Thread: Yum Kippur War

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    Cairo War Museum. 1973 Victory Monument.




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    Was the Hijacking of an Austrian Train Filled with Soviet Jews a Diversion Before the Yom Kippur War?

    The days before the Yom Kippur War saw the first case of a Western state capitulate to Palestinian terrorists.

    By Shaul Shay

    (...)

    Was the attack a premeditated diversionary maneuver before the Yom Kippur War? Since As Sa’iqa was under the close supervision of Syrian security forces, it seems unlikely that it initiated a terrorist strike in the international arena without the knowledge and consent of the Syrian government, especially if the international ramifications of such an act are considered.
    *
    In an interview with a German newspaper, the two terrorists stated that they knew war was about to erupt, and that the operation was part of the war’s preparations. Nevertheless, controversy still surrounds the question of whether the September 28th attack was part of a grand deception plan by Syria, or whether its timing was entirely coincidental.
    *
    Thirty-eight years after the event, we can assume that the Syrians realized that Israel would perceive a terrorist strike in Austria as a blatant provocation and would probably respond militarily against those responsible for it. The fear of Israeli retaliation was intended to justify Syria’s mobilization and concentration of forces in the Golan Heights, and thus conceal the real reason behind its heightened military activity in the disputed area.
    *
    Second, and perhaps the main reason for the operation, the terrorist attack occupied Israel’s political and military leadership for the five critical days before the war and diverted attention from the real threat.

    (...)
    *
    The question remains: can it be determined with absolute certainty, that the terrorist strike in Austria was part of a Syrian master-plan to cover its preparations for the surprise attack in the Yom Kippur War?
    *
    Perhaps Israel’s prewar intelligence shortcomings were so great that the Syrians did not need to go through so much trouble to hide their preparations, since Israeli intelligence anyway flagrantly ignored the many indications of the impending catastrophe.
    Full article:*http://www.israeldefense.com/?Catego...&ArticleID=708

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    Soviet envoy warned Nixon and Kissinger against Mideast war in 1973, documents reveal

    Soviet ambassador Gromyko warned Nixon and Kissinger just a week before the Yom Kippur War that they could 'all wake up one day and find that there is a real conflagration,' but the Americans didn't heed him.


    By Amir Oren

    http://www.haaretz.com/weekend/week-...eveal-1.404547

    Newly declassified archives reveal more information about the exchanges between the Super Powers.

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    Default A TV report Sinai front (company battalion 867)

    Date: unknown, during YKW

    Company 4 /Logistic battalion 867 repairs damaged armor of Brigade 500/Division 162.

    • Replacement of a damaged gun of a tank (hit by a mortar shell).
    • Replacement of the engine of a M3 half track.
    • Replacement of the radiator and reparation of the engine of a tank (hit by a 120mm mortar shell).




    THE VIDEO:
    http://www.youtube.com/embed/xbdpuJyY1dA

    http://www.youtube.com/embed/xbdpuJyY1dA
    Last edited by Camera; 02-14-2012 at 05:48 AM.

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    Default A TV report fight on both Banks of Suez Canal

    [*******#222222][FONT=Times]Date: unknown, first days of the crossing of the Suez Canal by the IDF


    THE VIDEO:
    http://www.youtube.com/embed/scwwhW31OMQ


    [CENTER][SIZE=3]Translation to English [/SIZE][/CENTER]

    Voice Over reporter:
    Says there are artillery battles on both banks of the Canal, with the participation of Egyptian Migs and Israeli Mirages who try to down them.
    The Egyptians try to close the corridor on the East Bank. They shell the forces that pass through in order to isolate the IDF force operating on the Western Bank.
    The destroyed vehicles attest of the heavy battles of the last days.
    (On the West Bank), the reporter enters inside an Egyptian camp. He says there is a destroyed Egyptian helicopter there and destroyed Egyptian armor.

    1mn 15 sec - Voice Over 2 (of an unspecified officer):
    We had difficult battles in the last two days against Egyptian forces that managed to organize a defensive line. Two days ago we destroyed 80 tanks, hundreds of soldiers, hundreds of artillery guns.
    The Egyptians resisted each time, at each battle, during the first hour or two, and then they fled away.
    Yesterday we destroyed 30 tanks. Some of them were left by the Egyptians, completely new. Unfortunately I don't have crews who know how to use them. We destroyed two missile bases, two days ago and also today. So the IAF can provide us now with close support, and can operate freely.


    [/FONT][/COLOR]
    Last edited by Camera; 02-13-2012 at 06:04 PM.

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    Default A TV report - February 1974

    The report tells the return to East Bank of Armored Company 3/Battalion 264/Brigade 421, which was the first to cross the Canal in the morning of October 16, 1973.



    THE VIDEO:
    http://player.vimeo.com/video/301823...e=0&portrait=0



    [CENTER]Translation to English


    [/CENTER]

    VOICE OVER REPORTER:

    In the desert, east to the agriculture zone, the soldiers of the reservist armor company have another day of rest. In the morning of October 16, they crossed the canal and joined a small group of paratroopers. The force operated then in the rear of the Egyptian army and preceded the big forces that followed it. They also participated to the short attrition war, that followed the war. Since then, the situation is calm.


    00:59 OFFICER 1 (to the reporter):
    When we arrived to the canal in the morning of October 16, we saw the bulldozers digging the ramp and the Gillois entering the water. When the first tank, of our company commander, Yossi, crossed, it was a very emotional moment. The first tank that mounted on the Gillois and joined the paratroopers on the other bank, symbolized the whole crossing.

    01:35 OFFICER 1 (to the soldiers):
    At 7 in the morning, we will start to move toward Farid, then we will continue to the shore of the lake.
    At 11:30, we will take the road of the airport to the area of the Stone Bridge. There, on the Egyptian bank, we will hold a short ceremony at which we will represent the Armor Corps, and 4 recoilless gun crews will represent the paratroopers, as the first units that stepped on the Egyptian soil. We will remove there the Israeli flag for the last time on the Western Band.

    02:30 VOICE OVER REPORTER:
    First to cross and last to leave. Jonathan, the company commander, prepare the last details to join the other band.
    Last morning, last coffee with a cigarette before the tanks. They will go back home.

    02:50 JONATHAN, THE COMPANY COMMANDER:
    I'll start now a new life. I believed I changed. My appearance may be the same, but inside me I feel more mature. We got even older. And I'm going to start a new life at my town, with my family.

    03:30 VOICE OVER REPORTER:
    Jonathan gives the order and the tanks move toward the west on the same roads they used for their offensive, four months ago.

    03:50 OFFICER 1 (to the reporter):
    Everybody feels the need to do something, like Motti Ashkenazi (who protested against the failures that preceded the war).

    04:25 VOICE OVER REPORTER:
    The armor company and the paratroopers meet again on the bridge, the Stone Bridge. When they crossed to the Western Bank, they did it at darkness with zodiacs and Gillois. The road Eastward is completely different.
    04:55 It was decided that they will leave after a symbolic ceremony. The paratroopers company and the armor company face each other. A little crowd gathered on the bridge to watch this historic moment: the first paratrooper soldier that stepped on Egypt's soil gets down the flag.
    They free 120 doves. And the armor company with the jeeps and the APC of the paratroopers cross the Canal for the last time on the Stone Bridge.
    Last edited by Camera; 02-14-2012 at 05:46 AM.

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    Default The Roller Bridge - artwork

    The roller bridge was tracked to the Suez Canal by Brigade 600 (143rd Division).
    This assault bridge was a 400 tones and 180 meters length monster made of 80 rollers. It was tracked by 12 tanks.


    Ofer Idan, who served in Brigade 600 during the YKW, made an art work and a miniature of the bridge that is exposed today at the Latroun Armor Museum.
    The inscription on the artwork sums up the role of the brigade 600 during YKW, and commemorate the names of the 119 fallen soldiers of the brigade.









    ----------------------------------------


    An artwork that represents the map of the sector in which Brigade 600 fought in Sinai.





    ----------------------------------------

    Ofer Idan is an artist and an author, but he wrote about YKW only few years ago. His book "A tank crew member" was published in 2007. The books tells the story of battalion 410 (brigade 600) in which Ofer Idan served during YKW, and the author's struggle with his post traumatic disorder after the war.



    Last edited by Camera; 02-21-2012 at 09:17 PM. Reason: addition of pictures

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    Default War On Yom Kippur

    [*******#222222][FONT=Times]A 20 minutes English speaking documentary I found on the site of the Israel State Archives.
    The film was obviously edited shortly after war (and before the end of 1973).
    The documentary includes some footage that does not appear in other documentaries on the net.

    [/FONT][/COLOR]

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    Why this thread is in "Military History and Tactics" and not in "Strictly Photos & Video"?

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    Quote Originally Posted by BANDbrothers View Post
    Why this thread is in "Military History and Tactics" and not in "Strictly Photos & Video"?
    I'm relatively new to mp.net. In fact, I subscribed to the forum after discovering this thread and reading it completely. So I know he answer your question.

    Years ago, the thread was opened at the "Strictly Photos & Video" section. But the Egyptian and the Israeli contributors did not stop discussing and arguing who won the YKW, so the mods transferred the thread to the "Military History and Tactics" section.

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    Default Valley of tears-Golan-1973 Yom Kippur war




    Destroyed Syrian T 62 tanks

    Syrian T 55 days after the Yom Kippur War


    Syrian BTR 60

    Syrian T 55

    Syrian BTR 50



    Syrian anti aircraft unit in the Valley of Tears

    Syrian trucks

    Syrian armor after the war in the valley of tears

    The Valley of Tears - Emek HaBakha is the name given to an area in the Golan Heights after it became the site of a major battle in the Yom Kippur War. On 6 October, 1973 the Syrian 7th Infantry Division attacked the Israeli 7th Armored Brigade in the area between Mount Hermonit and a southern ridge known as "Booster" in Israel, or Tel el Mekhafi in Arabic.

    The Syrians started the offensive with an artillery barrage, but failed to move tanks across the anti-tank ditch. They penetrated the Israeli defenses at night with the help of night vision equipment—equipment that the Israelis lacked. The next day, the Syrians mounted a second attack, and at one point in the engagement less than forty Israeli tanks were facing approximately 500 Syrian tanks.

    On the fourth day, the 7th Brigade received a small reinforcement force when it was down to about a dozen tanks and almost out of ammunition and turned the battle
    to offensive against the Syrians.
    http://idf-armor.blogspot.fr/2009/08...om-kippur.html

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    Cancelled…………

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    Default Captured Egyptian weapons


    Mig 17 captured in Egypt 1973

    Egyptian : K-61 on the right, PTS on the left captured during 1973

    Egyptian armored bridge captured in the Suez canal


    "Sagger" anti tank weapon on BRDM - captured in Egypt 1973

    B R D M with Sagger anti tank weapon



    T 62 captured in Egypt 1973

    M1938 122 mm gun captured in Sinai During Yom Kippur War 1973

    An Egyptian Mi 8 captured in Sinai During Yom Kippur War 1973

    http://idf-armor.blogspot.fr/2008/12...banon-war.html

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    [SIZE=3]Newly released documents shed light on fateful exchange in the wake of the Yom Kippur War
    [/SIZE]
    Not long after the end of the Yom Kippur War, three young officers unburdened themselves in a hearing at army headquarters with two higher-ranking colleagues. The minutes of that meeting have been made available for public perusal.

    "We are all to blame,” said Maj.-Gen. ‏(res.‏) Meir Zorea, thereby preempting by four days President Ephraim Katzir. “I would hang people and sever heads and also replace the government of Israel.”

    The date was November 20, 1973, less than four weeks after the cease-fire had taken effect on the Egyptian front in the Yom Kippur War. On the Syrian front, the situation had stabilized, but there was still occasional fire. The day after Zorea spoke, under pressure from the public, the Agranat Commission would arise to investigate part of the war: namely, the lead-up to its outbreak and its first three days.

    “I should take the three of you and put you in jail, as rebels,” Zorea went on. Across from him, in the simple, whitewashed shed at the Kirya, the Israel Defense Forces’s headquarters in Tel Aviv, in the office of the head of the Training Branch, sat three young officers in the reserves........


    Read the whole article here:
    http://www.haaretz.com/weekend/israe...r-war-1.426331

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