Page 14 of 50 FirstFirst ... 467891011121314151617181920212224 ... LastLast
Results 196 to 210 of 739

Thread: On this day in Military History

  1. #196
    Senior Member Elliott70's Avatar
    Join Date
    Dec 2009
    Location
    Western Australia
    Posts
    1,566

    Default

    1972: During the Vietnam War, a series of racial incidents broke out, on the United States Navy aircraft carrier USS "Kitty Hawk" (CVA-63) off the coast of Vietnam, wherein (according to a Report by the Special Subcommittee on Disciplinary Problems in the US Navy 92nd Cong., 2d sess., 1973, H.A.S.C. 92-81), "...a group of blacks, armed with chains, wrenches, bars, broomsticks and other dangerous weapons, went marauding through sections of the ship disobeying orders to cease, terrorizing the crew, and seeking out white personnel for senseless beating with fists and with weapons which resulted in extremely serious injury to three men and the medical treatment of many more, including some blacks".



    Anyone else heard of this? Wow a modern day mutiny. I guess when you have had enough......

    Valtrex this is a great thread. Thanks

  2. #197
    Senior Member valtrex's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2004
    Location
    The world's an oppressive place to live through -yet with a little pride it's worth it
    Age
    45
    Posts
    2,225

    Default October, 24

    69: During the Year of the Four Emperors (in 69 AD, four emperors ruled in a remarkable succession - Galba, Otho, Vitellius, and Vespasi**** - following Nero's suicide), the Second Battle of Bedriacum occurs. Legions III Gallica, VIII Augusta, VII Claudia, VII Galbiana and XIII Gemina under Marcus Antonius Primus, the commander of the Danube armies, loyal to Titus Flavius Vespasi****, defeated the Legions XXI Rapax, V Alaudæ, I Italica and XXII Primigenia, loyal to Emperor Aulus Vitellius Germanicus, near the village of Bedriacum (modern-day Calvatone), about 35 km (20 miles) from the town of Cremona in northern Italy. Following his victory, Antonius attacked Cremona itself, which surrendered. Antonius continued to Rome, where Vitellius was taken prisoner and shortly afterwards killed. The way was thus cleared for Vespasi**** to ascend the throne near the end of the year.
    [img]http://img256.imageshack.us/img256/5545/vespasi****03pushkindotjpg[/img]
    [size=1]Titus Flavius Vespasi****[/size]

    1360: The Treaty of Brétigny signed by King Edward III of England and King John II (the Good) of France, ended the first phase of the Hundred Years' War. In 1369, on the pretext that Edward III had failed to observe the terms of the treaty of Brétigny, the king of France declared war once again.


    1648: The signing of the Peace of Westphalia of 1648 at Münster and Osnabrück ended the Thirty Years' War and Eighty Years' War and was one of the foundations upon which modern Europe was built. It also guaranteed the future of the prince-bishop and the diocese; Münster was to be exclusively Roman Catholic.

    [size=1]Europe after the Peace of Westphalia[/size]

    1795: With the Third Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Poland is divided between Russia, Prussia and Austria, the Polish state is erased from the map.


    1690: During the War of the Grand Alliance (fought from 1688 - 1697 between King Louis XIV of France, and a European-wide coalition, the Grand Alliance, led by the Anglo-Dutch Stadtholder-King William III, Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I, King Charles II of Spain, Victor Amadeus II of Savoy, and the major and minor princes of the Holy Roman Empire) the Battle of Québec concludes with the exchange of prisoners. A militia army of 2,000 from New France (a territory extended from Newfoundland to the Rocky Mountains and from Hudson Bay to the Gulf of Mexico) under Louis de Buade, Comte de Frontenac et de Palluau, defeated a British army of some 2,300 men comprised British regulars and Massachusetts Bay Colony militia (including 60 natives) under Sir William Phips in a week-long battle. The Anglo-American colonial force failed to seize Québec from the French.


    1812: During the French Invasion to Russia, the Battle of Maloyaroslavets occurs. A Russian army of 12,000 infantry, 3,000 cavalry and 84 cannon, under General Dmitry Sergeyevich Dokhturov, surprised the 20,000 French and Italians of Napoleon's stepson, Eugène Rose de Beauharnais, Prince Français, Prince of Venice, Viceroy of the Kingdom of Italy, Hereditary Grand Duke of Frankfurt, 1st Duke of Leuchtenberg and 1st Prince of Eichstätt ad personam, and General Alexis Joseph Delzons. Their Corps was leading Napoleon's army during the Moscow evacuation. Upon arrival of Marshal Mikhail Illarionovich Kutuzov's Corps numbering some additional 10,000, Beauharnais' Corps turned and continued its retreat Northwards. French casualties were about 5,000, including Delzons killed, while the Russians lost 6,000.


    1912: During the First Balkan War, the week-long Battle of Pente-Peghádhia opens. A Greek force of barely 8,000 troops comprised the 15th Infantry Regiment and five independent battalions, supported by 24 field guns, under Lt. Gen. Constantine Sapuntzákes, engaged the 7,000 troops of the Ottoman 23rd Division, with 32 guns, under Esat Pasha, at Pente-Peghádhia, near the Epirotan town of Preveza. Esat Pasha, having set up his headquarters at Pente-Peghádhia, began an attack against the Greek positions with 5 battalions. Due to bad weather and the early onset of snow, the attack petered out to local actions, which ended with the Ottoman withdrawal seven days later. The Greeks suffered 26 dead and 222 wounded. Ottoman casualties are unknown. The battle of Pente-Peghádhia was the first major action on the Greek secondary theatre of operations, in Epirus, during the First Balkan War.
    [IMG]http://i55.*******.com/2regrd5dotjpg[/IMG]

    1912: During the First Balkan War, the two-day Battle of Amyntæon concludes. While the Greek 5th Infantry Division (Maj. Gen. Mathiopulos) was advancing northwards, towards Bitola, they were surprised near Veve by an attack of the Ottoman VI Corps (part of the Vardar Army with the 16th, 17th and 18th Nizamiye divisions), which was retreating following the battle of Prilepe with the Serbs. The Greeks, isolated from the rest of Greek army and outnumbered by the now counterattacking Turks, fell back towards Amyntæon, leaving Bitola to be eventually captured by the Serbs. The Greek Division suffered 168 dead, 196 wounded; 10 made prisoners. The battle is an evidence of the consequences of the lack of any coordination between the allies, during the First Balkan War.
    [IMG]http://i54.*******.com/282p6qcdotjpg[/IMG]

    WWI-1917: The Twelfth Battle of the Isonzo, commonly known as Battle of Caporetto, ends in Italian failure. Austro-German forces breakthrough at Caporetto on Italian front. The Central Powers' offensive began at approximately 02:00 hours with 15 divisions and 2,213 artillery under Austro-Hungarian Field Marshal Svetozar Boroević von Bojna and German General Otto von Below against the 25 Italian divisions with 2,200 artillery, under Field Marshal Luigi Cadorna and General Luigi Capello. Italian losses were enormous: 11,000 were killed, 20,000 wounded and 265,000 were taken prisoner; morale was so low amongst the Italians, mainly due to Cadorna's harsh disciplinary regime, that most of these surrendered willingly. Furthermore, roughly 3,000 guns, 3,000 machine guns and 2,000 mortars were captured. Austrians and Germans lost ca 20,000 killed or wounded.


    1930: A bloodless coup d'état in Brazil ousts Washington Luís Pereira de Sousa, the last President of the First Republic. Getúlio Dornelles Vargas is then installed as "provisional president."


    1944: The allies cross the Saar near the Franco-German border. Troops of the French First Army (General Jean de Lattre de Tassigny) capture Mulhouse/Mühlhausen in Alsace, while the French 2nd Armoured Division (General Philippe Leclerc) takes Strasbourg.
    Last edited by valtrex; 10-24-2010 at 06:27 AM. Reason: forgot Amyntæon

  3. #198
    Senior Member valtrex's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2004
    Location
    The world's an oppressive place to live through -yet with a little pride it's worth it
    Age
    45
    Posts
    2,225

    Default October, 25

    1147: During the Second Crusade, the four-month Siege of Lisbon ended with the expelling of its Moorish overlords and its fall to Ibn-Arrik el-Bortukali (=Arabic for "Son of Henry the Portuguese", king Afonso I Henriques). The Portuguese under their king Afonso I and Crusaders from England and Flanders marked one of the few Christian victories of the Second Crusade.

    [size=1]Statue of Dom Afonso I Henriques in Guimarães[/size]

    1147: During the Second Crusade, a crusader army of some 20,000 under Conrad III of Germany, while stopped at Dorylæum to rest, was suprisingly attacked by the Seljuqs under the sultan of the Seljuqs of Rum Masud I and annihilated. Conrad and most of the knights escaped, but most of the foot soldiers were killed or captured. The remaining 2,000 men of the German army limped on to Nicæa, where many of the survivors deserted and tried to return home.
    [IMG]http://i53.*******.com/2f09387dotjpg[/IMG]
    [size=1]The victor, Sultan Masud I[/size]

    1415: During the Hundred Years' War, the Battle of Agincourt occurs, on Saint Crispin's Day. A 6 - 7,000-strong English army under king Henry V of England, defeated the ca 36,000 French led by the Constable of France, Charles d'Albret. The battle is notable for the use of the English longbow, which Henry used in very large numbers, with English and Welsh longbowmen forming the vast majority of his army. The French suffered heavily. Three dukes, at least eight counts, a viscount and an archbishop died, including d'Albret. French sources give 4 - 10,000 French dead, with up to 1,600 English dead. Henry eventually was recognised by the French in the Treaty of Troyes (1420) as the regent and heir to the French throne.
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FsRTWPJ7oJI
    [size=1]Laurence Olivier - St Crispin's Day Speech from "Henry V" by William Shakespeare[/size]

    1747: During the War of the Austrian Succession, the Second Naval Battle of Cape Finisterre occurs. A Royal Navy fleet of fourteen ships of the line commanded by Rear-Admiral Edward Hawke, 1st Baron Hawke intercepted a French convoy protected by eight French ships of the line commanded by Admiral Desherbiers de l'Etenduère, between Ireland and Cape Finisterre in northwest Spain. The British overhauled the French line and enveloped it from rear to van, capturing six ships. The French also lost 4,000 men. The British lost 154 killed, 558 wounded.
    [IMG]http://i53.*******.com/2unzr5gdotjpg[/IMG]

    1854: During the Crimean War, the Battle of Balaclava occurs. An Anglo-French force of some 4,500 troops, supported by 26 arty pieces, under FitzRoy James Henry Somerset, 1st Baron Raglan and François Certain de Canrobert, were attacked by the 25,000 Russians of General Pavel Petrovich Liprandi, at the southern Crimean port of Balaclava. The battle is famous for one of the most ill-fated events in British military history: The Charge of the Light Brigade, a disastrous charge of British cavalry led by Lt. Gen. James Thomas Brudenell, 7th Earl of Cardigan, against Russian forces. The brigade was not completely destroyed, but did suffer terribly, with 118 men killed, 127 wounded and about 60 taken prisoner. The overall allied losses accounted for 615. The Russians suffered 627 killed or wounded.
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OzpW3u8XR6s
    [size=1]Alfred Lord Tennyson's famous poem, The charge of the Light Brigade[/size]

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2G5rfPISIwo
    [size=1]The Iron Maiden song "The Trooper" is about the Battle of Balaclava in 1854 during the Crimean War, and is at least partially based upon Alfred Lord Tennyson's poem The Charge of the Light Brigade, taking the viewpoint of one of the slain troopers[/size]

    1912: During the First Balkan War, the Greeks after the victory at Yenidze, neared their goal of Thessaloniki, the largest city of Macedonia and the port for the entire region. Hasan Tahsin Pasha, CO of the city's Ottoman garrison agreed to Greek terms of capitulation and 26,000 Ottoman troops passed over into Greek captivity.
    [IMG]http://i53.*******.com/oumrs2dotjpg[/IMG]

    1917: The October Revolution, the second part of the Russian revolution, takes place on 25 October (O.S.). The revolution overthrew the Russian Provisional Government and gave the power to the local soviet dominated by Bolsheviks.
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mMGrIwLj7gU
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QdpEaPxNW0g
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mReH_vgrf-U

    1983: Operation Urgent Fury: A combined force of about 7,600 troops from the United States, Jamaica and members of the Regional Security System (Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Dominica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines) invade Grenada, six days after Prime Minister Maurice Bishop and several of his supporters are executed in a coup d'état. The invasion, which commenced at 05:00 hours, was the first major operation conducted by the U.S. military since the Vietnam War. The invading forces encountered about 1,500 Grenadian soldiers and about 700 Cubans. The invasion was criticized by the United Kingdom, Canada and the United Nations General Assembly, which condemned it as "a flagrant violation of international law". The US suffered 19 killed,116 wounded. The Cubano-Grenadian force suffered 70 killed (25 Cubans), 417 wounded (59 Cubans); 638 made prisoners. 24 civilians perished.
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-veqSKL_Gyw
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4BS1GUTY4Oc
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U11TZaknpVY
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nuqoucuDSUk
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qsGnyBQNMW0

  4. #199
    Senior Member valtrex's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2004
    Location
    The world's an oppressive place to live through -yet with a little pride it's worth it
    Age
    45
    Posts
    2,225

    Default October, 30

    758: The Chinese city of Guangzhou is sacked by Arab and Persian pirates (known to them as Sin-Kalan and Canton to the West).


    1137: During the Italo-Norman War, the Battle of Rignano occurs. Rainolfo d'Alife, count of Alife and Caiazzo, defeated a Sicilian army under the Norman king of Sicily, Roger II, with a contingent of 800 German troops on loan from the Holy Roman Emperor Lothair III.

    [size=1]Detail of the 12th c. mosaic with Roger II receiving the crown by Christ, Santa Maria dell' Ammiraglio, commonly called the Martorana, Palermo. The mosaic carries an inscription Rhogerhios Rhēx in Greek[/size]

    1270: During the Eighth Crusade, the siege of Tunis was abandoned by an agreement between Charles of Anjou, King of Sicily and the Hafsanid Sultan of Tunis, Muhammad I al-Mustansir. In this agreement the Christians gained free trade with Tunis, and residence for monks and priests in the city was guaranteed.


    1340: During the Moroccan-Portuguese Wars, the Battle of Río Salado occurs. A combined Hispano-Portuguese army under King Afonso IV of Portugal and King Alfonso XI of Castile, defeated the combined Moorish force (3,000 horse and 8,000 foot) under the Benemerine Sultan Abu Al-Hasan Ali ibn Othman and the Nasrid ruler of Granada in Iberia, Yusuf I, at Río Salado near Tarifa, a small town in the province of Cádiz, Andalusia. The Benemerines suffered a disastrous defeat and moved back to Africa. Never again was a Muslim army able to invade the Iberian Peninsula.


    1863: Danish Prince Christian Wilhelm Ferdinand Adolf Georg of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg arrives in Athens, Greece to assume his throne as George I, King of the Hellenes.

    [size=1]The new 17-year-old king arrives in Piræus[/size]

    1864: The Second Schleswig War concludes. It was fought for nine months between the Germanic Confederation (the association of Austrian Empire and Kingdom of Prussia created by the Congress of Vienna in 1815 to serve as the successor to the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation) and Denmark. With the Peace Treaty of Vienna, the Duchies of Schleswig, Holstein, and Saxe-Lauenburg are ceded to Prussia and Austria.


    1943: 314 Greek Commandos of the Sacred Band under Col. Khristódulos Tsigantes, take the island of Samos with Italian and British help. They anticipate a major German operation to recapture it.


