Pan-Turkism ("P-T") is a political movement started more than 100 years ago aiming to unite the various 'Turkic peoples' into a modern political super-state. "Turkic" is more commonly a linguistic term, not an ethnic or "racial" one, though the proponents of P-T try to blur that distinction for political gain and have devised many dubious and inconsistent narratives regarding their ethnic origins (and the origins of other groups). P-T often relies on the use of propaganda and states as its goal: 'The aim of all Turks is to unite with the Turkic borders.' P-T is a form of Turkish imperial ambition. The "Young Turks" who carried pan-Turkist ideologies as their guiding principle and are accused of the Armenian Genocide, Greek genocide and Assyrian Genocide. [fn 1.] [fn 2.] (The Young Turks are also accused of being members of other ethno-religious groups.) P-T still exists today, with cells in Turkey, Azerbaijan, Europe, the USA, and Iran. P-T often destroys or assumes dominion over the culture, language, and historical record of outside ethnic and linguistic groups it attempts to dominate. Russia, China, Armenia and Iran, generally perceive Panturkism as a new form of Turkish imperial ambition and pretext for ethnic cleansing, and a tool for creating instability in regions where it is introduced. Turkey has become a major business partner to many Central Asian Turkic states, and has attempted to spread the P-T ideology there.
[fn 1.] See Jacob M. Landau. Pan-Turkism: From Irredentism to Cooperation. India University Press, 1995. 2nd Edition. p. 45: "Pan-Turkism's historic chance arrived shortly before and during First World War, when it was adopted a guiding principle of state policy by an influental group among the Young Turks"
[fn 2.] See Robert F. Melson, "The Armenian Genocide" in Kevin Reilly (Editor), Stephen Kaufman (Editor), Angela Bodino (Editor) "Racism: A Global Reader (Sources and Studies in World History)", M.E. Sharpe (January 2003). pg 278: