As the "Y", the Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos) has finalized a draft Federal Space Program (FCP) for 2016-2025 years. Managed to cut costs by more than $ 400 billion to $ 2 trillion rbl.-. To this end, had to abandon a number of scientific devices, extra heavy missiles and 29 development work, but keep the manned flight around the Moon
. The agency expects that in some segments of the program, even profitable.
According to "Kommersant", most of the provisions of the PCF-2025 was developed under the previous head of Roscosmos Oleg Ostapenko: for their implementation required 2.436 trillion rubles., Of which 2.117 trillion space agency planned to receive from the budget, and another 319 billion from non-budgetary rbl.- sources. Submit a draft to the government, Mr. Ostapenko did not, and his successor in January Igor Komarov had to cut the program because of the crisis: the cost of work has increased by an average of 30%, and reduced government funding (see. Figure). Recall, culminating in this year's PCF-2015 an allocation of 757.1 billion rubles. from the budget and 77.1 billion rubles. from extra-budgetary sources.
"B" was able to get acquainted with the new design of the PCF-2025. From this it follows that considering two options for optimization. The first involves the full implementation of works on space communications, remote sensing (RS), fundamental space research (FCI), the ISS mission and research works, but folded the promising manned transport spacecraft, controls for deep space and maintenance of vehicles in orbit, as well as work on the lunar base and super-heavy launch.
The second option was limited to bringing to the minimum level of orbital constellations of communication satellites, remote sensing and FCI, a shift of two - five years the terms of readiness of the new generation of devices socio-economic and scientific purposes, as well as reducing launch vehicles "Progress" from four to three in year. But this option to work on projects manned spacecraft new generation of super-heavy elements groundwork for rockets (to which promised to return after the 2025 th), and further includes the development of launchers medium and heavy class load capacity up to 38 tons, and interorbital tugs for manned flight around the moon in 2025. Roscosmos believe that the second option, although it provides a reduction in orbital groupings of communication satellites, remote sensing and the FCI to the minimum necessary, it is still ensure the implementation of "Basic Policy of the Russian Federation in space activities until 2030" (to increase system capacity to 2.4 Relay Gbit / sec., and personal communications - up to 60 Gbit / d.). According to a source "b" in the Russian Space Agency on April 15 meeting of the Scientific and Technical Council, first deputy director of the Central Research Institute of Mechanical Engineering Alexander Danyluk recommended to support the second option. Manual agency did so.
In the previous version of FCP-2025 most of the money - 1728000000000 rbl.- agency planned to spend on research and development activities ( see. "Kommersant" on November 12, 2014 ). The updated version of the program share of R & D remains the same: from 2.004 trillion on them will take about 1.42 trillion rubles. However, in order to meet this parameter had to be excluded from the plan of 29 OCD 416. Thus, for example, reduced OCD "Avionics" (on-board data-processing system with a network-centric distributed architecture), OCD "Impact ASPOS OKP" (system space means of influence on asteroids, comets and debris), OCD "Liquidator" (complex provides remote spacecraft and upper stages from geostationary orbit) and others.
Reduced funding PCF-2025 resulted in a decrease in the number and year launched spacecraft. For example, in the years 2016-2020 were orbit output 15, 20, 19, 21 and 28, respectively, the satellites, now - 11, 11, 18, 27 and 17 (taking into account extra six satellites ERS). Further, in the years 2020-2024 under the program FCI was to be launched 42 scientific apparatus, now - 22. Under the reduction were astronomical satellites "Spectrum-M" and "Gamma-400" biosatellites "Return-MCA" and interplanetary spacecraft "Luna Grunt ", relay satellite" Ray-NP ", one unit of RS" Resource-P ", as well as satellites" Canopus-B "and" Canopus-VM ". However, the program provides 2025 grouping remote sensing satellites of the new generation of 23 units. And just Roscosmos expects to launch about 180 satellites in the interests of the Russian Federation.
To save money and decided to abandon the development of extra heavy rocket from scratch - it will save about 215 billion rubles. But Roscosmos plans to upgrade the complex "Angara-A5" to the option "Angara-A5V" (adding hydrogen third step) - it would cost only 60 billion rubles. ( see. "Kommersant" on March 13 ). Total test program has three missiles A5V start (usually "Angara-A5" - six). Affect and reduce the ISS: the creation of the module OKA-T decided to abandon. It is expected that in the near future the document will be sent for approval to the government.
Overall Roskosmos managed to reduce the PCF of about 440 billion rubles. In the final version 1.111 trillion rubles. (More than 55% of total funding) will go to space communications, remote sensing, launch vehicle and mission control on projects FCI - about 199.3 billion rubles. (10%), while the manned program - 694.1 billion rubles. (34.6%). The document notes that the implementation of the BDS-2025 in 2016-2025 years should bring profit at 1.806 trillion rubles .: primarily from the sale of satellite communications services - 633.7 billion rubles. and manned missions - 212.6 billion rubles.
Yesterday, officials of the agency did not comment on the provisions of the PCF-2025, but said that at today's press conference it will Igor Komarov and the Head of Scientific and Technical Council of the Russian Space Agency Yuri Koptev.