View Full Version : Hitler's Soviet Muslim Legions

07-27-2004, 05:54 PM
Soviet Muslims in the Himmler's Black Legion

Reichsfuehrer SS Heinrich Himmler was known as Islam most willing promoter and collaborator among the Nazi leadership. Himmler's hatred the 'soft' Christianity was equal for his liking for Islam, which he saw as a masculine, martial religion based on the SS qualities of blind obedience and readiness for self-sacrifice, untainted by compassion for one's enemies. His admiration for Islam made him ready to throw-out his racial 'Aryan pure' fantasies to receive more Muslim volunteers for his sinister legion.

When the mass of Soviet Muslims collaborators followed the retreating German armies to avoid the reprisals that awaited them from the Russians, Himmler would probably not have objected to procuring them for the Waffen SS. He had decided that it was only the Slav and the Jews in the Russian stock who were sub-humans. There was a superior element in the Russian nation which come from Asia and which had produced Attila, Jenghiz Khan, Tamerlane, Lenin, and Stalin. The Soviet Muslims themselves were suited with these criteria. Many of them came from Caucasus (just like Stalin origin) or descendants and relatives of the Mongols (like Tartar and Turkestan peoples).

Azerbaidjan SS platoon in Warsaw during the Uprising

In November 1943, a certain Heer major name Andreas Meyer-Mader meet Himmler to offering his service to help raise and command a Turkic SS unit. Himmler approved the major plan and then transfers him into the ranks of the Waffen SS and promoted him to the rank of SS-Obersturmbannfuehrer. On 14 December, another meeting was held in Berlin in present of the Grand Mufti of the Jerusalem, Hajj Amin el-Husseini. The Grand Mufti approved the plan to raise a Turkic-Muslim SS division and give his "spiritual leadership" to influence the Muslim volunteers.

Osttuerkischen Waffen-Verbaende der SS was formed on January 1944 as 1.Ostmuslemanische SS-Regiment. (Actually, the Reichsfuehrer SS plans to expand it into a division, Muselmanischen SS-Division Neu-Turkestan, but the plan never realized.) This new formation formed form the Turkic units in the Heer that was disbanded, i.e., 450th, 480th, and I/94 Turkic battalions, plus some new recruits from German POW camps. The recruits not only Turkestanis, but also Azeris, Kirghiz, Uzbek, and Tadjiks volunteers. The unit was formed in Trawniki, Poland, before they were transferred to Belorussia for further training. SS-Obersturmbannfuehrer Andreas Meyer-Mader was appointed as its first commander.

Unfortunately, this unit suffered from poor discipline and poor morale, especially after theirs beloved commander, Meyer-Mader, killed during a skirmish with partisans in Yuratishki, near Minsk, on March 28, 1944. The situation became worse when the replacement commander, SS-Hauptsturmfuehrer Billig executes 78 unit members for insubordination. This incident made Himmler angry and Billig relieved.

On July 1944, the unit transferred back to Poland. When the SS tried to quell the Warsaw Uprising, the unit attached to the notoriously SS Dirlewanger Brigade, where they were participated in brutal actions that killed 200,000 Polish civilians.

Himmler decision to appointed SS-Standartenfuehrer Harun-el-Raschid-Bey, an Austrian officer who converts to Islam, didn't made many good progression within the formation. In contrary, during his leadership the morals of the Turkestanis drop until a low ebb. Even a mutiny broke-up when on Christmas Eve 1944, 450 members of the 1st Battalion, led by Waffen-Obersturmfuehrer Gulam Alimov and Waffen-Untersturmfuehrer Asatpalvan, killed some NCOs and went over to the partisans. Himmler's reaction was fired Harun-el-Raschid-Bey and reorganized the formation, where the Azerbaijan contingents in the formation transferred to the Kaukasicher Waffen-Verbande der-SS.

Meanwhile, another Soviet Muslim SS formation came into being during the summer of 1944, when all of the Crimean Tartar Schuema battalion were gathered together and formed into a new unit, Waffen-Gebirgs-Brigade der-SS (Tatarische Nr.1). But because the shorts of weapons and equipment, the unit was disbanded on December 1944, and the men were ordered to join with Osttuerkischen Waffen-Verbaende der SS.

In the final days of the war Osttuerkischen Waffen-Verbaende der SS operated in Slovenian-Italian borders. There were possibility that the unit participated in some anti-partisan operations in Slovenia, serving under HSSPF Adriatic Coast. During April-May 1945, the unit stationed in Lombardy, Italia. They stayed in there until the end of the war.

