I've searched for the topic but I found no prior discussion about this kind of news, even though the oft neglected subject is very important to understanding the dynamics of constructive US-Iran human exchange. Most especially, it would tell us what Iranians as scientifically minded people and sophisticated thinkers are capable of in negotiations and policy making. Well we have one now. We've yet to get a clear glimpse into the scientific R&Ds accomplished by Iran before. But in truth, surprisingly many recent Iranian innovations are of superb quality, thorough in achieving useful and valuable results, and internationally significant, although just as often derailed during discussions due to the lack of proper access to information.
So I'm going to shed some more light on the matter of Iran and America's scientific diplomacy. The not-so-trivial contribution of Iranian science to improving and safeguarding countless Americans' daily lives is particularly important (literally, with life-saving implications in many examples), and remember that this is a modern-day phenomenon, not some medieval Persian history, of very noteworthy significance.
This one is a relatively old news, but I'll make a brief recap about cooperation in the nuclear fusion area first. As with the case of certain another country that most you may already know, US nuclear institutes now appear to be ironically cooperating with two foreign countries the nuclear fission programs of whom the US government currently vehemently opposes (but for two different methods of harnessing nuclear fusion energy), for advancing US nuclear fusion programs. One of those two foreign countries that will be the main guest of this thread, is Iran.
"You haz got fusion now so you don't need to enrich uranium no more!!!"U.S. Company Teams With Iranian University To Develop Fusion Power
6/04/2012 @ 10:44AM
On May 25, fusion power research startup Lawrenceville Plasma Physics announced that it had signed a contract for research collaboration in nuclear fusion with the Plasma Physics Research Center of I. Azad University in Tehran, Iran. The company will be collaborating with the University to publish research related to aneutronic nuclear fusion power. According to the company’s press release, this collaboration “will involve exchange and analysis of data on [Dense Plasma Focus] experiments, simulations, consultation on instruments, work on design of research DPFs, joint supervision of PhD theses, and an annual meeting among participants.
Aneutronic fusion is a different path for fusion energy than most fusion researchers are taking. Most fusion reactions being considered for power generation create significant amounts of neutron radiation, which can cause severe amounts of harm and damage. By contrast, aneutronic fusion produces tiny to non-existent amounts of this deadly type of radiation, and is potentially capable of turning its fusion products directly into electricity. That’s a contrast to the main area of fusion research, which would use the heat from the fusion reaction to create steam to power turbines.
One of the challenges of aneutronic fusion is the fact that it uses a Hydrogen-Boron reaction for fuel, rather than the more traditional deuterium-tritium fusion reaction. As a consequence, the temperatures required for aneutronic fusion are significantly higher, which produces its own set of engineering complications. This may be why the United States and Iran are two of the few countries pursuing research in this area.
Anyway, it's already pretty apparent that, once we do ourselves the good service of removing Iran's great headache-inducing mullahs from our thoughts for a moment, Iranian scientists' considerable aptitude at R&Ding modern next-gen technology is highly respected in the world's league of most scientifically active countries. Aside from nuclear fusion, other example areas of intense Iranian scientific activity include nano-building materials, future medicines, renewable energy, and basically more efficient energy technology. I'll drop a few links about each of them, which I hope will bring more insight to readers about the harmonious cooperative relationship between the US and Iran (as well as between Iran and other advanced countries) in several key scientific areas that benefits both countries. They are all American sources and citations, so you can be fairly confident that the opinions expressed in them broadly reflect the predominantly favorable impression of the Iranian innovations held by America's scientific community.
Science & Diplomacy: U.S.-Iranian Collaborations Promote Public Health
25 March 2013
Despite the complex and often adversarial relationship between the governments of Iran and the United States, the countries' scientists have found opportunities to cooperate on important public health projects. Irene Jillson, a professor at Georgetown University's School of Nursing and Health Studies, describes the fruits of these efforts in an article in the latest edition of Science & Diplomacy.
Historically, Persia, now Iran, has been a rich center for advances in biomedicine and the dissemination of medical knowledge. As early as the ninth century, for example, Ali Ibn Rabban Tabari wrote an early medical "encyclopedia," a compendium of traditions in medicine known at the time. And, medical discoveries and developments in the 10th and 11th centuries helped set a foundation for modern advances in organ transplantation, neuroscience and biomedical engineering, according to Jillson.
