Soko J-22 Orao
The Soko J-22 Orao (Eagle) is a ground-attack and recconisance aircraft developed as a joint-venture in Yugoslavia and Romania.
Development and construction
Soko J-22 Orao, was intended as a replacement for the lightly armed Soko J-1 Jastreb (Hawk), and the ubiquitous Republic F-84G Thunderjet, then in JNA arsenal.
On May 20 1971, the governments of Romania and Yugoslavia signed an agreement for the formation of YuRom, a joint R&D venture. The program was headed by Dipl. Dr. Engineer Teodor Zanfirescu of Romania and Colonel Vidoje Knezevic of Yugoslavia.
The aircraft is of a conventional high wing monoplane construction with two Rolls-Royce Viper turbojets provided as primary propulsion. Alhtough originally it was intended for afterburners to be developed and added to the Viper turbojets, there were prolonged difficulties with this project. During 1980s, both countries developed slightly different versions to take advantage of new propulsion technologies then becoming available.
Soko J-22 Oraos
The Yugoslav prototype 25002 made its first flight on November 1976 from Batajnica airfield near Belgrade, with Major Vladislav Slavujevic at the controls.
The third aircraft, numbered 003, a pre-production two-seater version, made it's first flight on July 4, 1977. But was lost almost a year later due to tail flutter problems.
However, construction continued, and the first batches of pre-production machines were delivered on 1978 to the Air Force Aircraft Testing Facility in Belgrade, with serial production being set-up in Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Orao 2s - Above the Slovene Alps
Serbian machines saw combat against NATO in 1999. During the campaign, Serbian sources claim, a J-22 shot down a Tomahawk cruise missile. This representing the only succesfully air-to-air action by an Orao. The war ended with most Orao's successfully surviving the bombing campaign.
Orao 1 - initial production version, without afterburners. Lack of performance limited role to tactical reconnaissance - later re-designated IJ-22 (Izvidyach Yurishny - reconnaissance attack)
NJ-22 - two-seat trainer version of the Orao 1. (Nastahvny Yurishny - trainer attack)
Orao 2, also known as J-22(M) - refined version with afterburner, enlarged fuel tanks, HUD, ejection seat, and LERx.
Orao 2D, also known as NJ-22(M) - two-seat trainer version of Orao 2
Crew: one, pilot
Length: 13.02 m (42 ft 8 in)
Wingspan: 9.30 m (30 ft 6 in)
Height: 4.52 m (14 ft 10 in)
Wing area: 26.0 m² (280 ft²)
Empty: 5,750 kg (12,676 lb)
Loaded: kg ( lb)
Maximum takeoff: 10,900 kg (24,030 lb)
Powerplant: 2 x Turbomeccanica/Orao-built Rolls-Royce Viper Mk 632-47, 44 kN (10,000 lbf) afterburning thrust each.
Maximum speed: 1,130 km/h (702 mph)
Range: 1,320 km (825 miles)
Service ceiling: 15,000 m (49,210 ft)
Rate of climb: 5,340 m/min (17,520 ft/min)
Wing loading: kg/m² ( lb/ft²)
2x 23 mm GSh-23L cannon
up to 2,800 kg (6,173 lb) of stores, including
Grom air-to-ground missiles
BL-755 cluster bombs
57 mm or 128 mm rockets
AA-2 Atoll/R-13 air-to-air missile
Soko J-22 Orao
Orao 2s - Above the Danube
Orao 1 - line-up
somebody got that video of an Orao racing against a motorcycle and a Porsche..?
I remembered the Orao won, just before the Porsche. The motorcycle was far behind..
More ont topic : Nice photos and thanks for the info. Impressive aircraft !!
Yeah , the J-22 "Orao" must've been a real hawk back in the day.
The irony is that you just said that the 'Eagle' (Orao = Eagle) must have been a real hawk back in the day.
I hope I'm not the only one who finds that humorous.
Any pictures of this aircraft at the Zeljava airbase near Bihac?
The story goes that romanian inteligence in britain or germany not sure,...got somehow incomplete blueprints of some british designed plane(i think it was lower part of the plain where the landing gear is etc,...) and then romania offered yugoslavia to try to produce plain at 50/50 costs but it wasnt posible because they were missing many details so at the end they(yugos) bought plan from the brits and built upper part of the plane on it themselfes.
Interesting story shadower, it makes sense 'cause Orao looks almost like british Jaguar(landing gear, wings, whole bottom part is almost the same):
They asked brits for original engines to but they didn't wont to sell them licence for them but for the other ones.I also heard they were considering russian engines to I think rd33 but I am not sure.
ooo brother nice work thnxs u
bad product from bad project from bad country
instead of spending billions on it's development they could just buy a bunch MiG29 or it's production license
You're the very picture of objectivity, cro-mag. You may leave now.
well they do fall down pretty good
during NATO operation in 1999 not one Orao was in the air.. it would be suicide. Project was out of date when it was finished.. waste of money.
Lokos have you ever seen Orao?