The Bitter End

The disaster that fell into the Third Reich began to take a turn for the worse and made a worse impact among the Soviet Muslims that served within the Germans armies. When Himmler finally tried to assembled a united front against the Bolshevik among the Soviets dissidents under General Vlassov, many of non-Russians voiced against it.

One of the oppositions came from Turkestani National Committee which longing independence of Turkestan. The committee that headed by Veli Kayum Khan, head of the Turkestani "government in exile", had been in charge of the political and national leadership of Turkestani volunteers. It had successfully raised the morale of the Turkestani volunteers by supporting independence for Turkestan and, with the aid of the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem and the SS-FHA, setting up schools at Dresden and Goetingen to train religious imams for the Muslim military units in the Waffen SS and the Wehrmacht.

Beside the Turkestani National Committee, some Muslim leaders form Caucasus, like Khedia, Mischa, Kantimer, Alibegow, and Tschamalja, also votes against Vlassov and rejected put theirs peoples fate with the Russian.

But the situation in front lines decided their fate, not the Germans. The Allied high tides sweeps and swallow the Third Reich. Hitler killed himself on April 30, 1945. One week later, Germany surrenders. Like many of theirs Eastern comrade-in-arms that supported the Nazis, Soviet Muslim volunteers who surrender to Western Allied were shipped back to Soviet Union, where many of them were executed or dumped into the Gulags as traitors.

Even Stalin ordered deportations to the east some of Soviet Muslim nationalities whose representatives had fraternized with the Germans - like Chechens, Balkars, Ingushi, Karachais, and Crimean Tartars. The first four of these nationalities - or what was left of them - were allowed to return to their homes after Stalin's death, while the Crimea Tartars - the most notoriously collaborator - could return only after the fall of the Soviet Union.



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Deschner, Guenther. Warsaw Rising. Ballantine Books, 1972.

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Werth, Alexander. Russia at War, 1941-1945. Pan Books, 1965.


Anders, Wladyslaw, and Antonio J. Munoz, "Russian Volunteers in the German Wehrmacht in World War II". www.feldgrau.com

De Lanoy, Francois. "Les Allemands et le Caucase". 39-35 Magazine, November 2000.

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Kilic, Armand. "Militaergesichte Bosniche un Tuerkische Freiwillige in den Verbaende der Waffen SS". http://jungefreiheit.de

Pye, Evelyn, "Les 'Mongols' a lete 1944". www.memoire-net.fr.com

Trifkovic, Srdja. "Multiculturalism and Islam: Liberal Fiction and Historical Truth". www.earlhamedu.htm

07-27-2004, 06:12 PM
Hitler's Soviet Muslim Legions
wow, title seemed like a bad joke. guess not?

07-28-2004, 10:19 AM
I heard a lot of the personnal involvement of the Mufti of Jerusalem with nazis, and I knew of only 10 000 muslims serving the Nazi Army.
The scope was way more serious.
Thnaks CAG 147, reall cool post :D

Tom The Hunter
07-29-2004, 03:55 AM
I heard a lot of the personnal involvement of the Mufti of Jerusalem with nazis, and I knew of only 10 000 muslims serving the Nazi Army.
The scope was way more serious.
Thnaks CAG 147, reall cool post :D

I know more 1 million Christians, Catholic, Orthodox and Protestats that served with SS.

07-29-2004, 07:58 AM
Interesting that mention the "muslims" that were on hitlers side.

They joined as any other anti soviet forces... croataians, romaninans and so on.

07-30-2004, 05:51 PM
Interesting that mention the "muslims" that were on hitlers side.

They joined as any other anti soviet forces... croataians, romaninans and so on.

Ummmm... No - Croatians, Romanians and so on have had a lot less of volunteer force and were rather reluctant to fight - that reflected on their performance, often making them the weakest link in the german deffense. The Alliegance of these people to the Axis was on the entirely nation's desission and soldiers were contributed for the fighting to prevent Hitler from invading their land. When Soviets drew near in '44 - these pacts were broken - Romanians, Hungarians and so on turned their guns at their former german allies overnight and flip-flopped to being commie lovers just the same. They were not anti-soviet - just opportunist.

Volunteers fought to the end - don't mix in everybody else with the same comb, unless you are making refference to some volunteer untis from those countries I'm not aware of.

08-01-2004, 07:04 AM
Comitment of NDH (Independent Croatian State, independent yeah right :D ) consistent at first from 369 independent reinforced infantry regiment, which consisted purley out of volunteers and was destroyed in Stalingrad.
Later 369, 373 and 392 infantry divisions were raised. Officers and NCO's were mostly germans. Divisions were used in conter partisan operations. There were also 13. SS Gebirgis Division Handžar and 23. SS Gebirgis Division Kama which mostly recruited bosnian muslims.