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Thread: On this day in Military History

  1. #151
    Senior Member valtrex's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by stonecutter View Post
    Amazing photo of the torpedo strike on the Greek ship. What are the odds of being able to snap such a photo, especially when the event wasn't expected?
    The island of Tenos is the centre for religious celebrations every year on August 15 for the Orthodox Christians in Greece:
    Dormition of the Holy Virgin
    therefore it's not rare to have photographers ready to take snapshots from the celebrations. Since the photo is an official one from the Hellenic Navy archives (the inscription reads "Navy History Service - 42403") I'd say it's genuine.
    PS: Beautiful photos indeed

  2. #152
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    Hi All! I'd need some help! In Hungary-Europe, a small group made a German Shepherd Rescue Team and started to build an animal home. Now we decided to write a book about Military Dogs-Heroes, true stories from nowadays. I know that lot of german shepherds take parts in military exercises. I'm looking for soldiers who works with dogs, and can help us with some stories. I hope with this book we can finish our animal home. Please tell me some advices where to start, or who should I ask?
    Thanks

  3. #153
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    Default August, 17

    480 BC: During the Second Persian invasion of Greece, the three-day Battle of Thermopylć begins. 300 Spartans led by their King Leonidas, 700 Thespians under their leader Demophilus and 400 Thebans, attempt to defend the middle gate from the invading Persians, the narrowest part of the pass of Thermopylć, where the Phocians had built a defensive wall some time before. After a desperate fight, the Persians finally break through on the third day, at the expense of 20,000 casualties according to Herodotus. On the Greek side, the Thespians committed themselves to a fight to the death, the Spartans perished after the Persians rained down arrows until every last Spartan was dead and the Thebans, according to Herodotus, defended themselves to the last, those who still had swords using them, and the others resisting with their hands and teeth.


    480 BC: During the Second Persian invasion of Greece, the three-day Naval Battle of Artemisium (or Artemision) begins. 271 Greek warships (triremes mostly) from Athens, Corinth, Sparta and other minor Greek city-states, led by the Spartan Navarch (=Admiral) Eurybiades engaged a ca 800-strong Persian fleet, off the northern tip of the island of Eubœa. The battle was fought coinstantaneously with the Battle of Thermopylć and it was a tactical stalemate: The Greeks did not defeat the Persian navy, neither did the Persians destroy the Greek fleet. However, as the poet Pindar put it, Artemisium was where the sons of the Athenians laid the shining foundation-stone of freedom.
    [IMG]http://i37.*******.com/rlcbnndotjpg[/IMG]
    [size=1]The HNS "Olympias" is a reconstruction of an ancient Athenian trireme. 127 similar Athenian ships, fought at Artemisium[/size]

    986: A Byzantine army of 30,000 men under the young and inexperienced Emperor Basil II, is destroyed in the pass of Trajan's Gate, near Ihtiman, Bulgaria, by the Bulgarians of Tsar Samuil and his brother Aron. The Byzantine emperor Basil II narrowly escaped. Bardas Skleros (or Sclerus) the Byzantine general and contestant to the throne, who led a wide-scale rebellion in Minor Asia, from 976-979, takes advantage of the defeat and organises a new rebellion.

    [size=1]The Trajan's Gate, today[/size]

    [size=1]The commemorative plaque marking the 1020th (2006) anniversary of the Bulgarian victory[/size]

    WWI-1914: Russia invades East Prussia and the Battle of Stallupönen occurs. The Russian General Paul von Rennenkampf's forces marched into East Prussia, following cavalry probes conducted five days earlier, the same day that the German General Hermann von François, commander of I Corps - attached to General von Prittwitz's Eighth Army - brought them to action. Launching a frontal attack, the aggressive François drove the Russians back to the frontier, snapping up 3,000 prisoners in the process. German casualties accounted for 1,297 killed and wounded. The Russians lost 5,000 men.

    [size=1]The conqueror of Stallupönen, General Hermann von François[/size]

    1942: Butaritari atoll was the site of the Makin Raid on 17 August, when two companies of the 2nd Marine Raider Battalion/165th Infantry, landed from the submarines USS "Argonaut" (SM-1) and USS "Nautilus" (SS-168), as a feint to draw Japanese attention away from the planned invasion route through the Solomons. While they annihilated the local garrison, comprised 806 Japanese troops, they failed in their initial objectives of taking prisoners and gathering intel.


    1943: 597 RAF bombers attack Peenemunde on the Baltic coast, the birthplace of the V weapons. 376 B-17 and B-24 heavy bomber aircrafts of the US 8th Air Force carry out double raids against the ball-bearing plants at Schweinfurt and the Messerschmitt fighter works at Regensburg, losing 80 aircraft in the process.


    1943: German and Italian forces successfully evacuate Sicily across the Strait of Messina, with little interference by the Allies. This allows Montgomery and Patton enter Messina. The whole of Sicily is now in allied hands. The shelling of the Italian mainland from Messina begins.
    [IMG]http://i35.*******.com/6oeyhzdotjpg[/IMG]

    1944: The 16th Infantry Rgt of the EDES (=National Republican Greek League) resistance group under Col Demetrios Camaras, attacks the 254 German troops occupying the town of Menina, Epirus and after a two-day battle, captures the town. German losses accounted for 87 killed. 109 were captured prisoners. Greek casualties accounted for 25 dead, 40 wounded.