In this century, Iranian scientists, clinicians and other health experts have collaborated with their U.S. counterparts through partnerships fostered by AAAS, the National Academy of Sciences, the National Institutes of Health and others, on topics such as food-borne diseases, neuroscience and drug abuse, noncommunicable diseases, health disparities and bioethics.
"This sort of contact is very desirable and useful, and I think it should be continued," said Norman Neuriter, senior adviser to the AAAS Center for Science Diplomacy and acting director for the AAAS Center for Science, Technology and Security Policy. Neuriter visited Tehran in June 2012 as part of a small delegation that delivered a series of lectures and met with Iranian science leaders, researchers and students.
http://www.aaas.org/news/releases/2013/0325_iran.shtmlUS, Iran scientists collaborate, work together peacefully
John Limbert and James Miller The Christian Science Monitor
February 26, 2013
As talks about Iran’s nuclear program began today in Kazakhstan between the P5+1 (the five permanent members of the UN Security Council plus Germany) and Iran, many are doubtful that a suitable agreement will be reached. Relations between the United States and Iran present seemingly insurmountable challenges driven by more than 30 years of mistrust and missed opportunities on both sides.
Unfortunately, we cannot undo that history. However, we do have a choice either to ignore history ? or benefit from its lessons. One of those often-overlooked lessons is the demonstrated success of ongoing, respectful collaboration between American and Iranian scientists, doctors, and public health experts. Such exchanges benefit the people of both countries and have the ability to cut through the deepest political and media-driven rhetoric. They offer a critical alternative to the vested interests of the extremist positions we now face.
Two examples of this include recent work in Iran with Iranians, Americans, Canadians, Europeans, and others from the Middle East and North Africa on HIV/AIDS research and education. That work culminated in the first international and fifth annual HIV/AIDS conference in Tehran.
The second example of American-Iranian citizen collaboration is occurring now in the Mississippi Delta, where Iranian doctors and public- health experts are helping adapt Iran’s highly cost effective, rural primary-care system to meet the health-disparity challenges in that impoverished region of the US.
The 2012 HIV/AIDS conference in Tehran was a collaborative effort of universities in the US and Iran, with speakers from the US and Canada invited to make presentations to participants from many countries, including Afghanistan, Kenya, and Pakistan, as well as the Britain and the US. Iran has been praised for the way they have responded to the HIV/AIDS epidemic in its country.
Mississippi, according to the United Health Foundation, is the unhealthiest state in the US. For decades, health disparities between impoverished and more well-to-do citizens in the Delta have been similar to those in developing countries. Over 20 years, Iran’s public health system virtually eliminated health disparities between the urban and rural population ? and did so with minimal resources.
http://www.alaskadispatch.com/articl...her-peacefullyThe United States and Iran: Gaining and Sharing Scientific Knowledge through Collaboration
By Irene Anne Jillson - 03.18.2013
Examples of U.S.-Iranian Collaboration in the Medical and Health Sciences
At the turn of this century, the NAS, a private, nonprofit society of scientific and engineering scholars, embarked on an innovative program designed to engage U.S. and Iranian scholars in engineering, health, and science in discourse regarding common issues. While the initiative’s activities covered multiple issues, ranging from earthquake science to higher education challenges, NAS prioritized food-borne disease, with particular attention to disease surveillance and approaches to addressing food contamination.
Neuroscience and Drug Abuse Research
Recently, neuroscience has been a particularly fruitful area of Iranian scientific research. Neuroscience, which is a quintessential example of multidisciplinary research, ranging from clinical and basic sciences to language and intelligent systems, has been the basis of significant developments in neurophysiology, neuropharmacology, and neurosurgery. A recent study of Iranian contributions to international publications in neuroscience found substantial contributions from 2002 to 2008, with most of the coauthored publications by Iranian and developed country scientists being with U.S. scientists.13 Neuroscience research has the potential to yield important findings that can inform prevention and treatment of widespread conditions that affect global populations, such as Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, addictions, and mental diseases such as psychotic disorders.
