.

So far, Boeing has been sourcing gun bay doors from the Czech Republic's AERO Vodochody, which has already supplied more than 300.

While the F/A-18 is one of the jets in contention for an Indian Air Force order for 126 medium multi-role combat aircraft, Vivek Lall, vice president and country head for Boeing Defense, Space and Security (Boeing DSS), says the gun bay door contract was not tied to this but was part of a Boeing initiative to source $1 one billion worth of parts and services from HAL.

As part of this, Boeing is also sourcing wire harnesses for the F/A-18 from HAL. http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/news-by-industry/et-cetera/Boeing-delivers-F/A-18-combat-jet-with-HAL-gun-bay-door/articleshow/6222667.cms

07-27-2010, 11:10 AM
Navy’s P-8I design finalized for assembly

“The P-8I’s unique capabilities are tailored to India’s maritime-patrol requirements. It has the reach and capability to defend India’s vast coastline and maritime waters,” said Vivek Lall, vice president and India country lead, Boeing Defense, Space & Security. Leland Wight, P-8I program manager for Boeing, said in the statement, “For P-8I, we are incorporating not only India-unique design features, but also India-built subsystems, so this agreement that the design addresses all customer requirements is a huge milestone,” adding, “It also leads us to the program’s next stage: We are on track to start fabricating the P-8I’s empennage section before the end of this year.”

07-27-2010, 11:11 AM
Indian and Royal Navy Exercise

A two day exercise between HMS Talent, a Royal Navy (Trafalgar class) submarine of and a Shishumar class submarine of the Indian Navy will be conducted from 28th July to 30th July 2010 off the West coast of India. At the same time, ‘KONKAN 2010’ the annual IN-RN bilateral exercise is being conducted at Mumbai from 26th July 2010. This is the seventh edition of the ‘KONKAN’ series of exercises. This edition of KONKAN is being conducted as a 'Table-Top' exercise at the tactical simulator located at Maritime Warfare Centre, Mumbai. A ‘Table-Top’ exercise is an exercise without actual participation of ships, but with participation of Planning Staff of both countries. The aim of this exercise is to exchange operational Planning concepts ; Maritime Domain Awareness procedures and to test these plans through simulations of a maritime scenario at sea. Experiences from this Table Top game will be utilised to refine concepts for future KONKAN series of exercises involving ships, submarines and aircraft.
The nine-member Royal Navy team is headed by Commodore James Morse, the COMUKTG (Commander United Kingdom Task Group) and the Indian Team of eleven officers is headed by Captain MA Hampiholi, Commanding Officer INS Talwar.
The first KONKAN exercise was conducted in April 2004 at Chennai, followed by exercises in 2006, 2008 and 2009 in India. KONKAN 2007 was a Table-Top exercise conducted at the Royal Navy’s Maritime Warfare Centre at Portsmouth, UK. In 2009, KONKAN was conducted off the southern coast of UK during the deployment of IN Ships to the Mediterranean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean. The IN-RN KONKAN series of exercises are a part of the continuing and growing constructive engagement process between the two navies.


07-27-2010, 03:55 PM
India pays dearly for poorly negotiated arms deals (http://www.indiandefencereview.com/2010/07/india-pays-dearly-for-poorly-negotiated-arms-deals.html)


what to say:(

That Israel sometimes can be a rather bad friend?

07-28-2010, 09:09 AM
That Israel sometimes can be a rather bad friend?

too bad,but there's no friend in business and geopolitics its a question of mutual interest though the contracts were Mal-negotiated by Indians themselves so need to blame the other party the problem lies in the MOD.

07-28-2010, 09:11 AM
Government to set up chain of radar sensors along coastlines

New Delhi: The government has launched a project to set up radar sensors along the country's coastlines for surveillance in order to avoid a Mumbai-like terror attack during which Pakistani terrorists took the sea route to enter the city.
The Rs 350-crore project to set up the chain of radar sensors along the entire 7,517-km coastline, Andaman and Nicobar islands and Lakshadweep is implemented by the Coast Guard.
The radar sensors will be fitted on light houses at 46 locations, out of which 36 are in the mainland, six in Lakshadweep Islands and four in the Andaman and Nicobar islands.
Radar sensors use Frequency Modulated Continuous Wave (FMCW) to reliably detect moving or stationary objects even in the extreme weather conditions.
"The government has been on continuous basis reviewing the security arrangements of our coastline in the light of the emerging challenges, including those from the terrorists. The decision to set up a chain of radar sensors has been taken to strengthen the coastal security," an official said.
As a part of the overall coastal security, the navy has been designated as the authority responsible for the overall maritime security which includes coastal security and offshore security.
The Indian Coast Guard is additionally designated as the authority responsible for the coastal security in territorial waters, including areas patrolled by State Coastal Police.
The existing Coastal Security Scheme provides for the setting up of 73 coastal police stations, 97 check posts, 58 outposts and 30 operational barracks, equipped with 204 vessels and vehicles in the nine coastal states, four coastal union territories.
So far, 66 coastal police stations have been operationalised. Supply of interceptor boats to the states and union territories has also started and 109 boats have been supplied till last month.
Besides, the ministry of shipping has been mandated to streamline the process of registration of all types of vessels - fishing as well as non-fishing - and also to ensure the fitting of navigational and communication equipments on these boats.
Of India's total coastline, 5423 km is along the mainland and 2094 km in the Andaman and Nicobar and Lakshadweep islands.

07-29-2010, 04:12 AM
Seven Blunders that will Haunt India for Posterity (http://www.indiandefencereview.com/2010/07/seven-blunders-that-will-haunt-india-for-posterity.html)

History is most unforgiving. As historical mistakes cannot be undone, they have complex cascading effect on a nation’s future. Here is a saga of seven historical blunders that have changed the course of independent India’s history and cast a dark shadow over its future. These costly mistakes will continue to haunt India for generations. They have been recounted here in a chronological order with a view to highlight inadequacies of India’s decision making apparatus and leadership’s incompetence to act with vision.

1. The Kashmir Mess
There can be no better example of shooting in one’s own foot than India’s clumsy handling of the Kashmir issue. It is a saga of naivety, blinkered vision and inept leadership. Hari Singh was the reigning monarch of the state of Jammu and Kashmir in 1947. He was vacillating when tribal marauders invaded Kashmir in October 1947, duly backed by the Pakistan army. Unable to counter them, Hari Singh appealed to India for assistance and agreed to accede to India. Indian forces blunted the invasion and re-conquered vast areas.
First, India erred by not insisting on unequivocal accession of the state to the Dominion of India and granted special status to it through Article 380 of the Constitution. Secondly, when on the verge of evicting all invaders and recapturing the complete state, India halted operations on 1 January 1949 and appealed to the Security Council. It is the only case in known history wherein a country, when on the threshold of complete victory, has voluntarily forsaken it in the misplaced hope of winning admiration of the world community. Thirdly and most shockingly, the Indian leadership made a highly unconstitutional offer of plebiscite in the UN.
Forty percent area of the state continues to be under Pakistan’s control, providing it a strategic land route to China through the Karakoram ranges. As a fall out of the unresolved dispute, India and Pakistan have fought numerous wars and skirmishes with no solution in sight. Worse, the local politicians are holding India to ransom by playing the Pak card. Kashmir issue is a self created cancerous furuncle that defies all medications and continues to bleed the country.

2. Ignoring Chinese Threats and Neglect of the Military
Memories of the year 1962 will always trouble the Indian psyche. A nation of India’s size had lulled itself into believing that its protestations and platitudes of peaceful co-existence would be reciprocated by the world. It was often stated that a peace loving nation like India did not need military at all. The armed forces were neglected. Political leadership took pride in denigrating the military leadership and meddled in internal affairs of the services to promote sycophancy. Foreign policy was in shambles. Intelligence apparatus was rusted.
Even though signs of China’s aggressive intentions were clearly discernible for years in advance, Indian leadership decided to keep its eyes shut in the fond hope that the problem would resolve itself. When China struck, the country was caught totally unprepared. Troops were rushed to snowbound areas with summer clothing and outdated rifles. Despite numerous sagas of gallantry, the country suffered terrible embarrassment. India was on its knees. With national morale and pride in tatters, India was forced to appeal to all nations for military aid. Inept and incompetent leadership had forced a proud nation to find solace in Lata Mangeshkar’s ‘Ae Mere Watan Ke Logo’.

3. The Tashkent Agreement and Return of Haji Pir Pass
Following the cease-fire after the Indo-Pak War of 1965, a Russian sponsored agreement was signed between India and Pakistan in Tashkent on 10 January 1966. Under the agreement, India agreed to return the strategic Haji Pir pass to Pakistan which it had captured in August 1965 against heavy odds and at a huge human cost. The pass connects Poonch and Uri sectors in Jammu and Kashmir and reduces the distance between the two sectors to 15 km whereas the alternate route entails a travel of over 200 km. India got nothing in return except an undertaking by Pakistan to abjure war, an undertaking which meant little as Pakistan never had any intention of honouring it.
Return of the vital Haji Pir pass was a mistake of monumental proportions for which India is suffering to date. In addition to denying a direct link between Poonch and Uri sectors, the pass is being effectively used by Pakistan to sponsor infiltration of terrorists into India. Inability to resist Russian pressure was a manifestation of the boneless Indian foreign policy and shortsighted leadership.
4. The Simla Agreement
With the fall of Dhaka on 16 December 1971, India had scored a decisive victory over Pakistan. Over 96,000 Pak soldiers were taken Prisoners of War (PoWs). Later, an agreement was signed between the two countries on 2 July 1972 at Shimla. Both countries agreed to exchange all PoWs, respect the line of control (LOC) in Jammu and Kashmir and refrain from the use of threat or force. Additionally, Bhutto gave a solemn verbal undertaking to accept LOC as the de facto border.

India released all Pak PoWs in good faith. Pakistan, on the other hand, released only 617 Indian PoWs while holding back 54 PoWs who are still languishing in Pakistani jails. The Indian Government has admitted this fact a number of times but has failed to secure their release. India failed to use the leverage of 96,000 Pak PoWs to discipline Pakistan. A rare opportunity was thus wasted. What to talk of establishing permanent peace in the sub-continent, India failed to ensure release of all Indian PoWs – a criminal omission by all accounts.
Naivety of the Indian delegation can be seen from the fact that it allowed Pakistan to bluff its way through at Shimla. The Indian leadership was fooled into believing Pakistan’s sincerity. Unquestionably, Pakistan never intended to abide by its promises, both written and verbal. Fruits of a hard fought victory in the battlefield were frittered away on a negotiating table by bungling leadership.
5. The Nuclear Muddle
Subsequent to the Chinese Nuclear Test at Lop Nor in 1964, India showed rare courage in carrying out its first nuclear test on 18 May 1974 at Pokharan. Outside the five permanent members of the UN Security Council, India was the only nation to prove its nuclear capability. The whole country was ecstatic and every Indian felt proud of its scientific prowess. But Indians had not contended with their Government’s penchant for converting opportunity into adversity and squandering hard earned gains.
Instead of asserting India’s newly acquired status of a nuclear power and demanding recognition, India turned apologetic and tried to convince the world that it had no nuclear ambitions. Strangely, it termed the Pokharan test as a ‘peaceful nuclear explosion’ – a term unheard of till then. The Defence Minister went to the extent of claiming that the Indian nuclear experiment was “only for mining, oil and gas prospecting, for finding underground sources of water, for diverting rivers, for scientific and technological knowledge.” It was a self-deprecating stance. Displaying acute inferiority complex, India did not want to be counted as a member of the exclusive nuclear club.
Criticism and sanctions were expected and must have been factored in before opting for the nuclear test. Whereas a few more assertive follow-on tests would have forced the world to accept India as a member of the nuclear club, India went into an overdrive to placate the world through a self imposed moratorium on further testing. It lost out on all the advantages provided to it by its scientists. It suffered sanctions and yet failed to gain recognition as a nuclear power. The country missed golden opportunities due to the timidity and spinelessness of its leaders.

6. Kandahar Hijack
Hijacking of an Indian Airlines aircraft to Kandahar by Pakistani terrorists in December 1999 will continue to rile India’s self-respect for long. According to the Hindustan Times, India lost face and got reduced to begging for co-operation from the very regimes that were actively undermining its internal security. The hijacking revealed how ill-prepared India was to face up to the challenges of international terrorism.
The eight day long ordeal was over when India’s National Security Adviser brazenly announced that an agreement had been reached for the release of all the hostages in exchange for three Kashmiri militants including Maulana Masood Azhar. Sadly, the Prime Minister claimed credit for forcing the hijackers to climb down on their demands. The worst was yet to follow. India’s Foreign Minister decided to accompany the released militants to Kandahar, as if seeing off honoured guests.
Government’s poor crisis-management skills and extreme complacency in security matters allowed the hijackers to take off from Amritsar airport after 39 minutes halt for refueling, thereby letting the problem get out of control. India’s much vaunted decision making apparatus collapsed and was completely paralysed by the audacity of a bunch of motivated fanatics. It was a comprehensive failure of monumental proportions. India’s slack and amateurish functioning made the country earn the tag of a soft nation which it will find very difficult to shed.
7. Illegal Immigration and Passage of IMDT Act
It is a standard practice all over the world that the burden of proving one’s status as a bonafide citizen of a country falls on the accused. It is so for India as well under Foreigners Act, 1946. Political expediency forced the Government to make an exception for Assam. In one of the most short-sighted and anti-national moves, India passed Illegal Migrants – Determination by Tribunals (IMDT) Act of 1984 for Assam. It shifted the onus of proving illegal status of a suspected immigrant to the accuser, which was a tall and virtually impossible order. Detection and deportation of illegal immigrants became impossible.
Whenever demands were raised for repealing the Act, Congress, Left Front and United Minorities Front resisted strongly. Illegal immigrants had become the most loyal vote bank of the Congress. Worse, every protest against the Act was dubbed as ‘anti-minority’, thereby imparting communal colour to an issue of national security. Government’s ‘pardon’ of all Bangladeshis who had come in before 1985 was another unconstitutional act that aggravated the problem.
The Act was struck down as unconstitutional by the Supreme Court on July 13, 2005, more than 20 years after its enactment. The Apex Court was of the view that the influx of Bangladeshi nationals into Assam posed a threat to the integrity and security of northeastern region. Unfortunately immense damage had already been done to the demography of Assam and the local people of Assam had been reduced to minority status in certain districts. Illegal immigrants have come to have a stranglehold over electioneering to the extent that no party can hope to come to power without their support. Nearly 30 Islamic groups are thriving in the area to further their Islamist and Pan Bangla Desh agenda. It is incomprehensible that a nation’s leadership can stoop so low and endanger even national security for garnering votes.

07-29-2010, 04:14 AM
Finally, is India Wiser Today?
Two features are common to all the above mentioned blunders. First, all decisions were taken by the political leadership and the bureaucracy. The military leadership was neither taken into confidence nor consulted. As a matter of fact it was deliberately kept out of the decision making loop. Although military is the primary stake holder in India’s nuclear prowess, it was not considered necessary to take it in confidence while taking decisions of strategic proportions.
Both Tashkant and Shimla Agreements were preceded by bitterly fought wars. They entailed negotiating the extent, scope and modalities of withdrawal from occupied areas. Even then, no need was felt to seek military’s advice and no service officer was included in the Indian delegations. Political leaders and the bureaucracy abrogated the right to negotiate military matters, in the egoistic belief that they were more qualified for the task. The results were disastrous, as mentioned above.
The second common feature is that no political leader or bureaucrat was ever held accountable for monumental blunders made by them. On the contrary, every single bureaucrat made it to the higher grades and was even given lucrative post-retirement appointments. It is an obnoxious sight to see the guilty men of the above blunders masquerading as foreign policy experts on TV shows and unabashedly offering their pearls of wisdom.
The above mentioned seven indefensible blunders have had enormous impact on the security, standing and history of India. Future generations will rue the fact that the Indian leadership failed the nation at critical junctures due to incompetence, ineptitude and selfish interests. Proclivity for perpetuating personal power made the leadership shortsighted and egocentric. But for the historical blunders, the current Indian geo-political scenario would have been totally different.
Has India learnt any lesson? Unfortunately, none whatsoever. Even now, military leadership is consciously and willfully kept out of all decision making apparatus. Even issues that affect security of the nation are decided by the bureaucrats who do not possess even elementary knowledge of military matters. It is only in India that well connected retired bureaucrats are offered membership of the National Security Council (NSC) as a rehabilitation measure. Merit and expertise are of little consequence. Further, India is perhaps the only country in the world wherein NSC does not have a single military member. Bureaucrats and ex-police officers have made NSC their exclusive domain, thereby depriving the nation of expert military advice. Resultantly, recurring blunders will continue to cost the country dear.

when the country has commies,Ram vilas Paswan,laloo prasad yadav and a former waitress at the head of the governing party what can you expect more.Play sickularism games again? West bengal is gone

07-29-2010, 09:58 AM
How to best remember Kargil (http://www.indiandefencereview.com/2010/07/how-to-best-remember-kargil.html)

Putting it in simple terms, if the Indian Army had not restored the situation in Kargil, the entire Jammu & Kashmir would have been lost. It was the most audacious operations undertaken by the Pakistan Army under the circumstances of conventional status-quo engendered by the nuclear capability that both countries had overtly declared.
There is enough evidence to suggest that this kind of operation had been on the drawing boards, even before Musharraf took over as the Army Chief, but had been torpedoed by General Zia as the planners failed to convince him that it would not lead to a full-scale war. Hassan Abbas in his book `Pakistan`s Drift into Extremism` has quoted conversation between Gen Zia and Director General of Military Operations (DGMO):
Zia: When we take Kargil, what do you expect the Indians to do? …I mean, don`t you think they will try and recapture it?
DGMO: Yes sir, but we think that the position is impregnable and we can hold it against far superior forces.
Zia: Now that`s very good, but in that case, don`t you think the Indians will go for a limited offensive elsewhere along the line of control, take some of our territory, and use it as a bargaining chip?
DGMO: Yes sir, this is possible, but…
Zia: And if they are beaten back there also, don`t you think they will attack across the international frontier, which may lead to a full-scale war?
DGMO: That`s possible, sir.
Zia: So in other words, you have prepared a plan to lead us into a full-scale war with India!

That we recaptured Kargil is a tribute to our young officers and men of the Indian Army. That Musharraf was convinced that it would not lead to a full-scale war, showed his utter disdain of India`s military prowess. That Pakistan flexed its nuclear weapons was a reflection of its extremely low nuclear threshold. That Pakistan used its irregulars along with regulars rallied together on religious motivations exposed the dangerous mix of Islamic fundamentalism and nuclear status. That we stuck to the operational area defined by the adversary was in many ways a surrender of our sovereign right to defend our country in the best possible way. When battles are joined, there should be no flanks and rear; however, we allowed ourselves to forgo our operational and tactical flexibility, resulting in headlong assaults and heavy causalities. No army in the world could have retrieved this kind of situation with so many restraints and constraints.
I dare say that never in the history of mountain warfare has the enemy been dislodged from such heights and by such tenacious assaults. Many of these young men were fully aware that the task was so formidable that they had to live by the minute. Yet they went ahead unflinchingly, leading by personal example. My friends who were on the staff in the Divisional Headquarters at Leh told me that when these young officers came for briefing for the operations, they were skeptical about meeting them again on this mother earth.
Every loss of life was a heart-rending moment, but a soldier has to overcome these emotions to save the country, his unit`s pride, and his own soldierly reputation. It takes years of training and motivation to produce such men. It is the duty of other supporting arms and the air force that before the final assault by the infantry, the objective should have been ideally pulverized or considerably punished. It did not happen.
Notwithstanding the claims of these elements and their coffee table books published after the war, the enemy had hardly been deterred and was mostly in their formidable positions, which General Zia`s DGMO had described `impregnable`.
Nonetheless, our men did not complain and accomplished their task, which by any standards was most daunting. I have always maintained that fighting within 200 yards of the objective (as taught in the training institutions) is what brings out the character of the soldier and is rather the acid test of his military training. Our officers and men never once failed.
I hope my countrymen will agree that our young officers and men need recognition. They need to be treated as national assets. The country has to ensure that the romance of soldering is part of the national culture. If our newspapers can publish the photograph of IAS toppers, most of them nearly 30 years in age, having children and some of them passing in their sixth or seventh attempt – then it also incumbent upon them to publish the photographs of toppers of NDA and IMA entrance tests, which are far more comprehensive.
Do not let the colonial legacy kill the spirit of India. Recently, some young officers in a gathering approached a journalist and lamented that the press does not write on issues concerning the self-pride and morale of the forces. They said: “Do you realise how slighted we feel when we see our Lt Gen below the DGP?“
Meanwhile, we can pay tribute to our Kargil martyrs by remembering them. Having short memories and short-lived emotional outpour does not lead to nation-building. It is the sign of a diffident and insecure society.
We can pay tribute by ensuring that there is never a shortage in the basic fighting wherewithal. There was a real shortage of artillery ammunition and had to be flown in from other sensitive sectors. We can pay tribute by having proper arrangements for carriage of dead bodies.
The senior officers of the armed forces can pay respect by not appropriating gallantry awards, which they did not deserve. The intelligence community of India can honour them by learning the vital lesson of Kargil Conflict i.e., the importance of military component of intelligence. Our diplomats can pay tribute by ensuring that military operations are never made hostage to international diktats. And above all our politicians and bureaucrats can pay tribute by sending their sons to the armed forces.

07-29-2010, 10:01 AM
Experts say: The Indian anti-missile system can only be considered assembly (http://wuxinghongqi.blogspot.com/2010/07/experts-say-indian-anti-missile-system.html)

India was the country's 26 domestic anti-missile interceptor system test, said to be "very successful." Indian media a joy, but the outside world is relatively flat response, analysts generally believe that India is still low level of anti-missile interceptors.

26, a Chinese missile expert, said that India's anti-missile system in the current anti-missile system in the world in a "bottom" position. The test of a new air defense missile by the Indian army as "AAD" (advanced air defense systems), in use with the U.S. "Patriot" air defense missile system and Russia's S-300 series of air defense missile system similar, but technically roughly equivalent in the United States and Russia of the last century the level of the mid-80s.

The expert said that the Indian test antimissile systems that can only be blocked within a range of 1,000 km of tactical ballistic missiles, while China already has the long-range ballistic missile intercept technology. China's short-range ballistic missile has been fully achieved "solid" and the missile terminal head separation, or even use the mobile terminal measures such as penetration, India wants to deal with the existing type of missile interception system, I am afraid some powerless.

Second Artillery Command College Professor Shao Ling said that India claims to independent research and development, in fact, it's the AAD system, early warning radar from France, the interceptor missile developed by Israel to help. With so many things are imported from abroad, so the overall system compatibility will not be good.

08-03-2010, 01:17 AM
Indian Army T-72 tanks now have night vision

The Indian Defence Minister yestrday stated in the parliament that the T-72 tank fleet is being optimally used and is the mainstay of the present tank fleet. The entire fleet of this tank is fully battle worthy with high mission and operational reliability. A part of the T-72 fleet is already equipped with high end technology night vision device which has been fully integrated and exploited. Further, the process of upgrading the night fighting capabilities with the state-of-the-art thermal imaging is an ongoing process.

Army To Reduce its Night Blindness, Arjun Mk-II To Have Panoramic Commander's Sight (http://chhindits.blogspot.com/2010/08/army-to-reduce-its-night-blindness.html)

Director of the Dehradun-based Instruments Research Development Establishment (IRDE), S S Sundaram, said in a press conference here today that Arjun Mk-II's Commander's sight will be modified and advanced compared to the one in Arjun Mk-I.

The Commander's sight in Mk-I has just day vision, but the new one being developed for Mk-II will have day and night vision, laser range finder and will be capable of firing also. It will have a range of about five kilometers, and will be ready for evaluation in one year. The lab has also developed a five kilometer Commander's sight for the T-72, which has been successful, and has got orders from the Army for similar commander's sights to be made for T-90 tanks and BMPs.Source:Chindits

08-03-2010, 01:18 AM
Air force gets US planes minus security net

New Delhi, Aug. 2: The Indian Air Force has contracted six aircraft for the special forces for $1 billion without military-grade secure equipment because Washington denied the technology after New Delhi refused to sign a communications secrecy pact.

The air force is now in the process of contracting another 10 very heavy strategic airlifters under the same technology-denial regime for an estimated $3 billion.

India contracted six C-130J Super Hercules in 2007 and the first of these aircraft is likely to be delivered by January 2010 ahead of schedule by its maker, Lockheed Martin, under a government-to-government foreign military sales programme.

One of the scenarios in which the Hercules (“Hercs” for short) is to be used involves inserting special airborne troops (paratroopers) by flying into hostile territory where an adversary can try to intercept and/or jam electronic communication.

“We are aware that some of the equipment we desire may not be available. But it is up to us to use the platform the way we want to with modifications once we have it,” a senior air force officer told The Telegraph.

A US defence official told this newspaper “anything that requires encryption, which includes military-grade global positioning systems (GPS)” will not be mounted on the C-130J or the C-17 Globemaster III (made by Boeing) because India has not yet signed the Communications Inter-Operability and Security Memorandum of Agreement (CISMOA).

The CISMOA was proposed by the Pentagon to the Indian defence ministry in 2006. A standard text for another crucial agreement, the End-User Monitoring Arrangement, was agreed last year after more than three years of negotiations.

A secure GPS is indispensable for mobile military platforms that are designed to track targets in all-weather and all-time circumstances.

“The military GPS system is encrypted and thus not available without a communications agreement,” the US defence official said. He claimed that “US military equipment is designed utilising the best systems available, such as military-grade GPS, which is more accurate and less likely to be spoofed (intercepted) than civilian GPS”.

Asked if there was any way India could access the equipment without signing the CISMOA, he replied “there is no way around this”. He said the CISMOA would apply to the proposed sale of the C-17 also. Trials for the aircraft were completed last month and the Indian Air Force has decided to buy it.

The four-engine turbo-prop Hercs — a workhorse for the US military — is a “tactical airlifter” with a payload capacity of 20 tonnes or about 120 fully-equipped airborne troops capable of landing on dirt *****s and with short take-off and landing capability.

The giant C-17 jet is also rugged but capable of flying much longer distances with much heavier payloads. The Indian Air Force has projected a dire need for these two different classes of aircraft because its Russian/Soviet-origin aircraft are outdated.

The air force is set to order six more Hercs in addition to the six already contracted. The Coast Guard and the Border Security Force are also in line to acquire two Hercs each.

The Hercs are to be based at Hindon, just east of Delhi, where the Indian Air Force base is being refurbished. The Hercs for India have been modified for special missions and are equipped with an infrared detection set for low-level flying in adverse conditions.

Although the communications systems would not have the desired level of security for the Indian Air Force, an official said that India was getting the Hercs with the configuration it wants. They will have self-protection and mid-air refuelling ability. The Hercs is in service in 10 countries.

08-03-2010, 01:18 AM
DRDO’s next: Star Wars-like weapons

NEW DELHI: Move aside Darth Vader and Luke Skywalker, DRDO is trying to develop its own set of Star Wars-like weapons. From laser dazzlers to control rioting crowds to high-powered lasers to destroy incoming missiles, DRDO is working on a slew of directed energy weapons (DEWs).

"Lasers are weapons of the future. We can, for instance, use laser beams to shoot down an enemy missile in its boost or terminal phase,'' said DRDO's Laser Science & Technology Centre (LASTEC) director Anil Kumar Maini, talking to TOI on Monday.

Incidentally, DRDO chief V K Saraswat himself has identified DEWs, along with space security, cyber-security and hypersonic vehicles, as focus areas in the years ahead. "LASTEC has the mandate to develop DEWs for armed forces,'' said DRDO's chief controller (electronics & computer sciences) R Sreehari Rao.

While conventional weapons use kinetic or chemical energy of missiles or other projectiles to destroy targets, DEWs decimate them by bombarding with subatomic particles or electromagnetic waves at the speed of sound. Apart from the speed-of-light delivery, laser DEWs cause minimal collateral damage.

DRDO, of course, often promises much more than it can deliver. But even the defence ministry's recent "technology perspective and capability roadmap'' identifies DEWs and ASAT (anti-satellite) weapons as thrust areas over the next 15 years, as was first reported by TOI.

The aim is to develop laser-based weapons, deployed on airborne as well as seaborne platforms, which can intercept missiles soon after they are launched towards India in the boost phase itself. These will be part of the fledgling ballistic missile defence system being currently developed by DRDO.

The US, incidentally, is already conducting tests of high-powered laser weapons on a modified 747 jumbo jet, the ALTB (airborne laser testbed), which direct lethal amounts of directed energy to destroy ballistic missiles during their boost phase.

It will, of course, take India several years to even conduct such tests. For now, LASTEC is developing "a 25-kilowatt'' laser system to hit a missile during its terminal phase at a distance of 5-7 km. "All you need is to heat the missile skin to 200-300 degree and the warhead inside will detonate,'' said Maini.

LASTEC is also working on a vehicle-mounted "gas dynamic laser-based DEW system'', under project Aditya, which should be ready in three years. "But Aditya is just a technology demonstrator to prove beam control technology. Ultimately, we have to develop solid-state lasers,'' said Maini.

Even countries like US have now shifted their focus to the more efficient, smaller and lighter solid-state laser DEWs since chemical (dye and gas) lasers are dogged by size, weight and logistical problems.


Non-Lethal systems:

-- Hand-held laser dazzler to disorient adversaries, without collateral damage. 50-metre range. Status: Ready.

-- Crowd-control dazzlers mounted on vehicles to dispel rioting mobs. 250-metre range. Status: take 2 years more.

-- Laser-based ordnance disposal system, which can be used to neutralise IEDs and other explosives from a distance. Status: trials begin in 18 months.

Lethal Systems:

-- Air defence dazzlers to take on enemy aircraft and helicopters. 10-km range. Status: take 2 years more.

-- 25-kilowatt laser systems to destroy missiles during their terminal phase. 5 to 7-km range. Status: take five years more.

-- At least 100-kilowatt solid-state laser systems, mounted on aircraft and ships, to destroy missiles in their boost phase itself. Status: will take a decade.


08-03-2010, 01:20 AM
Kaveri Prototype To Be Integrated With IL-76 At Gromov Flt Research Institute Russia For Tests (http://chhindits.blogspot.com/2010/08/kaveri-prototype-to-be-integrated-with.html)

On kaveri engine development he said that GTRE has successfully completed one major milestone i.e. altitude testing, simulating Kaveri engine performance at different altitude and Mach No.One of Kaveri prototype (K9) is being integrated with IL-76 aircraft at Gromov Flight Research Institute (GFRI), Russia for ground and flight tests, of Flying Test Bed (FTB) trials, this will be the second major milestone to be achieved. These two milestones would make ‘Kaveri engine flightworthy.

Defence Minister A K Antony informed Lok Sabha today that,Gas Turbine Research Establishment (GTRE) associated itself with a premier scientific organisation of Russia i.e., Central Institute of Aviation Motors (CIAM) with an objective of fine tuning of Kaveri engine performance. This association brought GTRE per se Kaveri project in higher platform, resulting in successful completion of one major milestone i.e. altitude testing, simulating Kaveri engine performance at different altitude and Mach No. Subsequently, one of Kaveri prototype (K9) is being integrated with IL-76 aircraft at Gromov Flight Research Institute (GFRI), Russia for ground and flight tests, of Flying Test Bed (FTB) trials, this will be the second major milestone to be achieved. These two milestones would make ‘Kaveri engine flight-worthy.

08-03-2010, 03:49 AM
What? Move over?

Brings to mind "If you only knew the POWER of the Dark Side...!"

black mamba
08-03-2010, 11:36 PM
CAG Pulls Up IAF For Operation, Maintenance Of Mi Series, Slams Navy For Functioning Of Aviation Arm

Comptroller and audit General (CAG) has slammed the Indian Airforce (IAF) for their operation and maintenance of Mi series of helicopters, after conducting a performance audit on the Mi fleet of the IAF. The country's watchdog has also pulled up the Indian Navy for the functioning of its aviation arm.

In a report tabled today in Parliament, following were the findings by CAG:

--- IAF is operating with 74% of the helicopters against the current operational requirements.

--- The existing fleet is aging and nearly 78% of the choppers have already completed their prescribed life and Total Technical Life (TTL) extension has been carried out on them to elongate their life.

--- Despite availability of funds and a specific acquisition program, IAF was unable to induct even a single helicopter between 2002 and 2007.

--- The actual utilisation rate of medium lift and heavy lift helicopters varied between 33 to 53 percent and 10-20 percent respectively.

--- Serviceability levels were low and fluctuated between 45-75%.

--- There was a deficit in the availability of helicopters owing to substantial aid given to civil authorities for counter-insurgency, UN missions, requests from friendly nations, unauthorised modification of choppers for VVIP use.

Indian Navy:

A performance audit on the Indian Navy's aviation arm showed delays and shortcomings in the preparation and finalisation of the long term acquisition plans.

--- Indian Navy's air combat capabilities have been drastically reduced owing to availability of only one carrier.

--- Availability of aircraft was a mere 26% of asset strength on account of high number of aircraft undergoing repair.

--- Replacement for the aging aircraft carrier will not be possible before 2013.

--- Attack capabilities of the already depleted aircraft fleet on-board the carrier have been restricted in the absence of a fully functional radar and limited firing of practice missiles.

--- The IN acquired six second-hand UH-3H helicopters in November 2006, whose life had expired and had many defects.


08-04-2010, 03:07 AM
Indian Navy Harrier Upgrade "Imprudent", Partiality Shown To Israeli Firms: Indian Audit Watchdog (http://livefist.blogspot.com/2010/08/indian-navy-harrier-upgrade-imprudent.html)

India's national audit watchdog agency, the Comptroller & Auditor General (CAG) has severely criticised the Indian Navy's upgrade of 14 Sea Harriers. The Navy embarked on the upgrade (http://www.indianexpress.com/oldStory/67731/) -- called the Limited Upgrade Sea Harrier (LUSH (http://livefist.blogspot.com/2010/02/photos-limited-upgrade-sea-harrier-lush.html)) programme -- in March 2005.

The new CAG union audit report (http://www.cag.gov.in/html/reports/defence/2010-11_7AFN-PA/chap2.pdf) on the Indian Navy, tabled in Parliament yesterday, observes, "The contract for limited upgradation was concluded but only in March 2005. The delay was mainly on account of finalising technical requirements, issuing the Request for Proposal, conducting Technical Evaluation for the missile and associated radar. Not only did this delay defeat the very purpose of execution of the project on fast track basis but the Navy would also be able to exploit the upgraded Sea Harrier aircraft for a very limited period only, i.e about three years or less. Even subsequently, there were delays in the execution of the programme by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) and the first milestone of handing over two prototypes to Navy by February 2007 could not be achieved. Consequently, delivery of the remaining aircraft, scheduled for February 2008 was postponed to December 2009."

Further, the report says, "The Sea Harrier has had, over the past few years, a very high attrition rate. In fact, subsequent to the time of mooting the proposal, in October 2001, Navy lost two aircraft in August 2003 and December 2004. Despite being aware of these facts, Navy initially committed all its aircraft for the upgradation though they ultimately reduced one aircraft from the final contract. Further they did not include any provision in the contract for payment on prorata basis depending on the number of aircraft upgraded by the vendor. As a result, after conclusion of contract, when more aircraft were lost in accidents, Navy had no option but to make payment of Rs 204.30 crore to HAL towards upgradation of these nonexistent aircraft lost in the interim period. Navy would, however, be able to setoff only Rs 16.16 crore payable to HAL for their services."

Damningly, the CAG report also notes that the Navy was "predisposed" towards selecting the Rafael-made Derby BVR missile "even though the missile did not fulfil the needs of the Indian Navy". The report notes, "The RFP issued in August 2003 stipulated that the IN’s requirement was for the Derby missile. As no corrigendum to the RFP was issued, clearly, competition in procurement was ruled out. As a result, although the RFP was issued to seven firms and an extension was granted till October 2003, only the Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) of the Derby missile responded. The trial directives were issued in March 2008 after scaling down the NSQRs at the instance of vendor. Consequently, the acceptable maximum range of the missile was reduced from ‘A’ Km to ‘B’ Km, which was 54 per cent of the original accepted range. Actual live firing of missile was conducted, in March 2008, on an upgraded prototype Sea Harrier aircraft at a range of ‘B’ Km for missile in mid envelope scenario (33 67 per cent). The vendor was unwilling to guarantee performance of the missile beyond the scaled downrange of ‘B’ Km. One of the basic aims of the acquisition of BVR Air to Air missile was to destroy targets at beyond visual ranges of up to ‘C’ Km. However, the missiles acquired failed to achieve the desired ranges in the live firing. The capability of the seeker, at the range prescribed in NSQR (‘A’ Km) was also not demonstrated in live firing (http://livefist.blogspot.com/2009/07/exclusive-navy-to-network-target-test.html). Moreover, the missile launcher design is being used for the first time for airborne operations."


08-04-2010, 03:10 AM
Troops Consume Dry Ration, Well Beyond Expiry Date : CAG (http://chhindits.blogspot.com/2010/08/troops-consume-dry-ration-well-beyond.html)

According to the latest Comptroller and Audit General (CAG)'s report tabled in Parliament today, it has been learnt that army personnel posted in the operationally sensitive Northern Command have been consuming dry ration items expired as long back as six to 28 months, besides other irregularities pointed out by CAG.
In the report tabled today on the performance audit of the supply chain management of rations in the Indian Army, the CAG has slammed the army for the quality of eatables provided to troops, absence of competition in the tendering process of fresh rations, the actual product received by the user as against what is shown on paper and irregularities in rates of these and corrective measures for the same.

Army Services Corps (ASC) is the branch of the Indian Army which is responsible for making procurements of dry and fresh rations for the army personnel, and it is headed by the Director General-Supplies and Transport, who is under the Quarter Master General (QMG), in the Army Headquarters. At the Command level, the ASC formation is headed by a two-star officer—Major General Army Services Corps (MGASC).

In a performance audit carried out in the army's Udhampur-based Northern Command, Chandimandir-based Western Command, and the Kolkata-based Eastern Command, all three of which are not only the biggest and the most operationally sensitive Commands of the Indian Army but also account for 70 percent of the total strength of the army. The supply chain mechanism in these operationally active Commands is more complex owing to the tough terrain conditions and dispersal of troops.

From terrain as high as 21,000 feet in high altitude Siachen, to counter-insurgency in Kashmir, manning the volatile borders on the Sino-Indian and Indo-Pak borders on both fronts, the Indian Army is all across in these Commands, braving the challenging weather and the enemy at the same time.

The army does winter-stocking in the Northern Command, as in winters the area is cut off for almost six months. Food and other rations are not fresh but food items are to be issued in accordance with their estimated storage life (ESL), which is a period for which the food item is likely to remain fit for human consumption under normal storage conditions. In special circumstances, ESL maybe extended to a maximum of three months.

CAG discovered that almost all items were granted an extension of life by the Mumbai and Delhi-based Central Food Laboratories (CFL) as per the instructions of the Directorate General Supplies and Transport, which was three months, but the Jammu-based CFL, covering the entire Northern Command granted an extension of six to 28 months to edible items like pulses, flour, rice, tea, sugar, edible oil and raisins, in the dry ration category.

In the fresh rations, serious absence of competition has come to light, with 82 percent of procurements made based on less than three quotations and 36 percent based on single vendor quotations.

Irregularities in prices also have been pointed out by the country's watch-dog. In all cases of fresh rations, the accepted rates were way below the average local market rates determined by the army authorities, which was higher than the reasonable rates determined by the same authorities. Inexplicable and unusual variations in prices in adjacent locations were also noticed. Other irregularities as CAG points out in the report are, that certain varieties of vegetables shown to have issued by the supply depot and received by the consuming units were actually not not procured on those particular days.

In the dry ration category, except a couple of items, there were significant under procurements in all other items. Certain items , like sugar, were procured in excess over and above the provisioned requirement for two years.

The audit findings assessed the provisioning system, procurement as per prescribed procedures, efficiency in management of contracts, distribution according to prescribed scales and standards and satisfaction of the users.

The findings have been unsatisfactory and the recommendations of the CAG include broadening of the vendor base for fresh rations and putting up the list of the vendors on the ASC website. Other recommendations are strengthening the procurement procedure, purchases directly from outside, computerised management of supply chain, development of set of guidelines of dos and dont's, and investigation into abnormal variations in rates of fresh items.

Some benefits pointed out in the audit report is that procurement of items like atta (flour) directly from the market is that not only would it save extra expenditure incurred in grounding wheat but also would save personnel entrusted for this task. The report states, “Going by the calculation, about Rs 25 crore could have been saved annually by procuring atta directly from the market, and would also save the Army's expenditure of operating a detachment of personnel in each mill.”


08-04-2010, 03:18 AM
How to best remember Kargil (http://www.indiandefencereview.com/2010/07/how-to-best-remember-kargil.html)

ia: When we take Kargil, what do you expect the Indians to do? …I mean, don`t you think they will try and recapture it?
DGMO: Yes sir, but we think that the position is impregnable and we can hold it against far superior forces.
Zia: Now that`s very good, but in that case, don`t you think the Indians will go for a limited offensive elsewhere along the line of control, take some of our territory, and use it as a bargaining chip?
DGMO: Yes sir, this is possible, but…
Zia: And if they are beaten back there also, don`t you think they will attack across the international frontier, which may lead to a full-scale war?
DGMO: That`s possible, sir.
Zia: So in other words, you have prepared a plan to lead us into a full-scale war with India!

Who is this General Zia? I think Musharraf was the Army Chief at that time.

08-04-2010, 10:09 AM
Who is this General Zia? I think Musharraf was the Army Chief at that time.

The article enumerates that the Kargil war proposal was given to many leaders Bhutto,Zia got it finally Musharraf during SHarif tenure activated the plan

08-04-2010, 10:10 AM
Defence Research and Development Organisation plans radar along border

The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) is creating a tri-services (Army, Navy, Air Force) communication signal intelligence gathering network along the country’s entire border.
It will be operational in a year’s time.
While it is not yet known where the command and control of the radar network will be located, the tri-services communication signal intelligence will intercept and analyse situations and information in real time.
The Hyderabad-based Defence Electronics Research Laboratory (DLRL) is in the process of covering the country’s entire border for signal interception and intelligence gathering, with penetration of up to 200 kilometres into the neighbouring territory. The project is expected to cost Rs700-800 crore.
The land-based system will intercept aerial communication, real-time activity on ground across the border, and aircraft signals. The network will have 25 static and four mobile units for interception.
The first level of the system will become operational by December 2010 and the remaining will start functioning by 2011. DLRL director G Bhupati pointed out that there was no substitute for self-reliance. “Electronic warfare will be required in the coming years,” he said.

08-04-2010, 10:10 AM
Top LCA-Navy Team In Russia For Talks

A high-level naval delegation from the Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA) – the government makers of India’s much-anticipated Light Combat Aircraft (LCA-Navy) – is currently in Russia for contract negotiations and issues related to the program’s shore-based test facility (SBTF).
A senior official from the Defense Research & Development Organization (DRDO) told AVIATION WEEK that the team is being lead by Satish Babu, the financial advisor to DRDO chief V.K. Saraswat, who is also ADA’s director general. LCA Navy Program Director C.D. Balaji is also on the ADA team.
“The team is currently holding contract negotiations with Russia’s Rosoboronesport. The talks are mainly revolving around SBTF, that’s coming up at the Naval Air Station, Goa, to flight-test LCA naval variants,” the official said.
A naval prototype of LCA-Navy was officially rolled out by Indian Defense Minister A.K. Antony on July 6. The SBTF would be the Indian Navy’s first such facility.
“Building the SBTF in Goa is a huge technological challenge for ADA and the Indian Navy, and Russian help is critical. It will have to be an exact ship-on-the-shore facility based on India’s Indigenous Aircraft Carrier being built at Cochin Shipyard,” the official said. “The measurements are the same as IAC and it must have all equipment to simulate an aircraft carrier with ski-jump and arrested recovery. Hence, the current project review being undertaken with the Russians is crucial in many ways.”
The SBTF is critical to the program because ADA will be conducting carrier suitability tests for LCA-Navy in Goa after the initial flight trials for the current two prototypes are completed in Bengaluru. ADA hopes to have the ramp for the takeoff area ready by the end of 2011 and the landing area completed by 2012. A full-fledged telemetry unit is also being constructed in Goa as part of SBTF.

08-04-2010, 10:11 AM
IAF Modernizing Base Repair, Equipment Depots

The Indian Air Force is looking to modernize 27 base repair depots and equipment depots located all over India, and has invited industry to express interest in bidding.
The project, to be completed within three years, is expected to be worth around $390 million. It involves the procurement and supply of machine tools, electronics and electrical test equipment, the installation of material handling, packaging and allied machinery. It also will include fabrication of machine equipment and infrastructure and civil construction work for upgrades of existing hangars, bays, labs and warehousing facilities.
“This can be a wonderful opportunity for established Indian industrial groups to make a foray into the Aerospace and Defense manufacturing space,” says Rahul Gangal, executive vice president for defense advisory services at the Religare Strategic Advisory. “This is also a sizeable multi-disciplinary opportunity for private Indian industry to leverage upon.”
It is likely that the project will attract newcomers and expand the defense supplier base to including machine tool manufacturers, creating competitions for incumbents like Larsen & Toubro and Mahindras. Machines required include those for material handling, packaging and allied machinery, machine tools, grinding, welding and rubber machines, electronic and electrical test equipment.
The successful bidder will need to ensure the procurement, supply and shipment of an entire range of equipment, installation, commissioning and training at the sites, and post-commissioning maintenance support.
To ensure bidders have the capability to deploy adequate resources at multiple locations for the completion of the projects within 3-5 years, they need to have the experience of having completed similar projects involving supply, installation, testing, integration, and commission of equipment and civil construction work on a turnkey basis.

08-05-2010, 12:04 PM
Indian MoD comments various defence and security issues

Modernization of AN-32 Fleet of IAF

India and Ukraine have signed a contract on Modernisation of one hundred and five AN-32 fleet of Indian Air Force (IAF). This contract was signed on June 15, 2009 for Total Life Extension, Overhaul and Re-equipment of AN-32 fleet of Indian Air Force. The up-to-date equipment which will be fitted on the aircraft during modernization include avionics and hydraulic systems, etc. The life of AN-32 aircraft will be increased by 15 years up to 40 years. First batch of aircraft has already been positioned in Ukraine.

Maritime Patrol Aircraft

Government constantly review the security environment and accordingly decide induction of appropriate equipment/platforms including maritime patrol aircraft for adequate defence preparedness. This is a continuous process undertaken through procurement of the approved requirements of armed forces from various indigenous as well as foreign sources as per the provisions of Defence Procurement Procedure (DPP). Contracts for procurement of P-81 aircraft and Dornier aircraft for maritime patrol/reconnaissance/surveillance have been signed. Funds required for this purpose have been allocated. Funds have also been released as per the contractual provisions. State Governments have no role in this regard.

Development of Critical Technologies by DRDO

Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) is fully focussed towards enhancing self-reliance in military hardware. However, achieving self-reliance in this area is a joint responsibility that has to be met through national efforts by all Government agencies including Ministry of Defence (MoD), Defence Industries (both public and private), Ordnance Factories (OFs) and DRDO. As per provisions in defence Procurement Procedure (DPP) for “MAKE” category, DRDO is concentrating only on development of strategic, complex and security sensitive systems. DRDO has developed a number of military hardware, which have already been inducted into Armed Forces, besides a large numbers are in the process of development, production and induction.

DRDO has also been developing need based products for Armed Forces operating at high altitudes, deserts, rain forest, deep sea, etc. to increase their operational efficiency. These products are extremely useful in protecting our soldiers against adverse environmental condition. Technologies, developed by DRDO, have been transferred to industries for their bulk production to meet the demands of Armed Forces.

There is no financial constraints in DRDO to attract trained talents. Sixth Central Pay Commission has also recommended a number of incentives for scientists which have been accepted and implemented by the Government. As a result, attrition of scientists has also been reduced considerably in DRDO. http://www.defpro.com/news/details/17376/

08-05-2010, 12:06 PM
Russian nuke-powered missile cruiser to be in Goa for joint exercise

New Delhi, Aug 5 (ANI): Indian Navy will have a joint exercise with Russia's heavy nuclear-powered missile cruiser, Pyotr Velikiy, which will be in Goa for six days from August 6-11.According to spokesperson of the Russian Ministry of Defence (Navy), "Pyotr Velikiy" will participate in the PASSEX joint exercises with Indian naval ships. There will be air defence, gun firing exercises, maneuvering, and replenishment at sea.

The PASSEX will be the final blueprint stage of the visit of the Russian cruiser. Later "Pyotr Velikiy" will continue carry out its task in accordance with the preplanned mission, the spokesperson said.

According to Russian Navy General Headquarters, the visit of the cruiser to the Indian port "is another step in strengthening mutual understanding and cooperation between Russian and Indian Navies."

The heavy nuclear-powered missile cruiser is one of the state-of-the-art and powerful attack ships in the Russian Navy and in the world. It can hit big surface targets and has very effective air defence and antisubmarine capabilities.

The weaponry of cruiser includes attack cruiser missiles (range up to 550 km), air defence systems, etc. As per its attack capabilities this ship has no any analogue in the world.

The cruiser has powerful nuclear propulsion system, therefore ship can sail 32 knots (60 km/h). Service life of this system is 50 years. Energy potential of cruiser's nuclear power plant enables to provide energy for a city with population of 150-200 thousand people.

In January 2009 the Pyotr Veliky had participated in the joint naval exercise near the western coast of India with the Indian guided-missile destroyer INS Delhi. By Praful Kumar Singh (ANI)http://news.oneindia.in/2010/08/05/russiannuke-powered-missile-cruiser-to-be-in-goa-forj.html

08-05-2010, 12:07 PM
U.S. Dilutes Defence Technology to India (http://indiadefenceonline.com/2106/u-s-dilutes-defence-technology-to-india/)

The Indian Air Force (http://indianairforce.nic.in/) (IAF) has managed to contract six aircraft from the US at a price of $1 billion and it will be used by the Special Forces in the IAF. However, India’s refusal to sign the Communications Inter-Operability and Security Memorandum of Agreement (CISMOA) will mean that the aircraft will be delivered sans military grade secure equipment. In addition, the IAF is also contracting another ten heavy strategic airlifters for an estimated $3 billion from US and the airlifters will not have the military grade security equipment since the CISMOA is not signed by India.
As for the six C-130 (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/C-130_Hercules) J Super Hercules that India has already contracted for in 2007, the first of the C-130 J will be delivered by January 2011. The six C-130 J Super Hercules are being contracted through Lockheed Martin (http://www.lockheedmartin.com/) under the foreign military route (FMS) with the US.
The US has clarified that no equipment that uses encryption, like military-grade global positioning systems (GPS), will be supplied with the C-130 J or any other aircraft to India if it does not comply with CISMOA. In fact, the technology will be denied to India in the proposed sale of the C-17 Globemaster III (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/C-17_Globemaster_III) from Boeing of US.
As for the IAF, it seems content that it will have a platform the way it needs and then it can modify it. Although the desired level of security will be missing, the IAF is getting the configuration it wants. The flexible design of the Super Hercules enables it to be configured for many different missions, allowing for one aircraft to perform the role of many, including mid-air refuelling. A host of the special mission equipment added to the Super Hercules is removable, allowing it to quickly switch roles.
The C 130J is a special operations aircraft to land and take-off from a battle zone. It is capable of operating from rough dirt *****s to drop or pick up men and material from hostile areas. It is equipped with missile defence systems and equipped with an infrared detection set (IDS). This will be the first time the IAF will be provided with an ability to conduct precision low-level flying operations, airdrops and landings in blackout conditions. The Hercules is a four-engine turbo-prop “tactical airlifter” with a payload capacity of 20 tonnes or about 120 fully-equipped airborne troops capable of landing on dirt *****s and with short take-off and landing capability. It can be used to ferry troops and cargo for airborne assault.
According to sources, the Indian Coast Guard and the Border Security Force will also be receiving two Hercules aircraft each. The Hercules aircraft will be based at Hindon, East of Delhi, where the IAF base is being revamped.