    [size=1]A EDES coy - 1944[/size]

    1944: In retaliation for their clash with Greek ELAS insurgents, on 6, 7 and 8 March 1944, in the suburb of Pirćus, Kokkiniá (a Communist stronghold), during which dozens of German troops and Greek members of the collaborationist Security Battalions, and ca 100 ELAS fighters were killed, the roundup of Kokkiniá occurs. 4,000 German troops and Greek members of the Security Battalions (under their CO, Colonel Ioannes Plytzanopulos), raid Kokkiniá and mass arrest 20,000 Kokkinians who are held for hours at the Hosia Xenia square, the central town square of the suburb. The operation aimed at reducing the insurgent present in the area. Hundreds of people got beaten up badly. 315 Kokkinians, identified as being active members of the resistance, were executed on sight.
    [IMG]http://i37.*******.com/191snsdotjpg[/IMG]
    [IMG]http://i36.*******.com/25i7ms0dotjpg[/IMG]
    [size=1]Diamanto Kumbakes was amongst the executed; as she was brought into the execution ground, she shouted brothers and sisters! keep your head up! thousands will avenge us![/size]

    1962: East German border guards kill 18-year-old Peter Fechter, a bricklayer, as he attempts to cross the Berlin Wall into West Berlin becoming one of the first victims of the wall.
    [IMG]http://i37.*******.com/bhc600dotjpg[/IMG]
    [size=1]The dead body of Peter Fechter lying next to the Berlin Wall - 17 August, 1962[/size]

    1974: The Turkish operations in Cyprus, end. Turkish forces captured 38% of the island's area. Turkish casualties during the Cyprus conflict accounted for 498 killed, 1,200 wounded. Turkish-Cypriots lost 70-340 killed, 1,000 wounded. Greek casualties (ELDYK mostly) accounted for 88 killed, 148 wounded, 83 missing (presumably dead). Cypriot National Guard losses accounted for 309 killed, 1,141 wounded, 909 missing (presumably dead). The front line became the border, as it remains today. Some 160,000 - 200,000 Greek-Cypriot refugees fled to the south.

    [size=1]Lt. Gen Nurettin Ersin (1st from the left, front row), the head of the Turkish Operation Attila, the invasion of Cyprus, and Maj. Gen Betrettin Demirel (2nd from the left, front row) CO of the 39th Division and head of the amphibious invasion of Pentemilli, with staff officers[/size]

  4. #154
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    Default August, 20

    636: During the Byzantine-Arab Wars, the five-day Battle of Hieromyax (or Yarmuk) ends. Most early Muslim accounts place the size of the Muslim forces between 25,000 and 40,000, under Khalid ibn al-Walid, nd the number of Byzantine forces between 40,000 and 80,000, under the Byzantine Emperor Flavius Heraclius Augustus, commonly known as Heraclius. The result of the battle was a complete Muslim victory which permanently ended Byzantine rule south of Anatolia. The Battle of Yarmouk is regarded as one of the most decisive battles in military history and it marked the first great wave of Islamic conquests after the death of Muhammad, heralding the rapid advance of Islam into the then Christian Levant.
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z7j_8r9L6-c
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XlsS0S9NWB4

    917: During the Byzantine-Bulgarian Wars, the Battle of Achelous occurs. It's fought between the ca 60-000 Bulgarians under Tsar Simeon I and the 30,000-60,000 Byzantines under General Leo Phocas. The battle of Achelous was one of the worst disasters that ever befell a Byzantine army, and one of the greatest military successes of Bulgaria.


    1941: German 11. Armee (Generaloberst Eugen Ritter von Schobert) captures Kherson on the Black Sea and opens the gate to the Crimea.


    1944: The allies seal the Falaise gap, with blocking forces taking 4,000 prisoners. However, the Germans in the Falaise pocket break out along a single road and stream out of the pocket for six hours before the pocket is resealed. The Allies estimate that 10,000 Germans have died in the pocket and 50,000 prisoners taken. Although one German division (77th Infantry Division) is annihilated, 26 extremely weak divisions do escape the pocket. The U.S. 79th Division reaches the west bank of the Seine above Paris. Free French forces rise in Paris, while de Gaulle is reported in France.


    1944: The Soviets launch an offensive into Romania with 900,000 men (96 divisions), 1,400 tanks and 1,700 aircraft. Advances up to 12 miles are reported as the Russian plan to surround 23 German divisions (360,000 men) takes shape.


    1953: The Soviet Union publicly acknowledges that it had tested a hydrogen bomb; it was their first Sloika design test, Joe 4, with a yield equivalent to 400 kilotons of TNT (only 15%–20% from fusion).
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r3l0G3XOUv4

    1968: 200,000 Warsaw Pact troops and 5,000 tanks invade Czechoslovakia to end the Prague Spring of political liberalization. During the invasion, 72 Czechs and Slovaks are killed, hundreds are wounded. Alexander Dubček, the leader of Czechoslovakia and head of the Prague Spring, called upon the people not to resist in order to avoid bloodshed. He was arrested and taken to Moscow with several of his colleagues.


    1988: Iran accepts United Nations (UN) Security Council Resolution 598, leading to a 20 August 1988 cease-fire thus ending Iran-Iraq war which lasted nearly eight years, from September of 1980 until August of 1988.


    1998: In retaliation for the August 7 bombings of American embassies in Kenya and Tanzania, the United States military launches cruise missile attacks against alleged al-Qaida camps in Afghanistan and a suspected chemical plant in Sudan.

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    Default August, 21

    1689: During the Jacobite Rebellions (a series of uprisings, rebellions, and wars in the British Isles occurring between 1688 and 1746 aimed at returning of the House of Stuart, to the throne) the Battle of Dunkeld occurs. It was fought between a 4,000-strong army formed by Jacobite clans, under Alexander Cannon, supporting King James VII of Scotland and a government regiment (1,200 men) of covenanters, under William Cleland, supporting William of Orange, in the streets around Dunkeld Cathedral, Dunkeld, Scotland. The Jacobites routed, having lost around 300 men. Losses on the government side are unclear, but included the 27-year Colonel Cleland, who is buried in the cathedral.
    [IMG]http://i33.*******.com/2m3mycwdotjpg[/IMG]
    [size=1]The Dunkeld Cathedral[/size]

    1808: During the Peninsular War, the Battle of Vimeiro occurs. It's fought between an Anglo-Portuguese army of 20,500 men, under Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington and the 14,000 French of Jean-Andoche Junot, 1st Duc d'Abrantčs. The French lost 2,000 killed and wounded. Vimeiro marks the first Anglo-Portuguese victory of the Peninsular War. With the Convention of Sintra, signed 10 days later, the defeated French army was transported back to France by the Royal Navy, complete with its guns and equipment and the loot it had taken from Portugal.
    [IMG]http://i34.*******.com/2yzj4icdotjpg[/IMG]

    1942: During the Guadalcanal Campaign, the Battle of the Tenaru occurs. On the night of August 20-21 1942, the men of US Marines 2d Bn/1st Marines occupying the west bank of the Tenaru creek, were attacked by Japanese forces, known as Ichiki's First Element, under Colonel Kiyonao Ichiki, CO of the 28th Infantry Regiment, approaching from the east. Fighting lasted throughout the night and into the next morning. The Marines, reinforced by 1st Bn/1st Marines, destroyed much of Ichiki's command. Japanese lost ca 800 killed.
    [IMG]http://i36.*******.com/fn8t9sdotjpg[/IMG]

    1963: The Xa Loi Pagoda Raids occur. They were a series of synchronized attacks on various Buddhist pagodas in the major cities of South Vietnam shortly after midnight on 21 August, 1963. The raids were executed by the Army of the Republic of Vietnam Special Forces under Colonel Le Quang Tung, and combat police, who took their orders directly from Ngo Dinh Nhu, the younger brother of the Roman Catholic President Ngo Dinh Diem. Over 1,400 Buddhists were arrested, and estimates of the death toll and missing ranged up to the hundreds.
    [IMG]http://i37.*******.com/c28vcdotjpg[/IMG]

    1991: The 1991 Soviet coup d'état attempt, initiated by a group of hard-line members of the Communist Party (КПСС) to take control of the country from Soviet president Mikhail Gorbachev, collapses.
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4KRTPh1PAek

  6. #156
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    Default August, 22

    1138: During the Scottish Invasion of England, the Battle of the Standard occurs. 10,000 Scots under King David were defeated by a 16,000-strong, mixed Norman-English force of barons and civil militia under William le Gros, 1st Earl of Albemarle. The two armies met near Northallerton, North Yorkshire. The battle is known under that name, because the holy standard of St. Cuthbert was carried into battle on a cart. The consequences of the battle were minor insofar as the balance of power. The Scots remained a threat in the north.


    1485: During the Wars of the Roses, the Battle of of Bosworth Field occurs. It's fought between the House of Lancaster and the House of York for the throne of England. The battle was won by the Lancastrians. Their leader Henry Tudor, Earl of Richmond, became the first English monarch of the Tudor dynasty (Henry VII). His opponent Richard III, the last king of the House of York, was killed in the battle. Bosworth Field marks the end of the Plantagenet dynasty.

    [size=1]King Henry VII of England, holding the Tudor Rose[/size]

    1791: The slaves of the French colony of Saint-Domingue (today's Haiti) rose in revolt under François-Dominique Toussaint L'ouverture and plunged the colony into civil war.

    [size=1]Toussaint L'ouverture[/size]

    1864: With the signing of the First Geneva Convention by the representatives of twelve countries (Baden, Belgium, Denmark, France, Hesse, Italy, Netherlands, Portugal, Prussia, Spain, Switzerland, Württemberg; Norway and Sweden signed in December), the Red Cross is formed.


    WWI-1914: 27,000 French soldiers are killed on this single day in an offensive thrust to the east of Paris, towards the German borders.


    1922: Michael Collins, Commander-in-Chief of the Irish Free State Army, is shot dead at Béal na mBláth, County Cork, during the Irish Civil War.


    1942: Under heavy pressure from the US, Brazil declares war on Germany and Italy.

    [size=1]The FEB (=Brazilian Expeditionary Force) patch[/size]

    1978: The Sandinistas of the Sandinista National Liberation Front, the Socialist Revolutionaries of Nicaragua, capture the National Palace of Nicaragua.

    [size=1]Daniel Ortega, the Leader of FSLN with Castro[/size]

  7. #157
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    1813: During the War of the Sixth Coalition (the sixth attempt by several European powers to contain Napoleonic France) the Battle of Großbeeren occurs. The 60,000 French under Marshal Nicolas Charles Oudinot, 1st Comte Oudinot, 1st Duc de Reggio are defeated by the combined 80,000-strong Prusso-Swedish army under the Swedish Crown Prince Karl Johan. The French lost ca 4,500 killed and wounded while the allies suffered 1,000 killed and wounded. Napoleon was furious with Oudinot: It is truly difficult to have fewer brains than the duke of Reggio!
    The crown prince Karl Johan was none other than turncoat and general most hateable guy of the times, Bernadotte
    He "took over" from von Bülow after the battle and wrote it up as his victory, despite the vact that Bülow had actually violated his orders by not withdrawing and engaging the french..
    Also they reenact this battle every year, so right now there's a battle going on there

  8. #158
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    Default August, 24

    49 BC: During the Cćsar's Civil War (one of the last politico-military conflicts in the Roman Republic before the establishment of the Roman Empire, fought between Cćsar and his followers - the Populares - and the Senate and its followers - the Optimates - supported by Gnćus Pompey the Great) the Battle of the Bagradas River occurs, in N. Africa. A Populares' army led by Quintus Scribonius Curio is defeated by the combined forces of Optimates under Publius Attius Varus, the Roman governor of Africa, and the Numedians led by their King Juba I. Curio fought to his death, along with his army, rather than attempting to flee to his camp.
    [IMG]http://i33.*******.com/rqx3dkdotjpg[/IMG]

    1511: The Portuguese naval general officer, Afonso de Albuquerque, with 17 or 18 ships and 1,200 men, subdued the port city of Malacca which controls the strategic strait of Malacca, the narrow, 805 km/500-mile stretch of water between the Malay Peninsula (Peninsular Malaysia) and the Indonesian island of Sumatra.
    [IMG]http://i34.*******.com/16gbjtdotjpg[/IMG]
    [size=1]Fidalgo (=nobleman) Afonso[/size]

    1814: During the Anglo-American War, the Burning of Washington occurs. British troops (ca 4,500) under Maj. General Robert Ross, invade Washington DC occupy it and set fire to many public buildings amongst them the White House and the United States Capitol.


    1821: The Mexican War of Independence (1810-1821) ends, with the signing of the Treaty of Córdoba, Veracruz, Mexico. Representatives of the Spanish crown and the Mexican General Agustín Cosme Damián de Iturbide y Aramburu sign the treaty which recognized Mexican independence.
    [IMG]http://i36.*******.com/30iyplgdotjpg[/IMG]

    1942: Battle joined in the Eastern Solomons with the Japanese trying to land reinforcements on Guadalcanal. US forces beat off the Japanese Combined Fleet sinking the carrier Ryujo, but suffering damage to the carrier USS "Enterprise" (CV-6).

    [size=1]The Ryujo[/size]

    1949: The North Atlantic Treaty, signed on April 4, 1949, is ratified by the 12 countries that signed it (Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, United Kingdom, United States). NATO goes into effect.


    1968: Opération Canopus; France's first two-stage thermonuclear test, at Fangataufa atoll. The test made France the fifth country to test a thermonuclear device (2,600 Kt) after the United States, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and China.
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MNcEQczhP-U

    Quote Originally Posted by JCR View Post
    The crown prince Karl Johan was none other than turncoat and general most hateable guy of the times, Bernadotte
    He "took over" from von Bülow after the battle and wrote it up as his victory, despite the vact that Bülow had actually violated his orders by not withdrawing and engaging the french..
    Also they reenact this battle every year, so right now there's a battle going on there
    So, it's good ol' Friedrich von Bülow again. Thanks JCR

  9. #159
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    Default August, 28

    489: Theodoric, King of the Ostrogoths, invades Italy with the approval of the eastern emperor Zeno. On 28 August, Theodoric defeats Odoacer, the King of Italy, at the Battle of Isonzo, forcing his way into Italy.

    [size=1]A 5th c. Theodoric Solidus[/size]

    1189: During the Third Crusade, the 25,000 crusaders of Guy de Lusignan, King of the crusader state of Jerusalem, begin the Siege of Acre.


    1542: During the Turkish–Portuguese Conflicts of 1538–1557, the Battle of Ofla in Ethiopia occurs. About 290 Portuguese musketeers and 23 Ethiopians under Cristóvăo da Gama are scattered by the several thousand Ottomans led by the Somali Imam and General of Adal who invaded Ethiopia, Ahmad ibn Ibrahim al-Ghazi. Cristóvăo da Gama was captured and brought to Ahmad al-Ghazi's camp, where he was tortured in an attempt to force him to convert to Islam. In the end Ahmad al-Ghazi chopped off Gama's head.

    [size=1]Ahmad ibn Ibrahim al-Ghazi[/size]

    1640: During the Bellum Episcopale (=Bishop's War), a political and military conflict, which occurred in 1639 and 1640 centred around the nature of the governance of Church of Scotland, and the rights and powers of the crown, the Battle of Newburn occurs. A 24,000-strong Scottish Covenanter army under Alexander Leslie, 1st Earl of Leven, defeated a 15,000-strong English Royalist army under Edward Conway, 2nd Viscount Conway, 2nd Viscount Killultagh.

    [size=1]The conqueror of Newburn, Alexander Leslie[/size]

    1824: During the Greek War for Independence, the Naval Battle of Gherontas occurs. In 1824, Ottoman Sultan Mahmud II, unable to supress the revolted Greeks alone, asked for help from Mehmet Ali Pasha the Vali (=governor) of Egypt, Syria & Arabia. Mehmet Ali, assigned to his son Ibrahim the task to handle the Greek question according to his wills. Ibrahim brewed a bold plot with determination:
    Ibrahim's plan envisaged an annihilating victory of the Turco-Egyptian fleet over the revolted Greeks in the Aegean, as requirement for a succesful landing operation on Greece (on the Peloponnese specifically). Thus, on 6 June, the Ottoman fleet destroyed completely the island of Kassos and on the 21st, the island of Psara. According to Ibrahim's plan, the next "victim" would be Samos. Hosref Pasha, with 40 frigates and corvettes, set sail for Samos and on 17 July, the Ottoman fleet was sighted off Samos. The Greek fleet, with only 21 warships and 4 fireships, did its best to avoid the Ottomans draw close to Samos, engaging them in a series of harassing battles for a week. Hosref withdrew his fleet and returned to Bodrum, in Minor Asia. There he waited for the Egyptian fleet to arrive. And indeed, on 19 August, the Egyptians arrived as planned. Ibrahim divided his fleet into two groups. One group (under the Egyptian Ismael Gibraltar) would attack sections of the main Greek line and destroy them before other ships could come to their aid. The other group (under Hosref Pasha) would attack the enemy, break through their lines and then cut off the retreat of the enemy fleet. The Turco-Egyptian fleet numbered 25 frigates, 25 corvettes, 50 brigs and 300 freighters with 2,500 guns, assembled along the Bodrum coast.
    The Greek fleet assembled around the islands of Patmos, Leros and Lipsi with 70 warships (800 guns). The ships came from Hydra, Spetsć & Psara. On 22 August, the Greek Admiral Andreas Miaoules arrived from Hydra onboard his flagship Kimon.
    [IMG]http://i35.*******.com/2ut5j5hdotjpg[/IMG]
    [size=1]The statue of Admiral Miaoules at Hydra[/size]

    On 28 August, early in the morning, 22 Greek warships left the Gherontas bay, moving on silent, searching for the Ottoman flagship. Guessing that the rest of the Greek fleet must be nearby, Ismael Gibraltar with his fleet, set out from Bodrum to engage the Greeks (his plan was to break through the Greek line and with his massive force - compared to the force confronted him - to crush the Greeks). As he did so, Miaoules with the rest of the Greek fleet appeared out of the blue. Ismael Gibraltar, immediately made the signal to change routes and ordered his ships to attack the Greek flagship. Papanikoles, with his fireships, runned to the enemy frigates to defend the flagship. The Ottomans broke the line, trying to avoid the visible danger. Papanikoles' effort to burn the enemy frigates, failed though (due to the wind). The Spetsan Lekkas Matrozos with his fireship, tried to attach his vessel on a Turkish brig but he failed too. In a similar effort, Andreas Pipinos was seriously wounded. Hosref Pasha, with his fleet, entered the battle, trying to block the Greeks combine their forces. The two Greek forces united though and the battle started. Ibrahim ordered his ships to steer and take advantage of the gap created between enemy vessels. Hosref Pasha, watching this, and to show that the Turks are no less courageous than the Egyptians, ordered his ships to do the same. Thus, the Turkish and Egyptian ships, engaged with the Greeks in a general melee.
    [IMG]http://i35.*******.com/dxzhqbdotjpg[/IMG]
    The Turks though, were unaware that they were about to put themselves against the most skilful sea captain of the Aegean - Andreas Miaoules.
    Miaoules, knowing that the Greek vessels are smaller and more agile than the large ships of the Turks, signaled his ships to divide into two squadrons. The first squadron would engage the Egyptians, the second the Turks. He also ordered the 17 fireships to enter the battle. The Spetsan fireships under Lazaros Mussus, attacked the Egyptians. The Hydran fireships, under Georgakes Theokhares, attacked the Turks. The Hydran Georgios Vatikiotes on a small fireship, blew up a large Turkish frigate with 1,100 crew with all hands on-board. Panic spread amongst the Turco-Egyptian fleet. In the evening, Hosref Pasha accepted his defeat and sailed back to Bodrum. Ismael Gibraltar, withdrew to Crete. Thus, Samos was saved. The combat was so unequal, that the French Admiral and writer Julien de la Gravičre, comments on the battle of Gherontas:
    Perhaps, seamanship has nothing more interesting to display other than the events that took place at the Gherontas battle.
    The Ottoman defeat led ultimately to the Greek control of the Aegean Sea. The Greeks were thus able to provide troops and provisions to the mainland from the islands without the fear of the Ottomans.


    WWI-1914: The First Naval Battle of the Great War, the Battle of Heligoland Bight, fought at the North Sea, occurs. The 54-strong British Grand Fleet under Admiral of the Fleet David Richard Beatty, 1st Earl Beatty, ambushed the Hochseeflotte (=German High Seas Fleet) under Admiral Franz Ritter von Hipper. Three German light cruisers and one destroyer were sunk. Three more light cruisers were damaged, 712 sailors killed, 530 injured and 336 taken prisoner. The British suffered one light cruiser and three destroyers damaged, 35 killed and 40 wounded. The battle was regarded as a great victory in Britain, where the returning ships were met by cheering crowds.

    [size=1]Admiral Beatty[/size]

    1924: The August Insurrection, an unsuccessful uprising of the anti-Soviet Georgian Patriots begins, aimed at restoring the independence of Georgia from the Soviet Union. The insurrection was suppressed by the Red Army and CheKa troops under orders of Joseph Stalin and Sergo Ordzhonikidze. Several thousand citizens of Georgia were purged.
    [IMG]http://i35.*******.com/2ijsnmbdotjpg[/IMG]
    [size=1]Ordzhonikidze, Stalin & Mikoyan[/size]

    1943: The Danish government refuse a German ultimatum, as the sabotage campaign run by the Danish Resistance, reaches a crescendo.


    1944: The last German garrison at Marseilles surrenders to the French, who take 37,000 prisoners for 4,000 French casualties.
    [IMG]http://i37.*******.com/4u89z9dotjpg[/IMG]

    1988: During the Ramstein Airshow, three aircraft of the Frecce Tricolori demonstration team collide and the wreckage falls into the crowd. 75 are killed and 346 seriously injured.
    Graphic video-warning!