Given the global prevalence of esophageal cancer, diabetes, and opiate addiction, scientific collaboration can contribute significantly to prevention and treatment of these conditions. Chronic diseases, including cancer and diabetes, are now the primary causes of morbidity and mortality in the developing world, as they have been in the United States and other high-income countries for some time. Globally, esophageal squamous cell carcinoma is the most prevalent form of esophageal cancer. In the United States alone, 28,989 cases of squamous cell esophageal cancer were diagnosed from 1999 to 2004.
Bioethics: Shared Concerns, Shared Values
Bioethics is another area in which there has been increasing exchange between the United States and Iran, and between these two countries and others. American bioethicists and biomedical researchers have been keynote speakers in international conferences held in Iran and have spoken at Iranian universities and research institutes, while Iranian bioethicists, researchers, and clinicians have visited and lectured at U.S. universities and other research institutions. This has resulted in contributions to the discourse as well as plans for joint publications, participation on the part of Americans in review of master’s degree PhD dissertations, and plans for visiting scholar arrangements.
The resulting work has yielded important, wide-ranging benefits in areas such as health services delivery, food-borne diseases, neurosciences, water and sanitation, ophthalmology, and bioethics. Such collaborations are important for the health of the populations of both countries and beyond, as the diseases and conditions they address have wide geographic distributions and implications. The collaborations have also contributed to understanding and improvements in scientific methodologies, such as in epidemiological research, in which the findings are applicable for a wide range of medical science research globally.
http://www.sciencediplomacy.org/arti...tates-and-iranU.S., Iranian solar energy scientists convene at UCI
? Janet Wilson, University Communications
Weeks before an Iranian nuclear scientist was killed by a car bomb and WikiLeaks detailed neighboring nations’ fear of Iran’s warhead capabilities, a more peaceful event took place at UC Irvine.
A dozen Iranian solar energy scientists met with their American counterparts for a two-day mid-November workshop at the Arnold & Mabel Beckman Center of the National Academies of Sciences & Engineering. Similar exchanges between the two countries have been organized by the academies for the past decade, on topics such as earthquake dynamics and water resources.
Over fresh salmon and fine pastries, bottomless cups of coffee and steaming tea, the researchers compared notes on the latest in solar energy designs and the real-world challenges of building concentrated solar troughs, power towers and energy storage facilities.
http://www.uci.edu/features/2010/12/...ran_101207.phpIranian Researchers Receive U.S. Patent for Solar Cell Technology
May 07, 2012
By Jacqueline Lee
Researchers from Sharif University in Iran have received a U.S. patent for their innovative restructuring of solar cells. Iran’s Nanotechnology Initiative Council reports that “single-sided dye-sensitized solar cells having a vertical patterned structure” eliminates the need to use conductive glass when constructing solar cells.
http://green.tmcnet.com/channels/sol...technology.htmNow for some news from outside the US also. As highlighted in some of the previous articles, there is one important driving force behind this phenomenal growth in the Iranians' professed fields of expertise. In Iran's construction, energy, and biomedical researches, many of the new innovations stem from Iran's improving progress in the general research of nanotechnology, which is internationally recognized. For example, in the joint 2012 Iran-Korean nanotechnology fair that took place in Tehran, Iranian nanoscientists gave a first-hand presentation of several homegrown applied concepts of nanotechnology for photonics, electronics, metrology, biotechnology, medicine and energy. The presentation signified Iran's obvious interest in 'nanonizing' a huge part of its future breakthrough activities into these fields.Bunker-busting: Smart concrete
Iran makes some of the world’s toughest concrete. It can cope with earthquakes and, perhaps, bunker-busting bombs
Mar 3rd 2012
For this reason, Iranian civil engineers are interested in using it in structures as diverse as dams and sewage pipes and are working on improving it. Mahmoud Nili of Bu-Ali Sina University in Hamadan for example, is using polypropylene fibres and quartz flour, known as fume, in his mix. It has the flexibility to absorb far heavier blows than regular concrete. Rouhollah Alizadeh may do better still. Dr Alizadeh, a graduate of the University of Tehran, is currently working at Ottawa University in Canada on the molecular structure of cement. Once again, this research is for civilian purposes and could pave the way for a new generation of UHPC with precisely engineered properties and outstanding performance.