    1944: The Debrecen counter attacks end with the Germans claiming that they have inflicted 25,000 casualties and destroyed 600 tanks. However, this doesn't hinder the Red Army and they begin a major offensive in to Hungary.


    1961: The Soviet Union detonates the hydrogen bomb Tsar Bomba over Novaya Zemlya; at 58 megatons of yield, it is still the largest explosive device ever detonated, nuclear or otherwise.
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WwlNPhn64TA

  5. #200
    Senior Member valtrex's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2004
    Location
    The world's an oppressive place to live through -yet with a little pride it's worth it
    Age
    45
    Posts
    2,225

    Default November, 1

    1814: The Congress of Vienna opens to re-draw the European political map after the defeat of France, in the Napoleonic Wars. It was a conference of ambassadors of European states chaired by Prince Klemens Wenzel von Metternich of Austria. The Congress of Vienna preserved the balance of power in Europe, but it could not check the spread of revolutionary movements on the continent.


    WWI-1914: The Naval Battle of Coronel, off the coast of central Chile near the city of Coronel, occurs. A German Imperian Navy fleet comprised 2 armoured cruisers and 3 light cruisers, led by Vice-Admiral Maximilian Graf von Spee, defeated a Royal Navy fleet of 2 armoured cruisers, 1 light cruiser and 1 auxiliary cruiser, under Rear-Admiral Sir Christopher George Francis Maurice Cradock. 1,570 British officers, petty officers and ratings were killed or drowned with Cradock among them. 2 armoured cruisers (HMS "Good Hope" (1901), HMS "Monmouth" (1901)lost.
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wqSZcGRZ3CI
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MoCtzFsgEJg
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xzGC4MAO5Hg
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SS5rXiNwQKs

    1940: Invading Italians are stopped at the banks of the river Kalamás in NW Epirus. The Frizís' boys, the troops of the Aóos' Detachment, under Col. Mordechai Frizís stemmed the ******* of Italian attacks and captured dozens of Italians. The Italian Mountain Division Julia, is trapped near Métsovon by seven Greek divisions and is threatened with annihilation. The new Italian effort to break the Greek resistance begins with the attack on Kalpáki at 08:00. The strategic Height 1060 (Grambála) is taken by the Italians at 12:00 hours. At 20:00 hours it was taken back by the Evzones of Major Pantazís. 1st Lt. Alexandros Diákos is the first Greek officer KIA, in the battle of Height 1157.

    [size=1]Lt. Diákos[/size]

    1941: German troops of the 11. Armee (Generalfeldmarschall Erich von Manstein) take Simferopol, the capital of the Crimea.

    [size=1]Erich von manstein[/size]

    1942: The Fourth Battle of the Matanikau opens. Seven battalions of U.S. Marine and Army troops under Lt. Col. Merritt A. Edson attacked and defeated Japanese Army units between the river and Point Cruz, on the northern Guadalcanal coast. The battle concluded on 4 November, with ca 400 Japanese killed or wounded. U.S. losses accounted for 71 killed.


    1943: The I Marine Amphibious Corps (U.S. 3rd Marine Division, 37th Infantry Division of the U.S. Army, and a brigade of the 3rd New Zealand Division) under Gen. Roy Geiger, landed on the west coast of Bougainville, North Solomon Islands, Papua New Guinea. The Allies established a beachhead around Cape Torokina for the construction of an airfield within fighter range of Rabaul. Allied forces did not plan at this time to try to capture the entire island of Bougainville from Japanese forces.


    1944: The British Royal Marines and Army Commandos land on Dutch island of Walcheren off the Scheldt Estuary in an attempt to clear the German defenders from this strategic island.


    1951: During Operation Buster-Jangle (a series of seven nuclear weapons tests conducted by the U.S. in late 1951 at the Nevada Test Site), 6,500 American soldiers are exposed to atomic explosions for training purposes in Nevada. Participation is not voluntary.


    1952: Operation Ivy: The United States successfully detonates the first large hydrogen bomb, codenamed Mike, in the Eniwetok atoll, located in the Marshall Islands in the central Pacific Ocean. The explosion had a yield of 10 megatons.
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=be24Ft4kIa0

    1954: The Algerian Front de Libération Nationale (=National Liberation Front) fires the first shots of the Algerian War of Independence. FLN maquisards (=guerrillas) launched attacks in various parts of Algeria against military and civilian targets. From Cairo, the FLN broadcast a proclamation calling on Muslims in Algeria to join in a national struggle for the restoration of the Algerian state - sovereign, democratic and social - within the framework of the principles of Islam.

  6. #201
    Senior Member valtrex's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2004
    Location
    The world's an oppressive place to live through -yet with a little pride it's worth it
    Age
    45
    Posts
    2,225

    Default November, 2

    1899: During the Second Boer War, Boers begin their 118-day siege of British held Ladysmith, Natal (today's Ladysmith, KwaZulu-Natal) the British centre of operations for the protection of Natal against the Boer forces, under Lt. Gen. George Stuart White. A total of around 3,000 British soldiers died during the siege.


    WWI-1914: Russia declares war on Ottoman Empire.


    1936: Italian dictator Benito Mussolini proclaims the Rome-Berlin Axis, establishing the alliance of the Axis Powers.
    [IMG]http://i51.*******.com/wa3x9zdotjpg[/IMG]

    1940: During the Greco-Italian War, a squadron of 27 Italian Savoia-Marchetti SM-79 bombers, with Fiat CR-42 fighter escorts, headed towards Thessaloniki. Soon they were spotted and intercepted by Greek PZL P-24 fighters of the 22nd Squadron. During the dogfights, three of the bombers were shot down, while the rest reached their targets, released their bombs and commenced their return to their base in Albania. Flying Officer Marínos Metraléxes, who had already shot down one bomber, was now out of ammunition, so he aimed the nose of his PZL P-24 (Δ 130) right into an enemy bomber's tail (ΜΜ 22381), smashing the rudder and sending the bomber out of control. He then had to make an emergency landing near the crashed bomber. Having landed, Metraléxes arrested the four surviving crew members of the enemy aircraft using his pistol. For this extraordinary feat, Metraléxes was promoted to Wing Commander and awarded a number of medals, including Greece's highest award for bravery, the Gold Cross of Valour. He was the only Air Force officer to be awarded it during the war.


    1943: The two-day Naval Battle of Empress Augusta Bay ends. A U.S. Navy fleet of 4 light cruisers, 8 destroyers commanded by Rear-Admiral Aaron Stanton Merrill, defeated a Japanese fleet comprised 2 heavy cruisers, 2 light cruisers, 6 destroyers under Admiral Sentaro Omori off Bougainville, North Solomon Islands, Papua New Guinea. The Japanese lost two ships (1 light cruiser, 1 destroyer) while 2 destroyers were heavily damaged. 198 - 658 crew members killed. The U.S. suffered 1 destroyer heavily damaged, with 19 killed.


    1944: The Canadians take Zeebrugge, the last corner of occupied Belgium, on Channel coast.
    [IMG]http://i52.*******.com/b7dv69dotjpg[/IMG]

    1944: The 2. Panzerarmee (=Second Panzer Army) (General der Artillerie Maximilian de Angelis) establishes a firm defensive line west of Belgrade, Yugoslavia.


    1944: The Red Army enters the southeastern suburbs of Budapest.
    [IMG]http://i51.*******.com/k0lc2cdotjpg[/IMG]

    1963: During a military coup d'état in South Vietnam, President Ngô Ðình Diệm and his younger brother Ngô Đình Nhu are assassinated in the back of an armoured personnel carrier by Captain Nguyen Van Nhung while en route to the Vietnamese Joint General Staff headquarters.
    A graphic photo of the dead body of assassinated president Diệm

    1965: During the Vietnam War, Norman Morrison, a 31-year-old Quaker, sets himself on fire in front of the river entrance to the Pentagon to protest the use of napalm in the Vietnam war.

