Iraq successfully used Igla-1s during Desert Storm in 1991, where they were responsible for the shoot-down of an AC-130H on January 31; a F-16 on February 27; a UH-60 helicopter on February 27; (according to Russian sources) four of the five AV-8B Harriers lost on January 28 and February 9, 23, 25, and 27; and at least one Tornado on January 18. It is possible that more aircraft among those lost in the operations were downed by Igla-1 missiles. The last known Igla kill outside Russia was a US F-16C Block 40, shot down on May 2, 1999, over Kosovo. It is not sure which version (Igla or Igla-1) was used in this engagement. However, it is worth noting that the F-16 went down despite being equipped with the AN/ALE-40 countermeasures dispenser.