[*******#000000][FONT=Arial]During the Great Depression, some 1.3 million Americans容pitomized by the Joad family in John Steinbeck's "The Grapes of Wrath"庸locked to California from the heartland. To keep out the so-called Okies, the state enacted a law barring indigent migrants (the law was later declared unconstitutional). Los Angeles even set up a border patrol on the city limits. Soon the state may need to build a fence to keep latter-day Joads from [/FONT][/COLOR]leaving
[*******#000000][FONT=Arial].[/FONT][/COLOR][*******#000000][FONT=Arial]Over the past two decades, a net 3.4 million people have moved out of California for other states. But contrary to conservative lore, there has been no millionaires' march to Texas or other states with no income tax. In fact, since 2005 California has experienced a net in
-migration of households earning more than $200,000, according to the U.S. Census's American Community Survey.[/FONT][/COLOR]
[*******#000000][FONT=Arial]As it happens, most of California's outward-bound migrants are low- to middle-income, with relatively little education: those typically employed in agriculture, construction, manufacturing, hospitality and to some extent natural-resource extraction. Their median household income is about $40,000葉wo-thirds of the statewide median預nd about 95% earn less than $80,000. Only one in 10 has a college degree, compared with 30% of California's population. Roughly 40% of the people leaving are Hispanic.
[*******#000000][FONT=Arial]In his State of the State address this year, Gov. Jerry Brown boasted: "We have the inventors, the dreamers, the entrepreneurs, the venture capitalists. . . . When I first came to Sacramento, Steve Jobs
and Steve Wozniak
had not yet invented their personal computer. There was no wind-generated electricity, and we didn't have the nation's most advanced building and appliance efficiency standards as we later adopted."[/FONT][/COLOR]
[*******#000000][FONT=Arial]Recall, however, that the Okies用oor as they may have been用rovided a gigantic pool of labor that fueled California's postwar boom and helped transform the Golden State into the world's eighth-largest economy. The Democrats who have had firm control of the state during its years of decline would do well to remember that a society's most valuable asset is always its people, regardless of their wealth or clout.[/FONT][/COLOR]