School conferred the name twice: in Soviet times, but then, after Status gymnasium, it has been lost, and only in March this year was awarded again. Nevertheless, the 70-year here a museum, and a few years earlier at the entrance of the school was a monument, the money earned by children. Details woman's life-Tank Girl can be found in the museum. But the school museum, the 24th Tomsk school is considered one of the best in the area.
In the opinion of students who are now in the museum's circle, an act of Mary October shocking. The wife of the military, which refused to sit in the evacuation in Tomsk, and after she received death notice for her husband, she went to the front. Her tank fighting friend "was shot in the Vitebsk region, Maria herself died of his wounds in hospital before the end of the war.
"We do our own, albeit small, contribution to the history ... We study the materials, tell the other disciples who this was Mary October. In the last year we went in the Smolensk region, in places of military glory female tank driver.'ve Learned a lot" - says one of the girls school.
Mariya Oktyabrskaya (nee Garagulya) was born in Crimea, in a large peasant family. At the end of the six classes of Maria worked first at the cannery, and then the phone company. In 1925 in Simferopol, she met with the cadet Cavalry School Ilya Ryadnenko. A few months later they were married, when marriage took them October's surname.
"She loved her husband and was a man who actually met his mate. As a military wife, she went on all military camps and in the Crimea, and Moldova. Coming to the troops, she arranged for amateur performances, courses of embroidery - it was amazing needlewoman. In Tomsk Regional Museum has a carpet, embroidered by Mary Vasil'yevna "- says the deputy director of the Tomsk Regional Museum Svetlana Zorkoltseva.
Maria wanted to fully comply with her husband: learned to drive, nice shot from a rifle, machine gun, throw a grenade. I received a sign of "Voroshilov shooter.
It remained a fascinating woman. From pre-war photographs looks at us a beautiful woman, dressed in the latest fashion of those years.
Husband of Mary Vasil'yevna before the war he served in Kishinev. It was there and found seven of the October War.
Embroidered napkins, to ... buy tank
Ilya October with the first days was sent to Moscow for training and from there just got to the front. Maria V. My sister was evacuated to Siberia. More they saw each other.
In the late summer of 1941 came funerals: "The regimental commissar 202nd Infantry Division Ilya Fedotovich October died a heroic death at Kiev on Aug. 9, 1941.
The death of her husband shattered, but did not break the spirit of a strong woman. At the congress of women in Novosibirsk, where October went by the delegate from Tomsk, she met with mothers and wives of those who perished at the front. They described a master heavy male professions, how to deal with his grief. It was there, at the Congress decides to Maria V. - its place in the ranks of the defenders of the motherland.
At first, Maria turned to the draft board with a request to send it to the front. Several times she refused: because of the transferred disease (as a young man she had tuberculosis) and age (at the time she was almost 40 years).
Then October has taken a different path, she decided to buy a tank.
"Within days, her sister traded in markets Tomsk, selling all the assets of the October Revolution, which managed to take in the evacuation. Dresses, socks, dishes. But money is not enough. Maria V. was making embroidery," - says Svetlana Zorkoltseva.
For months, she would sit on the napkins, tablecloths and scarves. Finally, we need the sum - which is 50 thousand rubles - was collected. Money for the moment is really huge. Provided that the salary of workers at the plant - about 200 rubles a month, and a bucket of potatoes cost 400 rubles.
Having collected the required amount, it has made its State Bank and sent a telegram to Stalin: "In the battles for the Motherland killed my husband - the commissar October Ilya Fedotovich. In his death, the death of all the Soviet people, tortured fascist barbarians, want to avenge the fascist dogs, for which made to the State Bank to build the tank, their life savings - 50 thousand rubles. Tank please call "fighting friend" and send me to the front as the driver of the tank. have a special driver, an excellent command of a machine gun, am Voroshilovsky shooter ... "
Soon was received a short reply: "Thank you, Maria, for your concern for the armored forces of the Red Army. Your desire will be fulfilled. Please accept my regards, Joseph Stalin."
Mariya Oktyabrskaya sent to Omsk tank school. All the exams she passed on the "excellent" and received a certificate of the driver. In the Urals, straight from the assembly line, workers handed her a tank on the armor which was written "fighting friend".
The crew of a commander - a second lieutenant Peter Chebotko, tower-shooter - a sergeant Gennady Yasko, Tail Gunner - Mikhail Galkin, and a driver / mechanic - Sergeant Mary October, was assigned the composition of the 22nd Yelnya Guards Tank Brigade of the Western Front.
Baptism of Maria V. took near the graves of her husband. In the first battle she found in excellent quality of his car. The battalion commander thanked the crew on the radio "Fighting friends, congratulated them on a successful combat mission.
In the middle of January 1944 there was a struggle in the area of farm Krynka Vitebsk region. Maria V. on his tank broke through the enemy defenses, but the tank was destroyed. Under heavy fire of the enemy, being wounded, she was able to repair the tank and return to the unit.
The aircraft was taken to Mary Vassilyevna Smolensk, where the surgeon examined the wound. Make it something it was hard: splinter piercing eyes, touched the cerebral hemispheres.
"Much blood loss. The general condition of the weak" - noted in the card nurse. After the operation, Maria Vasilievna transferred to the ward.
February 16, 1944 October visit came all the members of the crew of the tank, and with them the head of the political guard brigade, Colonel Nikolai Getman, who presented Mary Vasilevne Order of Patriotic War I level.
The state of health deteriorated October, increasingly advanced memory lapses, severe headache, fever, delirium. At dawn, 15 March 1944 Mary V. October died. They buried her in the Smolensk Kremlin on Tverskaya street cemetery, next to the heroes of the Patriotic War of 1812.
Fighting Girlfriend "survived" to Victory
Title burnt "Thirty" - "fighting friend" - later inherited the other machine, then the third, fourth. Thus the name, reminiscent of the Guards Mary October, lived up to Victory.
Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet on August 2, 1944 October Guard sergeant posthumously awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union. The lists of parts.
In the school museum carefully relics associated with this legendary woman.
"Two dates - 65 years of Victory of our people in the Great Patriotic War and 40 years of our museum - are closely intertwined," - says head teacher of Tomsk school Natalya Prokhorova.
According to her students for ten years involved in the city program "Memory", in the past year they went to Smolensk (the place of burial of October).
"There's people who actually knew little about the October. And everything they tell our children gives them a genuine surprise and admiration. In our school for its first class hour of first-graders come to the museum, where they tell us why gymnasium, in which they learn, is named after this great woman, "- said the teacher." http://www.rian.ru/ocherki/20100414/222121628.html http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Se0piY_f_MU http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=08K8k...eature=related