I've always found it interesting that some of the most persecuted people in history were the most brave and loyal in time of need. I understand some of it has to do with proving themselves with people who didn't fully give them the respect and credit that they deserve but because of this, I think their service and sacrifices warrant greater honor than we accord them.
Black soldiers (men and women) throughout history (Glory, incidentally, is one of my favorite movies)
The Nisei soldiers during WWII
The Navaho code talkers
All women who sign up to serve their country's military despite the fact that in many places they are treated as second class citizens.
And since I'm on the subject, the courageous but foolish Koreans who volunteered as kamikaze pilots for Imperial Japan.
Will be going to see Red Tail later today. I hope it's worth the drive on the most congested road in the Bay Area.
PIX from WWII..click the pic then click again for a higher-res version.
On parade, the 41st Engineers at Ft. Bragg, NC in color guard ceremony."
Don't think things were different? Check out that sign above the soldier.
"An MP on motorcycle stands ready to answer all calls around his area. Columbus, Georgia." April 13, 1942. Pfc. Victor Tampone.
"Negro soldiers draw rations at the camp cook house at their station in Northern Ireland. Detachments of Negro troops were among the latest arrivals with the American forces in Northern Ireland." Ca. August 1942.
"Negro troops of the 24th Infantry, attached to the Americal Division, wait to advance behind a tank assault on the Japanese, along Empress Augusta Bay on Bougainville."
"Fliers of a P-51 Mustang Group of the 15th Air Force in Italy `shoot the breeze' in the shadow of one of the Mustangs they fly." Left to right: Lt. Dempsey W. Morgan, Jr.; Lt. Car roll S. Woods; Lt. Robert H. Nelson, Jr.; Capt. Andrew D. Turner; and Lt. Clarence P. Lester. Ca. August 1944.
"A gun crew of six Negroes who were given the Navy Cross for standing by their gun when their ship was damaged by enemy attack in the Philippine area." Crew members: Jonell Copeland, AtM2/c; Que Gant, StM; Harold Clark, Jr., StM; James Eddie Dockery, StM; Alonzo Alexander Swann, StM; and Eli Benjamin, StM. Ca. 1945
"Negro sailors of the U.S.S. Mason (DE 529) commissioned at Boston Navy Yard on 20 Mar. 1944 proudly look over their ship which is the first to have [a] predominately Negro crew." March 20, 1944.
"Pfc. Luther Woodward..., a member of the Fourth Ammunition Company, admires the Bronze Star awarded to him for `his bravery, initiative and battle-cunning.' ..." The award was later upgraded to the Silver Star. April 17, 1945.
Oscar P. Austin
Rank and Organization: Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, Company E, 2d Battalion, 7th Marines, 1st Marine Division, (Rein), FMF.(Fleet marine Force)
Place and Date: West of Da Nang, Republic of Vietnam, 23 February 1969.
Entered Service At: Phoenix, Ariz.
Born: 15 January 1948, Nacogdoches, Tex.
Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving as an assistant machine gunner with Company E, in connection with operations against enemy forces. During the early morning hours Pfc. Austin's observation post was subjected to a fierce ground attack by a large North Vietnamese Army force supported by a heavy volume of hand grenades, satchel charges, and small arms fire. Observing that 1 of his wounded companions had fallen unconscious in a position dangerously exposed to the hostile fire, Pfc. Austin unhesitatingly left the relative security of his fighting hole and, with complete disregard for his safety, raced across the fire-swept terrain to assist the marine to a covered location. As he neared the casualty, he observed an enemy grenade land nearby and, reacting instantly, leaped between the injured marine and the lethal object, absorbing the effects of its detonation. As he ignored his painful injuries and turned to examine the wounded man, he saw a North Vietnamese Army soldier aiming a weapon at his unconscious companion. With full knowledge of the probable consequences and thinking only to protect the marine, Pfc. Austin resolutely threw himself between the casualty and the hostile soldier, and, in doing, was mortally wounded. Pfc. Austin's indomitable courage, inspiring initiative and selfless devotion to duty upheld the highest traditions of the Marine Corps and the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Source: Department of Defense.
Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Civilian Personnel Policy.
Black Americans in Defense of Our Nation.
The USS Oscar Austin (DDG 79) is named in his honor.