  7. #202
    Senior Member valtrex's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2004
    Location
    The world's an oppressive place to live through -yet with a little pride it's worth it
    Age
    45
    Posts
    2,225

    Default November, 3

    644: At zenith of his power, Umar ibn al-Khattab, the second Muslim ruler after Muhammad's death is assassinated by Persians, in response to the Muslim conquest of Persia.
    [IMG]http://i53.*******.com/rt0321dotjpg[/IMG]
    [size=1]Tombstone of Caliph Umar, in Al-Masjid al-Nabawi, Medina, Saudi Arabia[/size]

    1468: Liège is sacked by Charles I of Burgundy's troops. The town was carried by assault and the inhabitants were massacred.

    [size=1]Charles I the Terrible (to his enemies) was the last Valois Duke of Burgundy[/size]

    1812: During the Napoleonic retreat from Russia, the Battle of Vyazma occurs. The rear guard of the Grande Armée, comprised the 24,000-strong Louis-Nicolas Davout's Corps, was defeated by the 26,500 Russians commanded by General Mikhail Andreyevich Miloradovich at Vyazma, about halfway between Smolensk and Mozhaysk. The battle represented a defeat of the Grande Armée's rearguard, as French losses in this battle were enormous, they suffered 6,000 to 8,000 casualties, including 4,000 lost as prisoners to the Russians. The Russians lost ca 1,800 killed or wounded.
    [IMG]http://i51.*******.com/15o6q0gdotjpg[/IMG]
    [size=1]The conqueror of Vyazma, Mikhail Andreyevich Miloradovich[/size]

    1867: During the Risorgimento (Resurgence or Unification of Italy), the Battle of Mentana occurs. An army of somewhere between 4 - 10,000 Garibaldini volunteers under Giuseppe Garibaldi, was defeated by the 5,000 to 22,000 Franco-Papal troops under Generals Hermann Kanzler and Balthazar de Polhès, at Mentana, a town in the province of Rome, Lazio, central Italy. Garibaldi lost 1,100 killed or wounded; 800 - 1,000 of his volunteers made prisoners. The Franco-Papal army lost 182 killed and wounded.
    [IMG]http://i51.*******.com/qyse8mdotjpg[/IMG]

    WWI-1918: Austria-Hungary enters into an armistice with the Allies, and the Habsburg-ruled empire dissolves: Hungary officially ended the personal union between Austria and Hungary.

    [size=1]The last Habsburg emperor of Austria-Hungary, Karl I. On 3 October 2004, he was beatified by Pope John Paul II[/size]

    1940: During the Greco-Italian War, the Italian 3a Divisione Alpina Julia (3rd Alpine Division Julia) is destroyed. 5,000 Italian alpini troops made prisoners.
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hMnhVVdc-_U
    [size=1]The Italian Alpini Song "Sul ponte di Perati" (On the bridge of Perati) is dedicated to the Alpini sacrifice on the Greek mountains:
    "Sul ponte di Perati, bandiera nera:
    L'è il lutto degli alpini che va a la guerra
    L'è il lutto della Julia che va a la guerra
    La meglio gioventù che va sotto tera.

    Quelli che son partiti, non son tornati:
    Sui monti della Grecia sono testati".
    ------------------------------------------------
    "On the bridge of Perati a black flag:
    Flies of grief for the alpini who go to war
    Flies of grief for the alpini of Julia, who go to war
    The flower of youth goes under the earth.

    Those who left, haven't returned:
    On the Greek mountains are burried".[/size]

    1942: The Koli Point action begins as part of the Guadalcanal Campaign and ends on 12 November. It was a battle fought between the 7th Rgt of United States Marine Corps and 164th Rgt of United States Army under the tactical command of William Henry Rupertus and Edmund B. Sebree, and Imperial Japanese Army forces belonged to the 230th Infantry Regiment and commanded by Toshinari Shoji around Koli Point on Guadalcanal. U.S. losses accounted for 40 killed. The Japanese lost ca 500 killed or wounded.


    1943: The 8th U.S. Air Force launch a 400-bomber daylight raid on Wilhelmshaven with 600-fighter escort. At night the RAF drop over 2,000 tons of bombs on Düsseldorf in 27 minutes.
    [IMG]http://i56.*******.com/kedg2bdotjpg[/IMG]

    1944: Brig. Gen. Ján Golian, Deputy C-in-C of the partisan army during the Slovak National Raising and Maj. Gen. Rudolf Viest, C-in-C of the partisan army during the Slovak National Uprising, were captured by German special forces on 3 November, 1944 in Pohronský Bukovec. They were taken to Berlin in Germany, sentenced to death, and executed in the Flossenbürg concentration camp in 1945.
    [IMG]http://i54.*******.com/2jv9kdotjpg[/IMG] [IMG]http://i52.*******.com/2nk480ldotjpg[/IMG]
    [size=1]Maj. Gen. Viest (left), Brig. Gen. Golian[/size]

    1967: During the Vietnam War, the Battle of Đắk Tô opens. It was a series of major engagements in the Central Highlands of South Vietnam fought between elements of the U.S. 4th Infantry Division, the U.S. 173rd Airborne Brigade, the South Vietnamese 42nd Infantry Regiment and Airborne units, and the 1st North Vietnamese Division comprised elements of the NV People's Army and local Viet Cong. 376 U.S. troops had been killed or listed as missing and another 1,441 were wounded, in the fighting around Đắk Tô by the end of November. The South Vietnamese lost 79 soldiers. The Communists lost from 1,000 - 1600 troops.
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KhfvmUd1sSQ

    1988: Sri Lankan Tamil mercenaries try to overthrow the Maldivian government. At President Maumoon Abdul Gayoom's request, the Indian military suppresses the coup attempt within 24 hours.
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nPIH1Up4aek

  8. #203
    Senior Member valtrex's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2004
    Location
    The world's an oppressive place to live through -yet with a little pride it's worth it
    Age
    45
    Posts
    2,225

    Default November, 4

    1576: During the Eighty Years' War, 20,000 Spanish tercios sacked and plundered the city of Antwerp in today's Belgium. The Spaniards, angry at fighting without rest or pay massacred 6,000 to 7,000 civilians and burnt down 800 houses. The sack of Antwerp during the Eighty Years' War is known as the Furia Española (=Spanish Fury).


    1912: During the First Balkan War, the Battle of Siátista occurs. Strong Turkish forces supported by a mountain arty battery under Mehmet Pasha, attacked the Greek armed bands formed by Siatistans revolted on 12 October. Greek army elements under Col. Antonios Epites (5,000 troops with three arty pieces) aided by local Siatistan scouts and Cretan volunteers, attacked and defeated the Ottomans in the battle and liberated the town
    [IMG]http://i56.*******.com/nwx4j8dotjpg[/IMG]
    [size=1]The name of the town Siátista, is the Greek rendering of the German Schatzstadt (Rich or Treasure city). Siatistan emigrants to Germany, in early 18th c. were using this name for their hometown instead of the Greek one Phlorópolis which means exactly Rich City. After a while, the German name dominated and the Greek Phlorópolis, in time, was forgotten. The photo depicts the Greek flag raised by the Siatistans Nicholas and Agnes Patsias on 5 November 1912 signalling the liberation of the town. The dummy on the left is dressed in traditional Siatistan clothing, similar to the one worn by the Siatistan insurgents of 1912.[/size]

    1942: The Second Battle of El Alamein concludes. Following weeks of preparation and the refinement of a plan originally devised by General Claude John Eyre Auchinleck, his predecessor as Eighth Army CO, General Bernard Law Montgomery unleashed a barrage of 900 arty pieces against German positions at El Alamein during the pre-dawn hours of 23 October. For nearly two weeks the Eighth Army attempted a decisive breakthrough. The initial offensive, codenamed, Operation Lightfoot made good progress before bogging down. Montgomery renewed his effort on 2 November, with Operation Supercharge. Two days later, with heavy casualties, Panzerarmee Afrika (=Panzer Army Africa) (Generalfeldmarschall Erwin Rommel) was in retreat.