    1991: Following the failed coup d'état attempt by a group of members of the Soviet Union's government to take control of the country from Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, Soviet Union collapses – Mikhail Gorbachev resigns as Secretary of the Soviet Communist Party.
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-4bWo49OoFo
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V3FgakSEDfA
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yoeSnG-dUFw
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wyq09lyG5x0
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gBeLqrrQAkE
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E583Oe8QhBA

  10. #160
    Senior Member valtrex's Avatar
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    Default August, 29

    1350: During the Hundred Years' War, the Battle of Les Espagnols sur Mer (=the Spanish on the Sea) occurs. An English fleet of 50 ships commanded by Edward III, the King of England, with his son, Edward of Woodstock, Prince of Wales, Duke of Cornwall, Prince of Aquitaine nom de guerre the Black Prince, defeated a Castilian fleet of 40 ships commanded by the Franco-Castilian Charles d'Espagne at the Southern coast of England, off Winchelsea. Between 14 and 26 Castilian ships were captured, and some were sunk, while 2 English vessels were sunk and many suffered heavy losses.
    [IMG]http://i36.*******.com/11tx1tidotjpg[/IMG]

    1521: Belgrade is finally captured by Ottoman Sultan Suleyman the Magnificent and his 250,000 soldiers. Most of the city was razed to the ground and its entire Christian population was deported to Istanbul, to the area since known as the Belgrad Ormanı (=Belgrade forest).
    [IMG]http://i33.*******.com/2vcj0jddotjpg[/IMG]

    1526: During the Ottoman Wars in Europe, the Battle of Mohács occurs. A 35-40,000-strong Hungarian army under the King Lajos II of Hungary and Bohemia, was defeated by the 55-65,000 Ottomans led by Sultan Suleyman the Magnificent. The Hungarian King was killed in the battle. The Ottoman victory led to the partition of Hungary for several centuries between the Ottoman Empire, the Habsburg Monarchy, and the Principality of Transylvania. The death of Lajos II marked the end of the Lithuanian Jagiellon dynasty (their dynastic claims were absorbed by the Habsburgs).
    [IMG]http://i38.*******.com/73c57qdotjpg[/IMG]
    [size=1]The last King of the House of Jagiellons, King Lajos II[/size]

    1541: The Ottoman Turks capture Buda, the capital of the Hungarian Kingdom. The West and North portions of Hungary recognized a Habsburg as king and were named Royal Hungary, while the Central and Southern counties were occupied by the Sultan. The East was ruled by the son of Zápolya under the name Eastern Hungarian Kingdom which after 1570 became the Principality of Transylvania.
    [IMG]http://i36.*******.com/2yvsz90dotjpg[/IMG]

    1665: During the Northern Wars, the Swedes enter Warsaw unopposed, under their King Karl X Gustav. Jan II Casimir, the King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania, fled to Silesia. He was regarded a weak king and even members of Polish nobility encouraged Karl Gustav to claim the Polish crown.

    [size=1]Karl X Gustav of Sweden[/size]

    1756: Frederick II the Great, the King of Prussia, with his well-prepared army crossed the frontier and preemptively invaded Saxony, thus beginning the Seven Years' War which lasted until 1763.
    [IMG]http://i38.*******.com/iz6vwhdotjpg[/IMG]
    [size=1]Prussian Infantry advance[/size]

    WWI-1916: The Greek D' Corps surrenders to the Germans. Its troops board trains and are moved to Görlitz, Germany, where they will remain until the end of the War. Bulgarian troops occupy Eastern Macedonia and Thrace regions of Greece.
    [IMG]http://i38.*******.com/2mmgtbcdotjpg[/IMG]
    [size=1]The Greeks at Görlitz[/size]

    WWI-1918: The New Zealanders of the New Zealand Division, captured Bapaume (east of Amiens, south of Arras), breaking through the Le Transloy-Loupart trench system. By 08:30 hours a company (Capt. H. C. Meikle) of the 3rd Rifles had entered Bapaume.
    [IMG]http://i38.*******.com/2d17a8odotjpg[/IMG]

    1944: The British begin the Race for Amiens. U.S. troops liberate Soissons, 96 km (60 miles) Northeast of Paris. Montelimar is taken by the French who also cross the Rhone in several places. The Canadians enter Rouen.
    [IMG]http://i37.*******.com/2vctjl3dotjpg[/IMG]

    1944: The Soviets capture the Romanian oilfields at Ploesti, Romania and enter Hungarian occupied Transylvania.
    [IMG]http://i33.*******.com/34np5xydotjpg[/IMG]

    1944: The Slovak Uprising begins. Itwas an armed insurrection organized by the Slovak resistance movement during World War II. It was launched on August 29, 1944 from Banská Bystrica in an attempt to overthrow the collaborationist Slovak State of Jozef Tiso. Although the rebel forces (ca 18,000, later increased to 78,000) were defeated by Nazi Germany, guerrilla warfare continued until the Soviet Army liberated Slovakia in 1945.
    [IMG]http://i33.*******.com/4kfjaodotjpg[/IMG]

    1949: The Soviet Union tests its first atomic bomb, known as First Lightning or Joe 1, at Semipalatinsk, Kazakhstan.
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T-CdK8KgIDw

  11. #161
    Senior Member valtrex's Avatar
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    Default August, 30

    1363: In late August 1363 AD the two main contenders for control of China, Zhu Yuanzhang and Chen Youliang, faced off on Poyang (also called Boyang) Lake, the largest freshwater body of water in China. In the end Zhu Yuanzhang would win the battle and go on to found one of China’s greatest dynasties: the Ming. Accounts say hundreds of boats and around 850,000 sailors from the combined fleets of the Han and the Ming navies met in Lake Poyang. The Han by far had the larger navy, which consisted of 11 squadrons and more than 600,000 men equipped with what the Han called lóu Chuán (楼船, tower ships) which were essentially floating fortresses, crammed with troops.


    1799: During the War of the Second Coalition, the Vlieter incident occurs: The surrender without a fight of a squadron of the navy of the Batavian Republic, commanded by Rear-Admiral Samuel Story, during the Anglo-Russian Invasion of Holland to the British navy under the command of Sir Ralph Abercromby and Admiral Sir Charles Mitchell, on a sandbank near the Channel known as De Vlieter, near Wieringen.

    [size=1]Sir Ralph Abercromby[/size]

    1813: During the War of the Sixth Coalition, the two-day Battle of Kulm occurs. 32,000 French troops under General Dominique-Joseph René Vandamme, Count of Unseburg, attacked an army of 54,000 Austrians, Russians, and Prussians under the Russian Field Marshal Mikhail Bogdanovich Barklay-de-Tolli, but were defeated with heavy losses on both sides.
    [IMG]http://i35.*******.com/13z3n2vdotjpg[/IMG]

    1922: During the Greek Campaign to Minor Asia, the Second Battle of Dumlupınar, which began on the 16 August, ends. It was the last battle in the Greco-Turkish War of 1919–1922. The Greek forces were organised in the Army of Asia Minor, under Lt. General Georgios Hatzanestes, with a total of 177,000 men in 12 infantry and 1 cavalry divisions. The Turkish forces were organised in the Western Front, under General Ismet Pasha, with a total of 208,000 men in 18 infantry and 5 cavalry divisions. The Turkish plan envisaged the launching of converging attacks on the entire front against the occupied by the Greeks defensive line. The Greek high command although anticipated a major Turkish offensive, failed to estimate correctly the size of the Turkish formations and the exact date of the Turkish attack. When the Turkish attack opened, Greek reinforcements were still underway to the front. In the first three days of the battle, the biggest part of Greek A' and B' Corps, with some 34 infantry battalions and 130 artillery pieces was destroyed as an effective fighting force. The remaining I and VII Infantry Divisions were too weak to hold against the Turkish offensive. At 23:00 hours, on 30 August 1922, Maj. General Frangu ordered his forces (I & VII ID) to retreat further westwards. The end of the battle of Dumlupınar spelt the beginning of the end for the Greek presence in Asia Minor.
    To commemorate this victory, 30 August is celebrated as Zafer Bayramı (=Victory Day), a national holiday in Turkey.


    1942: Rommel begins his final attempt to break through at El Alamein in the Battle of Alam Halfa. However, the 15th Panzer Division fails to break through the 8th Army's lines and sustains heavy casualties losing about 30 tanks forcing the Germans to withdraw back to their start lines.
    [IMG]http://i34.*******.com/30u66bbdotjpg[/IMG]

    1945: A Royal Naval force takes Hong Kong.
    [IMG]http://i37.*******.com/rw28b8dotjpg[/IMG]

    1995: NATO launches Operation Deliberate Force against Bosnian Serb forces.
    [IMG]http://i35.*******.com/23i8fuddotjpg[/IMG]

  12. #162
    Senior Member 4X4Driver's Avatar
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    August 30, Victory Day, Turkey

    Each year on 30th August the people of Turkey celebrate "Victory Day," which honours the success of the Turkish forces in what was to be the final battle of the Turkish War of Independence, and the cessation of links with the Ottoman Empire. The holiday is traditionally dedicated to the Turkish Armed Forces.

    The Battle of Dumlupinar was the last battle in the Greco-Turkish War (1919-1922), part of the Turkish War of Independence in the closing days of the Ottoman Empire. The battle was fought between 26th August and 30th August 1922, near Afyonkarahisar in Turkey.

    Following the battle on the Sakarya River (Battle of Sakarya) in August & September 1921, the Greek forces under General Papoulas retreated to a defensive line extending from the town of Izmir (Nicomedia) to the towns of Eskisehir and Afyonkarahisar. The Greek line formed a 700 km arc, stretching in a broadly North-South direction along difficult hilly ground, with high hills (called tepes) rising out of broken terrain. Most militarists considered it to be easily defensible.

    A single track railway line ran from Afyonkarahisar to Dumlupinar (a fortified valley town some 50 kilometres West of Afyonkarahisar surrounded by the mountains Murat Dagi and Ahir Dagi), and thence to Izmir (Smyrna) on the coast. This railway was the main Greek supply route. The Greek HQ at Smyrna was effectively incapable of communicating with the front, or exercising operational control.

    The Turkish attacked the Southern flank of the Afyonkarahisar defensive line on the morning of 26th August 1922, watched from the commanding peak of Kocatepe by Mustafa Kemal (Atatürk), CGS Fevzi Pasha, Ismet Inönü and Nureddin.

    The Turkish guns silenced the Greek batteries by knocking out their observation posts. The Turkish infantry took advantage of this and advanced against strong opposition and made significant gains.

    The breakthrough the next day came when the Turkish 4th Corps under Col. Sami took the 5,000 foot high peak of Erkmentepe, and Fahrettin led his cavalry into the Greek rearguard. The Greeks fell into disarray. General Frangou (commanding the Greek 'I' Division) retreated West from Dumlupinar, losing touch with 'A' Corps. The Greek Corps commanders Tricoupis and Dighenis fell back towards Dumlupinar, but many of their disintegrating forces ran for Izmir.

    The Turks closed the ring around Dumlupinar on 30th August with Fevzi and Mustafa Kemal commanding the two encircling columns, and finally secured the victory. The remnants of the Tricoupis and Dighenis Corps, who were trying to escape North from Dumlupinar across the slopes of Murat Dagi, were surrounded on 2nd and 3rd September as they descended to the Banaz valley.

    The Turks chased the other fleeing Greeks 250 miles to Izmir. The last Greek troops left Anatolia on 16th September. The Armistice of Mudanya was signed by Turkey, Italy, France and Great Britain on 11th October 1922. Greece was forced to accede to it on 14th October 1922.





    Brief history of the whole event- Part 1
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XdnsiYjoqOQ&NR=1

    Part-2
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HuisL...eature=related

  13. #163
    Senior Member valtrex's Avatar
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    Default August, 31

    1813: During the Peninsular War, British and Portuguese troops besieging San Sebastián, Spain, defeat French occupying troops. The relieving troops lost all self-control and burnt down the city. British rank and file and even high officials ran completely amok, pillaging and burning the city a whole week long, torturing inhabitants suspect of keeping money or gems, raping women and killing an estimate 1,000 inhabitants. Only the street at the foot of the hill (now called 31 August Street) remained intact. The tragedy is remembered every year on 31 August with an extensive candlelit ceremony.
    [IMG]http://i34.*******.com/3502jk0dotjpg[/IMG]

    1907: The Anglo-Russian Convention is signed by Alexander Petrovich Izvolsky, Foreign Minister of the Russian Empire and Sir Arthur Nicolson, 1st Baron Carnock, the British Ambassador to Russia. The Convention served as the catalyst for creating the Triple Entente (with the French Third Republic joining the alliance), which was the basis of the alliance of countries opposing the Central Powers in 1914 at the onset of World War I.
    [IMG]http://i37.*******.com/2wlzh46dotjpg[/IMG]
    [size=1]The Triple Entente: Marianne (=French Third Republic), Mother Russia, Britannia[/size]

    1920: During the Polish-Soviet War, the Battle of Komarów occurs. The Soviet 1st Horse Army under Semyon Mikhailovich Budyonny sustained heavy casualties and barely avoided being outflanked by six Polish Infantry and Cavalry Regiments under Juliusz Rómmel. The Polish lost approximately 500 killed and 700 horses. It is assumed that the Soviets lost at least 4,000 men during the battle.

    [size=1]Polish Memorial to the Battle[/size]

    1923: Following the murder, within Greek territory, of the Italian General Enrico Tellini and three of his assistants by unknown assailants, on 27 August, Italian forces bombarded and occupied the Greek island of Corfu on 31 August, killing at least fifteen civilians because Greece was unable to identify the killers. The ulterior motive for the invasion was Corfu's strategic position at the entrance of the Adriatic Sea. Italian forces left Corfu on 27 September.
    [IMG]http://i36.*******.com/zinathdotjpg[/IMG]
    [size=1]Corfuans (Corfiots to the locals) watch, as Italian troops parade on the streets of Corfu[/size]

    1939: The Gleiwitz incident occurs. It was a staged attack by Nazi forces posing as Poles on 31 August 1939, against the German radio station Sender Gleiwitz in Gleiwitz, Upper Silesia, Germany, on the eve of World War II in Europe. A small group of men in Polish Army uniforms seized control of the local Radio broadcasting station and transmitted a short anti German message in Polish. Germany claimed these were acts of Polish aggression.
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UwYcRIhe7p0

    1944: The British 11th Armoured Division captures Amiens and take the German bridge across the Somme in surprise attack. Montpellier, Beziers, Narbonne and Nice all taken. The U.S. Third Army reaches the river Meuse.


    1944: The Soviet 3rd Ukrainian Front captures Bucharest, the capital of Romania and begins to round up members of the Fascist Antonescu government.
    [IMG]http://i37.*******.com/30kgklgdotjpg[/IMG]

    1949: During the Greek Civil War, the last Battle fought between the Communist Democratic Army and the Greek Army ends. Operation Torch, the last offensive operation conducted by the Greek Army with eight divisions, two independent brigades, fourteen light infantry regiments, 150 mountain and field artillery guns, 100 planes - including the just arrived 51 Curtiss SB2C Helldiver - against the Communist strongholds of Mount Grammos and Vitsi begins on 2 August. On 27 August, the Army seized Mount Grammos and Communist morale and resistance collapsed. By 31 August the Greek Army was firmly in control of Grammos-Vitsi. The retreat of the 8,000 insurgents of the Greek Democratic Army in Albania after its defeat, marks the end of the Greek Civil War. Greek Army suffered 15,268 men killed in the Civil War, 37,255 wounded, 3,843 missing. Greek Democratic Army lost ca 38,000 insurgents. 5,000 were executed, both sides. 4,289 civilians executed by Communists.
    [IMG]http://i37.*******.com/oistgndotjpg[/IMG]
    [size=1]General Thrasybulus Tsakalotos, head of Operation Torch and conqueror of Grammos-Vitsi[/size]

  14. #164
    Senior Member stonecutter's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by valtrex View Post
    1813: During the Peninsular War, British and Portuguese troops besieging San Sebastián, Spain, defeat French occupying troops. The relieving troops lost all self-control and burnt down the city. British rank and file and even high officials ran completely amok, pillaging and burning the city a whole week long, torturing inhabitants suspect of keeping money or gems, raping women and killing an estimate 1,000 inhabitants. Only the street at the foot of the hill (now called 31 August Street) remained intact. The tragedy is remembered every year on 31 August with an extensive candlelit ceremony.
    W...T....F?? This doesn't sound like the (disciplined) British at all.

  15. #165
    L O L A JCR's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by stonecutter View Post
    W...T....F?? This doesn't sound like the (disciplined) British at all.
    Happened with every british siege operation in Spain.
    And with every other siege operation in history.

    Every Hellenic Navy ship entering or sailing in Phaleron Bay honours the Averof while passing: The crew are ordered to attention (with the "Still to" bugle call) and from the relevant Boatswain's pipe every man on decks stands to attention, officers saluting, looking to the side where the Averof is in sigh
    This is called "front (nach backbord/steuerbord)" in german and "passing honours" in english. Is done every time two warships pass each other.
    Also this is done with memorials or museum ships: germans render passing honours to Laboe memorial/U995, americans to the USS Arizona.
    Russians to the Aurora, I guess.

    Btw, the bugle calls/pipe calls are international
    The greeks got them from the royal navy, the germans got them from the royal navy etc...

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