Got a question. Since (for example) in the USMC there are Scout/Snipers, one Marine is a spotter, the other one is the shooter (bouth are trained scout/snipers). But is it that they decide that "ok this time you are the one with the M40 and I'm the guy with the scope". How does it work ?
Is it that the senior guy thakes the M16 and the "new guy" is the shooter ?
Afaik they change roles every hour, because you get tired of looking through the scope every now and then.
True, but the spotter will be senoir and is responsible for giving the correct "dope" and calling the shot. You can be the best shot in the world but if you don't have the correct dope you are not going to hit a damn thing.
WHen you get a rifle issued to you, the scope needs to be tuned to your specific eye. Parallax is very important.
Anyway, when you look through any optics that have a magnification, it works your eyes. So after a while eye fatigue sets in and with it comes headaches, dryness of the eye, eye aches, and whatnot, so you have to switch off with the spotter all the time.
In a sniper team, each sniper must know the others rifle. If you are resting and your spotter see's a shot, he has to know his own dope on the weapon.
It is very important for both the sniper and the spotter on the team to be trained equally on both the Long gun and the spotting scope.
Hope this clears it up...