    [size=1]Brigadier Ernest F. Benjamin reviews the Jewish Brigade; El Alamein[/size]

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4XCyr0Jtlvc

    [IMG]http://i53.*******.com/opod9sdotjpg[/IMG]
    [size=1]The Scottish Guards charge; Battle of El-Alamein[/size]


    [size=1]Col Pausanias Katsótas, CO of the Greek Brigade with the Greek Minister of War; El Alamein[/size]


    [size=1]The CO of the Eighth Army, Gen. Montgomery (left) pins on his hat the Greek National Cockade. Col. Katsótas stands next to him (center); El Alamein[/size]

    1943: The U.S. Fifth Army (Lt. Gen. Mark Wayne Clark) capture Isernia, 80 km (50 miles) North of Naples and link up with British Eighth Army (Gen. Bernard Law Montgomery) moving North West from Foggia. U.S. casualties in Mediterranean since Operation Torch (the landings in North Africa) reach 31,126 killed or wounded.
    [IMG]http://i55.*******.com/2uogvlzdotjpg[/IMG]

    1956: Soviet troops enter Hungary to end the Hungarian revolution against the Soviet Union, that started on October 23. 2,500 Hungarians are killed, 13,000 more are wounded, and nearly a quarter million leave the country.
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LVdQ9PK9Q5o

    1962: Operation Dominic-Tightrope: The last atmospheric nuclear test conducted by the United States is detonated 69,000 feet (21 km) above Johnston Island with a yield of less than 20 kilotons.
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fFYmcwNr_hs

    1979: The Iran hostage crisis, a diplomatic crisis between Iran and the United States begins. Iranian militants - mostly students - stormed the United States Embassy in Tehran and took approximately 53 Americans captive. This act triggered the most profound crisis of the Carter administration.
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=44SUEzsgnVY
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-YRIRXvJvVM

    1995: Israeli Prime Minister and Chief of Staff of the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) in the Six-Day War of 1967, Yitzhak Rabin, is assassinated by Yigal Amir, a radical right-wing Orthodox Jew who opposed the signing of the Oslo Accords and believed he was saving the country from a dire fate.
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tIcT5TIovAs

  9. #204
    Senior Member valtrex's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2004
    Location
    The world's an oppressive place to live through -yet with a little pride it's worth it
    Age
    45
    Posts
    2,225

    Default November, 5

    1688: The Glorious Revolution, the overthrow of King James II of England by a union of Parliamentarians with an invading army led by the Dutch stadtholder William III of Orange-Nassau begins with William of Orange coming ashore at Brixham, England. William brought over 11,212 horse and foot and twenty-one 24-pounder cannon.
    [IMG]http://i51.*******.com/334ltludotjpg[/IMG]

    1757: During the Seven Years' War, the Battle of Rossbach occurs. Frederick the Great of Prussia, with a 22,000-strong army supported by 79 cannon, defeated the allied Franco-Imperial army numbering some 42,000 men with 45 cannon, led by Charles de Rohan, Prince of Soubise and Prince Joseph Maria Frederick Wilhelm of Saxe-Hildburghausen, Duke in Saxony. The Franco-Imperial allied army lost 5,000 killed or wounded; 5,000 made prisoners. The Prussians lost 169 killed, 379 wounded. Due to Frederick the Great's ingenious operational maneuvers and with about 3,500 horsemen Prussia had defeated an entire army of two combined European powers (France and Holy Roman Empire/Austria).


    Uploaded with ImageShack.us

    1854: During the Crimean War, the Battle of Inkerman occurs. A combined 15,700-strong Anglo-French army with 56 arty pieces under FitzRoy James Henry Somerset, 1st Baron Raglan and François Certain de Canrobert, defeated a 134,000-strong Imperial Russian army supported by 134 arty pieces under Prince Aleksandr Sergeyevich Menschikov. Despite being severely outnumbered, the allied troops held their ground. Following this battle, the Russians made no further large-scale attempts to defeat the allies in the field.


    Uploaded with ImageShack.us

    1912: During the First Balkan War, a Greek volunteer force comprised Epirotans and 200 Cretans under the Greek Gendarmerie Major, Spyridon Spyromelios, take Khimárra (modern-day Himarë, Albania) after a brief engagement with the local Ottoman garrison.
    [IMG]http://i53.*******.com/j09ld1dotjpg[/IMG]
    [size=1]Major Spyromelios[/size]

    WWI-1916: The Act of 5 November of 1916, a declaration of Emperors Wilhelm II of Germany and Franz Joseph of Austria, promised the creation of the Kingdom of Poland, envisioned by its authors as a puppet state allied to and controlled by the Central Powers.
    [IMG]http://i51.*******.com/n4jre9dotjpg[/IMG]

    1944: British forces land at Thessaloniki, in Greece.
    [IMG]http://i53.*******.com/nps30ydotjpg[/IMG]

    1944: The German 4. Armee (General der Infanterie Friedrich Hoßbach) recapture the town of Goldap in East Prussia.
    [IMG]http://i56.*******.com/vx4ludotjpg[/IMG]

  10. #205
    Senior Member valtrex's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2004
    Location
    The world's an oppressive place to live through -yet with a little pride it's worth it
    Age
    45
    Posts
    2,225

    Default November, 7

    1185: A Byzantine army under Prōtosébastos (=First-revered one) Alexius Branás, utterly defeats the Normans under their King Wiiliam II of Sicily, commonly known as William the Good, that had been threating Constantinople, on the banks of the Strymon river, in today's Greek Western Thrace. Thessalonica was at once evacuated by Normans.

    [size=1]The monument to the battle in the town of Demetritsa; the town was named after the Byzantine General Demetritsas, slained in the battle[/size]

    1811: During Tecumseh's War (a conflict between the United States and an American Indian confederacy led by the Shawnee leader Tecumseh), the Battle of Tippecanoe occurs. 500 - 700 warriors of Tecumseh's Confederacy, under Tenskwatawa, were defeated by United States forces (250 infantry, 90 cavalry, 510 militia) led by the Governor of the Territory of Indiana (modern-day State of Indiana) William Henry Harrison. The battle lasted about two hours and Harrison lost 62 men killed, 126 wounded. The number of Native American casualties was lower than that of the United States forces; as many as 50 natives were killed and about 70 - 80 were wounded, but according to the customs of war of the era, they were defeated because they were the first who withdrew the battlefield.

    [size=1]The monument near the place the battle took place[/size]

    1861: During the American Civil War, the Battle of Belmont occurs. A CSA army of ca 5,000 troops under Gideon Johnson Pillow, was engaged by the 3,114 men of Ulysses S. Grant. It was the first combat test in the American Civil War for Brig. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and the battle proved inconclusive. Union losses were 120 killed, 383 wounded, and 104 captured or missing. Confederate casualties were 105 killed, 419 wounded, 106 captured, and 11 missing.

    [size=1]Brigadier General Grant[/size]

    WWI-1917: The Third Battle of Gaza concludes with a victory for the Entente. It was a series of actions fought between British Empire forces under Field Marshal Edmund Henry Hynman Allenby, 1st Viscount Allenby and Ottoman forces under the German General Friedrich Freiherr Kreß von Kressenstein. The allies lost 18,000 killed, wounded or missing while the Ottomans lost 13,000 killed, wounded or missing; 12,000 Turks made prisoners.

    [size=1]Allenby's monument in Beersheba[/size]

    1941: The Soviet Hospital Ship, "Armenia", is sank by German planes while evacuating refugees and wounded military and staff of several Crimea’s hospitals. It is estimated that between 5,000 and 7,000 people died in the sinking, including up to 2,000 unregistered passengers who had boarded the ship. Only eight survived.


    1975: The Bangladeshi National Solidarity and Revolution Day; it commemorates the 1975 uprising formed by people and soldiers. The uprising, led by Colonel Abu Taher, ended the three day coup organised by General Khaled Mosharraf. It also helped put General Ziaur Rahman, hero of the Bangladesh Liberation War, in power.

    [size=1]Lt. Gen. Ziaur Rahman[/size]

  11. #206
    Senior Member valtrex's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2004
    Location
    The world's an oppressive place to live through -yet with a little pride it's worth it
    Age
    45
    Posts
    2,225

    Default November, 9

    1330: During the Hungarian-Wallachian War, the Battle of Posada occurs. 30,000 Hungarians under King Charles Robert I of Anjou-Hungary, were defeated by the ca 10,000 Wallachians of the Prince of Wallachia Basarab I the Founder. The victory represented the survival of the Wallachian state, as well as the beginning of a period of tense relationship between Basarab and the Kingdom of Hungary.
    [IMG]http://i56.*******.com/292r0n7dotjpg[/IMG]

    1729: The Treaty of Seville was signed between Great Britain, France, and Spain, concluding the Anglo-Spanish War. Britain maintained control of Port Mahon and Gibraltar.
    [IMG]http://i52.*******.com/34gt643dotjpg[/IMG]

    1799: The coup d'état of 18 Brumaire, year VIII (=9 November, 1799, according to the French Revolutionary Calendar) occurs. General Napoleon Bonaparte overthrows the French Directory, replacing it with the French Consulate. He becomes First Consul, the first of the three Consuls of the tri-partite French Consulate.
    [IMG]http://i55.*******.com/zt9k5wdotjpg[/IMG]

    1848: The German Revolutionary, Politician and Poet, Robert Blum, who strongly opposed antisemitism and the Prussian occupation of Poland, and was sympathetic to the Hungarian cause in the Hungarian Uprising of October 1848 against Habsburgian rule, is executed in Vienna.

    [size=1]Robert Blum, commemorative plate at fish market, Cologne. The inscription reads: Born at this place on 10 November 1807, shot at Vienna on 9 November, 1848; I die for the German liberty that I fought for. May Fatherland remember me[/size]

    1867: The Tokugawa Shogunate of Japan came to its official end when Tokugawa Yoshinobu, the 15th Tokugawa Shogun resigned in favour of the Meiji Emperor, thus starting the Meiji Restoration.
    [IMG]http://i51.*******.com/15x94xtdotjpg[/IMG]
    [size=1]The last Shogun of the Tokugawa Shogunate, Tokugawa Yoshinobu[/size]

    WWI-1914: The Naval Battle of Cocos occurs. The Australian light Cruiser, HMAS "Sydney" (1912) under Captain John Glossop, attacked the Imperial German Navy Light Cruiser SMS "Emden" (1908) under Korvettenkapitän (Lt. Cdr.) Karl von Müller, off the Cocos Islands, in the north east Indian Ocean. After taking extremely heavy damage from almost 100 hits, and suffering dozens of casualties, Müller decided to beach "Emden" on North Keeling Island to avoid sinking. The Germans suffered 131 crew members killed, 65 wounded. The battle was the first single ship action fought by the Royal Australian Navy.
    [IMG]http://i55.*******.com/28b73hldotjpg[/IMG]
    [size=1]The Emden[/size]

    WWI-1918: Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany abdicates after the German Revolution, and Germany is proclaimed a Republic.
    [IMG]http://i52.*******.com/15ynhidotjpg[/IMG]
    [size=1]The last German Emperor of the Hohenzollern dynasty, in 1933[/size]

    1923: The Munich Putsch (=Coup d'état), the attempt at revolution that occurred between the evening of 8 November and the early afternoon of 9 November 1923 by the Nazis in Bavaria, when Nazi Party leader Adolf Hitler and other heads of the German National Socialist party tried to seize power in Munich, Bavaria, fails.

    [size=1]Munich Marienplatz during the failed Munich Putsch[/size]

    1938: The Polish-Jew Herschel Feibel Grynszpan, assassinated the Nazi diplomat Ernst Eduard von Rath in Paris, France. His action, sparked the Kristallnacht (=Night of Broken Glass), the anti-semitic pogrom of 9 - 10 November, 1938 in Nazi Germany and Austria.
    [IMG]http://i55.*******.com/vpb2hddotgif[/IMG]

    1940: After the complete failure of the invasion of Greece by the Italian military, Mussolini replaces General Sebastiano Visconti Prasca with General Ubaldo Soddu, his former Vice-Minister of War.

    [size=1]General Soddu[/size]

    1941: The German 11. Armee (Generalfeldmarschall Erich von Manstein) captures Yalta in Crimea.
    [IMG]http://i52.*******.com/jtnvb5dotjpg[/IMG]

    1965: During the Vietnam War, Catholic Worker member Roger Allen LaPorte, protesting against the Vietnam War, sets himself on fire in front of the United Nations building.
    Roger Allen LaPorte in flames

    1989: Communist-controlled East Germany opens checkpoints in the Berlin Wall allowing its citizens to travel to West Germany. This key event led to the eventual reunification of East and West Germany.
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jnCPdLlUgvo
    Last edited by valtrex; 11-09-2010 at 05:19 AM.

  12. #207
    Senior Member valtrex's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2004
    Location
    The world's an oppressive place to live through -yet with a little pride it's worth it
    Age
    45
    Posts
    2,225

    Default November, 10

    1444: During the Ottoman-Hungarian Wars, the Battle of Varna occurs. A crusader army of 20 - 30,000 crusaders from Poland, Hungary, Wallachia, Moldavia, Lithuania, Bosnia, Croatia, Bulgaria, Serbia and Teutonic Knights (the Byzantine contingent did not arrive on time) under the King of Poland and Hungary, Władysław III (III Ulászló in Hungarian) and the Hungarian Regent of Hungary, John Hunyadi, commonly known as Ioannes Corvinus, were annihilated by the 60,000 Ottomans of Sultan Murad II Kodja. The battle was fought near Varna in eastern Bulgaria and the crusaders lost 17,000 killed, wounded or captured. Władysław was killed when he rushed 500 of his Polish knights against the Ottoman center. The Ottomans suffered 4,000 killed or wounded. This defeat, set the stage for the fall of Constantinople nine years later. The Ottomans were now free to move significant forces from Central to Eastern and Southern Europe.

    [size=1]The Memorial to the battle. The facade bears the inscription Vladislao Varnensi (Władysław of Varna), the name of the King of Poland and Hungary fell in battle[/size]

    1659: During the Maratha-Bijalpur War (fought between Maratha and the Bijapur Sultanate which led to the eventual establishment of the Maratha Empire), the Battle of Pratapgad occurs. A Maratha army of ca 15,000 under the overall command of Chhatrapati (=Satrap, Ruler) Shivaji Maharaj and under the tactical command of Netaji Palkar (commander of cavalry) and Moropant Trimbak Pingle (commander of infantry), defeated the ca 30,000-strong Bijapuri force with 85 elephants and 80 - 90 cannon under Afzal Khan. The battle resulted in a hand-to-hand brutal encounter. Bijapuri forces lost their artillery, 65 elephants, 4,000 horses, 5,000 soldiers killed and almost as many wounded. 3,000 soldiers were imprisoned, and the remainder were allowed to go home in defeat. The Marathas lost 1,734 killed, 420 soldiers wounded. This remarkable victory made Shivaji a legendary figure among Maratha people. Having established military dominance and successfully beaten a powerful empire, Shivaji had founded the nucleus of what would become the Maratha Empire in the SW of present-day India.
    [IMG]http://i54.*******.com/x2szo2dotjpg[/IMG]
    [size=1]The conqueror of Pratapgad, Shivaji Maharaj[/size]

    1775: The United States Marine Corps is founded by Captain Samuel Nicholas at Tun Tavern in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, by a resolution of the Second Continental Congress.
    [IMG]http://i54.*******.com/2h6r3modotjpg[/IMG] [IMG]http://i51.*******.com/14busn6dotjpg[/IMG]
    [size=1]Major Samuel Nicholas, the First Commandant of USMC and the Corps' Seal[/size]

    1821: The struggle for the Panamanian independence begins when the population of Los Santos got up against Spanish rulers. It has the tradition that the head of this revolt for freedom was Rufina Alfaro, a young lady of the town, who became the symbol of national independence. She led a march of Panamanian revolutionaries in which she shouted Viva la Libertad (=Long live Freedom). The revolutionaries took the Spanish barracks with stones and sticks and at dawn of 10 November, 1821, they had achieved the desired freedom, without spilling a single drop of blood.


