Mistral, Vulcan, Biho, and Oerlikons are being overhauled.
During the National Assembly's year-end defense modernization plan meeting in 2011, the need to improve Korea's low level air defense to prepare for modern network-centric warfare was highlighted. Korea's strategic level air defense is relatively secure, with the deployment of Patriots, Aegis cruisers, KM-SAM and a large number of fighter interceptors, but Korea still needs more advanced fast-response SHORAD arsenal for lower intensity conflicts, such as border clashes or infiltration, or for close combat situations between friendly land force and enemy air strike. The SHORAD modernization program gained a renewed impetus after the recent attacks, threats and provocations issued by NK on the Korean border, accompanied the large-scale deployment of hovercraft and helicopters.
The NCW modernization program is broadly divided into three components: surveillance, command and control, and artillery. In the surveillance component, a new low-altitude tactical radar will be developed for the army. The air force will receive a strategic nationwide air defense radar that can cover the entire Korean airspace from land. In the C4I component, a satellite-based air defense early warning system and a new C2A network will be established. In the artillery component, the K30 Biho will be 'hybridized' and equipped with short-range missiles. The Vulcans will be modernized and receive upgrades to its electro-optical targeting system, and a remotely controlled MANPAD mount will be developed for tactical vehicles. Finally, a next-generation AAA and C-RAM will be developed to replace the 35mm Oerlikon Skyshield. The first phase of the AAA modernization program, the hybrid Biho, will be completed on December 2013 in collaboration between LIG Nex1 and Doosan DST.
The RFP for Vulcan was issued in early 2012, to which Samsung Thales and LIG Nex1 have submitted their bids.
The car-SAM has finished experimental development in 2009, and is awaiting integration with the new tactical vehicles that will be developed by Kia and Hyundai Rotem. This will take place until 2016.
The new C2A, early warning systems and surveillance radars will direct and combine these SHORAD's capabilities together. Most of them are developed by LIG Nex1, and some by Samsung Thales.
The primary local bidder for Skyshield replacement and C-RAM, when the RFP is released, will be Hyundai Wia. Hyundai Wia was the license-producer of AAA and naval gun systems that were fielded for the Korean military, and also supply Goalkeeper parts. More recently, in 2011, Hyundai Wia developed an electro-optically and radar-guided CIWS for defense against low-flying missiles and rockets, using 3P shells. Originally, the Hyundai Wia CIWS was marketed as naval weaponry as a domestic alternative to Bofors, Phalanx, or Goalkeeper.
The envisioned land-based role of the 40mm 3P K-CIWS will eventually include a C-RAM component, as has been proposed by BAE Systems for the Swedish Army. BAE Systems also marketed 40mm 3P Bofors in Korea for CIWS, though it was never selected. But it served as an inspiration for Hyundai Wia to develop its own CIWS with similar performance.
Mistral, Vulcan, Biho, and Oerlikons are being overhauled.
There's also some info about expendable Korean drones there. They basically serve two purposes but more for SEAD rather than for air defense. One type, the Solgae XRPV-1, serves as diversions against enemy SHORAD, revealing their positions and drawing their fire. another type, Devil Killer, hits those static positions Kamikaze-style.
We have another expendable drone, RAT-1. They are used to support the Korean SHORAD more directly (but in a rather primitive manner than you'd imagine ).
Later I'll show the Crow and RemoEye spotter drones.
It's a small-scale mock up of Sky Bow. It will be the main stay of our medium-range air defense and BMD.
An interesting application of Chiron and Sky Bow would be as air-to-air missiles. LIG Nex1 is already developing an IR guided ASRAAM from Chiron. Sky Bow's aimable warhead and active microwave seeker can also give it AMRAAM or ALRAAM capability. The side thrusters and some fuel can be removed to save weight.
The short-range air-to-air missile will be developed from the LIG Nex1 Shin-Gung, a shoulder-fired surface-to-air missile, the administration said.
They put a Kamikaze UAV on an SUV, now they are gonna put a SAM on it.
Watch from 0:30 on the screen behind the robot for a short test video.
Surveillance cameras and robots Sniper, Shumit, and Argos, with look-out range up to 25km or 30km.
NIIO Vision Sniper and Shumit: http://www.starman.co.kr/shumit2/k7shumit/k7total.jsp
DoDaaM Sytems Argos: http://dodaam.com/eng/sub_0202_2_1.php
DoDaaM Sytems is also integrating its Aegis and Argos security systems on UAE's palace and air bases.
Last edited by Ambassador; 12-29-2012 at 06:04 AM.
Aside from radar and IR-based surveillance, LIG Nex1 and Samsung Thales also operate radio signal detectors and direction finders on SUVs for ELINT. They work best against airborne sources.