08-05-2010, 12:07 PM
Indian Navy to Get New Destroyers Worth $6 Billion (http://indiadefenceonline.com/2103/indian-navy-to-get-new-destroyers-worth-6-billion/)

The Indian Navy (http://indiannavy.nic.in/) is getting a major fillip in its force as the Defence Ministry has approved the prestigious programme to indigenously construct four guided-missile stealth destroyers. The recent warship orders and other maritime projects are aimed at strengthening the Indian Navy’s force levels and at gaining a stronger strategic grasp along its coastline as well as the Indian Ocean region. The indigenous programme for the stealth destroyers is a part of the Project-15B (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/INS_Kolkata) and has been handed over to the Cabinet Committee on Security for approval. The programme will cost $6 billion and will be undertaken at the state-run Mazagon Docks Limited (MDL).
The nod from the Indian Defence Ministry for these four guided-missile stealth destroyers comes at a time when a $10 billion project for a second line of six submarines has also recently been given approval.
According to sources, the P-15 B is essentially a continuation of the 6,700-tonne Kolkata-class destroyers (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kolkata_class_destroyer) being built at MDL and aimed at delivery between years 2010 and 2014. However, the four new destroyers will have greater stealth and advanced sensor and weapon package.
The Indian Navy currently has 39 warships on order and about 34 are being indigenously built. The Indian Navy is already anxious for its delivery of the six French Scorpene submarines at MDL which was scheduled for delivery in 2012 but is running late by couple of years. Added to this is the 44,570-tonne Admiral Gorshkov (INS Vikramaditya) from Russia and the 40,000-tonne indigenous aircraft carrier (IAC) being built at Cochin Shipyard, both of which will be ready in a few years time.
Besides the clearance to these crucial projects for warships and aircraft carriers, the Indian government has also approved the $9 billion construction of seven more stealth frigates at MDL in Mumbai and Garden Reach Shipbuilder and Engineers (GRSE) in Kolkata.
Also, the Indian Navy will soon have a geosynchronous satellite, the first dedicated military satellite for the country and will complement the “maritime domain awareness” as well as network centric warfare for the navy. It will also ensure C4ISR (command, control, communication, computer, intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance) capabilities. The satellite will help the Indian Navy to network all its warships, submarines and aircraft among themselves as well as with operational centres ashore through high-speed data-links.

08-09-2010, 12:24 PM
Indian industry at landmark defence tender

India’s defence industry is poised at a landmark. On August 25, four Indian companies — three private and one public — will submit bids in the defence ministry’s first-ever ‘Indian industry only’ competition to develop a high-tech weapon system for the defence forces.
The four companies — Tata Motors; the Mahindra Group, L&T and the Ministry of Defence (MoD)-owned Ordnance Factory Board (OFB) — are competing to design and build 2,600 new-generation Future Infantry Combat Vehicles (FICVs) to replace the Indian Army’s aging fleet of Russian-designed BMP-IIs. In an American-style showdown, two of these vendors will be nominated to develop a prototype each and the winning design selected for the FICV.While the cost of developing and manufacturing 2,600 FICVs can only be roughly estimated, senior executives from two of the competing companies say that the bill could add up to Rs 50,000 crore. This will make it India’s most expensive defence contract so far.
Infantry Combat Vehicles (ICVs) are lightly armoured, highly mobile, tracked vehicles that look like small tanks. Travelling deep into enemy territory alongside tank columns, each ICV carries 7-8 infantry soldiers. These jawans, once dismounted, physically occupy and defend captured territory until the slower-moving infantry divisions can catch up with the strike formations.
MoD will fund 80 per cent of the cost of developing the FICV, while the selected contractor will pay the rest 20 per cent. It has been mandated that the FICV must have an indigenous content of at least 50 per cent. With a development time of 7-8 years, the FICV should be ready by 2018.
This indigenous development of an FICV has been enabled by the Defence Procurement Procedure of 2008 (DPP-2008), which lays down a “Make” procedure for developing “high-tech, complex systems” through Indian industry. Following this procedure, MoD surveyed private and public industry to zero in on potential contractors. The four companies identified were then issued with an Expression of Interest (EoI), which listed out the capabilities that the army expected from the FICV. Sources familiar with the EoI say that the FICV will be operated by three crewmembers, and carry seven additional soldiers with combat loads; it must provide protection from bullets fired by 14.5-millimetre calibre weapons; it must be amphibious, i.e. capable of floating in water; it must be air-transportable, which would imply a maximum weight of 18-20 tonnes; and it must have a cannon and be capable of firing anti-tank missiles.
In their responses to the EoI on August 25, each of the four competitors will detail their proposal for developing the FICV, the key project milestones, the estimated capital expenditure, the technology they will include and how that will be developed or purchased, and the minimum order that they would need to set up a financially viable production line.
Those responses will be evaluated by the MoD’s Integrated Project Management Team, which will select two contractors. Over a fixed number of years, the two contractors will develop their respective FICV prototypes. The Indian Army will select the better of the two by carrying out field trials.
But this is not a winner-takes-all competition. Since the MoD wants to retain two production lines, the winner will be given 65-70 per cent of the order, the runner-up will build 30-35 per cent of the army’s requirement of FICVs, provided that the company agrees to build the winning design at the same cost as the winner.
With two assembly lines operating, India’s private defence players expect that the FICV contract will create an ecosystem of suppliers extending far beyond the winner of the contract. Brig Khutab Hai, who heads the Mahindra Group’s defence business, says: “The FICV project will be a huge boost to the Indian defence industry in R&D, manufacture, and in developing Tier-1 and Tier-2 suppliers from the small and medium sector industries.”
This attempt by the MoD to harness private contractors is backstopped by the public sector: The Defence R&D Organisation believes that it will be approached for key technologies; and the Ordnance Factory Board, which manufactures the BMP-II at Medak, in Andhra Pradesh, for production assistance.
At least two of the private contractors believe that it would be wasteful to set up a new production line. Says a senior executive in one of the contending companies: “Ordnance Factory, Medak, is a national asset and it would be lying idle at that time. We could build the FICV at Medak — on a government-owned-company-operated basis — instead of setting up a brand new facility.”

08-09-2010, 12:27 PM
Indian Navy to procure 56 helicopters worth 1.5 bln USD

India, Aug. 8, 2010 (Xinhua News Agency) -- The Indian Navy will buy fifty-six light utility helicopters (LUH) worth nearly 70 billion rupee (about 1.5 billion U.S. dollars) to improve the aerial combat capability over the sea, local media reported on Sunday.
The purchase of naval LUH has been recently cleared by the Defense Acquisition Council, said Indian newspaper Daily News and Analysis.
The Indian Navy will choose the new type of helicopter from several modern types of helicopters among the EU, Russia and the United States, the report said.
The new naval type of the LUH should be driven by twin engines with a good survivability, and be designed with the modern airframe and structure. Besides, it should be equipped with the fully-integrated sophisticated avionics and can operate during day and night. It will also have the capability of flight in adverse conditions, such as snow, sleet, storm, sand and slush, according to the report.
The new naval helicopters will be deployed on the Indian shore bases to carry out the coastal operations, such as patrol, search and rescue, reconnaissance and surveillance. They will also be capable of taking off and landing from the decks of warships, including frigates, destroyers and the aircraft carriers.
If necessary, the new helicopters will be able to strike the surface warships with the anti-ship missiles, and carry out the anti-submarine operations with torpedoes and depth bombs, an Indian Navy's official said.
The Indian Air Force and the Army are also very interested in modern LUH, and are reportedly planning to acquire more than 380 over the next decade, of which 197 will be procured from foreign countries while the remaining would be indigenously produced.

08-10-2010, 02:15 AM
India to launch sat-based navigation system GAGAN

A satellite-based navigation system to aid air traffic from Southeast Asia to Africa, including over the high seas in the vast region, would be launched on Tuesday, placing India [ Images (http://search.rediff.com/imgsrch/default.php?MT=india) ] into a select group of nations which possess such a sophisticated technology.
GAGAN or the GPS Aided Geo Augmented Navigation to be launched by Civil Aviation Minister Praful Patel [ Images (http://search.rediff.com/imgsrch/default.php?MT=praful+patel) ] would not only help the civil aviation sector but also help in marine navigation, search and rescue operations, rail and road transport, survey and mapping as well as precision farming.
So far, only the US, Europe and Japan [ Images (http://search.rediff.com/imgsrch/default.php?MT=japan) ] have developed similar capabilities. GAGAN would fill the gap between the European EGNOS and the Japanese MSAS systems to provide seamless air navigation service across regional boundaries, an official spokesperson said.
The system, developed jointly by the Indian Space Research Organisation and Airports Authority of India, would operationalise a satellite-based Indian Flight Information Region in conjunction with all nations from Southeast Asia, Gulf and West Asia and the eastern coast of Africa. It would be based on a satellite constellation consisting of 24 satellites positioned in six earth-centered orbital planes, she said.
When commissioned, GAGAN is expected to provide civil aeronautical navigation signals consistent with International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) standards based on the Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) Panel, as part of the Future Air Navigation System for the aviation sector.
GAGAN would benefit the sector in a major way, including enabling aircraft to fly on direct straight-line routes. Currently, the planes fly over the land-based radars which are not installed in a straight line. GAGAN would help them navigate on a straight line as it is dependent on satellite route guidance and thus enhance fuel savings.
The system would help in 'precision approach' while landing at all airports in this vast region. It would not only result in savings on ground-based radar systems, but also improve air traffic capacity through reduced aircraft separation, that is more planes can be accommodated in a limited airspace.
GAGAN would also enhance air-to-air surveillane and provide minimum safe altitude warning, besides facilities for controlled flight into terrain, the absence of which becomes a major cause for aircrashes while landing. The project involves establishment of 15 Indian Reference Stations, three Indian Navigation Land Uplink Stations, three Indian Mission Control Centers and installation of all associated softwares and communication links.


08-11-2010, 01:53 AM
Agni-III ready for induction: Antony

NEW DELHI: After the Agni-I and Agni-II (http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/topic/search?q=Agni-II) surface-to-surface missiles, the 3000-km range Agni-III missile is ready for being inducted into the service, Lok Sabha was informed on Monday.

"700 km range Agni-I and 2000 km range Agni-II have been developed and inducted into service. Agni-III with a range of 3000 km is ready for induction," Defence minister A K Antony (http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/topic/search?q=A%20K%20Antony) said in reply to a question.

He said the third generation Nag anti-tank missile's user trials have been successfully conducted and the system is ready for induction into the production phase.

On the Indo-Israeli joint venture Medium range Surface to Air Missile (MR-SAM) programme, the Minister said pre-tender briefing of all prospective vendors has been carried out.

Antony said the first flight test of the jointly developed Long Range Surface to Air Missile (LR-SAM) with Israel was done in May this year.

Answering another query, he said the Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) has accepted the proposal for procuring 42 more Sukhoi-30 MKI aircraft from Russia at an estimated cost of Rs 20107.40 crore and they are planned to be delivered between 2014 and 2018.

Read more: Agni-III ready for induction: Antony - India - The Times of India (http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Agni-III-ready-for-induction-Antony/articleshow/6283385.cms#ixzz0wGnhsoC5) http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Agni-III-ready-for-induction-Antony/articleshow/6283385.cms#ixzz0wGnhsoC5


08-11-2010, 01:53 AM
Missile Development Programmes

Status of missile development programmes, currently being run in the country, are given below:-

(i) Nag - It is a 3rd Generation Anti-Tank Missile having ‘top attack’ and ‘fire and forget’ capability with a range of 4 km. Its validation trial based on User Trial feedback has been completed successfully. Missile system is ready to enter production /induction phase.
(ii) HELINA - It is the Helicopter Version of 3rd Generation Anti-Tank Guided Missile with a range of more than 7 km. Launchers have been cleared for captive carriage trials and handed over to Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) for carriage trials.
(iii) Astra – It is Air-to-Air Missile system for beyond visual range, designated to be a missile for Light Combat Aircraft (LCA). Its two guided flight trials from ground launcher have been undertaken during July 2010.
(iv) LR-SAM – It is a Long Range Surface-to-Air Missile (LR-SAM) jointly developed / produced by DRDO and IAI, Israel. Its Ballistic flight trials was undertaken in May 2010.
(v) MR-SAM – It is a Medium Range Surface-to-Air Missile (MR-SAM) jointly developed/produced by DRDO and IAI, Israel. Its preliminary design has been carried out. Pre-tender briefing to all prospective vendors has also been carried out.
(vi) Agni Series of Surface-to-Surface Missiles: Agni-I with a range of 700 km and Agni-II with a range of more than 2000 km have been developed and inducted into Services. Agni-III with a range of 3000 km is ready for induction into Services.
(vii) BrahMos – it is a Supersonic Cruise Missile. It has twin roles against sea and land based targets and can be fitted on multiple platforms including ships, submarines, aircraft and mobile ground platforms. The missile has range of 290 km with 200 kg warhead and a speed of more than 2.8 mach number. BrahMos Supersonic Cruise Missile development programme started as a joint venture between India and Russia through an Inter Government Agreement in February 1998. It has already been inducted in Indian Navy and Indian Army. The Air Version of the missile is under development.

Except BrahMos, no offer has been received from any country for joint venture in missile development programmes. There is no plan to accept the conditions of Missile Technology Control Regime.

This information was given by Defence Minister Shri AK Antony in a written reply to Shri SB Wankhede and Shri AP Shivaji in Lok Sabha today.

08-12-2010, 02:18 AM
Additional Rs 4764 crore for submarine project

New Delhi: With the delivery of the Scorpene submarines getting delayed, the government has sanctioned an additional amount of Rs 4,764 crore for the project, the Rajya Sabha was informed Wednesday.

"The last (of the six) submarine will be delivered in the second half of 2018. Government has recently sanctioned an additional amount of Rs 4764 crore for the project," Defence Minister A K Antony said in reply to a written query.

India had signed a Rs 18,798 crore deal with France in 2004 for six diesel electric submarines to be constructed at an Indian shipyard and the first submarine is expected to be completed by the Mazagon Dockyards Limited in Mumbai by 2012.
The minister said the delay in delivery of the submarines was due to initial teething problems, absorption of technology and augmentation of the MDL infrastructure and procurement of MDL-procured materials.

Antony said the defence shipyard has put in place various plans to obviate any further delay.

On another query on the artillery ammunition, the Defence minister said the Krasnopol ammunition was procured from Russia in two batches in 1999 and 2002.
"The 1999 ammunition is serviceable and fit for firing during training and operations after repairs by the Original Equipment Manufacturer. The 2002 ammunition is under quality claim repairs by the OEM," he said. http://www.bharat-rakshak.com/NEWS/newsrf.php?newsid=13265

08-12-2010, 02:19 AM
Full Sukhoi squadron in Tezpur

Shillong: A full squadron of Sukhoi-30 warplanes have been deployed at Assam's Tezpur air base, while another squadron is expected to be brought to Upper Assam base of Chabua by the end of the year.

The full complement of Sukhoi fighter jets arrived at Tezpur this June and the squadron is operational, Defence sources said. The air base at Chabua is being upgraded to house the warplanes which will subsequently replace the ageing MIGs. The sources said the runway, taxi track, hanger and other airfield infrastructure at Chabua air base is being upgraded.

Already the 'vintage' MIG-23 and MIG-25 planes have been phased out.

"Once adequate number of Sukhois and other modern aircraft come in, MIG-21s would also eventually phased out," sources said. IAF has been expressing concern over the maintenance of the older generation aircraft like MIG-21s in the force which are operating since early 60s. There have been a number of incidents of MIG-21 crashes in the last couple of years.

Besides the Sukhois, the sources said once the medium multi-role combat aircraft (MMRCA) deal is through, Air Force would deploy some of the squadrons in the eastern sector.

Currently, trials are being conducted with aircraft of six manufacturers for the 126 aircraft deal, officials said. http://www.bharat-rakshak.com/NEWS/newsrf.php?newsid=13264

08-12-2010, 02:21 AM
India plays down reports of MMRCA decision

The official spokesman of the Indian Ministry of Defence (MoD) has downplayed media reports that France's Dassault Rafale and the Eurofighter Typhoon have emerged as favourites to win India's Medium Multi-Role Combat Aircraft (MMRCA) contest.
Speaking to Jane's on 10 August, Sitanshu Kar said no decisions have been made about the programme following the MoD's receipt of a comprehensive trial report on the six rival fighters competing for the INR420 billion (USD9.1 billion) contract.
Some media outlets in India had earlier reported that the results of the MMRCA technical evaluations, which concluded in mid-2010, had prompted the Indian Air Force (IAF) to recommend to the MoD that the shortlist be narrowed down to just two aircraft: the Rafale and Typhoon.
The other platforms competing for the 126-aircraft tender are Boeing's F/A-18E/F, Lockheed Martin's F-16IN, the Russian United Aircraft Corporation's MiG-35 and Saab's JAS 39 Gripen NGhttp://www.bharat-rakshak.com/NEWS/newsrf.php?newsid=13269

08-12-2010, 02:21 AM
Saral Satellite by 2011
12:54 IST India plans to launch SARAL (Satellite with ARGOS and ALTIKA) satellite to monitor the sea water level. SARAL satellite will carry an Altimeter (ALTIKA) for studying the sea surface heights; and ARGOS payload, which is a satellite based data collection platform.

SARAL satellite is a joint project of Indian Space Research Organisation and the French National Space Agency. The ALTIKA and ARGOS payloads are built and supplied by the French National Space Agency. The satellite building and launching are the responsibilities of Indian Space Research Organisation.

The satellite bus is under fabrication at Indian Space Research Organisation. Integration and testing of the payloads are ongoing at the French National Space Agency. The satellite is likely to be launched in 2011.

This Information was given by Sh.Prithviraj Chavan, Minister of State for Science & Technology & Earth Sciences, PMO, Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions & Parliamentary Affairs in reply to a written question in Lok Sabha today.

08-12-2010, 02:31 AM
Indian Navy Air Combat Capabilities are Weak, Says CAG

The Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) in India has said that Indian naval air combat operational capabilities have deteriorated considerably due to unsatisfactory performance of existing avionics.
In its report presented to parliament, the CAG said the INS Viraat navy aircraft carrier and the naval fighter aircraft fleet were on the brink of retirement due to their ages and maintenance requirements.
INS Viraat, the only carrier that the Indian Navy operates, was not in operation from March 2008 to August 2009 following special refit and repairs to extend its life to 2012, the CAG said.
The Sea Harrier fighter aircraft, the navy’s only combat aircraft to be deployed on INS Viraat, had either crashed or had been rendered ineffective due to inadequate performance of the fire control radars.
The missiles, bombs and the 30mm guns on the aircraft were all obsolete, the report said.
In December 2009, the navy received four MiG-29 aircraft to be deployed on INS Vikramaditya, but the carrier will not join the Indian fleet until late 2012.

08-12-2010, 10:50 AM
Additional $1 billion sanctioned for Scorpene submarines

NEW DELHI: Admitting that the delivery of Scorpene submarines was facing "problems", the government Wednesday said it had sanctioned an additional Rs.4,764 crore ($1 billion) for the project signed with France in 2004.

"Delay in the scheduled delivery of the submarines is due to initial teething problems, absorption of technology and augmentation" of infrastructure and procurement materials in the Mazagon Dock Ltd," Defence Minister A.K. Antony informed the Rajya Sabha in a written reply.

The last of the six submarines, Antony said, "will be delivered in the second half of 2018".

He said the government has "recently sanctioned an additional amount of Rs.4,764 crore for the project".

India had signed the Rs.18,800 crore deal with France in 2004 for six diesel electric submarines to be constructed at the state-run Mazagon Dockyard in Mumbai. The first submarine is expected to be completed by 2012.

Antony said the shipyard had put in place "various plans to obviate any further delay". http://www.bharat-rakshak.com/NEWS/newsrf.php?newsid=13277

08-12-2010, 10:51 AM
3 Bn USD Business Opportunity in Navy Through Offset

Flag Officer-Commanding-in-Chief, Eastern Naval Command, Vice-Admiral Anup Singh today said a three billion dollar business opportunity in naval projects existed through the offset route and called upon the private sector to avail of this opportunity.

"There is a business opportunity of 3 billion US dollars in the naval projects through the offset route. The Defence PSUs alone cannot absorb this kind of offset. The private sector must also come in," Singh said at an interaction with members of the CII this evening.

Noting that a number of foreign companies supplying equipment to the Navy sometimes failed to keep commitment for transfer of technology, Singh said the private sector, therefore, should also take up the challenge for development of indigenous technology.

In addition to the acquisition of six Scorpene class submarines by 2012, the Navy has also received Approval of Necessity for acquiring six more submarines, four destroyers and seven frigates over the next two plan period, he said.

Pointing out that the Navy was in the forefront of indigenisation, he said the country was among the 20 nations capable of indigenously designing and construction of warships.

"The coffers are there for everyone to take, but the private sector has not tapped this opportunity," he said.

Principal Controller of Defence Accounts (Navy) S N Mishra said a business opportunity of 10 bn USD through offsets was expected by 2012.

The Navy had concluded 11 offset contracts so far, while 40 proposals were in various stages of finalisation, he said.

Although many countries were wary of technology transfer of their defence products owing to intellectual property issues, the offset route could be effective in this regard as the manufacturers were willing to share technology in case of substantial acquisition, he said.

Mishra regretted that the National Offset Policy was yet to see the light of day, although moves were initiated some years ago to implement it.

Pointing out that the US and UK allowed 100 per cent FDI in the defence sector with appropriate safeguards, he said China had increased FDI in its defence sector from USD 5.5 bn in 1990 to USD 75 bn at present.

He said India should increase FDI in its defence sector to 49 per cent from 26 per cent, he said.http://www.bharat-rakshak.com/NEWS/newsrf.php?newsid=13276

08-13-2010, 11:00 AM
IAF going in for massive upgrade of airfields, helipads

NEW DELHI: From new Sukhoi-30MKI bases at Chabua (Assam), Halwara (Punjab) and Jodhpur (Rajasthan) to one for Tejas fighters in Sulur (Tamil Nadu), IAF (http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/topic/search?q=IAF) is going in for a massive upgrade (http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/topic/search?q=massive%20upgrade) of its airfield and helipad infrastructure across the country.

This will not only bolster operational logistics and flexibility on both the eastern and western fronts with China (http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/topic/China) and Pakistan, apart from plugging existing gaps over central and peninsular India, but also make IAF airbases more accessible to civilian aircraft.

This is in tune with IAF's aim to have 42 fighter squadrons by 2022, up from the existing 32, with progressive induction of 270 Sukhois, 126 multi-role combat aircraft, 120 indigenous Tejas Light Combat (http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/topic/search?q=Tejas%20Light%20Combat) aircraft and the first lot of the fifth-generation fighter aircraft to be developed with Russia.

A major endeavour in all this is the soon-to-be-launched MAFI (modernisation of airfield infrastructure) programme, under which 30 of IAF's 51 operational airbases will be upgraded in Phase-I over 42 months.

" Commercial (http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/topic/search?q=Commercial) negotiations with the Tata Power-led consortium for MAFI Phase-I, at a cost of around Rs 1,300 crore, is in the final stages now. Bhatinda airbase will be taken up as the pilot project,'' said a source.

Under Phase-II, remaining IAF, Army, Navy and Coast Guard airfields will be modernised. The upgrade includes resurfacing, expansion and lighting of runways for night operations as well as installation of new tactical navigational (TACAN), instrument landing (Cat-2 ILS), air traffic management and air-to-ground radio communication (RCAG) systems.

The North-East is a major thrust area, with upgrade of airbases in Chabua, Dibrugarh, Jorhat, Mohanbari, Hasimara, Guwahati (http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/topic/search?q=Guwahati) and Bagdogra, among others. The Tezpur airbase already houses Sukhois after it underwent an upgrade last year.

Then, after reactivating western sector ALGs (advanced landing grounds) like Daulat Beg Oldi, Fukche and Nyama in eastern Ladakh, IAF is now concentrating on upgrading eastern sector ALGs like Pasighat, Mechuka, Walong, Tuting, Ziro and Vijaynagar as well as several helipads (http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/topic/search?q=helipads) in Arunachal.

This is meant to strategically counter China's massive build-up of military infrastructure all along the 4,057-km Line of Actual Control, which includes 14 airbases directed against India (http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/topic/India) in Tibet.

The focus on the western front, of course, remains as sharp as before. The Phalodi airbase in Rajasthan, just 102 km away from the Pakistan (http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/topic/Pakistan) border, for instance, began fighter operations earlier this year.

"The aim is to make all the bases capable of operating all kinds of aircraft. This will, for instance, allow our IL-78 mid-air refuellers to support fighters from virtually anywhere in the country,'' said the source.

Read more: IAF going in for massive upgrade of airfields, helipads - India - The Times of India (http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/IAF-going-in-for-massive-upgrade-of-airfields-helipads/articleshow/6301022.cms#ixzz0wUiY46NZ) http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/IAF-going-in-for-massive-upgrade-of-airfields-helipads/articleshow/6301022.cms#ixzz0wUiY46NZ

08-13-2010, 11:01 AM
IAF to receive all six C-130J airlifters in 2011

New Delhi: The Indian Air Force (IAF) will receive the first two C-130J special operations aircraft from the United States in February 2011 and the remaining four ordered by the end of the year.

The Chief of Air Staff, Air Chief Marshal P.V. Naik told India Strategic defence magazine (www.indiastrategic.in) in an interview that the IAF was giving equal importance to the acquisition of combat and transport aircraft as part of the "transformation process" now underway and that the infrastructure to operate the

C-130Js from the Hindon airbase near the Indian capital was nearing completion.

The IAF and the Indian Ministry of Defence (MoD) had signed an agreement with the US Air Force (USAF) and Department of Defense (DoD) to buy six Lockheed Martin C-130Js in January 2008 in a package deal of around $1 billion.

There is an option to buy an additional six aircraft, without any cost escalation, but Naik said that while the IAF was considering this, a decision was likely after the first C-130Js would be received.

"We will see them, and then exercise the option," India Strategic quotes him as saying in its coming edition.

The US government is selling the aircraft under its Foreign Military Sales (FMS) programme, through the USAF.

According to Lockheed Martin, all the six aircraft are under various stages of construction. A picture of three of them being built has already been released while one C-130J has been painted in IAF colours and is undergoing pre-delivery flying tests.

The C-130J is a multirole airlifter with night landing capability from football field-sized air *****s and battlefields.

http://www.zeenews.com/image/spacerdotgif The IAF's C-130Js will also be equipped with a midair refuelling probe. http://www.bharat-rakshak.com/NEWS/newsrf.php?newsid=13284

08-16-2010, 05:37 PM
IAF going in for massive upgrade of airfields, helipads

Better late than never. It was long overdue.

08-16-2010, 05:39 PM
India lends Bangladesh $1 billion as ties warm

DHAKA: India is giving Bangladesh a billion-dollar soft loan, the biggest credit package New Delhi has ever given to any nation, officials said Saturday, highlighting warming ties between the neighbours.

Relations between the South Asian neighbours chilled between 2001 and 2006 when Bangladesh was ruled by an Islamist-allied government and New Delhi regularly accused Dhaka of harbouring Indian insurgents and fostering militancy.

"It's the largest line of credit the government of India has extended to any country," Deepak Mittal, a spokesman for the Indian embassy in Dhaka, said.

The line of credit also marked the single largest loan Bangladesh has received from any nation, development bank or donor agencies, Dhaka's Economic Relations Division secretary Mosharraf Hossain Bhuiyan said.

Indian Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee was due to arrive in Dhaka later on Saturday to attend the official signing for the loan.

The money will be used by impoverished Bangladesh to modernise its railway and build other transport and infrastructure.

"The terms of credit are very favourable to Dhaka. The interest rate is just 1.75 per cent and will be paid back in 20 years," Bhuiyan said.

Indian officials said Mukherjee's planned presence for the signing of the deal underscored the importance that New Delhi attaches to building better relations with Bangladesh.

The line of credit was announced by Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh during his Bangladeshi counterpart Sheikh Hasina's "pathbreaking" visit to New Delhi in January.

It was Hasina's first visit to India since her secular Awami League party was swept back to power with a massive victory in January 2009.

SOURCE (http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/articleshow/6270881.cms)

08-17-2010, 12:01 PM
China deploys long-range CSS-5 missiles close to Indian borders

New Delhi, Aug 17 (ANI): China has deployed longer range CSS-5 missiles close to the regions bordering India and developed contingency plans to move airborne forces at short notice to the region."Despite increased political and economic relationship between India and China. Tensions remain along the Sino-India borders with rising instances of border violation and aggressive border patrolling by Chinese soldiers," The Pentagon in a report to the US Congress said.

"The US has not observed any anomalous increase in military capabilities along the Sino-India border," a senior US Defence Department Official was quoted as saying.

It has been reported that taking into account that China is maintain its position on what its territorial claim is, both Beijing and New Delhi have been able to deal with this dispute using confidence-building measures and diplomatic mechanisms to be able to maintain relative stability in that border area. (ANI)http://news.oneindia.in/2010/08/17/chinadeploys-long-range-css-5-missiles-close-to-indianbor.html

08-18-2010, 02:17 AM
China wary of India's military might: US

NEW DELHI: The fleet-footed Dragon may be rapidly spreading its wings across the globe but remains a wee bit wary of the flat-footed Elephant next door.

The US Pentagon's latest assessment of the expanding military (http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/topic/search?q=military) might of China, which has now overtaken Japan (http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/topic/search?q=Japan) to become the world's second-largest economy, holds that Beijing (http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/topic/Beijing) is "concerned" with the "strategic ramifications of India's rising economic, political and military power". Consequently, "to improve regional deterrence", the 2.25-million strong People's Liberation Army (http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/topic/search?q=Liberation%20Army) has moved "more advanced and survivable" solid-fuelled CCS-5 nuclear-capable ballistic missiles closer to the borders with India.

" China (http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/topic/China) may also be developing contingency plans to move airborne troops into the region," says the Pentagon (http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/topic/search?q=Pentagon) report on 'military and security developments involving the People's Republic of China'.

Though there is nothing new in all this to startle the Indian defence establishment, it does reinforce the point that China continues to upgrade its already massive build-up of military infrastructure all along the unresolved 4,057-km Line of Actual Control.

Satellite pictures, for instance, have long disclosed that a large area in central China, near Delingha and Da Qaidam in Qinghai (http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/topic/search?q=Qinghai) province, has close to 60 launch pads for nuclear-capable ballistic missiles, which can easily target north India. Moreover, the new Chinese road-mobile DF-31A missiles, which can hit targets 11,200 km away, and the JL-2 submarine-launched ballistic missiles, which have a reach beyond 7,200 km, are weapons which even has the US worried.

China, of course, continues to needle India (http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/topic/India) with frequent troop incursions across the LAC, from Trig Heights (http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/topic/search?q=Trig%20Heights) and Pangong Tso lake in Eastern (http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/topic/search?q=Eastern) Ladakh to the "finger area" in Sikkim and Asaphila sector in Arunachal Pradesh.

The Pentagon report, in fact, says, "Despite increased political and economic relations over the years between China and India, tensions remain along their shared 4,057-km border, most notably over Arunachal Pradesh, which China asserts is part of Tibet (http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/topic/Tibet) and therefore of China, and over the Askai Chin region."

Holding that both sides "stepped up efforts to assert their claims" in 2009, the report refers to China's bid to block the ADB's $2.90 billion loan to India, claiming part of the loan was to be used for water projects in Arunachal. "This represented the first time China sought to influence this dispute through a multilateral institution," it says.

There is no getting away from the stark asymmetry between India and China in terms of strategic and military capabilities. But the 1.3-million strong Indian armed forces are no longer the ill-equipped forces they were during the virtual walkover in 1962.

India plans to test its most ambitious ballistic missile, the 5,000-km Agni-V, by early 2011 to add to its military deterrence posture. Moreover, apart from the almost ready-to-be-inducted 3,500-km Agni-III, IAF (http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/topic/search?q=IAF) has already begun to base Sukhoi-30MKI fighters in north-east as well as upgrade several air*****s and helipads in the region.

Read more: China wary of India's military might: US - India - The Times of India (http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/China-wary-of-Indias-military-might-US/articleshow/6328056.cms#ixzz0wvpXlM60) http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/China-wary-of-Indias-military-might-US/articleshow/6328056.cms#ixzz0wvpXlM60

08-18-2010, 02:44 AM
It is very well known that China is building and upgrading it's military infrastructure close to Tibet-India border. Sometimes I wonder why we need confirmation of Americans in everything?

Kunal Biswas
08-18-2010, 03:31 AM
It is very well known that China is building and upgrading it's military infrastructure close to Tibet-India border. Sometimes I wonder why we need confirmation of Americans in everything?

Media & Some elements within population, bad habits!
Where people will believe a fool from outside and ignore a genius from their own..
Sorry for OFF-Topic, keep up the gud work...