One way to tamper with the internal structure of concrete is to use nanoparticles. Ali Nazari and his colleagues at Islamic Azad University in Saveh have published several papers on how to do that with different types of metal-oxide nanoparticles. They have worked with oxides of iron, aluminium, zirconium, titanium and copper. At the nanoscale materials can take on extraordinary properties. Although it has been demonstrated only in small samples, it might be possible, using such nanoparticles, to produce concrete that is four times stronger than Ductal.
Clarification: The original version of this article might have been read as implying that the named Iranian concrete researchers were knowingly involved in non-civilian research. They are not. The text was changed to reflect this on March 3rd.
Iran, Korea to Hold Joint Nanotechnology Workshop in October
Tehran, Iran | Posted on August 19th, 2012
The workshop will be held at the venue of Tarbiat Modarres University in order to develop regional and international cooperation in the field of nanotechnology.
Among the objectives of the educational workshop, mention can be made of interaction and idea exchange between scientists, researchers, and university students in various fields of nanotechnology, getting familiar with the latest scientific and research achievements, discussing challenges and solutions, and making scientific cooperation with the Republic of Korea in the field of nanotechnology.
Iran has close scientific relations with another Asian powerhouse, Japan. During the frequent exchanges between science officials of Iran and Japan, Japanese delegates have continuously encouraged rap port (censoring this perfectly safe word, are you nuts MP.net?) between the two for the on-going cooperation in energy industry, environmental management, agricultural science, and healthcare. Japan still takes the elder role within the partnership, but the Iranians are quick on the uptake of what Japan's trying to teach and a genuine pleasure to work with for Japanese scientists and diplomats. Areas of cooperation with Japan too are where the Iranians are most keenly focusing their scientific development; energy, and health. Energy is getting scarce, people are more consumerist, while modern health issues continue to be a worldwide concern, be it in advanced nations like the US or in third worlds like Afghanistan. Iran is one of the global producers of the technologies that hold the keys needed to solve these persistent and difficult problems.
May 7, 2011
Third Country Training on Rice Improvement Technology for Afghanistan
Third Country Training for Afghanistan was implemented from 10th April to 7th May. Topic was "Rice Improvement Technology" and 15 people participated.
Rice is one of the main crops in Iran and JICA started several study projects on agricultural development in Mazandaran Province in 1984. Based on these study projects, JICA started technical cooperation project from 1999 titled "Haraz Agricultural Human Resources Development Center Project" which aimed to strengthen and enrich the Center's training capacity and functions for agricultural engineers and technicians.
It is ideal to have training in this center for Afghan people so that all these human resource development projects are expanding into the world.
http://www.jica.go.jp/iran/english/o...ss/110507.htmlOctober 4 , 2011
JICA holds Workshop on Energy Efficiency and Conservation in the Building Sector
The JICA Development Study team visited Tehran to carry out the 5th field Study for "Institutional Capacity Development on Energy Management in the Building Sector" from 30 September to October 6, 2011 and organized a one day workshop in the Ministry of Energy.
The workshop that was held in October 4th , 2011, aimed at presenting the results of the Project and introducing Master Plan and Action Plan of the Study.
In this workshop, vice minister of Energy; Dr. ZABIHI, Ambassador of Japan in Tehran; Mr. KOMANO, JICA Resident Representative, the Iranian counterparts of the Project in Building and Housing Research Center, JICA experts and Project Team members had presentation.
The workshop was mainly participated by managers from different sections of the Ministry of Energy, Ministry of Petroleum, Ministry of Roads and Urban Development, Iranian "Energy Services" Companies as well as the Japanese companies based in Tehran.
http://www.jica.go.jp/iran/english/o...ss/111004.htmlApril 20, 2012
Holding the 1st Conference of "National Training Center for Energy Management" Graduates
This conference was held by SABA (Energy Efficiency Organization of Iran) in order to honor and celebrate the sponsors, practitioners and graduates of the National Training Center for Energy Management as well as for exchange of experience. In this conference that was held on Wednesday 22 February 2012, around one thousand of professors, scholars and electricity industry experts, industry managers and NTCEM graduates participated.
The conference program continued with presentations and speeches on "Energy Efficiency Policies in Japan" (by Mr. Toshio Kosuge from METI), "The history of JICA's cooperation with I.R. Iran in the field of Promotion of Energy Efficiency", (by Mr. Takeuchi, JICA Resident representative in Iran) as well as Energy Efficiency in Car manufacturing, cement, petro chemistry, defense, steel, glass and power generation industries.
http://www.jica.go.jp/iran/english/o...120420_02.htmlAs my next assignment (when I have time), I'll try to write a broader analysis on the scientific relation of Iranian space and satellite programs to Iran's agricultural and environmental development, whose beneficial results quickly propagate to third beneficiaries like Afghanistan and other developing nations. While Iran's ballistic missile ambition is often put under intense scrutiny and rarely questioned, there are many reasons to believe that Iran's desire to make extensive civilian use of its space program is just as progressive and genuine. The fact that Iran has placed huge interest in cultivating the agricultural sector and the environment is obvious, and for this, Iran has always desired homegrown satellites for agricultural and environmental monitoring (and the homegrown capability to launch them independently), in cooperation with Russia and a number of Asian partners.July 15, 2012
The First phase of the Technical Exchange Program on "Clinical Management of Multi-Drug Resistance Tuberculosis" for Afghanistan Completed
This was the first course of a three-year project and was held from June 30 to July 12, 2012 with the cooperation of Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA Iran Office) and the National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (NRITLD) at Tehran Masih Daneshvari Hospital.
The 18 participants of this course were selected among the staffs of National Tuberculosis Control of the Ministry of Public Health in Afghanistan or medical doctors who are responsible for tuberculosis management under National Tuberculosis Control of the Ministry of Public Health.
During this course the participants had some field visits to some of the important TB clinics in Tehran Province.
Iran's growing collaboration with world leaders in important fields of science makes Iran a valuable asset to the global growth of scientific inventions and technology for next-generation application. American universities and companies, and Asian governments are some of the first to move to harness these extensive capabilities that Iran's hi-tech industry have (actually, always had) to offer to many potential users in the world at large. World leaders and Iran may be going through a troubled political relationship right now, but nevertheless that cannot dent their scientists' ability and resolve to find ways to come together and jointly develop valuable technologies that, in the end, secure all the participating nations and the world a better future. As American academics are now used to saying, one good way to describe the outcome of the years of their scientific diplomacy would be this: Partnership with a thriving Iran brings clear and far-reaching benefits to man's science, not harm it.
Last edited by Ambassador; 03-29-2013 at 02:55 AM.
thanks for posting this useful thread ambassador. I wish for a day when Iranian and American scientist work together side by side in peace contributing to humanity. I wish that i will be alive when that happens
^ the idea is great to imagine hopefully one day ...
More than likely, Iran will be one of the oil-producing Middle Eastern countries who'll blunt the impact of a hypothetical worldwide switch from oil-based energy to clean energy most effectively through technological means. Its decades of working under heavy sanctions and less than optimum demand for domestic petroleum products, including developing alternative energy technologies under the same sanctions, gives Iran an immense competitive edge in terms of experience. I have reasonable doubts that other Middle Eastern members of OPEC or even SEA or South American producers could handle this as well as Iran without some significant bailout support from third partners who'd have a lot to lose from their collapse. Iran's innate scientific strength is one of the fundamentals that these countries do not have.
Back to the topic. Two years before the signing of joint fusion research with Lawrenceville Plasma Physics, Iran announced that it will build its first fusion reactor for power generation experiments within twelve years, beginning the design work of the reactor in earnest from 2012. Coincidence, or could it be planned?
Iran's already publishing several papers on aneutronic fusion and dense plasma focus, which will be shared with the US scientific community via LPP as well as with the world through journals and online publications.Iran plans to build nuclear fusion reactor
TEHRAN | Sat Jul 24, 2010 7:23am EDT
(*******) - Iran said on Saturday it planned to build an experimental nuclear fusion reactor, state television reported, at a time when the West is demanding that Tehran suspend sensitive nuclear work.
In 2006, Iran said it was pressing ahead with research tests on nuclear fusion, a type of atomic reaction which has yet to be developed for commercial power generation, but this was the first mention in years that the work was continuing.
"We need two years to complete the studies on constructing and then another 10 years to design and build the reactor," Asqar Sediqzadeh, head of Iran's Nuclear Fusion Research Center, told Iran's English-language Press TV.
April 2013, Volume 32, Issue 2, pp 293-297
Preliminary Results of the 115 kJ Dense Plasma Focus Device IR-MPF-100
http://link.springer.com/article/10....894-012-9567-8Iran develops dense plasma focus miniature, portable power supply
Date and Time:14 January 2013 - 19:42
Researchers in the Department of Nuclear Engineering and Physics, Amir Kabir University of Technology have developed a power supply for plasma focus machines with energy consumption less than 5 Jules, Miniature Plasma Focus, equipped with outlet gauging and repetition.
Hamid Reza Aali Vaneghi, researcher, said that plasma focus machines have research applications in nuclear fusion, plasma physics, and the production of radiations such as neutron and soft X-rays, and added that production of these rays would provide plasma focus machines with potentials for medical applications and surface finishing in micro dimensions.
“To find ever more applications, researchers have tried to improve its performance and minimize the system. In this research, therefore, the production of a small, portable power supply with energy gauging and repetition options were studied.”
http://www.islamicinvitationturkey.c...-power-supply/LPP's collaboration with Iran takes place with the full acknowledgement of the US President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST). LPP is one of America's most distinguished science institutes in the fields of nuclear fusion and plasma research. Access to LPP's expansive community network and academic credentials will increase exposure of Iranian publications to America's scientific community, and hopefully also to other communities beyond.New theoretical insights explain super-hot plasmoids
Posted by Administrator3 / Trackback / July 24, 2012 / in News
New theoretical work shows how FF-1 gets ions to 1.8 billion C. Iranian group- independently confirms LPP theory (Apologies for length of this important item!)
Theoretical insights and calculations by LPP’s Chief Scientist Eric Lerner and our new summer graduate student, Ahmad Talaei of Utah State University, as well as work by an independent group of physicists at Amirkabir University of Technology in Tehran, have provided a long-sought explanation on how FF-1 has managed to achieve record breaking ion energies, four times hotter than LPP’s earlier theory had predicted. The new theoretical improvement will help us to understand and more efficiently guide further experiments. This work and the independent confirmation of our theoretical calculations by the Iranian group reinforce our confidence that our high temperatures will indeed be able to ignite the ideal fusion fuel, hydrogen-boron.
Since we first observed the 160 keV energies of the ions (equivalent to 1.8 billion C) over a year ago, we had been puzzled as to why they were so much higher than the 40 keV we had predicted. We knew that the earlier predictions, based on theories developed by Australian physicist Heinrich Hora, were only approximate and needed a better physical foundation. But we had not, until now, come up with an improvement.
The first big step to the solution came May 15, with the publication online in the Journal of Fusion Energy of a paper by the Iranian team, S. Abolhasani, M. Habibi, and R. Amrollahi, “Analytical Study of Quantum Magnetic and Ion Viscous Effects on p11B Fusion in Plasma Focus Devices.” The paper studied in greater detail the quantum magnetic field effect originally applied to the DPF by Lerner, for the first time independently confirming our calculations showing that ignition and net energy gain can be achieved with pB11 (hydrogen-boron) fuel, the key to obtaining aneutronic fusion energy. Above: Eric and visiting grad student Ahmad Talaei during a visit to Princeton’s physics library
LPP Focus Fusion Report, March 11, 2013
Posted by Administrator3 / Trackback / March 11, 2013 / in News
LPP’s paper ranked #1 most- read in 2012 by the leading journal Physics of Plasmas
Ion beam peak power jumps four-fold to almost 400 GW, a new record
Compression improves, producing FF-1’s tiniest plasmoid, thanks to dramatic leak reduction