The one with the dish is a satellite radio monitoring system, though NK doesn't have a satellite. The equipment are used by the ROK government's Central Radio Management Office.
The Korean military has double-view dot sights for .50 cal machine guns that help aim at low-flying aircraft, such as helicopters and AN-2. This effectively turns crewed .50 cal machine guns into meaningful AAA batteries.
The DCL series is distributed under license by BE Meyers in North America for the US Army and the US Navy.Dong In Optical releases machine-gun sight
Published: Sept. 30, 2008 at 4:33 PM
SEOUL, Sept. 30 (UPI) -- South Korea-based Dong In Optical announced the launch of a new version of its Dot Sight technology for use with heavy machine guns.
Dong In Optical released the Dot Sight model DCL120, which can be used with a .50 millimeter caliber heavy machine gun. Company officials say the DCL120 adds precision to a soldier's aim while firing a heavy machine gun to counter threats from armored vehicles and military aircraft.
Company officials say the DCL120, expected to be showcased at the 2008 Association of the U.S. Army Annual Meeting and Exposition held in October, comes with a wide lens that allows for a machine-gun operator to keep both eyes open when firing.
LIG Nex1 has additional pics of hybrid Biho, and the Army's next generation SHORAD radar. The next-gen radar has self-protection capability against HARM weapons (a feat aided by the passive detection capability of the ELINT systems as well).
The TPS-830K, the Army's current SHORAD radar in service since 1997, is a larger version of Biho's radar that was converted to a standalone surveillance platform. Vulcan and SkyGuard's ballistic computers are able to datalink with it to guide their fire director radars.
As you've observed in the posts above, the Air Force too will begin to employ two newly developed tactical and strategic surveillance radars with the modernization initiative: the medium-range OTH radar for low-altitude applications, which will directly augment the Army's SHORAD elements; and the long-range missile defense radar, that will upgrade many SAM systems of the Air Force but primarily the HAWK system to intercept tactical ballistic missiles.
Jane's has an article on the origin of the Air Force's modernization initiative to improve air defense and surveillance against NK incursions, primarily in the western coast. It began in earnest after Cheonan.
Summary (Korea, South), World air forces
The Republic of Korea Air Force (Han-Guk Kong Goon - ROKAF) is a well trained and powerful force that plays an increasingly significant role in the country's strategy of active defence against the threat of aggression presented by North Korea and any other potential regional military contingencies. ROKAF modernisation is focused on developing world-class, independent operational capabilities, including long-range precision strike and advanced intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR), in addition to enabling rapid response to threats originating from within the Korean peninsula and beyond. Thus, the ROKAF, once largely serving as an adjunct to US air power, is now a 21st century force with precision strike capabilities and a regional perspective in accord with national priorities.Following the surprise attacks from North Korea in 2010 including the shelling of Yeonpyeong island and the sinking of a South Korean navy vessel, the ROKAF has ongoing efforts to increase its ability to detect North Korean incursions into its airspace - in addition to the ability to monitor North Korean military developments and deployments. The ROKAF was looking to accelerate acquisition the RQ-4 Global Hawk unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) until the Defense Acquisition Programme Administration (DAPA) officially ruled out the purchase on cost grounds in February 2012. However, the ROKAF purchased two Dassault Falcon 2000s in late 2011. The importance of ISR capabilities to South Korea was evident in the aftermath of North Korean leader Kim Jong-il's death in December 2011 when the South Korean military was on emergency alert and increased its monitoring
Deployments, tasks and operations
The ROKAF remains postured to react quickly to attack by North Korea, which is still perceived as the primary threat. During the particularly troubled time for the Korean peninsular, given the uncertainty following the death of North Korean leader Kim Jong-Il in December 2011, ROKAF was on emergency alert and maintained a high state of readiness. The ROKAF and US assets stationed in the country had deployed more ISR assets during the period transition in North Korea.While no aspect of South Korea's airspace is undefended, ground-based air defence radars, control centres, SAM sites and fighter interceptors are oriented and assigned to cover two primary threat axes: the northern border and the south-west approaches across the Yellow Sea. The ROKAF's latest and most advanced air base is located at Seosan/Haemi on the west coast. With two runways, advanced maintenance facilities and a fortified underground battle command centre, Seosan supports a wing of F-16s which, in conjunction with an F-5 wing at Suwon, is tasked with defending vital airspace over the capital, the port of Inchon and the six western islands. Similarly, the F-4 wing at Cheongju in central South Korea and the F-5 wing at Gangneung on the east coast cover the Demilitarised Zone (DMZ) and the Sea of Japan, or Korean Sea as it is known in Korea.The F-15K long-range strike aircraft have been assigned to the base at Daegu in the south-east of the country, where they are out of reach of most North Korean missiles, but still able
K-Tunguska. Awesome. Glad they are using 2 dual launchers.