08-18-2010, 06:19 AM
Sikorsky Aircraft eyes opportunities Indian defence market

BANGALORE: Sikorsky Aircraft Corp plans to pursue multiple opportunities in the Indian defence market, a strategy that could see the company, actively targeting the country's internal security set-up. However, the company ruled out the manufacture of its iconic Black Hawk helicopters in India, unless it sees a greater demand.

Refuting media reports that suggested that the US defence contractor was all set to enlarge its Hyderabad manufacturing facility, run jointly with the Tatas, to make the helicopter, AJS Walia, managing director, India and South Asia, said, it would depend largely on the market for the product.

Mr Walia said the Sikorsky is willing to bring the Black Hawk production line to India, provided it bags a major defence tender.

"Once the pursuit of the project is made available to us, we will be bringing the whole production line here," Mr Walia told the ET in an exclusive chat.

"There is that little condition, but the intention to bring it here is always there," he said. However, Sikorsky, which is a unit of the US industrial conglomerate United Technologies Corp, is also looking hard at the options on the homeland security front.

"You have remote areas which would lend themselves very well to our short take-off and landing product, the M-28. But, right now, the homeland security space is ground-based. The focus is largely on ground equipment. But a day will come when there will be a need for helicopters and we will be ready," Anthony Moreland, regional sales executive, India, said.

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), specifically designed for homeland security usage, is also being considered. "We are providing the airframe for the UAV platform, called the Fire Scout. Our partner, Northrop Grumman, provides the system integration and the final product. This airframe is based on one of our Schweizer products. The Indian government has expressed interest and a Letter of Request is going through the process right now," Mr Moreland said.

The company, which is one of the front-runners to bag the lucrative multi-role helicopter contract issued by the Navy, said it expects the field trials for the billion-dollar tender, to start within the next three months.

"We are still waiting to hear on that. But I would probably expect it over the next 90 days or so," Mr Moreland said. The defence vendor added that the trial aircraft for the contract are ready for the upcoming field evaluations.

Sikorsky is offering the S-70B through the direct commercial sales route, while also being a part of the US Navy bid for the contract, with its Lockheed Martin-Sikorsky MH60R helicopter, under the Foreign Military Sales process. "We have both the aircraft ready. Whenever the government decides to fly them, we will have them standing by," Moreland said. http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/news-by-industry/transportation/airlines-/-aviation/Sikorsky-Aircraft-eyes-opportunities-Indian-defence-market/articleshow/6320924.cms

08-18-2010, 06:20 AM
Why India pay more for Scorpene submarines?


08-25-2010, 11:03 AM
The BrahMos supersonic cruise missile, jointly developed by India and Russia and which can travel at speeds of 2.5 to 2.8 mach, is likely to be inducted in the Indian Air Force (IAF) by 2013, a top official said on Wednesday. The IAF version of the precision-attack low-flying missile would be completing its air-to-ground tests by 2012.

08-25-2010, 11:06 AM
Fed up with repeated strikes by separatists in Kashmir Valley, shopkeepers are up in arms against protestors, who are tasting their own bitter pill as locals are attacking them with stones. Clerics have also started making fervent appeals from mosques to open shops and restore normalcy in violence affected areas. An incident of clash was recently reported from Peerbagh in Budgham district of Central Kashmir - the scene of violent protests during the last few weeks. As separatists and their goons reached the area to enforce the strike, they were greeted with stones. Local shopowners showered stones on these rowdy elements who tried to force them to close down their establishments. http://www.hindustantimes.com/Tit-for-tat--locals-attack-protesters-with-stones--in-J-K/Article1-590656.aspx

08-25-2010, 11:54 AM
BrahMos induction into IAF by 2013

The BrahMos supersonic cruise missile, jointly developed by India and Russia and which can travel at speeds of 2.5 to 2.8 mach, is likely to be inducted in the Indian Air Force (IAF) by 2013, a top official said on Wednesday.
The IAF version of the precision-attack low-flying missile would be completing its air-to-ground tests by 2012.
“We expect it to be inducted in IAF by 2013,” CEO and Managing Director of BrahMos Aerospace (BAL) A. Sivathanu Pillai told reporters on the margins of the second international space exhibition and conference here.
BrahMos, which has already been inducted in the Indian Army and the Indian Navy, can carry a payload of 200 to 300 kg of explosives.
The Sukhoi SU-30MKI combat jet has been chosen as the aircraft to be fitted with the BrahMos. The aircraft is being modified for the purpose.
“The aircraft has to undergo certain modifications,” Mr. Pillai said.
The Bangalore-based Hindustan Aeronautics (HAL) is building the modified version of the Russian-made aircraft for reducing its weight and giving it additional propulsion.
A prototype of the aircraft is also being built and tested in Russia.
The BrahMos is capable of attacking from land-to-ship, ship-to-land and ship-to ship, Mr. Pillai said.
The IAF version will have the capacity of attacking large targets from air to ground.
The missile, being developed by BAL, a joint venture between India’s Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Russia’s NPO Mashinostroeyenia, costs around Rs. 1,500 crore.
The BrahMos will also be tested for its underwater performance, Mr. Pillai said.
“We are even looking into the aspect of fitting it on the submarines to attack ships and underwater elements (submarines). The technology is ready but the platform for testing has to be built,” he said.
The BrahMos missile has evoked interest in several countries. Many want to buy it but they may have to wait till India completes its induction into its defence forces.
“The export market will have to wait till India inducts the missile in the armed forces. Next is the turn of the Russian military,” Mr. Pillai added.
The India-Russian Inter-Governmental Commission for Military Technical Cooperation has approved the idea of catering to the export market.
The JV has also plans to build a hyper-sonic cruise missile that travels five times faster than a sound wave, Mr. Pillai said, adding the technology is yet to be developed.

08-25-2010, 11:55 AM
Primitive submarine rescue facilities plague India

NEW DELHI: If an Indian submarine gets disabled deep underwater, the sailors on board are virtually sunk.

India may be spending big bucks on importing fighters, warships and tanks but the Navy is still stuck with woefully-inadequate submarine rescue facilities.

For one, there has been no progress on the well over a decade-old project to buy two DSRVs (deep submergence rescue vessels). More like `mini submarines', DSRVs can rescue 24 sailors at a time after `mating' with the hatch of the stricken submarine, equipped as they are with pressurised chambers, sonars, cameras and other hi-tech facilities.

For another, as the latest CAG report states, the contract inked with the US Navy's "global submarine rescue fly-away kit service" is "yet to be fully operationalised" despite being finalised way back in 1997.

"Lack of adequate need assessment, poor planning and absence of a conclusive time-bound agreement with the US Navy led to extensive delays in the timely commissioning of the essential and life saving submarine rescue facility," observed CAG.

When India had first inked the contract for the US rescue service in 1997, paying a total of $734,443, it was meant to be more of an interim measure till the Navy got its own DSRVs.

While the DSRVs still remain a pipedream, even the implementation of the US submarine rescue programme has been plagued by delays. The CAG report holds its utility is "questionable" since 75% of the submarines in the Indian fleet (10 Russian Kilo-class, four German HDW and one Foxtrot) have already completed three-fourths of their estimated operational life.

The reported stated that "Padeyes", which are holding devices welded into the escape hatches of submarines to secure the DSRV, had been fitted on to only 11 of the 15 Indian submarines till date.

Of the 11, only four Kilo-class submarines have, so far, been certified by US Navy for mating with its DSRVs, and that, too, for a period of three years effective from December 20, 2007. The Foxtrot submarine, on which the Padeyes has been fitted, is slated to be phased out in 2011.

Moreover, the US Navy's DSRVs are only supposed to be transported to India in case of an emergency. "The nominal response time is 72 hours from the time the DSRV is lifted from its location to reach the rescue site. It has the capability to rescue up to a depth of 610-metre," said CAG.

"Such time and depth restrictions further dilute the effectiveness of a rescue facility, which in any case is nowhere close to completion," it added.

Read more: Primitive submarine rescue facilities plague India - India - The Times of India (http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Primitive-submarine-rescue-facilities-plague-India-/articleshow/6427527.cms#ixzz0xd6c9Yee) http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Primitive-submarine-rescue-facilities-plague-India-/articleshow/6427527.cms#ixzz0xd6c9Yee

08-25-2010, 11:55 AM
India’s military build-up on Chinese border

India’s Defence Ministry has taken a decision to transfer an additional two mountain divisions totaling 30,000 servicemen to the Arunachal-Pradesh state, on China’s border.
According to The Asian Age Daily, India’s strategic nuclear deterrence force is due to be shortly armed with Agni-3 ballistic missiles, with an effective range of 3,500 kilometres.
Earlier India deployed its Agni-2 missiles in the immediate vicinity of the Chinese border, missiles that can deliver strikes at a distance of 2,000 kilometres.
The Daily points out that the moves have come as a reaction to a report that the Pentagon made public earlier this month about China’s military potential growth, as well as to reports that China has been deploying its latest CSS-5 longer range missiles in the Indian border area.


08-25-2010, 11:56 AM
85 MBT Arjun Tanks have been issued to the Indian Army

Indian defense minister today said that 85 MBT Arjun Tanks have been issued to the Army. He said that “keeping in view the production capacity for MBT Arjun Tanks and strategic considerations, the Government is also exercising the option for modernising T-72 tanks instead of total replacement of these tanks on completion of their life span.”
He siad that “the Army follows a philosophy of having a mix of legacy equipment, equipment with matured technology and state-of-the-art equipment. T-72 tank is not an antiquated equipment. Therefore, the Army intends to retrofit and upgrade these tanks to enhance their mission reliability and life expectancy.”
On August 2, the minister had said that, a part of the T-72 tank fleet is already equipped with high end technology night vision device which has been fully integrated and exploited. Further, the process of upgrading the night fighting capabilities with the state-of-the-art thermal imaging is an ongoing process.
The fleet of T-72 tanks is being upgraded and modernized to include the fitment of Thermal Imager Stand Alone System, advanced engines and installation of Auto Land Navigation System for Command and Control Tanks etc.

08-26-2010, 01:40 PM
Determined to put an end to Maoist terror 25 villagers led by a former bandit king of the Kaimur plateau in Rohtas district attacked a Maoist headquarters on Monday morning. They captured four Maoists and while more than 190 of them ran away. Armed with outdated guns, villagers mounted an offensive on the heavily fortified Maoist headquarters of the Kaimur-Vindhyachal zone. http://www.hindustantimes.com/Villagers-outfit-busts-Maoist-den/H1-Article1-591349.aspx

A confidant of Ram Bachan Yadav told HT that the Sena team initially attacked about 20 Maoists with 14 .315 bore rifles and 11 double-barreled guns. By Tuesday, more than 170 Maoist reinforcements joined their comrades in the encounter.They were extremely lucky or probably being former bandits, they had a better knowledge of the terrain than the Maoists. In any case, excellent news.

08-28-2010, 12:50 AM
Multi-role combat aircraft not fit for BrahMos

The high-profile “medium multi-role combat aircraft” (MMRCA), 126 of which are being purchased by the IAF at a mind-boggling price tag of Rs 42,000 crore, has been ruled out for integration with the supersonic BrahMos missile. BrahMos Aerospace, the Indo-Russian joint venture, has successfully developed the low-altitude supersonic BrahMos cruise missile that is quicker than any other missile in the world. Having a speed of 2.8 mach, BrahMos, with a range of 290 km, is four times faster than American Tomahawk cruise missile, widely used by the USA during its offensive against Iraq.
BrahMos Aerospace is now working to develop a hypersonic missile having a speed of over 6 mach. Addressing a press conference on the sidelines of the Space Expo here today, A Sivathanu Pillai, CEO and MD of BrahMos Aerospace, said the new hypersonic missile would be ready in another five years. The warhead of the hypersonic missile would be relatively smaller, he said and added that because of its speed, the hypersonic missile would hit the target with a devastating impact nevertheless.
Pillai said following the induction of the supersonic BrahMos in the Army and the Navy, they were now working to develop a supersonic missile for the IAF. He said the missile would be integrated with the Russian Sukhoi 30 aircraft. Pillai said $50 million, split between the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and its Russian partner on a 50.5 and 49.5 per cent basis, had been allocated for developing the air force version of the missile to be used for air-to-ground attacks
Modifications in the Sukhoi aircraft for integrating the missile would be carried out by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) at its facility at Nashik, Pillai said. Blueprint for the changes would be drawn up by the Sukhoi design bureau in Russia, Pillai said. The flight-test of the air force variant of the missile would take place in 2012, he added.
On the issue of integrating the missile with the MMRCA, which the IAF was in the process of acquiring, Pillai said medium aircraft were not being considered for firing the missile. “Sukhoi, being a big aircraft, is ideal for BrahMos,” he said.

08-28-2010, 12:53 AM
5,000-km Agni-V missile ready for test firing: Antony

Hyderabad, Aug 27 (IANS) India’s indegenous 5,000-km range Agni-V nuclear-capable missile that can hit targets in northernmost China is ready for test-firing, Defence Minister A.K. Antony said here Friday but declined to state when this would happen.
The missile was developed following the denial of technology to India. “The denial has only given us an opportunity to develop a 5,000-km range missile,” Antony said.The minister was speaking after laying foundation stone for expansion of the Mishra Dhatu Nigam Limited (Midhani) defence public sector company.
He said Indian scientists working in many critical areas have proved that India can overcome sanctions and denials. “When we face denial, we should take it us a God-sent opportunity and a challenge,” he told the scientists present on the occassion.
Later, in a chat with reporters, Antony declined to give any date for the test-firing of the Agni-V, India’s only inter-continental ballistic missile (ICBM).
Allaying apprehensions that the defence sector would lose able hands with the retirement of present generation of scientists, the defence Minister assured that new blood would be injected. “More new scientists, officers and workers will come into the defence sector,” he said.
Antony promised all support to develop Midhani as a world-class company. He advised the company to go beyond its goal of achieving a turnover of Rs.1,000 crore. “The sky is the limit. You have a major role to play in meeting the requirements of ISRO, AEC and new areas in defence,” he said.
While talking to reporters, he said there was a need to encourage more private sector participation in defence production.
He said India’s policy on defence production was evolving. “It is a continuous process,” he said.
He pointed out that there was a time when India used to import everything but this had now come down and the country had also permitted 100 percent private sector participation in defence production.
Antony said the country now allowed 26 percent FDI in defence production and also had an offset clause to help Indian industry.
Under the clause, foreign companies that bag an Indian defence contract worth over Rs.300 crore have to plough 30 percent of the value back into the country by way of purchase of local components, services or investments.
Antony also inaugurated an indigenously-built electro-slag refining (ESR) furnace.
He noted that Midhani which started commercial production in 1983 with a modest turnover of Rs.8 crore, had now reached Rs.370 crore.
The expansion, with an investment of Rs.400 crore to Rs.600 crore in three phases is expected to increase the turnover to Rs.1000 crore in five years.
Midhani Chairman and Managing Director Narayana Rao said the company, which was set up for self-reliance in critical defence material, has been supporting programmes in the space, defence, aeronautics and atomic energy sectors.

More at : 5,000-km Agni-V missile ready for test firing: Antony (http://www.thaindian.com/newsportal/business/5000-km-agni-v-missile-ready-for-test-firing-antony_100419207.html#ixzz0xrxYsnev) http://www.thaindian.com/newsportal/business/5000-km-agni-v-missile-ready-for-test-firing-antony_100419207.html#ixzz0xrxYsnev

08-28-2010, 12:53 AM
LCA Pilots Capture Modern IAF Squadron Philosophies

Test pilots from India’s National Flight Test Centre (NFTC), a crucial unit aiding the development of India’s Tejas Light Combat Aircraft (LCA), are on a mission to familiarize themselves with the modern philosophies of Indian Air Force (IAF) squadrons. This, they feel, will benefit the LCA project, which is nearing its initial operational clearance (IOC) phase.
Program director for combat aircraft and Aeronautical Development Agency Director P.S. Subramanyam tells AVIATION WEEK that the NFTC team should gain enough expertise from the current mission to give Tejas the best pilot-vehicle interface.
“Our pilots and other experts from NFTC are trying to consolidate from all the available aircraft so as to make Tejas the best flying platform,” Subramanyam says.
“The current familiarization mission will give the test pilots the feel of the latest technologies in some of the frontline aircraft,” an IAF official says. “Tejas will have to eventually fly along with Su-30 MKIs, Mirages and the MiG 29s. The team will update themselves with the latest philosophies and compatibility in a combat environment.”
ADA and Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd. (HAL), which developed Tejas, is preparing the limited series production (LSP-5) aircraft for its first flight in the next two or three weeks.
“The LSP-5 will be a complete, final-configuration platform. We are making slight modifications to the cockpit in consultations with the NFTC test pilots in making Tejas a complete services version,” Subramanyam says.
Air Marshal P.K. Barbora, vice chief of IAF, told AVIATION WEEK earlier that it is important for any fighter jet program to develop a cockpit that will suit a pilot’s needs.
“It’s all about how fast you can execute a mission,” Barbora says. “Here the hand-eye coordination becomes crucial and you should also be able to make the decisions and move around your hands the way you normally do.”
LSP-5 will be the 11th LCA to join the flight line. “We are right on the money and the morale of the Tejas team is as high as ever as we approach the crucial initial operational clearance phase,” Subramanyam adds.

08-28-2010, 04:28 PM


Jammu and Kashmir Police have achieved a major success when it arrested pro-Pakistan hardline woman separatist leader Asiya Andrabi, believed to be one of the masterminds of present unrest, along with an accomplice from the outskirts of the city.

Perceived as bringing in Taliban-like rules which includes veils for women, opposition to girl education and ban on using of cosmetics, Andrabi, who has been leading a separatist campaign, had been evading arrest for long.

Her double standards came to the fore in the wake of her desperate attempts to get a passport for her son to reportedly enable him to travel to Malaysia to pursue studies.
Desperate to see that her child's education does not suffer, she had also approached the courts for a direction that the document be provided to her son.

Ironically, Andrabi, who is struggling hard for her son's passport so that his studies are not hampered, had issued a statement earlier saying "losses of life, material and the education of children are inevitable..."

08-29-2010, 01:21 AM
I believe that GoI should deal more strictly with these separatist elements. GoI is too soft, if they continue this approach Kashmir problem could become worst. Vote-bank politics is hurting India's interests in the long run.

08-29-2010, 01:24 AM
Honeywell Technology To Help Protect Indian Forces

Aug 25, 2010

By Anantha Krishnan M.

Under an agreement with India’s Ministry of Home Affairs, military equipment manufacturer MKU Pvt. Ltd. will supply the country’s paramilitary and police forces with body armor containing Honeywell’s Spectra Shield (SS) and Gold Shield (GS) materials.

Honeywell’s GS and SS composite materials will be the primary ballistic protection contained in 59,000 jackets, each of which will include two breast plates. India’s Central Reserve Police Force will be the first to receive the jackets.

The contract award was initially announced in June. Honeywell declined to disclose its value (Aerospace DAILY, July 2). The jackets were selected after a series of stringent quality and field trials, a ministry source tells AVIATION WEEK.

“We are making all efforts to modernize our forces on priority,” the source says. “Post-Mumbai terror attacks, there were a series of allegations against the quality of bulletproof jackets used by our forces, and the decision to go for a time-tested and advanced jacket was taken at the highest level. Once all the jackets are delivered, as per the plan in the contract, it will boost the morale of Indian police and paramilitary forces, considering [the] technology being used in them.”

The body armor is intended to protect against a variety of pistol, ground and small-arms threats. The soft armor containing GS can substantially reduce injuries caused by a bullet’s impact, but with improved weight, flexibility and comfort, MKU says. The breast plates containing SS offer protection from multiple bullet hits, angle shots and high-velocity rifle rounds.

A senior official with Bangalore International Airport’s Central Industrial Security Force says he hopes the airport’s quick-reaction teams (QRTs) will acquire the body armor.

“We hope that the QRTs at [the] airport get these jackets. If we are not in the [ministry’s] list, we will request [them],” the official says.

Informa plc, an international market research firm, predicts that the Indian homeland security budget is set to grow by 25%, making it the fastest-growing market for this type of equipment in the world.

SOURCE (http://www.aviationweek.com/aw/generic/story_generic.jsp?topicName=india&id=news/awx/2010/08/25/awx_08_25_2010_p0-250546.xml&headline=Honeywell%20Technology%20To%20Help%20Protect%20Indian%20Forces)

08-29-2010, 05:54 PM
lol Bandit King? Reality IS stranger than fiction!

09-05-2010, 06:05 PM
CHENNAI: BrahMos cruise missile was successfully test-fired on Sunday and the highlight of the mission was the missile performing a steep dive at a supersonic speed.http://www.hindu.com/2010/09/06/stories/2010090655280100.htm

09-06-2010, 03:10 PM
It is now confirmed. Maoist leaders of Bihar-Jharkhand are fighting with each other after the killing of Lucas Tete, a policeman who was killed after being abducted along with three of his colleagues on August 29.

Murmu's demand is said to have led to sporadic firing between his group and that led by Arvind Yadav in a forest tract some 20 km southeast of Lakhisarai, late night on Sunday. Arvind Yadav's group forced Murmu to retreat from, but they released the three policemen because they feared they couldn't ensure their safety.http://www.hindustantimes.com/Maoists-split-wide-open/Article1-596738.aspx

Good. Let it come to the open that most of them are just armed thugs. Nothing more.

09-14-2010, 11:14 PM
US had asked Pakistan in 2002 to end infiltration across the Line of Control in Jammu and Kashmir but was instead told not to "push it too far" on the issue with an assertion that "Kashmir should have been ours", according to declassified documents.

This communication forms part of a meeting Richard Haass, the then Director of Policy Planning Staff at the US State Department, had with an unnamed Pakistani military official on October 31, 2002 to discuss US-Pak cooperation a year after the deadly 9/11 attacks in the US.

09-17-2010, 03:01 PM
AN INDIAN warship has fought off three pirate attacks in the Gulf of Aden in the last four days, according to Indian Navy sources.

In the latest incident on Wednesday, guided missile destroyer INS Delhi was escorting six merchant vessels with 147 crew members, including 40 Indian nationals when a dhow approached the convoy within the International Recommended Transit Corridor.Full report:


09-21-2010, 08:01 PM
A suspected Pakistani spy, who was in the national capital for the last one year doing recce of Army installations, was arrested here with police on Tuesday claiming that they have recovered confidential documents related to the Indian Army from his possession.

Sajjad Haider (43), hailing from Lahore, was apprehended by a team of Delhi Police’s Special Cell from Samalkha village here on September 14 on a tip-off from central intelligence agencies, a senior police official said.http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/article740369.ece

09-21-2010, 08:03 PM
Washington: A new official United States report has listed India as the third most powerful nation in the world after the U.S. and China and the fourth most powerful bloc.

“The new global power line-up for 2010 also predicted that New Delhi's clout in the world will further rise by 2025,” as per ‘Global Governance 2025,' jointly issued by the National Intelligence Council (NIC) of the U.S. and the European Union's Institute for Security Studies (EUISS).http://www.hindu.com/2010/09/22/stories/2010092262832000.htm

The full report in pdf:

09-26-2010, 05:28 PM

The full report in pdf:

False Report... :-) :-)

09-28-2010, 11:40 AM
Wen to visit in Dec, as India hosts the world's who's who

Chinese Prime Minister Wen Jiabao will visit India in December. He arrives close on the heels of US President Barack Obama (November 6-9), French President Nicolas Sarkozy (December 6-7), and on the eve of Russian President Dmitry Medvedev’s scheduled visit beginning December 21.
With the recent visit of British Prime Minister David Cameron, New Delhi would have hosted all the heads of government of the veto-wielding permanent members of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) in the second half of 2010. The visits come on the eve of India seeking a non-permanent seat on the UNSC for a two-year term beginning January 1, 2011.
Informed sources told Business Standard that the initiative for Wen’s visit was taken by Beijing. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh has sent the Chinese Prime Minister a letter of invitation. Wen’s decision to visit India comes at a particularly touchy time in India-China relations. Singh has expressed concern about China’s “new assertiveness” with respect to India. It also comes set against the backdrop of China’s confrontation with Japan and other East and Southeast Asian neighbours. Singh visited Beijing in January 2008. Wen was in India in April 2005.
China has emerged as India’s biggest trade partner. Bilateral trade has increased from a modest $3 billion in 2000 to over $60 billion this year. China is increasingly eyeing India’s infrastructure business and could also be interested in investing in civil nuclear energy development.
The economic engagement between the two Asian giants has been steadily increasing. This is despite rising tensions on China’s approach to Pakistan and the Kashmir issue, its renewed claims to Arunachal Pradesh and lack of interest in addressing the longstanding border issue.
Interestingly, Wen’s desire to visit India comes on the eve of Singh’s visit next month to Japan and South Korea. India is negotiating a comprehensive economic partnership agreement with both East Asian nations.
With so many heads of governments scheduled to pay India a visit and his own overseas travel plans, Singh’s diplomatic calendar is nearly full for the last quarter of 2010.

So all UN veto powers will visit India till the end of the year, what shows how important India has become these days!

10-02-2010, 10:16 PM
NEW DELHI: Fixing responsibility at the highest level for the lapses that led to the massacre of 75 men in a Maoist ambush this April in as well as the loss of 26 more personnel in Dhaurai in June, the government on Saturday decided to shunt out CRPF chief and replace him with K Vijay Kumar, credited with eliminating forest brigand Veerappan.http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/features/sunday-et/dateline-india/Centre-shunts-CRPF-chief-over-Dantewada/articleshow/6674453.cms

A bit about Vijaykumar:
Vijay Kumar: Officer, gentleman and a man of many caps (http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/chennai/Vijay-Kumar-Officer-gentleman-and-a-man-of-many-caps/articleshow/6674396.cms)

10-04-2010, 01:43 PM
NEW DELHI: The Indian Air Force on Monday said that 50% of its systems and equipment were obsolete and steps were being taken to bring down the obsolescence levels in the next four to five years.

"The obsolescence percentage is 50%," Air Chief Marshal P V Naik said here adding that "by 2014-15, it would come down to 20%".

Times of India (http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/50-of-IAF-equipment-obsolete-says-IAF-chief/articleshow/6684392.cms)

10-07-2010, 10:59 AM
New Delhi: National Investigation Agency (NIA) has secured an Interpol Red Corner Notice against five accused persons, including two serving Pakistani Army majors, for their alleged role in the Mumbai terror strike of 2008. The Interpol issued the Red Corner Notice after securing a non-bailable warrant from the court Additional Sessions Judge here.
The Red Corner Notice has been issued against Major Sameer Ali, and Major Iqbal, both serving in the Pakistani Army, Illyas Kashmiri, a LeT terrorist, Sajid Majid and Syed Abdur Rehman Hashim.
Read more at: http://www.ndtv.com/article/india/interpol-notice-against-2-pak-army-majors-in-26-11-case-57807?cp

10-09-2010, 08:33 PM
thread still going strong !!!

10-10-2010, 01:09 PM
India plans to launch a series of indigenously built military satellites with surveillance, imaging and navigation capabilities to keep a watch on its neighbourhood and help guide cruise missiles, a top defence scientist said today. "There will be a series of (defence) satellites. I cannot give you the numbers because they are classified," V K Saraswat, Scientific Adviser to the Defence Minister, said here.


10-11-2010, 11:55 AM
Indian Air Force’s frontline Su-30 MKI fighter jets will engage the Eurofighter Typhoons of the British Royal Air Force during the 17-day wargames codenamed ‘Ex-Indradh****h’ at Kalaikunda air base in West Bengal starting October 18. This will be the first time when IAF’s AWACS will fly in a joint air exercise with any country.

During the exercise, the IAF will field its aircraft such as the Su-30 MKI, Mirage 2000s, MiG-27s and the Airborne Early Warning and Control Systems (AWACS) aircraft. The RAF would also be deploying its AWACS (E-3D) and Air to Air refuellers (VC-10) along with its Typhoons.http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/article825201.ece

10-11-2010, 02:24 PM
Eurofighters vs. Su 30 MKIs - Indian Air Force, Royal Air Force meet at Exercise Indra Dh****h

10-11-2010, 02:25 PM
Trials of Honeywell T-Hawk Micro Air Vehicles to be Conducted

10-12-2010, 09:44 PM
NEW DELHI: India was elected as a non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council on Tuesday with an overwhelming number of countries endorsing its sole candidature from the Asian group.

In polling for 10 seats that took place at the U.N. headquarters in New York, India received the highest number of votes — 187 out of 192 — among all countries in the fray.

10-14-2010, 06:44 AM
The indigenous Water Jet Fast Attack Craft (FAC) Kalpeni was commissioned by Chief Justice of Kerala Jasti Chelameswar at a formal ceremony held at the Southern Naval Command here on Thursday morning. INS Kalpeni is the seventh of the 10 new generation Car Nicobar class FACs designed and built by Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers (GRSE), Kolkata.http://www.thehindu.com/news/states/kerala/article830178.ece

10-14-2010, 07:00 AM
SINGAPORE: India and Vietnam on Wednesday decided to extend the frontiers of their defence-related cooperation. As the centrepiece, New Delhi agreed to expand assistance to Hanoi in its ongoing military modernisation, according to sourceshttp://www.hindu.com/2010/10/14/stories/2010101464681700.htm

Related reports:

In a significant gesture, Vietnam has offered repair and maintenance facilities for Indian warships at its ports, taking bilateral military relations up several notches. After a meeting with Defence Minister A K Antony in Hanoi, his counterpart Gen Phung Quang Thanh welcomed more port calls by the Indian Navy and offered maintenance and repair facilities for warships at Vietnam ports. http://www.indianexpress.com/news/vietnam-offers-repair-services-for-indian-warships/697434/1

NEW DELHI: India has decided to expand its programme to hold joint military exercises with international armed forces by adding Vietnam into the list.Defence Minister A K Antony, who was in Hanoi to attend the first Asean Plus Eight security conference, has given a go ahead to joint military exercises between Indian and Vietnamese army.The two sides would hold jungle warfare drills and high-altitude combat exercises in the near future. The decision was taken after Antony met his Vietnamese counterpart Gen Phung Quang Thanh.http://expressbuzz.com/nation/india-vietnam-plan-joint-army-training/215105.html

10-15-2010, 12:46 PM
To enhance the defence cooperation and military-to-military relations between the two armies, India and Russian joint military exercises focusing on counterterrorism training began on Friday at Chaubattia in Uttarakhand.

The battalion-level exercise will last through October 24 and consists of infantry troops from both the armies who would work out insurgency and terrorism situations, and plan and execute an operation to counter these.http://www.indianexpress.com/news/India--Russia-joint-military-exercise-begins-in-Uttarakhand/698046

:) Busy week for the armed forces. RAF-IAF exercise and IA-RA exercise.

10-20-2010, 10:34 AM
DEHRADUN: India has developed its first Laser Guided Bomb (LGB), a weapon that can hit a target with greater accuracy, with technological support from city-based Instrument Research and Development Establishment (IRDE).

The development of technology for producing Laser Guided Bomb is part of ongoing research towards achieving self-dependency in the defence area being done in IRDE, a lab of DRDO, Scientist and Public Relation Officer of IRDE told PTI. http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/news-by-industry/et-cetera/India-develops-first-Laser-Guided-Bomb/articleshow/6780935.cms

10-25-2010, 03:03 AM
IAF could soon get supersonic BrahMos missile

Sivathanu Pillai, Chief Executive and Managing Director, BrahMos Aerospace, has said that the development and induction of BrahMos, India's supersonic cruise missile for the Indian Air Force will be completed soon.

Talking to reporters here on Saturday, Pillai said: "Recently the missile was tested for 'steep dive attack' capability, as demanded by the Army.

"The recent attempt was to see that it gives higher performance. On that ground we thought that we should prove the attack mode as well. That is how we did steep-dive mission, which also went very successfully. So we have got a missile, which is capable of multiple missions... form, multiple platform, with multiple types of trajectories. And which has become very universal, which nobody in the world has got today," he added.

The missile had already been inducted into the Indian Army and Navy. The missile had a speed of Mach 2.8.

"We are producing now for the navy, as well as for the army. Large numbers of ships in the Indian Navy will be having BrahMos missiles and also the army will be having at the land range," he said.

Pillai further said efforts were underway to increase the speed of the missile from Mach 2.8 to Mach 5 or Mach 7, taking it from the supersonic to hypersonic category.

India test-fired an advanced version of a supersonic cruise missile in September, as part of the country's drive to boost its defence system.

The missile can fly at 2.8 times the speed of sound, and can carry conventional warheads up to 300 kg for a range of 290 km.

India and Russia are jointly designing the BrahMos missile. It is a supersonic cruise missile capable of being launched from submarines, ships, aircraft and land-based Mobile Autonomous Launchers (MAL).

The BrahMos missile is a two-stage vehicle that has a solid propellant booster and a liquid propellant ram-jet system. (ANI)

10-25-2010, 03:06 AM
War games over Maoist badlands

KOLKATA: After having successfully staved off an attack by the Red raiders and charting two successful kills, the pilot of the Indian Air Force's Su-30 MKI turned to the Royal Air Force's VC-10 mid-air refueller.

"Permission denied, Blue Two. Raiders still at large," a clipped English accent from the cockpit of the VC-10 responded. The Sukhoi pilot broke away and started a climb in a bid to conserve fuel. He would return to the refueller later. In the meantime, he would try and nail an Eurofighter Typhoon from the Red force.

Actual flying missions of Ex-Indradh****h 2010 started on Wednesday at Air Force Station Kalaikunda after two days of elaborate briefings on standard operating procedures, rules of exercise and familiarisation of the local flying area.

While the RAF has sent in Typhoons, an E3D Sentry and a VC-10, the IAF has fielded Su-30 MKIs, Mirage-2000s, Mig-27s and one of its Phalcon AWACS. This is the first time that the Israeli-made Phalcon is participating in a joint exercise.

"The assets have been combined and divided into the Blue and Red forces. The Red forces are the agressors while the Blue forces are the defending side. The roles of the participants are interchanged throughout the exercise. Both teams consist of RAF and IAF aircraft. The degree of difficulty is being increased by random denial of mid-air refuelling and radar silence. The major highlight of the exercise is the large number of aircraft operating together in limited time and space, putting the skills of pilots and fighter controllers to the test. This is known as Large Force Engagement (LFE) operations," a senior officer said.

He, however, made it clear that the purpose of the exercise is not to pit Indian aircraft against British ones or to evaluate personal skills by encouraging pilots to show-off'.

"Apart from the pilots flying these missions, it is an excellent opportunity for the controllers who would be either controlling these missions or be on board AWACS aircraft as observers. On the technical side too, there will be a number of areas where both the sides can learn from each others maintainance practices, procedures and management of resources with a view to support flying operations," Air Marshal L K Malhotra of the Eastern Air Command said while meeting the participants.

Air Commodore D K Vashist, commander of AFS Kalaikunda said that the aim of the exercise is to enhance mutual understanding and refine procedures.

"During this exercise, specific emphasis will be laid on exposing the controllers (ATC & AWACS) to large force engagements and protection of high-value aerial assets. Another area of emphasis would be the management of logistical needs to move large forces from one part of the world to another," he said.

Read more: War games over Maoist badlands - The Times of India http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/kolkata-/War-games-over-Maoist-badlands/articleshow/6783426.cms#ixzz10hv2U1xw

11-04-2010, 03:54 PM
Indian soldiers in Alaska to train with US Army

Indian Army personnel are holding an annual joint military exercise with their American counterparts involving airborne specialist operations in sub-zero temperatures in Alaska.
The fortnight-long exercise, which began on November 1, will witness 200 Indian infantrymen carrying out joint operations training, Yudh Abhyas (War Drill), at the Joint Base Elmendorf-Richarson with airborne forces of the US Army, Indian Army officers said today.
"The Indian team comprises infantry men from units of 62 Infantry Brigade and 5 Para. They will be holding the exercise till November 14 with the US Army's 4th Brigade Combat Team (Airborne), which is also known as 'Spartan' of 25th Infantry Division, and the 79th Brigade Combat Team (National Guard)," the officers said here.
The exercise will test the mettle of the Indian Army men in performing operations in extreme cold conditions in Alaska where the temperature hovers around minus 20 degree Celsius.
Yudh Abhyas is a regularly-scheduled bilateral, conventional-forces training exercise, sponsored by US Army (Pacific) and the Indian Army.
The exercise is designed to promote cooperation between the two militaries to promote interoperability through the combined military decision-making process, through battle tracking and manoeuvring forces, and exchange of tactics, techniques and procedures.
In 2009, an armoured unit of the US Army was in Babina in central India to train in use of armoured personnel carriers in counter-insurgency and counter-terrorism operations under the UN peace-keeping mandate.
The US Army itself views 2010 Yudh Abhyas as "a challenge, something unique and definitely a lesson in patience with the language barrier," as it involves training foreign troops in American operational doctrines.
Training included instruction on various US Army weapons systems, evaluating and evacuating a casualty, and hands-on training with the Engagement Skills Trainer.
The weapons training included hands-on instruction on the M-4 carbine with which the Indian troops later performed a live-fire training.
During the exercise, US soldiers and their Indian counterparts will conduct a command post exercise, airborne operations training, marksmanship and tactical training and take part in cultural exchanges to improve partnership readiness and cooperation between the two armies.

11-25-2010, 07:10 AM
BALASORE (ODISHA): In a step forward to attain the minimum credible nuclear deterrence, India's defence scientists are going to show more fire power at the country's best test facilities at Chandipur and Wheeler Island off the Odisha coast in the coming days.

According to the sources at the integrated test range (ITR), the DRDO has planned to test-fire at least five sophisticated long range missiles within next two months. The launching complexes at both the places have been readied for the first ever synchronized test in the recent times.

While on Thursday, an advanced version of the Agni-I missile has been scheduled to be fired, in December two missiles – BrahMos and Agni-II - will fly in the sky. In January scientists will fire the newly developed Agni-II + missile and an interceptor missile, which last time didn't take off due to a technical snag in the target missile.Read more: DRDO plans five missile tests - The Times of India (http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/DRDO-plans-five-missile-tests/articleshow/6986585.cms#ixzz16HazmaNI)

11-28-2010, 10:40 AM
The Maoists’ claim of not targeting non-combatants was again belied on Saturday night, when they blew up an ambulance in Kandhamal district, killing at least five persons. Those who died included a woman health worker (asha karmi), a three-year-old girl and the driver of the vehicle. They were returning to their village after admitting a pregnant woman in a hospital in neighbouring Ganjam.

“We suspect the hand of the CPI (Maoist) behind the landmine blast. An extensive combing operation is on in the area to nab the culprits,” Kandhamal police superintendent Pravin Kumar said.

12-01-2010, 07:41 AM
The chairman of the banned Manipuri militant group, United National Liberation Front (UNLF), Rajkumar Meghen has been arrested from Bihar’s East Champaran district.

Mr. Meghen was arrested on Tuesday in Motihari town by a three-member team of the National Investigation Agency (NIA) which was assisted by local police, sources said.


12-01-2010, 07:43 AM
Preparing for the Initial Operational Clearance (IOC), the Light Combat Aircraft, ‘Tejas,' on Tuesday conducted its last phase of flight trials by successfully test-firing air-to-air close combat missile at Goa.

One of the main objectives of the current phase of trials was clearing the firing envelope of the missile from the Tejas. The test firing of R-73 missile was done from the Limited Series Production (LSP) aircraft 4, the Defence Research Development Organisation (DRDO) announced here. The LSP-4 had its first successful flight in June this year and the IOC is scheduled towards the end of 2010.


12-01-2010, 11:10 AM
Good news for Tejas fighter jet development.

12-01-2010, 02:53 PM
Good news for Tejas fighter jet development.
Indeed, things are finally going faster, but I'm afraid that people jump too fast on AMCA instead keep on focusing on LCA MK1 and 2.

12-03-2010, 05:16 AM
Residents of a village in Bihar’s Munger clashed with Naxals on Monday, resulting in the death of three rebels and a villager. Though the villagers claimed they had killed over a dozen ultras, the police recovered the bodies of only three Naxals and a villager. The residents of Hiraman Diara under Bariarpur police station had a long-standing dispute with the Naxals over share of fish caught by the villagers from the Ganga.


Modern Sholay.

12-15-2010, 04:01 PM
Jammu: The Director General of Jammu and Kashmir police Kuldeep Khoda has said that more than Rs. 40 lakh were spent to fuel protests and finance stone pelting in Kashmir, and the money came from many separatist leaders including Syed Ali Shah Geelani. This he says was revealed in the interrogation of Masrat Alam, who led the agitation in Kashmir last summer.

Alam was arrested by the police from the outskirts of Srinagar in October.
Read more at: http://www.ndtv.com/article/india/rs-40-lakhs-spent-for-j-k-protests-separatist-s-confession-72843?cp

01-12-2011, 09:27 AM
Underworld don Chhota Rajan has claimed that his aides have killed Indian Mujahideen (IM) chief Riyaz Bhatkal in Karachi, according to unconfirmed reports.

A co-founder of the IM, Bhatkal was wanted for the serial bomb blasts that rocked India in the last couple of years. He allegedly masterminded the deadly blasts in Jaipur, Banaglore and Delhi.

This is an unconfirmed report, mind you.

01-12-2011, 03:02 PM
SRINAGAR, India — Hundreds of young men Wednesday braved freezing temperatures in Indian Kashmir to attend a police recruitment rally aimed at attracting disaffected young people involved in protests last year.http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5gwzp8j7WkwUs216HhHHLPDZYGevw?docId=CNG.966bf3d40909860faa12697e6b737d6e.2e1

Srinagar: Jammu and Kashmir Police have launched a recruitment drive. And for 300 police jobs, nearly 8,000 young applicants turned up in Srinagar. This was the first on-the-spot recruitment drive in the city in 20 years.
Read more at: http://www.ndtv.com/article/india/srinagar-first-police-drive-in-20-years-78973?cp

01-17-2011, 04:49 AM
Stone throwers will be policemen? Interesting :cantbeli:

01-19-2011, 11:44 AM
Three Chinese nationals have been arrested on suspicion of money laundering and spying on border security camps along India's northern borders, Indian police said on Wednesday.

The arrests were made in Uttar Pradesh state close to India's border with Nepal. Local police chief Sanjay Kakkar told ******* the accused, including a woman, said they were employees of Chinese telecoms equipment maker, Huawei Technologies .
"We arrested them for trespassing as we found them on Indian soil without a valid Indian visa," Kakkar said, adding the three were caught taking photographs of border guards installations.

"We are suspecting their involvement in some money laundering activity as they were carrying Indian PAN (tax document) cards in their names."http://uk .*******. com/article/idUKTOE70I07420110119

01-19-2011, 12:05 PM
NEW DELHI: The navy is planning to operate its lone aircraft carrier INS Viraat , which has already completed 50 years of service, for another decade, a top official said here Wednesday.

Assistant Chief of Naval Staff (Foreign Cooperation and Intelligence) Rear Admiral Anil Kumar Chawla said that INS Viraat, which celebrated its golden jubilee year in 2009, will be operated till 2020.

However, he said this will be possible only if its ageing Sea Harrier fighter aircraft fleet is available for ship-borne operations. http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/politics/nation/navy-to-operate-viraat-aircraft-carrier-for-another-decade/articleshow/7320975.cms

Seems like the RN Sea Harriers have a new buyer.

Kunal Biswas
01-19-2011, 12:13 PM

Seems like the RN Sea Harriers have a new buyer.

I wish we have F-35B for IN as IN is also looking for 4 LPDs similar to to what Russian are buying from French..

Kunal Biswas
01-20-2011, 12:38 AM
MMRCA jet deliveres moving towards 2015

With a contract signature moving into 2012 after a late 2011 selection followed by exclusive negotiations the delivery of first MMRCA jet won't happen until 2015 as the RFP stipulates a 36 month setup window from contract date.

This news also reveals that India is still in the offset/ToT evaluation phase and has yet to open up the financial bids.


Deadline Emerges For India's $10B Warplane Deal
Published: 19 Jan 2011 13:06

NEW DELHI - India could award the $10 billion Medium Multirole Combat Aircraft (MMRCA) contract by the end of the year, according to the country's defense minister.

M.M. Pallam Raju, the minister of state for defense, said on the sidelines of a Jan. 19 conference here that the warplane contest could be decided by December. The conference was hosted by an industrial lobby group, the Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India.

"I am hopeful of awarding it by the end of this year," Raju said.

The MMRCA program, for the purchase of 126 planes, is running behind schedule, The Indian Defence Ministry has made no formal announcement on the short-listing of aircraft after flight trials last year.

Raju said the ministry still has to carry out a comparative analysis of different vendors in terms of offset and transfer of technology offers before the financial bids are opened.


From Gripen thread..

01-21-2011, 02:27 PM
Italian-built fleet tanker, INS Deepak, was today commissioned into the Navy by Defence Minister A K Antony who said the year will see more acquisitions and commissioning of vessels to strengthen maritime security.

The tanker was commissioned at the Naval Dockyard here. Addressing the gathering, the Defence Minister said the Navy has embarked on an ambitious shipbuilding programme to provide it with the required maritime assets to meet its mandate.http://www.sify.com/news/fleet-tanker-ins-deepak-joins-navy-s-western-fleet-news-national-lbvq4mifehj.html

Mumbai, Jan 21 : The following are the salient features of INS Deepak, the new fleet tanker inducted Friday at the Naval Dockyard here.

Length - 175 m Breadth - 25 m Full load displacement - 27,000 tonnes Transport cargo - 17,900 tonnes Dry cargo - 510 tonnes Crew capacity - 36 officers and 212 sailors Maximum speed - 20 knots Fuel transfer rate - 1,000-1,500 tonnes per hour Guns - Four AK 630 guns Weapon carrying capacity - 510 tonnes.(IANS)http://www.topnews.in/law/salient-features-indian-navys-new-fleet-tanker-247399

01-25-2011, 10:28 AM
The US on Monday cleared the way for the resumption of high technology defense and aerospace exports to India ending a restrictive control mechanism in place since the Pokhran II nuclear tests in 1998. Nine Indian state-owned defense and aerospace companies were taken off the list of entities to which US companies cannot sell dual-use technology – with both civilian and military uses – without their government’s permission.

India is also being placed in a category of countries free to import from the US material that could be used in the construction of missiles or nuclear, chemical and biological weapons, but not verifiably intended for such use.http://www.hindustantimes.com/US-ends-export-controls-for-India-lifts-ban-on-ISRO-DRDO/Article1-654333.aspx

01-29-2011, 06:18 AM
Pakistan's powerful intelligence service has been accused for years of playing a "double game:" acting as a front-line U.S. ally in the fight against terror while supporting selected terrorist groups which serve Pakistani interests. Now, for the first time, there is a detailed inside account of how that game is played.

The U.S. investigation of the 2008 Mumbai attacks has built a strong case that officers in Pakistan's Inter-Services Intelligence Directorate (ISI) collaborated with the Lashkar-e-Taiba terrorist group in the plot that killed 166 people, six of them Americans. U.S. and Indian investigators say their understanding of the ISI-Lashkar alliance is drawn from the confessions of David Coleman Headley, an American convicted of participating in the Mumbai plot, as well as documents, phone records and electronic eavesdropping.

01-29-2011, 11:22 AM
The Indian Navy and the Coast Guard in a joint operation on Friday, destroyed a pirate mother ship, Prantalay, off the Lakshadweep group of islands and arrested 15 pirates.

They also rescued 20 fishermen of Thailand and Myanmarese nationalities who were being held hostage by the pirates after Prantalay was hijacked by them on April 18 last year. Since its hijack, the vessel was being extensively used by the pirates to launch attacks on merchant vessels passing along the shipping lanes off the island chain.

01-29-2011, 11:53 AM
Good job Indian Navy.

01-31-2011, 10:23 AM
The Navy on Monday ordered a Board of Inquiry (BOI) to look into the reasons behind collision of one of its warships with a merchant vessel in the Mumbai harbour and explore its future operational worth.

The Navy has also lodged an FIR in Mumbai against the cargo ship MV Nordalke which collided with the INS Vindhyagiri in the harbour on Sunday.
Commissioned in 1981, the INS Vindhyagiri was a fully-operational Leander-class frigate.http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/article1143252.ece

02-02-2011, 07:18 AM
SRINAGAR: A Kashmiri Hizbul Mujahideen over-ground worker (OGW) collected and distributed Rs 70,000 among the stone pelters of Kashmir.

A police press release said that the Hizbul over-ground worker Fayaz Ahmad Wani, resident of Lolipora Pattan, was arrested following a specific information by the Baramulla police on Tuesday.

One letter pad and one receit book of the banned terror outfit Hizbul Mujahideen was recovered from his possession.

Read more:http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Police-nab-Hizbul-worker-who-distributed-Rs-70K-to-stone-pelters/articleshow/7411088.cms#ixzz1CncSp2Ps

02-02-2011, 07:19 AM
A helicopter belonging to the Indian army has crashed in the western state of Maharashtra, killing its two pilots, officials say. The Cheetah helicopter crashed into the thickly populated, residential Jai Bhavani Nagar area of Nashik district.

Reports say that defence officials from a nearby army camp have reached the site to investigate the crash.

Kunal Biswas
02-02-2011, 07:44 AM


wild goose
02-02-2011, 10:07 AM
May those brave souls Rest In Peace

02-05-2011, 12:04 PM
The Indian Air Force (IAF) on Saturday inducted its latest acquisition from the United States of America, the C130J Super Hercules tactical airlift transport aircraft at the Hindan airbase here with Defence Minister A.K. Antony handing over the ceremonial key at a brief function.

The aircraft, the first of the six that India ordered from the U.S. Government, will be based at the newly raised 77 squadron named ‘Veiled Vipers’, with the motto “Kill with Stealth”, signifying the capability of the aircraft to undertake deployment of special forces in all-weather conditions.http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/article1159199.ece

02-08-2011, 10:19 AM
(CNN) -- Pirates in the Indian Ocean attacked and boarded an Italian flagged and owned oil tanker on Tuesday, the European Union Naval Force Somalia said.
At present, there is no communication with the vessel and no information on the status of the 22-person crew, which includes 17 Indians and five Italians.http://edition.cnn.com/2011/WORLD/africa/02/08/indian.ocean.ship.pirated/?hpt=T2

02-10-2011, 05:19 AM
I stumbled across an article and can't find another source. Is it really true that the frigate Vindhyagiri sank in port Mumbai after a German freighter rammed into that ship?

No casualities, though.

Source (English):

02-10-2011, 06:16 AM
Is it really true that the frigate Vindhyagiri sank in port Mumbai after a German freighter rammed into that ship?

Yes. We have a thread on it too.


02-10-2011, 06:29 AM
Thanks, it seems I fed the search function with the wrong infos. :)

02-10-2011, 02:14 PM
More than 90 Rohingya refugees have been found by police in India's Andaman and Nicobar islands. All of them were starving and seriously dehydrated, police said; 25 have been admitted to hospital.

The refugees told police they had been set adrift with little food and water in a boat without an engine by the Thai navy. Thailand has denied the charge. Thousands of Rohingyas - a Muslim minority group in Burma - have fled to the country to escape persecution.