    1944: The ammunition ship USS "Mount Hood" (AE-11) (Cdr. Harold A. Turner) explodes at Seeadler Harbour, M****, Admiralty Islands. The repair ship USS "Mindanao" (ARG-3) which was broadside-on to the blast about 300 yards (275 m) away, was heavily damaged by the explosion and 180 men of her crew were killed or injured.


    1945: The peak of the Indonesian National Revolution was reached, with the Battle of Surabaya fought between pro-Independence Indonesian soldiers and militia against British and Dutch troops. At dawn on 10 November, a day now commemorated in Indonesia as Heroes' Day, British troops began a methodical advance through the city under the cover of naval and air bombardment. Fighting was heavy with British troops clearing buildings room by room and consolidating their gains. Despite the fanatical resistance of Indonesians, half the city was conquered in three days and the fighting over in three weeks. At least 6,000 Indonesians died and perhaps 200,000 fled the devastated city. British and Indian casualties totalled approximately 600.
    [IMG]http://i56.*******.com/awalvadotjpg[/IMG] [IMG]http://i54.*******.com/2zz0wicdotjpg[/IMG]

    1971: In Cambodia, Khmer Rouge forces attack the city of Phnom Penh and its airport, killing 44, wounding at least 30 and damaging nine aircraft.
    [IMG]http://i56.*******.com/2wly5vbdotjpg[/IMG]

  13. #208
    Senior Member valtrex's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2004
    Location
    The world's an oppressive place to live through -yet with a little pride it's worth it
    Age
    45
    Posts
    2,225

    Default November, 16

    1776: During the American War for Independence, the Battle of Fort Washington occurs. A 8,000-strong Anglo-Hessian army under Lt. Gen. Wilhelm Reichsfreiherr zu Innhausen und Knyphausen, surrounded and captured Fort Washington, a fortified position near the north end of Manhattan Island, defended by 3,000 American Revolutionaries under Col. Robert Magaw. The Hessians suffered 84 killed, 374 wounded, while American casualties accounted for 59 killed, 96 wounded. 2,838 Americans made prisoners. The British renamed it Fort Knyphausen.
    [IMG]http://i56.*******.com/2affjntdotjpg[/IMG]
    [size=1]Tablet commemorating the location of Fort Washington[/size]

    1805: During the War of the Third Coalition, the Battle of Schöngrabern occurs. A 7,300-strong Russian army under Prince Pyotr Ivanovich Bagration, was engaged by the French Murat's Corps (ca 20,600 troops) commanded by the Marshal of France Joachim-Napoléon Murat at Schöngrabern, near Hollabrunn in Lower Austria. After sustaining several French assaults and holding the position for some six hours, Bagration was driven out and executed a skilled and organised withdrawal to retire northeast to join the main Russian army. His skillful defence in the face of superior forces successfully delayed the French enough for the Russian forces of Kutusov and Buxhowden to unite at Brünn on 18 November 1805.

    [size=1]The equestrian statue of Prince Bagration in Moscow[/size]

    1912: During the First Balkan War, the three-day Battle of Monastir, opens. Following the Ottoman defeat in the Battle of Kumanovo, the Ottoman Vardar Army (Zekki Pasha) retreated towards the city of Monastir (today's Bitola, FYROM). There the Ottomans consolidated their units. The Ottoman 7th Corps (Fetis Pasha) held the left flank; the 6th Corps (Djavid Pasha) held the centre, while the 5th Corps (Kara Said Pasha) held the right. The main part of the Serbian 1st Army (108,544 men under Vojvoda Petar Bojović), strengthened with a division from the 3rd Army, advanced against the city but suffered heavily due to the open and muddy terrain and the heavy Ottoman artillery fire. On 18 November and after successful Serbian counter-artillery fire, the Ottoman guns silenced. The Serbian right flank then pushed past the defences of the Vardar Army and on the 19 the first Serb units entered Monastir. The demoralized Ottomans suffered heavy casualties in the Battle of Monastir. They lost 3,000 men killed or wounded (including Fetis Pasha), almost 10% of their strength. The Serbs suffered ca 2,600 killed or wounded.

    [size=1]The dead crew of an Ottoman arty gun; battle of Monastir[/size]

    1940: In response to Germany's leveling of Coventry, 131 RAF Bomber Command aircraft make raids on four Hamburg targets.
    [IMG]http://i55.*******.com/a0fj8mdotjpg[/IMG]

    1942: U.S. and Australian forces join up for the assault on the last Japanese stronghold in Northern Papua, the Buna-Gona bridgehead. When the allies attacked on three fronts beginning on 16 November (the U.S. 32nd Infantry Division commanded by Major General Edwin F. Harding launched the initial attack), they were immediately stymied by the excellent Japanese defensive position.
    [IMG]http://i55.*******.com/5b66pvdotjpg[/IMG]

    1942: Greek Submarine RHNS "Triton" (Y-5) commanded by Lt. Cdr. Epaminondas Kontoyannes, was sunk at Kaphereus strait, near Euboea island after giving an heroic battle with German sub chaser UJ 201. In total 23 of her crew died and 30 were captured amongst them her CO. Two escaped swimming to the shore (Chief Petty Officer Marulas and Petty Officer Papademetriu).
    [IMG]http://i55.*******.com/n1p1eadotjpg[/IMG]

    1943: Following the British occupation of the Dodecanese island of Leros on 15 September, and the German air aids of the next day, the battle for the control of the strategic importance island culminates in the German invasion of 12 November. On 16 November, the Battle of Leros ends with the capitulation of the last allied defenders. The allies lost 419 dead, 4,800 wounded, 8,500 captured (most of them belonged to the British 234th Infantry Bde). 20 civilians died in the clashes. The Germans lost 520 killed, 5,000 wounded. 115 RAF aircraft lost.


    1944: The U.S. First (Lt. Gen. Courtney H. Hodges) and Ninth (Lt. Gen. William Simpson) Armies launch a new attack to the East of Aachen towards the Roer Dams (6 miles/10 km away) with four divisions on a 25-mile (40 km) front.


    1944: 5,689 tons of bombs, a record for one day are dropped by the RAF on the German frontline to the East of Aachen.


    1989: During the Salvadoran Civil War, a death squad composed of El Salvadoran army troops murdered the three important Jesuit scholars and intellectuals of the Jose Simeon Cañas Central American University, Segundo Montes, Ignacio Ellacuría and Ignacio Martín-Baró, their housekeeper and her daughter; the three men were outspoken against the abuses of the Salvadoran military and government.

  14. #209
    Senior Member valtrex's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2004
    Location
    The world's an oppressive place to live through -yet with a little pride it's worth it
    Age
    45
    Posts
    2,225

    Default November, 17

    1796: During the French Revolutionary Wars, the three-day Battle of the Bridge of Arcole concludes. Napoleon Bonaparte's French Corps of ca 20,000 troops, exercised a bold manoeuvre and outflanked the 24,000-strong Austrian army under Prince Joseph Alvinczi von Borberek and cut its line of retreat. French losses at Arcole numbered 3,500 dead and wounded, plus 1,300 captured or missing. The Austrians suffered only 2,200 dead and wounded, but lost 4,000 men and 11 guns captured.
    [IMG]http://i55.*******.com/6th45tdotjpg[/IMG]
    [size=1]Napoleon crossing the bridge as flag-bearer[/size]

    1820: Captain Nathaniel Brown Palmer becomes the first American to see Antarctica (the Palmer Peninsula is later named after him).