Dark blue and gold are traditional colors associated with the Navy: red is emblematic of valor and sacrifice and white stands for integrity and purity of purpose. The reversed star refers to the Medal of Honor posthumously awarded to Private First Class Oscar P. Austin, United States Marine Corps, for his self-sacrifice and extraordinary heroism when he threw himself between an enemy grenade and an injured Marine and was mortally wounded by an enemy who was about to shoot his fallen comrade.
The white of the globe and the blue of the star are the colors of the ribbon of the Medal of Honor: the reverse star is the silhouette of its pendant. The white globe and anchor, suggesting the United States Marine Corps seal, represented the Navy's global mission. The flames allude to the fire-swept terrain and the enemy fire where PFC Austin gave his life to assist his wounded comrades.
Each tine on the trident depicts separate warfare areas: air, surface and subsurface. The two are crossed to denote multiple capabilities. The rice stalks suggest Vietnam where PFC Oscar P. Austin served: the eagle, our National Emblem, symbolized the freedom and principles for which PFC Austin gave his life
The crossed Navy sword and Marine mameluke represent cooperation and strength. The mameluke commemorates PFC Oscar P. Austin's service with the Marine Corps, a soldier whose courage and gallantry in the face of certain death exemplified the highest standards of the United States Marine Corps and the United States Navy
Beautiful pics BD, simply beautiful!
Thanks guys! More pix for everyone!
...click the pic then click again for a higher-res version.
"U.S.-built Army trucks wind along the side of the mountain over the Ledo supply road now open from India into Burma..
"A U.S. Army soldier and a Chinese soldier place the flag of their ally on the front of their jeep just before the first truck convoy in almost three years crossed the China border en route from Ledo, India, to Kunming, China, over the Stilwell road." February 6, 1945. Sgt. John Gutman.
"[Capt. Andrew D. Turner], who in a few minutes will be escorting heavy bombers en route to enemy targets, signals to the chief of his ground crew before taking off from a base in Italy. He is a member of the 15th U.S. Army Air Force, which has been smashing enemy objectives in Germany and the Balkans with both fighter and bomber craft. The pilot's plane, a Mustang, is named for a type of wild horse that once roamed in America." ca. September 1944.
"Looking to sea from the signal bridge is Napoleon Reid, Seaman 2/c., USNR, shown standing on lookout watch on a ship somewhere in the Pacific." March 19, 1945.
"Negro mechanics work on PBY at NAS Seattle, WA, Alvin V. Morrison, AMM 3/c, doing overhaul." April 27, 1944.
"Peleliu Island...Marines move through the trenches on the beach during the battle." September 15, 1944. Fitzgerald
"Pfc. Johnnie Mae Welton, Negro WAC, laboratory technician trainee, conducts an experiment in the serology laboratory sf the Fort Jackson Station Hospital, Fort Jackson, SC." March 20, 1944.Jensen.
Really great photos, Thank you.
. "Somewhere in England, Maj. Charity E. Adams,...and Capt. Abbie N. Campbell,...inspect the first contingent of Negro members of the Women's Army Corps assigned to overseas service." 6888th Central Postal Directory Bn. February 15, 1945. Holt.
"Members of the 6888th Central Postal Directory Battalion take part in a parade ceremony in honor of Joan d'Arc at the marketplace where she was burned at the stake." May 27, 1945.Pfc. Stedma
Sixteen Negro soldiers recently won the coveted `wings' of the U.S. Army paratroopers at Fort Benning, in the southern U.S. state of Georgia. The picture shows some of them riding high in a C-47 transport plane preparing to make one of the required five qualifying jumps." March 1944.
"Officer returns salute as he passes the cadets lined up during review." Tuskegee Field, AL
"A trio of recruits in training to take their places as fighting Leathernecks in the U.S. Marine Corps, run the rugged obstacle course at Camp Lejeune, NC [Montford Point Camp]. The Marine recruits have shown such excellent results in their aptitudes and leadership capacities that an expanded Navy recruiting program is now underway." April 1943. Pat Terry
"Somewhere in England one of the hottest bands in the European Theater of Operations belongs to a Special United States Naval Construction Battalion..." The band leader and trumpeter is Coxswain Thomas J. Lindsey (left), and the drummer is S1c. Edward A. Grant. December 14, 1944.
"Sgt. Franklin Williams, home on leave from army duty, with his best girl Ellen Hardin, splitting a soda. They met at Douglas High School." Baltimore, MD. May 1942. Arthur Rothstein.
"World Heavyweight champ Joe Louis (Barrow) sews on the *****es of a technical sergeant--to which he has been promoted..." April 10, 1945
The USS Rodney M. Davis (FFG 60) is named in his honor.Marine Sgt. Rodney Maxwell Davis. Pictured as a corporal.
Rank and Organization: Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, Company B, 1st Battalion, 5th Marines, 1st Marine Division.
Place and Date: Quang Nam Province, Republic of Vietnam, 6 September 1967.
Entered Service At: Macon, Ga. Born: 7 April 1942, Macon, Ga.
Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving as the right guide of the 2d Platoon, Company B, in action against enemy forces. Elements of the 2d Platoon were pinned down by a numerically superior force of attacking North Vietnamese Army Regulars. Remnants of the platoon were located in a trench line where Sgt. Davis was directing the fire of his men in an attempt to repel the enemy attack. Disregarding the enemy hand grenades and high volume of small arms and mortar fire, Sgt. Davis moved from man to man shouting words of encouragement to each of them while firing and throwing grenades at the onrushing enemy. When an enemy grenade landed in the trench in the midst of his men, Sgt. Davis, realizing the gravity of the situation, and in a final valiant act of complete self-sacrifice, instantly threw himself upon the grenade, absorbing with his body the full and terrific force of the explosion. Through his extraordinary initiative and inspiring valor in the face of almost certain death, Sgt. Davis saved his comrades from injury and possible loss of life, enabled his platoon to hold its vital position, and upheld the highest traditions of the Marine Corps and the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Source: Department of Defense.
Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Civilian Personnel Policy.
Black Americans in Defense of Our Nation.
Washington, D.C.: GPO, 1985.
"BY VALOR AND ARMS"
Dark blue and gold are the colors traditionally associated with the Navy. The heraldic grenade represents the enemy grenade upon which Sergeant Rodney Maxwell Davis (USMC) threw himself when it landed in the midst of his platoon in Quang Nam Province, Republic of Vietnam, on 6 September 1967. The grenade, with chevrons representing sergeant's *****es, placed on a pale suggesting containment, further symbolizes his brave action which saved the lives of many of his fellow Marines and enabled the platoon to hold its ground.
The heraldic pelican, believed in antiquity to wound her breast with her long curved bill in order to draw blood for the purpose of feeding her young, is symbolic of Sergeant Davis' selfless act by which he gave his life to save others. The light blue collar with a suspended gold inverted star alludes to the Medal of Honor awarded to him for his heroic act. The sprig of bamboo signifies South Vietnam where Sergeant Davis fought and died.
The complete coat of arms as described above, on a white field enclosed by a dark blue border edged on the outside with a continuous gold rope and inscribed in gold with the words USS RODNEY M. DAVIS at the top and FFG 60 below.
USS Harnett County (LST-821)
Seaman Lawrence W. Overton loading magazines for his M-16 rifle from 5.56x45mm ammunition *****per clips, as he assumes the watch, May 1969. Harnett County was then operating on the Vam Co Dong River, Republic of Vietnam.
Photographed by JOCS Ed Nelson.
Official U.S. Navy Photograph.
USS Saint Francis River (LFR-525)
Crewman passes a five-inch rocket, as the ship loads ammunition at the U.S. Naval Support Facility, Cam Ranh Bay, Republic of Vietnam, July 1969.
Photographed by PH3 W.D. Newton.
Official U.S. Navy Photograph.
USS Repose (AH-16)
A Navy Nurse offers a word of encouragement to a patient about to leave the ship for further treatment in the United States, October 1967.
Repose was then operating in the South China Sea, a few miles south of the Seventeenth Parallel off the coast of the Republic of Vietnam.
Photographed by JOC R.D. Moeser.
Official U.S. Navy Photograph.
Master Chief Boatswain's Mate Carl Maxie Brashear, USN (Ret.)
Related Resources: Oral History by the United States Naval Institute
[FONT=Times New Roman]Personal Data[/FONT]
Born: January 19, 1931, Tonieville, Larue County, KentuckyDates of Rates
Parents: McDonald and Gonzella Brashear
Married: Junetta Wilcoxson in 1952; divorced in 1978
Hattie R. Elam in 1980; divorced in 1983
Jeanette A. Brundage in 1985; divorced in 1987
Children: Shazanta Brashear, born on May 17, 1955; died 13 July 1996
DaWayne Brashear, born on January 16, 1957
Phillip M. Brashear, born on July 4, 1962
Patrick S. Brashear, born on July 31, 1964
Education: Sonora Grade School, Sonora, Kentucky, 1937-46
Passed GED test in U.S. Navy, 1960
Charles County Community College, Great Mills, Maryland, 1980-82
Tidewater Community College, Virginia Beach, Virginia, 1983
Died: July 26, 2006
Seaman Recruit (E-1) through Boatswain's Mate First Class (E-6), 1948-55Dates of Diving Specialties
Chief Boatswain's Mate (E-7), 1960-66
Senior Chief Boatswain's Mate (E-8), 1966-71
Master Chief Boatswain's Mate (E-9), 1971-79
Salvage Diver, 1953-60Decorations and Medals
Second Class Diver, 1960-64
First Class Diver, 1964-70
Saturation Diver, 1970-79
Master Diver, 1970-79
Good Conduct Medal (eight awards)Transcript of Service
Navy Commendation Medal
Navy Achievement Medal
National Defense Service Medal
China Service Medal
Korean Service Medal
United Nations Medal
Navy and Marine Corps Medal
Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal
Presidential Unit Citation
Navy Occupation Service Medal
February 25, 1948 Enlisted in the U.S. Navy February-May 1948 Naval Training Center, Great Lakes, Illinois--Recruit Training May 1948-June 1950 Squadron VX-1, Key West, Florida--Officers' Mess; PBM Beachmaster Unit June 1950-November 1951 USS Palau (CVE-122)--Deck Division; Motor Whaleboat Coxswain November 1951-March 1955 USS Tripoli (CVE-64)--Second Division Petty Officer; Master-at-Arms; Temporary Additional Duty at Salvage Diving School March 1955-June 1956 USS Opportune (ARS-41)--Deck Division; Salvage Diver; Section Leader; Repair Party Leader June 1956-June 1958 Naval Air Station, Quonset Point, Rhode Island--Leading Petty Officer; Salvage Diver; Escort for President Dwight D. Eisenhower June 1958-July 1960 Ship Repair Facility, Guam, Marianas Islands--Salvage Diver; Skipper of Yard Salvage Derrick July-September 1960 Deep-Sea Diving School, Washington, D.C.--Student, failed the course September 1960-March 1961 USS Nereus (AS-17)--Deck Division Chief Boatswain's Mate March 1961-April 1962 Fleet Training Center, Pearl Harbor, Hawaii--Chief Master-at-Arms; Requalified as Second Class Diver; Temporary Additional Duty with Joint Task Force Eight April 1962-October 1963 USS Coucal (ASR-8)--Ship's Chief Boatswain's Mate; Second Class Diver; Underway Officer of the Deck; In-Port Duty Chief October 1963-June 1964 Deep-Sea Diving School, Washington, D.C.--Student, graduated as First Class Diver June 1964-September 1965 USS Shakori (ATF-162)--Ship's Chief Boatswain's Mate; Leading Diver; Underway Officer of the Deck September 1965-March 1966 USS Hoist (ARS-40)--Ship's Chief Boatswain's Mate; Acting Master Diver; Underway Officer of the Deck; Repair Party Leader; In-Port Duty Chief May 1966-March 1967 Naval Regional Medical Center, Portsmouth, Virginia--Treatment following the amputation of left leg below the knee March 1967-March 1968 Harbor Clearance Unit Two--Under Evaluation at Diving School for return to full active duty and diving March 1968-December 1969 Naval Air Station, Norfolk, Virginia--Leading Chief Petty Officer; Leading Diver December 1969-June 1970 Experimental Diving Unit, Deep-Sea Diving School, Washington, D.C.--Saturation Diver; Master Diver Evaluation June 1970-May 1971 USS Hunley (AS-31)--Master Diver; R-7 Division Officer; In-Port Officer of the Deck; Minority Affairs Officer May 1971-June 1975 USS Recovery (ARS-43)--Master Diver; Work Center Supervisor; Command Master Chief; Repair Party Leader; Underway Officer of the Deck; In-Port Command Duty Officer June 1975-June 1977 Naval Safety Center, Norfolk, Virginia--Master Diver June 1977-October 1978 USS Recovery (ARS-43)--Master Diver; Work Center Supervisor; Command Master Chief; Enlisted Watch Officer; Repair Party Leader; Underway Officer of the Deck; In-Port Command Duty Officer October 1978-March 1979 Shore Intermediate Maintenance Activity, Norfolk, Virginia--Master Diver April 1, 1979 Retired from the U.S. Navy as a master chief petty officer and master diver
April 1979-August 1980: QED Systems, Inc., Virginia Beach, Virginia--Diving Study for the Royal Saudi Navy; USS Forrestal (CV-59) Service Life Extension Program
February-November 1982: CDI Marine Company, Chesapeake, Virginia--Engineering Technician
November 1982-January 1993: Naval Communication Area Master Station Atlantic, Norfolk, Virginia--Environmental Protection Specialist; Energy Conservation Specialist
January 1993: Retired from government service in the grade of GS-11
[FONT=Times New Roman]Source: Stillwell, Paul. The Reminiscences of Master Chief Boatswain's Mate Carl Brashear. Annapolis MD: United States Institute, 1998.
The USNS Carl Brashear T-AKE-7 is named in honor of BMCM Carl Brashear US Navy/retired
Coat Of Arms
Azure (Dark Blue), on a fess enhanced Gules (Scarlet Red),edged Argent (Silver Gray), three triangular gads Argent , in base a sea lion Or (Old Gold), eyed, langued and clawed of the second, the caudal fin coupe-parted, holding an anchor of the last and between the anchor’s ring two mullets Argent ,all within a bordure Or.
A diver helm (Mark V) Or, charged with an inescutcheon, per pale Azure and Gules, a pale Or. SUPPORTERS
Behind the shield two tridents in saltire Azure.
A scroll Or and doubled Azure inscribed ‘AUDENTES FORTUNA IUVAT’ translates to ‘FORTUNE FAVORS THE BOLD’ of the last.
The coat of arms as blazoned in full color on a white field enclosed by a blue oval border edged on the outside with gold rope and bearing the name ‘USNS CARL BRASHEAR’ at top and ‘T-AKE 7’ in base all in gold.
Dark blue and gold are the colors traditionally associated with the Navy. Red denotes fearlessness. The red fess is higher to signify determination of Master Chief Boatswain’s Mate Brashear to triumph over racial prejudice to become the first African American deep-sea diver and the first certified and recertified amputee in the U. S. Navy. The triangular gads, the heraldic symbols for steel, suggest the prow of a ship, denoting the three major vessels that MCBM Brashear served as a diver, early in his career – USS Tripoli, USS Opportune and the USS Hoist. The sea lion with the separated caudal fin represents his death defying courage to continue naval service as a diver, confronting all obstacles and after losing his left leg during the mission to retrieve hydrogen bombs off the coast of Palomares, Italy. The anchor symbolizes his persistence, finally in 1970, becoming the first African American Master diver. The stars above the anchor is a modification of grade achieved during his naval career. The gold border honors Master Chief Brashear’s accomplishments.
The diver’s Mark V helmet bearing the shield memorializes Master Chief Brashear distinguished naval diving profession and acknowledges his struggles to become a diver and remain in the vocation. He was awarded the Navy-Marine Corp Medal for heroism during the Palomares incident, illustrated by the colors of the shield.
The tridents symbolize sea prowess, emphasizing the T-AKE 7 mission to transport supplies and dry cargo.
"Two soldiers gather up their baggage as transportation arrives to take them to their outfit on Guam. Another soldier sits disconsolately awaiting further orders of transportation." August 4, 1945.
"Seeking to rescue a Marine who was drowning in the surf at Iwo Jima, this sextet of Negro soldiers narrowly missed death themselves when their amphibian truck was swamped by heavy seas. From left to right, back row, they are T/5 L. C. Carter, Jr., Private John Bonner, Jr., Staff Sergeant Charles R. Johnson. Standing, from left to right, are T/5 A. B. Randle, T/5 Homer H. Gaines, and Private Willie Tellie." March 11, 1945.
"Sgt. John C. Clark...and S/Sgt. Ford M. Shaw...(left to right) clean their rifles in bivouac area alongside the East West Trail, Bougainville. They are members of Co. E, 25th Combat Team, 93rd Division..." April 4, 1944. Lt. Schuman.
"These drivers of the 666th Quartermaster Truck Company, 82nd Airborne Division, who chalked up 20,000 miles each without an accident, since arriving in the European Theater of Operations." Left to right: T/5 Sherman Hughes, T/5 Hudson Murphy, Pfc. Zacariah Gibbs. Ca. May 1945.
Awesome pics Big Daddy...