The CROTALE Air Defence System is in use in French Air Force for thirty years
First Picture :
IMPROVED CROTALE fire unit during Tiger Meet 2009 exercise in Belgium ... Temporarily and officially painted the same way that the french EC 01012 Mirage 2000 (TIGERMINATOR) - EC 01012 won the Silver Tiger !!!!!
works of the painter harry: Mirage 2000, a "Deuche", a CBR and a CROTALE FU ...
thank you very much harry ++++ what talent!
Iran had attempted to purchase the Crotale (Rattlesnake) short range SAM system from the French in 1985 but appears to have been rebuffed. However, Iran subsequently purchased a number of FM-80 (HQ-7) Crotale short -range SAM systems from China and more recently succeeded in reverse engineering the system under the Ya-zahra project. There is speculation that Iran also captured French made Crotale units from the Iraqis, and it is possible that Libya, who also operate Crotale and where allied to Iran in the 1980s also supplied equipment and/or technology. The new system, which differs in use of the Oerlikon Sky Guard radar instead of the original French radar, is called Shahab Thaqeb. It is not clear what the operational status of either the Shahab Thaqeb or FM-80 systems s and they are rarely (if ever) paraded for the press or photographers in an operational state.
A Chinese copy of the French Crotale system, the HQ-7 is deployed by both the army and air-force. The system is highly mobile even in its towed ‘shelter’ version. The basic system has a range of 12km and provides modest defense against fast jet targets. The PLAAF shelter version:
China has developed successive improved versions of the HQ-7 with numerous prototypes and models at defense shows. The latest version, with an export designation FM-90 (In-service designation not known but logically HQ-7C), appears to have entered limited service. The FM-90 features a longer ranged missile (15km vs 12km) and a new six wheel launch vehicle:
Crotale NG Multi-Mission Air Defense Missile System, France
Crotale NG (Next Generation) is an all-weather short-range air defence system developed by Thales Air Defense (formerly Thomson-CSF Airsys) based at Bagneux in France. The missions of the system are in front-line armoured brigade defence, permanent or semi-permanent site defence and area defence against air threats, such as fixed-wing aircraft, attack helicopters, cruise missiles, tactical missiles and saturation attacks with stand-off weapons released from aircraft and helicopters.
The Crotale NG system provides air situation and threat assessment, extended detection range, identification friend or foe (IFF), multi-target detection plus automated acquisition, tracking and engagement and all weather operation. "Crotale NG is an all-weather short-range air defence missile system." Crotale NG entered production in 1990 and is in service with the Finnish Army (20 systems), and the French Air Force (12 shelter-mounted systems) and Navy.
The original Crotale SAM system, with both land and sea (Sea Crotale) systems. Over 330 systems and several thousand missiles have been produced and exported to 15+ countries. HQ-7
China developed the HQ-7 SAM system partly from reverse-engineering Crotale. An improved version, the HQ-7A/FM-90, is known to exist. Shahab Thaqeb
In 2002 Iran revealed details concerning a domestically produced surface to air missile system, named Shahab Thaqeb. The system, mounted on a 4-wheel trailer, closely resemebled the Chinese HQ-7/FM-80/90 series of which Iran had already received. It was unclear whether these systems were actually manufacturered in Iran, or whether some portion of the assembly had been conducted domestically. R460 SICA (Shahine)
Thomson-CSF (now THALES) developed a specific version of the Crotale known as "Shahine" for Saudi Arabia. The system became operational in 1980. The main visible differences are mainly the carrier (an AMX 30 armoured carrier instead of the non protected classic carrier), and that it carries a six missile firing unit (instead of four). The purpose of the changes was to allow the Shahine firing and acquisition units to follow and protect the armoured units of the Saudi Armed Forces on the battlefield. The Shahine units were among the first vehicles to liberate Kuwait City in February 1991 Crotale NG (VT-1)
An updated version, New Generation. Finland was the first operator of the system. The cost of the system is roughly 8 million euros (excluding the vehicle). Greece is another user, and paid 1 Billion French Francs in 1998 for 11 systems: 9 for the Hellenic Air Force and 2 for the Hellenic Navy. In 2002 euros, that would have amounted up to 12 million euros per unit.Crotale Mk.3In January 2008, France test-fired the new Crotale Mk.3 system at the CELM missile launch test center in Biscarrosse. The Crotale Mk.3 system's VT1 missile successfully intercepted a Banshee target drone at 970 metre altitude and 8 km range in 11 seconds on 15 january 2008. Later, on 31 january 2008, the system successfully intercepted another target drone at a 500 metre altitude and 15 km range in 35 seconds. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crotale_missile