    1912: During the First Balkan War, the siege of Adrianople (modern-day Edirne, on the European part of Turkey) opens. The defences of the city were carefully developed by leading German siege experts and were dubbed impenetrable. The siege was carried out by the Bulgarian 2nd Army (General Nikola Ivanov); its eastern sector was commanded by General Georgi Vazov (overall strength 106,425 Bulgarians with 424 arty pieces) and the Serbian 2nd Army (47,275 Serbs with 62 arty pieces, 34 Schneider howitzers of 120 and 150 mm, under Vojvoda Stepa Stepanović). By December, the defenders of Adrianople had grown to 75,000 Ottoman troops under Shukru Pasha.
    [IMG]http://i56.*******.com/2u5tm2udotpng[/IMG]
    [size=1]Serbian Siege Artillery[/size]

    1968: The 29-year old Greek soldier (later politician and poet) Alexandros Panagules, while serving his compulsory military service, deserted from the Greek military and fled to Cyprus. In the summer of '68 returns secretly from his exile in Cyprus and with the help of his collaborators of the underground resistance group, National Resistance, organized on 13 August 1968 an assassination attempt against the head of the military coup in Greece, Col. Georgios Papadopulos. Panagules' attempt failed, he was captured, put on trial and on 17 November 1968 condemned to death by court-martial.

    [size=1]Panagules argued: I didn’t want to kill a man. I’m not capable of killing a man. I wanted to kill a tyrant[/size]

    1973: The Athens Polytechnic Uprising against the military regime ends in a bloodshed in the Greek capital. On 15 November hundreds of students assembled in the courtyard of the Techical University in protest against the military regime. Finally they barricaded themselves in the neo-classical building. At 02:30 in the morning of 17 November, tanks gather outside the Techical University, while thousands of students are inside the institution. At 02:45 a tank crashes through the gate of the Athens Polytechnic and Army and Police enter the institution suppressing the Uprising. The student uprising of the Polytechnic is regarded as a valiant act of resistance against the military dictatorship, and therefore as a symbol of resistance to tyranny.

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t-D52YlSwE0

    1989: The Velvet Revolution, the non-violent revolution in Czechoslovakia that saw the overthrow of the authoritarian Communist government begins. It will end on 29 December with the election of Václav Havel, the first non-communist President of Czechoslovakia since 1948.
    [IMG]http://i52.*******.com/nch1djdotjpg[/IMG]

  15. #210
    Senior Member valtrex's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2004
    Location
    The world's an oppressive place to live through -yet with a little pride it's worth it
    Age
    45
    Posts
    2,225

    Default November, 21

    164 BC: During the Maccabean revolt against the Seleucid Empire, Judah Maccabee removed the pagan statuary from the Temple in Jerusalem, thus restoring the Jewish worship. This event is commemorated each year by the festival of Hanukkah (=Dedication).
    [IMG]http://i54.*******.com/2it3slkdotjpg[/IMG]

    1894: During the First Sino-Japanese War, the Port Arthur massacre occurs. Advanced elements of the 1st Division of the Japanese 2nd Army massacred from 1,500 to 6,000 Chinese servicemen and civilians, leaving only 36 to bury bodies in the Chinese coastal city of Port Arthur (now Lüshun Port, Liaoning province, China).


    1910: The mostly black crews of four Brazilian warships, the "Minas Geraes" (1907), "São Paulo" (1909), "Bahia" (1910) and the older coastal defense ship "Deodoro", led by João Cândido Felisberto, mutinied due to the racism prevalent in all branches of the Brazilian armed forces, and the severe discipline enforced on all navy ships, deposed their white officers, and threatened to bombard Rio de Janeiro. The mutiny - commonly known as the Revolt of the Whip - was resolved within a week. João Cândido Felisberto - an experienced sailor later known as the Black Admiral - who led the revolt, was captured and held at a psychriatric hospital as "crazy". On 24 July 2008, thirty-nine years after João Cândido's death, the Brazilian Congress, pardoned him and the instigators of the 1910 mutiny.
    [IMG]http://i55.*******.com/27zm80mdotjpg[/IMG]
    [size=1]The statue of João Cândido Felisberto in Rio de Janeiro[/size]

    WWI-1916: The Hospital ship, HMHS "Britannic", the sister ship of RMS "Olympic" and RMS "Titanic", sinks after hitting a mine in the Aegean sea, killing 30 people.
    [IMG]http://i54.*******.com/258mflgdotjpg[/IMG]

    1920: During the Irish War of Independence, Bloody Sunday occurs. Following an Irish Republican Army (IRA) operation that led to the killing of 14 British Intelligence agents and Royal Irish Constabulary officers, British forces opened fire on the crowd at a Gaelic football match in Croke Park, killing fourteen Irish civilians. That evening, three IRA prisoners in Dublin Castle were beaten and killed by their British captors, allegedly while trying to escape.


    1943: Generalfeldmarschall Kesselring is appointed C-in-C of all German forces in Italy, while Rommel leaves his command to organise the Atlantic wall.
    [IMG]http://i53.*******.com/2yn56w0dotjpg[/IMG]
    [size=1]Albert Kesselring[/size]

    1944: Albanian patriots free the capital of Albania, Tirana.
    [IMG]http://i56.*******.com/33xy71sdotjpg[/IMG]

    1962: The Chinese PLA declares a unilateral cease-fire in the Sino-Indian War, a border conflict between India and China opened on 20 October and fought in attrocious conditions, since much of the fighting took place at altitudes of over 4,250 metres (14,000 ft). Indian losses numbered ca 2,500 killed or wounded, 1,700 missing, 4,000 Captured. The Chinese lost ca 2,500 killed or wounded. According to China's official military history, the war achieved China's policy objectives of securing borders in its western sector, as China retained de facto control of the Aksai Chin. In India, the aftermath of the war saw sweeping changes in the Indian military to prepare it for similar conflicts in the future.


    1970: During the Vietnam War, Operation Ivory Coast, the attempt to rescue American POW held at Son Tay, North Vietnam by Army Special Forces on Air Force HH-53 helicopters, who would fly to the raid site and extract the POW to safety, occurs. USAF Brig. Gen. Leroy J. Manor was selected as the overall mission commander, while Col. Arthur Simons would lead the ground forces. The entire operation included two MC-130, one HC-130, five Sikorsky HH-53, one Bell UH-1, one Sikorsky HH-3, and five Douglas A-1E Skyraider attack aircraft. The mission failed when it was found during the raid that all the prisoners had been previously moved to another camp. The U.S. SF suffered only two wounded, while they lost one helicopter and one airplane. NVA losses are estimated to 50 killed or wounded.
    [IMG]http://i53.*******.com/29cvpxddotjpg[/IMG]

    1971: Prior to the Indo-Pakistani War, the two-day Battle of Garibpur begins. The Indian 14th Punjab Btn supported by a squadron of 14 PT-76 tanks from 45 Cavalry, under Lt. Col. R.K. Singh, while moving in to capture the areas around Garibpur inside Pakistani territory, were engaged by the Pakistani 107 Infantry Brigade, supported by 3rd Independent Armoured Squadron, equipped with M24 Chaffee light tanks. The Indians lost 30 killed, 4 tanks destroyed. The Pakistanis suffered 180 killed, 30 tanks destroyed. The battle was one of the first engagements between India and Pakistan prior to the official initiation of hostillities on 3 December 1971.
    [IMG]http://i55.*******.com/n1chp2dotjpg[/IMG]

    1985: United States Navy intelligence analyst Jonathan Pollard is arrested for spying after being caught giving Israel classified information on Arab nations. He is subsequently sentenced to life in prison.

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •