In 1942 a new version of the M-38 was produced as the M-38/42, which was fitted with German M-31 style liners.
Posted on WW2.ro by member dutchhelmets
From Romanian members: Mihnea, Claudiu1988, ANDI, REGAL UNIFORM COLLECTOR.The most common model was the m34. this is the model (with dutch liner) that was ordered by the Romanians before the war started.
When Holland capitulated, Germany sent a lot of captured helmets (m27NM and m34) to Romania.
All these helmets had the Dutch liners, the company that produced these helmets (verblifa=verenigde blik fabrieken) was ordered by the Germans to keep producing the m34 model for the Romanian army and they did this till the end of 1942. These helmets had the German liner.
Starting on the liner colour, the Dutch military liners are always black. There are some models with brown liners, but these aren't the official liners, these liners were made in order of rich military (mostly officers!!!) only to show off, that's why there are some military models with brown (unofficial) liners.
After the war a lot of helmets were redone on order of the Dutch government for use by many different governmental organisations, except the army, a lot of these helmets had new brown liners.
As far as I know, all helmets that went to Romania which were produced after Holland capitulated, had German liners and they were brown. why these helmets had German liners, I don't know, possibly because these liners were already massed produced and plenty in storage. I don't believe that verblifa made German helmets. I've never heard that before, they did produce the m34 until the end of 1942, the m38 until somewhere in the 60's, the dutch mkII in the 50's and the m53 from the 50's to the end of the 80's.
As far of the size of the liners for the m27NM and m34, I mailed some other collectors to help me find an answer to that question. My opinion is that there was only one size helmet and liner.
The reason I believe that is because I have 7 m34's and they all have the same size helmet and liner. The same for the m27NM, when I get an answer too that I'll let you know. . . . . .
With regards the black helmets, police helmets, the dark-blue one from the marechaussee (military police) and the black one regular police, these two helmets were most likely redone after the war for police use.
The difference between police and fire-brigade helmets are the rivets, police helmets have black rivets (painted together with the shell) and fire brigade helmets have chrome rivets, these two helmets should have had markings in the past, the marechaussee helmet normally has a white grenade with a flame on top on the front of the helmet, the police helmet a white star with a similar grenade, as the marechausse one, also to the front of the helmet.
There was also a model retrofitted and issued to German Luftschutz Units:-
REISSUED DUTCH M27 LUFTSCHUTZ HELMET. (Holländisch Stahlhelm M27) Pictures attached below.
BACKGROUND: Formed in late 1932 the Deutsches Luftschutzverband, (German Air Protection League), was a voluntary organization designed to provide civil air raid protection in large civilian centers.
Shortly after Hitler ascension to power the Deutsches Luftschutzverband was restructured and placed under the supervision of the Reichsluftfahrtministerium, (National Air Ministry), under the control of Hermann Göring.
On April 29TH 1933 the Deutsches Luftschutzverband was renamed RLB, Reichs Luftschutz Bund, (National Air Raid Protection League) and was given status as an official national organization tasked with all aspects of civil air raid defence.
The RLB remained a voluntary organization with a small cadre of paid, full-time uniformed officials to oversee the organizations functions until June 1935 when obligatory service was introduced. Only the most basic uniform and equipment items were supplied to the cadre personnel, with the rest having to be bought personally by members.
On September 26TH 1938 a specific helmet for RLB personnel was introduced that incorporated a raised horizontal "bead" between the visors and crown. These helmets commonly called the "Gladiator" style were supplemented with M35, M40 and M42 helmets that also incorporated a raised horizontal "bead" between the visors and crown.
The Luftschutz also utilized a variety of captured helmets. [*******Red]The Dutch army had purchased their helmets from Rumania and modified them by adding the Dutch coat-of-arms to the front center*.[/COLOR] After the successful invasion of Holland and the capitulation of the Dutch army in May 1940 the Germans appropriated large stockpiles of weapons and equipment including helmets.
PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: Luftschutz reissue, Dutch M27 stamped, sheet steel construction helmet with scalloped sides and an extended, flared, rear neck guard visor. The exterior of the helmet retains about 80% of its dark satin blue over-paint with small areas of chafe wear to the base metal with light surface spotting. The front center of the helmet has a Luftschutz emblem decal positioned above the Dutch coat-of-arms. The black detailed, silver decal features stylized spread wings with a central oak-leaf sprig and a canted swastika positioned below a scripted banner, "Luftschutz". The decal is retained about 70% with some fair sized sections having been chafed off. The brazed on Dutch coat-of-arms features an embossed, crowned, rampant lion clutching a sword in one paw and three arrows in the other paw on a vertically oval base with a horizontally ribbed background field. The reverse neck guard visor has a small horizontal cut-out and a white hand painted name, "Alex". The interior of the helmet is still in its original olive drab paint and a three pad blackened leather liner is fully intact with its original fit adjustment tie string. The liner consists of three separate pads with two fingers to each and an ersatz padding to the reverse. The liner pads each have a stamped, repeating crosshatch pattern and alloy grommets for the tie string. The reverse section of the lining has the addition of a unique, downwardly extended blackened leather panel with an integral fit adjustment strap with a corresponding, sheet metal ****ged roller buckle. The helmet comes complete with a blackened leather chinstrap with a sheet metal length adjustment gripper buckle. The chinstrap is secured to the helmets liner band with swivel bale metal loops. The integral liner fit adjustment buckle and the chinstrap buckle both show moderate to heavy rusting but otherwise the helmet is in overall good condition.
[*******Red]* the writer at German Militaria of the above has got his information backwards the helmets were shipped OUT to Romania not in.[/COLOR]After the war, the use of m27NM and m34 dutch helmets was discontinued and replaced with ssh40 Russian helmets. But there were some exceptions, some of them being repainted and used for fire brigades and Traffic Controllers in the street.
During the last third of the 1960's, along with the political changes (a slight declination of Soviet influence, N. Ceausescu sworn as president), the Russian helmets were also discontinued and thousands of Dutch helmets were in use again (with Dutch, German and some other local variation liners).
Photos taken during the 1970's with soldiers wearing Dutch helmets that were not even repainted, the area were the front badge was fixed still visible, they were again discontinued gradually, after the new m73 Romanian helmet was issued to the military for service.First Seven (7) pictures show my Romanian WW2 Model, dark green paint is Romanian Communist period, with the light apple green the original Romanian WW2 paint job.Romanian Helmets with painted Insignia, were special produced for the 30th Guard Regiment and were carried on ceremonies and parades in front the “Supreme Commander” President N. Ceausescu They could be seen in many official photographs of the communist era military magazines.
It was also a blue painted version, probably for Air Force, Navy or Militia guard units.
IC = Îndrumător de circulaţie (traffic director) and Insignia shots from
Collector's Guild at WWW.Germanmilitaria.com the net.